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Cornell University Library 
F 187H2 P94 

History of Harford County, Nlaryland: fr 


3 1924 028 867 681 

Cornell University 

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the Cornell University Library. 

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FROM 1608 





Happy he whom neither wealth nor fashion 

Nor the march of the encroaching city. 

Drives an exiie, from the earth of his ancestral homestead. 


Press of Sun Book Office 

Baltimore, Md. 



/ / 

Entered iccording to Act of Congress in the year 1901 
by Walter W. Preston in the Office of the Librarian 
of Congresa at Washington^ D. C. 


Chapter I. 

The First View . . . Smith Comes to the Susquehanna 
from Virginia . . . Maps the Shore and gives an account of 
the Indians . . . Giant Indian seen near Stafford . . . Pool's 
Island . . . Smith's Falls . . . Climate . . . Willoughby 
or Bush River . . . Clayborne . . . Palmer's Island . . . Col. 
Nathaniel Utie . . . Treaty with the Indians . . . Harford a 
District of Baltimore County. 

Chapter II. 

Early Settlements . . . Thomas Thurston . . . Old houses 
. . . Some tracts of Land of Jacob Giles, Col. White, Aquila 
Paca, Daniel Scott, James Preston, John Stump, David Bis- 
set, Samuel Gover, John Hall, Wm. Bradford, Wm. McComas, 
John McComas. 

Chapter HI. 

Old Court Houses . . . Maryland Colony and England . . . 
Remote from events of Mother Country . . . County Seat on 
Bush River . . . Some Old Minutes of Court . . . Wm. Os- 
borne . . . County Seat Removed to Gunpowder ... To 
Joppa . . . Growth and Decline of Joppa . . . Baltimore on 
the Patapsco. 

Chapter IV. 

Customs and Manners prior to Revolution . . . Slavery 
.... Primitive Conditions . . . The Lawyer . . . Doctor . . . 
Schoolmaster . . . Life of a Physician before the Revolution 
.... Domestic Customs. 

: / 

Chapter V. 

Organization of Harford County . . . Inconvenience on ac- 
count of Removal of County Seat to Baltimore . . . Petition 
for New County . . . Henry Harford . . . Act for Formation 
of new County. 

Chapter VI. 

Organization of County, continued . . . First Records . . . 
Swearing in Lord Justices . . . Appointment of Clerk, Sheriff 
and State's Attorney . . . Division of County into Hundreds, 
and Appointment of Constables. . . . First Grand Jury . . . 
First Petit Jury . . . County Seat at Harford Town or Bush. 

Chapter VII. 

Bel Air Chosen County Seat . . . Other Places Voted for 
. . . Another Election called . . . Scott's Old Field or Bel Air 
wins again . . . Aquila Scott of James Conveys land in Bel 
Air to County . . . Court House at Bel Air . . . Orders for 
Opening Roads, &c. . . . Harford the Chief Section of Balti- 
more County . . . First two County Seats in Harford. 

Chapter VIII. 

Selections from Old Records . . . Tavern Licenses . . . 
Grand and Petit Juries . . . Luther Martin admitted to Prac- 
tice at Harford Bar . . . Tavern Rates . . . Road Supervisors 
.... Court House at Bel Air Occupied . . . First Judges 
. . . Description of Building . . . Burning of Old Court 
House and Construction of Present Building. 

Chapter IX. 

Old Records, continued . . . Wm. Pinkney Locates at Bel 
Air . . . Basis of Assessment . . . Tax rate . . . Members of 
the Bar in 1796 . . . Juries . . . Robert Amos, Jr., Sheriff . . . 
Judges of Election . . . John Lee Gibson resigns as Clerk . . . 
Henry Dorsey of Edward Appointed Clerk. 

Chapter X. 

Signs of the Revolution . . . Importation Act . . . Stamp 
Act . . . The Peggy Stewart . . . The American Association 
. . . Concord and Lexington . . . Annapolis Convention of 
June, 1774 . . . Harford Representatives . . . Convention at 
Bush . . . Resolutions . . . Association of the Freemen of 

Chapter XI. 

Harford in the Revolution . . . People of New County alive 
to Public Affairs . . . Favorable Location of County Seat at 
Bush . . . Great Men Passing Along . . . Harford Declaration 
of Popular Rights. 

Chapter XII. 

The Revolution Continued . . . Enrollment of County Mili- 
tia .. . The Flying Camp . . . Alex. Lawson Smith's Har- 
ford Company at the Battle of Fort Washington. 

Chapter XIII. 

Lafayette's Expedition through Harford, 1781 . . . Officers 
of the Command . . . Lafayette Spends Night at House of 
Col. James Rigby, near Darlington . . . Alex. Hamilton . . . 
Proclamation Against Desertion . . . Aquila Deaver . . . An 
Anecdote of the Expedition . . . Captains Greme and Gimat. 

Chapter XIV. 

Old Churches . . . Spesutie . . . The Catholic Church. 

Chapter XV. 

Old Churches Continued . . . Presbyterian Church at 
Churchville . . . Cokesbury Methodist College and Church 
. . . Harford Baptist Church . . . The Friends in Harford. 

Chapter XVI. 
Biographical — 

William Paca . . . Dr. John Archer . . . Col. Thomas 
White . . . Benj. Bradford Norris. 

Chapter XVII. 

Biographical Continued. 

Rev. John Coleman . . . William Bradford . . . John 
Stump, of Stafford . . . William Smithson . . . Aquila Hall 
. . . William Morgan . . . Col. Ignatius 'Wheeler . . . Col. 
John Streett. 

Chapter XVIII. 

The War of 1812 . . . National Conditions . . . Weak Fed- 
eral Government . . . Valuable Assistance from France . . . 
Fort McHenry . . . North Point . . . Captain John A. Web- 
ster, Col. Wm. Smith and Col. John Streett, all of Harford, 
Assist in the Defense of Baltimore . . . Sketch of Capt. Web- 
ster . . . British Attack Upon Havre de Grace . . . John 
O'Neill . . . Col. Smith's Forty-second Regiment. 

Chapter XIX. 

Havre de Grace. . . . Origin of the Name . . . Early 
Description . . . Organization as a Town . . . First Town 
Commissioners . . . Proceedings . . . Returns of Election. 

Chapter XX. 
Miscellaneous — 

Harford Pensioners from the Revolution . . . Solicitors of 
Subscription to Association of Freemen of Maryland . . . 
Early Iron Works . . . Gov. Paca and Gov. Bradford . . . 
Harford Militia Companies . . . Harford Statistics, 1798 . . . 
Court Officers and Juries, 1800 . . . Same, 1803-1806 . . . 
Nuncupative Will of Joseph Butler, Lieutenant in Smallwood's 
Regiment, Killed at Battle of Long Island . . . Marriage Cer- 
tificate of John Worthington and Priscilla Wilson, 1769 . . . 
My Lady's Manor . . . Bel Air Academy. 


Minutes of Harford Revolutionary Committees . . . Mem- 
bers of House of Delegates from Harford . . . Sheriffs . . . 
Members of Congress . . . Registers of Wills . . . Clerks of 
Circuit Court . . . Constitutional Conventions. 

William Paca 

Chief Justice, twice Governor, and Signer of the Declaration 

of Independence. Born at Abingdon, 1740. 


Acknowledgment is due to the following persons 
who have given assistance in the preparation of this 
work, viz : Mr. S. W. Bradford, Mr. J. T. C. Hop- 
kins, Mr. Charles W. Michael, Mr. P. H. Rutledge, 
Mr. J. M. Streett, Mr. F. E. Gorrell, Rev. Dr. Wm. F. 
Brand, Capt. C. A. Conner, the Bel Air Times, Mr. E. 
M. Allen, Mr. Thomas E. Bond, Rev. Father J. A. 
Frederick, Mr. Nathan Grafton, Mr. A. H. Hull, Mr. 
George Y. Maynadier, and others. 

Numerous quotations are made from Scharf's and 
Bozman's histories of Maryland, and from Johnston's 
History of Cecil County. In many cases information 
could not be obtained for a proper narrative. For in- 
stance, the War Department at Washington will not 
permit copies of their records to be made, and for this 
reason, no full roster of Colonel Smith's regiment or 
Colonel John Streett's command in the war of 1812, 
could be given. The account of the old houses is 
very fragmentary and incomplete, as the records throw 
no light on them and tradition is meagre and always 

The sketch of Spesutie church is taken from the 
pamphlet history by Rev. S. W. Crampton; that of 
Bethel, from the historical paper by Rev. Andrew B. 

Cross ; that of Cokesbury, from the article of Dr. Ber- 
nard C. Steiner, and the Churchville Presbyterian 
church from the history of Rev. W. T. L. Keiffer 
Father Frederick, of St. Ignatious church, Hickory, 
kindly furnished the data for the chapter on the Catho- 
lics of Harford. 

Mr. Nathan Grafton assisted in the sketch of the 
Harford Baptist church. For the chapter on The 
Friends in Harford, I am indebted to Mr. A. H. Hull. 

Although this work was intended to be brought only 
through the war of 1812, some of the subjects are car- 
ried further. In the collection of the data, in many 
instances, the information came down to this period, 
and having the material on hand, the whole is pub- 
lished. This is the case with the lists of county offi- 
cials, and in the sketches of some of the churches. 

If this volume should be acceptable to the public, the 
author may at some future day publish a second vol- 
ume, bringing the narrative down to the present time. 
The illustrations were furnished by Mr. Wm. G. 
Hooker, of Abingdon. 


There has never been pubHshed a history of Harford 
county. Short sketches of particular events have been 
occasionally printed, but for the most part they have 
been lost in obscurity, and thus far no one has found it 
convenient to put the available material into book form. 
My purpose is to gather some of the earlier records 
into collective shape so that they may be accessible 
without an examination into original materials. As 
this is the pioneer work in this direction, the usual 
errors of a first publication are to be expected. It is 
to be hoped that these errors are not too numerous ; 
at all events, an honest and conscientious effort has 
been made, at the expense of considerable time and 
labor, to render an accurate account of the doings of 
our forefathers in the early days, so far as it has oc- 
curred to me they would prove interesting. Numerous 
references will be made to the histories of Maryland 
heretofore published, but the reader will not be bur- 
dened with much of the general history of the State, 
except so far as it may directly concern the people of 
Harford county. Although the chronicles of this 
county are modest and unassuming, there are many 
things in the lives of our ancestors of which their de- 
scendants may be justly proud. 

While it does not seem to me that any county is suffi- 
ciently pretentious for a very elaborate work on its his- 
tory, or much effort at literary effect, yet in this day 
of awakening historical interest, Harford is entitled to 
have drawn, if only in a slight degree, the veil which 
has enveloped the past, so that the example of her 
earlier sons may be a guide and inspiration for the 
present and the future. 

History of Harford County 



Harford was not organized into a county until the 
year 1774, in accordance with the act of the Legisla- 
ture which had been passed the year before. At that 
time the present territory of the county was fairly well 
settled; the population, including blacks, amounted to 
thirteen thousand people ; roads had been laid out, 
bridges made, churches built and our progenitors lived 
in a peaceful and Avell-governed section as citizens of 
Baltimore county. There are a number of buildings 
now standing that were constructed long before the 
county was organized, and there were many occur- 
rences of interest that happened prior to the time the 
territory had its present name. The county of Balti- 
more, comprising also the land contained within the 


present limits of Harford, was formed in 1659, and the 
proclamation of June 6, 1674, declared that its south- 
ern boundaries should be the "south side of the Patap- 
sco river, and from the highest plantations on that side 
of the river due south two miles into the woods." 
This also included Cecil county, which was almost 
immediately (1674) separately organized and its boun- 
daries given as extending "from the mouth of the Sus- 
quehanna river down the eastern side of the bay to 
Swan Point, thence to Hell Point, and so up Chester 
river to the head thereof," which latter bounds were 
somewhat changed by the act of 1706, which declared 
that Cecil county should contain all the lands on the 
north side of the Sassafras River and Kent county. 
So it will be seen that both Harford and Cecil counties 
were formerly a part of Baltimore. 

The boundaries, organization and first establishment 
of the government for Harford as a county in 1773-4 
will be given in detail in a later part of this work. 
But before coming to that point, a sketch of the 
doings of the people who lived in the present limits of 
Harford in colonial days, and brought the land from a 
wilderness to a prosperous community, during the one 
hundred and sixty-five years from its discovery in 1608 
by Capt. John Smith, to 1774, the date of its formation, 
cannot fail to prove interesting to all who care for Har- 
ford history. 

Discovery and First Description. 

The first white man to visit the upper part of Chesa- 
peake bay and Harford county and make a m.ap of the 
country, was Capt. John Smith, who made two voyages 


in an open boat from Jamestown in Virginia. This 
was the same Captain Smith who was rescued by Poca- 
hontas in the romantic story related in all the histories 
of Virginia. Captain Smith had become dissatisfied 
with the dissensions in the Virginia colony and deter- 
mined to make a voyage of discovery further up the 
bay. On his first expedition, which lasted nineteen 
days, he did not journey further than the Patapsco, 
which he called the river Bolus, but on the 24th of 
July, 1608, he set forth from Jamestown with twelve 
men to make additional discoveries. The following is 
from the account of Smith's expedition on which he 
came to the upper part of the baj^ and Harford county : 

The twenty-fourth of July, Captaine Smith set forward to 
finish the discovery with twelve men ; their names were Nath- 
aniel Powell, Thomas Momford, Richard Featherstone, Mich- 
ell Sicklemore, James Bourne, Anthony Bagnell, Chir. Gentle- 

Jonas Profit, Anas Todkill, Edward Pising, Richard Keale, 
James Watkins, William Ward, souldiers. 

The wind being contrary caused our stay two or three days 
at Kecoughtan (now called Hampton, in Virginia) ; the king 
feasted us with much mirth, his people were persuaded we 
went purposely to be revenged of the Massawomeks. In the 
evening we fired a few rackets, which flying in the ayre so ter- 
rified the poor savages, they supposed nothing impossible we 
attempted; and desired to assist us. The first night we an- 
chored at Stingray Isle. The next day we crossed Patawo- 
meks river and hastened to the river Bolus. We went not 
much further before we might see the bay divide into two 
heads, and arriving there we found it divided into four, all 
of which we searched so far as we might sayle them. Two of 
them we found inhabited, but in crossing the bay we encoun- 
tered seven or eight canowes full of Massawomeks, we seeing 
them prepare to assault us, left our oars and made way with 
-our sayle to encounter them, yet we were but few with our 


captaine that could stand, for within two days after we left 
Kecoughtan, the rest (being all of the last supply) were sick 
almost to death, until they were seasoned to the country. 
Having shut them under our Tarpawling, we put their hats 
upon sticks by the barge's side, and betwixt two hats a man 
with two peeces, to make us seem many, and so we think the 
Indians supposed these hats to be men, for they fled with all 
possible speed to the shore, and there stayed, staring at the say- 
ling of our barge until we anchored right against them. Long it 
was ere we could draw them to come unto us. At last they 
sent two of their company unarmed in a canow, the rest all 
followed to second them if need required. These two each 
being presented with a bell, brought aboard all their fel- 
lowes; presenting our captain with venison, bear's flesh, fish, 
bowes, arows, clubs, targets and bear skins. We understood 
them nothing at all, but by signs, whereby they signified unto 
us they had been at war with the Tockwoghes, the which 
they confirmed by shewing us their green wounds, but 
the night parting us, we imagined they appointed the next 
morning to meet, but after that we never saw them. 

Entering the river Tochwogh (Sassafras river, in Cecil 
county) the salvages all armed, in a fleete of boats, after their 
barbarous manner, round environed us ; so it chanced one of 
them could speake the language of Powhatan, who perswaded 
the rest to friendly parley. But when they saw us furnished 
with the Massawomeks' weapons, and we faining the inven- 
tion of Kecoughtan, to have taken them per force ; they con- 
ducted to us their pallizadoed towne, mantleled with the barks 
of trees with scaffolds like mounts, brested about with brests 
very formally. Their men, women and children, with dances, 
songs, fruits, furres, and what they had, kindly welcomed us, 
spreading mats for us to sit on, stretching their best abilities 
to express their loves. 

Many hatchets, knives, peeces of iron and brasse, we saw 
amongst them, which they reported to have from the Sasquesa- 
hanocks, a mightie people and mortall enemies with the Mas- 
sawomeks. The Sasquesahanocks inhabit upon the chiefe spring 
of these four branches of the baye's head, two days journey 
higher than our barge could passe for rocks, yet we prevailed 


with the interpreter to take with him another interpreter, to 
perswade the Sasquesahanocks to come visit us, for their lan- 
guage are different. Three or four dayes we expected their 
returne, then sixty of those gyant-hke people came down with 
presents of venison, tobacco pipes three foot in length, baskets, 
targets, bowes and arrowes. Five of their chiefe Werowances 
came aboard us boldly to cross the bay for Tockwhogh, leav- 
ing their men and canowes ; the wind being so high they durst 
not passe. 

Our order was daily to haue prayer, with a psalme, at which 
solemnitie the poore salvages much wondered, our prayers 
being done awhile they were busied with a consultation till 
they had contrived their business. Then they began in a most 
passionate manner to hold up their hands to the sunne, with a 
most fearful song, then embracing our captaine, they began 
to adore him in a like manner; though he rebuked them, yet 
they proceeded till their song was finished : which done with a 
most strange furious action and a hellish voyce; began an 
oration of their loues ; that ended with a great painted beares 
skin they covered him: then one read with a great chayne 
of white beads, weighing six or seaven pounds hung it about 
his necke the others had i8 mantels made of diners sorts of 
skinnes sowed together ; all these with many other toyes they 
laid at his feete, stroking their ceremonious hands about his 
necke for his creation to be their governour and protector, 
promising their ayed, victualls, or what they had to be his if he 
would stay with them, to revenge and defend them of the Mas- 
sawomeks. But we left them at Tockwhogh, sorrowing for 
our departure, yet we promised the next yeare againe to visit 
them. Many descriptions and discourses they made us of 
Atquanachack, Massawomek and other people, signifying they 
inhabit upon a great water beyond the mountains, which we 
understood to be some great lake, or the river of Canada : and 
from the French to have their hatchets and commodities by 
trade. These know no more of the territories of Powhatan 
than his name, and he as little of them, but the Aquanachucks 
are on the ocean's sea. 

The highest mountain we saw northward we called Pere- 
grines mount (Gray's Hill) and a rocky river, where the 


Massawomeks went up, Willowbyes river (Bush river) in 
honor of the town our captaine was born in ; and that hon- 
orable house the Lord Willowby, his most honored good 
friend. The Sasquesahanocks was called Smith's falles; the 
next point to Tockwhogh, Pising's poynt; the next poynt 
Bourne. Powell's (Pool's) and Smal's poynt is by the river 
Bolus ; and the little bay at the head — Profit's poole ; Wat- 
kins, Reads and Mumfords poynts are on each side Limbo; 
Ward, Cantrell and Sicklemore, betwixt Patawomek and Pa- 
raunkee, after the names of the discoverers. In all those places 
and the further we came up the rivers we cut in trees as many 
crosses as we could, and in many places crosses of brasse to 
signifie to any. Englishmen had been there. 

Thus having sought all the rivers and inlets worth noting, 
we returned to discover the river of Pawtuxant, these people 
we found very tractable, and more civil than any, and we 
promised them, as also the Patawomeks, to revenge them of 
the Massawomeks, but our purposes were crossed. 

The explorer speaks of going up the Susquehanna 
several miles and coming to a stream flowing from the 
northwest. It is possible that Smith referred to Deer 
Creek as the small stream, and that he went ashore 
where Stafford now is, and ascended Deer Creek sev- 
eral miles. In this section lived the Indians of such 
■unusual size, the calf of the leg of one of them meas- 
uring twenty-seven inches. Bozman thinks the creek 
here referred to is Principio's Creek in Cecil county, 
but from the direction indicated, it seems to me as 
likely to have been Deer Creek. 

Thirtie leagues northward is a river not inhabited, yet 
navigable : for the red clay resembling bole arrao niack we 
called it bolus. At the end of the bay where it is 6 or 7 
myles in breadth, it divides itselfe into 4 branches, the best 
commeth northwest from among the mountains, but though 
canows may go a day's journey or two up it, we could not get 
two miles up with our boat for rockes. Upon it is seated 
the Sasquesahanocks, near it, north and by west runneth a 


creeke a myle and a halfe : at the head whereof the Ebbe left 
us on shore, where we found many trees cut with hatchets. 
The next tide keeping the shore to seek for some salvages; 
(for within thirtie leagues sayling we saw not any, being 
a barren country,) we went up another small river like a 
creeke, 6 or 7 myle. From thence returning we met 7 canows 
of the Massawomeks, with whom we had conference by 
signes, for we understood one another scarce a word ; the next 
day we discovered the small river and people of Tockwhogh 
trending eastward. 

Having lost our grapnell among the rocks of the Sasque- 
sahannocks, we were then near 200 myles from home and our 
barge about two tuns, and had in it but twelve men to per- 
forme this discovery, wherein we laid about 12 weeks upon 
those great waters in those unknowne countries, having noth- 
ing but a little meale, oatmeale, and water to feed us, and 
scarce halfe sufficient of that for halfe that time, but what 
provision we got among the salvages, and such roots and fish 
as we caught by accident, and God's direction ; nor had we a 
mariner nor any hand skill to trim the sayles but two saylers 
and myselfe, the rest being gentlmen or them as were ignorant 
in such toil and labor. Yet necessitie in a short time by good 
words and examples, made them doe that which caused them 
ever after to fear no colours. What I did with this small 
meanes I leave to the reader to judge and the mappe I made 
of the country, which is but a small matter in regard of the 
magnitude thereof. But to proceed, 60 of these Sasquesahan- 
ocks came to us with skins, bowes, arrowes, targets, beads, 
swords and tobacco pipes for presents. Such great and well 
proportioned men are seldom seene, for they seemed like 
giants to the English, yea, and to the neighbors, yet seemed 
of an honest and simple disposition, with much adoe re- 
strained from adoring us as Gods. These are the strangest 
people of all these countries, both in language and attire; 
for their language it may well become their proportions, 
sounding from them as a voyce in a vault. Their attire 
is the skinnes of beares, and wolves, some have cossacks 
made of beares heads and skinnes, that a man's head goes 
through the skinnes neck, and the eares of the bear fastened 


to his shoulders the nose and teeth hanging down his breast, 
another beares face split behind him, and at the end of the 
nose hung a pawe, the halfe sleeves coming to the elbowes 
were the necks of beares, and the armes through the mouth 
with pawes hanging at their noses. One had the head of a 
wolfe hanging in a chaine for a Jewell, his tobacco pipe 
three quarter of a yard long, prettily carved with a bird, 
a deare, or some such devise at great the end, sufficient to beat 
out ones braines ; with bowes, arows and clubs, sutable to their 
greatnesse. These are scarce known to Powhatan. They can 
make neare six hundred able men, and are pallisadoed in their 
townes to defend them from the Massawomeks, their mortall 
enemies. Five of their chiefe Werowances came aboard us and 
crossed the bay in their barge. The picture of the greatest 
of the them is signified in the mappe. The calfe of whose 
leg was three quarters of a yard about, and all the rest of his 
limbs so answerable to that proportion that he seemed the 
goodliest man we ever beheld. His hayre, the one side was 
long, the other shore close with a ridge over his crown like 
a cockes combe. His arrows were five quarters long, headed 
with the splinters of a white crystal like stone, in forme of a 
heart, an inch broad and an inch and a halfe long, or more. 
These he wore in a woolues skinne at his back for his quiver, 
his bow in the one hand and his clubbe in the other as is de- 

On the east side of the bay is the river Tockwhogh, and 
upon it a people that can make lOO men, seated some seaven 
myles within the river : where they have a fort very well pal- 
lisadoed and mantelled with barkes of trees. Next them is 
Ozinies with sixty men. More to the south of that east 
side of the bay, the river Rapahanock, neere unto which is the 
river Kuscarawaock. Upon which is seated a people with 200 
men. After that is the river Tanto Wighcomoco, and on it a 
people with 100 men. The people of these rivers are of little 
stature, of another language from the rest and very rude. But 
they are on the river Acohanock with 40 men, and they of 
.'Vccomac 80 men doth equalize any of the territories of Pow- 
hatan, and speake his language, who over all these doth rule 
as king. 

Southward wc went to some parts of Chowanock and the 


Mangoags to search for them left by Mr. White. Amongst 
those people are thus many severall nations of sundry lan- 
guages, that environ Powhatans territories. The Chowanocks, 
the Mangoags, the Atquanachukes, the Tockwhoghs, the Sus- 
quesanocks, the Powhatans, the Monacans, the Mannahokes, 
the Massawomeks, and the Kuvearawaocks. All these not any 
one understandeth another but by interpreters.* 

Smith made a fairly accurate map of the head waters 
of the bay, the islands and adjacent shores, and called 
the river now known as Bush river, which lies wholly 
in Harford county, "Willowby's river," in honor of the 
town in which he was born in England. The bay shore 
of Harford county, starting with Pool's Island, then 
coming to the mouth of Bush river, Abbey Island 
Point, along the shore to Taylor's Island at the mouth 
of Rumney Creek, then along by Spesutie Island past 
Oakington to Havre de Grace, is beautiful at all times 
and particularly so in summer, and no wonder Smith 
said that "heaven and earth seemed never to have 
agreed better to frame a place for man's commodious 
and delightful habitation." 

The island now called "Pool's," belonging to Har- 
ford county and lying in the bay off the Harford shore, 
between the mouths of Bush and the Gunpowder 
rivers, was named by Captain Smith "Powell's Island," 
after Nathaniel Powell, one of his party on the voyage, 
and it is supposed the original name has been preserved, 
only that Powell's has in the three centuries since its 
discovery developed into "Pool's," by which latter 
name the island is now known. The name of "Smith's 
Falls" in the Susquehanna, is still preserved, this des- 
ignation having been given them on the same expedi- 

*Scharf's History of Maryland. 


As to the climate of Maryland, Smith says : 

The sommer is hot as in Spaine; the winter cold as in- 
France or England. The heat of sommer is in June, July and' 
August, but commonly the code breesas asswage the vehe- 
mency of the heat. The chiefe of winter is halfe December, 
January and halfe March. The cold is extreme sharpe, but 
here the proverb is true, that no extreme long continueth.* 

Captain Smith, as above stated, found a race of In- 
dians calling themselves the "Susquehannocks," inhab- 
iting the country now comprising Harford and Cecil 
counties, and on Willowby, or Bush, river, a tribe he 
called Massawomeks, who were at war with and in 
great fear of the Susquehannocks, and who appear 
later to have been subdued and absorbed by the latter, 
as at a later date, in a treaty between the settlers and 
the Susquehannocks, that tribe asserted title to the land 
from the mouth of the Susquehanna to the Patuxent. 

The Susquehannocks belonged to the famous Iro- 
quois, or Five Nations tribe of Indians, the seat of 
which tribe was further north in the States of Penn- 
sylvania and New York. The Massawomeks, which 
was the name of the other tribe inhabiting Maryland 
at the time, probably belonged to the same general 
stock, though the two tribes were contending with each 
other at the time of the coming of Smith and his party. 
Massawomeks is said to be another name for the 
famous Mohawk tribe of Indians, whose seat was fur- 
ther to the north. 

It is certain that Indians occupied and hunted over 
the entire territory of Harford, for there is scarcely a 
farmhouse in the county which has failed to preserve 
Indian arrow points and stone axes found on the place,. 

*Scharf' s History. Bozman. 


and in some sections of the county these are to be found 
in great abundance. 

The first settlement at the head of the bay is sup- 
posed to have been made by Edward Palmer, a culti- 
vated Englishman, on Palmer's, or Watson's Island, 
at the movith of the Susquehanna. Palmer's Island is 
in Cecil, but it lies between the two counties, and it 
may be assumed that the settlers there extended over 
into Harford, a few hundred yards away. The date 
of this settlement is uncertain, but Neal, the historian, 
states that the letters of John Pory, secretary of the 
Virginia Company, which bear date previous to Clay- 
bome's settlement on Kent Island, say that he and 
others had made discovery in the great bay north- 
ward, "where we left very happily settled nearly a hun- 
dred Englishmen, with a hope of good trade in furs." 

When Palmer's Island was taken possession of in 
1637 by Lord Baltimore's agents, four servants were 
found and some books, indicating that Palmer him- 
self had resided there. In a petition to the King 
of England by Capt. William Clayborne, protesting 
against interference by Lord Baltimore's people who 
came over in the "Ark" and the "Dove" in 1633, it is 
declared that the petitioner, previous to the coming of 
the Calverts, had discovered and settled a plantation 
and factory upon a small island in the mouth of the 
Susquehanna river. The petitioner refers to the years 
1627-8-9, so it is certain white men were familiar with 
the shore of the Susquehanna at that time.* 

Clayborne was for many years a thorn to the Mary- 
land colonists, and the history of the colony contains 
many incidents of their clashing and contention. Lord 

♦Johnston's History of Cecil County. 


Baltimore had great difficulty in maintaining his posi- 
tion, because the country contained within the limits 
of his grant was claimed by both Virginia and Penn- 
sylvania, and Clayborne took advantage of Virginia's 
claim to make a great deal of trouble. 

In 1652 a treaty was made where Annapolis now 
stands, between the Susquesahanocks and the English, 
and then and there the present territory of Harford was 
rightfully acquired from its lawful owners. This treaty 
was signed by Richard Bennet, Edward Lloyd, Thomas 
Marsh, William Fuller and Leonard Strong, commis- 
sioners on the part of the English. About five miles 
below the city of Havre de Grace, and belonging to 
Harford county, lies Spesutie Island, its name being 
derived from Col. Nathaniel Utie, its first owner. 

The man for whom the Island of Spesutie and the 
church at Ferryman's takes its name was one of the 
pioneers in the settlement at the head of the bay, and 
was a very prominent man in his day. It is probable 
that Colonel Utie made his settlement on Spesutie Isl- 
and soon after the Indian treaty of 1652, although the 
exact date of his coming is unknown. The word 
Spesutie means Utie's Hope. It is also probable that 
Nathaniel Utie was a Virginian and a relative of John 
Utie, who was prominent in the affairs of that colony 
from 1623 until 1635. 

In the year 1634, John Utie, with ten others, pre- 
sented a petition to the King of England with refer- 
ence to affairs in Virginia. Although at that time he 
was a member of the Council of Virginia, his prop- 
erty was afterwards confiscated on account of political 
troubles. The records state that on May 6th, 1658, 
he was councilor. Then he was licensed to carry on 


trade for beaver and other furs with the Indians in the 

He was made a councilor on account of "the great 
ability and affectionate service done in the assembly 
by him." His license gave him authority to arrest all 
persons in his section trading with the Indians with- 
out license. On July 12, 1658, Nathaniel Utie was ap- 
pointed captain of all the forces between the "coves 
of the Patuxent river and the Seven Mountains." His 
own company was to be made up of all the forces from 
the source of the Seven river to the mountains above 
named. These seven mountains are not known with 
certainty, but the designation was for some of the 
highlands at the head of the bay, of which Bull's moun- 
tain, in Cecil county, is the most prominent. Utie had 
been a member of an assembly which met at St. Clem- 
ent's Manor in 1659, i" the time of FendalFs rebellion, 
which assembly had been rebellious as to the authority 
of Lord Baltimore. He accordingly presented his peti- 
tion to the council to "add a further act of grace that 
his former offences be not prejudiced to him here- 
after." His petition was granted, and he was restored 
to favor. He was a member from Baltimore county 
in the Provincial Legislature of 1665, and in the fol- 
lowing year was appointed on the commission to con- 
sider the question of increasing the price of tobacco in 
Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina by not plant- 
ing for one year. 

Colonel Utie, besides Spesutie Island, owned a large 
area of land near the mouth of the Gunpowder river 
and land on the Sassafras river, in Cecil county. 

George Utie and Richard Wells were ordered to be 
summoned before the provincial court in 1661, "for not 


sending letters down to the Governor according to the 
acts of Assembly, and for contemptuously nailing up a 
letter of the sheriff, directed to the Governor." They 
probably lived on Spesutie Island, and the former was 
no doubt a relative of Nathaniel Utie. It seems from 
his treatment of the sheriff that he was as stubborn and 
courageous as Nathaniel. He represented Baltimore 
county in the Legislature in 1661, and was also com- 
missioned sheriff of Baltimore county in 1666."* 

The residence of Colonel Utie, on Spesutie Island, 
was distinguished by a meeting of the Council of Mary- 
land on May 13, 1661, for the purpose of investigating 
certain complaints made by and against the Indians, 
and making treaties with them. At that meeting 
Robert Gorsuch testified touching an engagement with 
the Indians on the Gunpowder river, in Harford county. 
He stated that the Indians came to his house on the 
nth of April, 1661, some dressed in blue and some in 
red match coats, who killed his wife and plundered his 
house, and about four or five days after came to his 
house again and killed some five cows and a steer, and 
some hogs, "as he supposeth."t 

John Taylor said that upon Easter eve, in the after- 
noon, there came two Indians to his house, but, he, 
not understanding their language, pointed at them to 
be gone ; he not having heard before of a murder com- 
mitted upon Robert Gorsuch's wife, and they accord- 
ingly departed. The next day these same Indians re- 
turned with seven more and one woman, who, coming 
near his landing, shot off a gun to give him notice, as 
he considered ; whereupon he went to the landing to 
them, and they asked him for some tobacco, which he 

*Johnston. fjohnston. 


-did give them, and upon sight of another canoe of 
Indians, bid them begone ; one of them understanding 
and speaking a little English, upon which they went 
away and steered, as he thought, to a plantation hard 
by, where two bachelors lived, named Edward Foster 
and John Foster ; that John Foster, coming in a canoe 
towards the Indians, shot at said Indians and came 
immediately away to this informant's house ; where- 
upon said Indians shot three guns at said Foster, and 
immediately went and plundered his house and came 
around about two weeks afterward and plundered his 
tobacco house, where his goods then lay for want of 
room in his dwelling house, to the value of one thou- 
sand pounds of tobacco ; that upon notice given of this 
plunder, William Wigwell, John Fouster and Edward 
Swanson went forth after the said Indians, to know 
why they plundered the said tobacco house, and coming 
up to them in the woods, where they were sitting around 
a fire. They immediately surrounded the said English 
and discharged a volley of ten shots, killing the said 
John Fouster, and at a second volley wounded William 
Wigwell, notwithstanding which shot, they fought 
them three hours and made their retreat good, since 
which time the said Indians have killed eleven head of 
cattle and twenty head of hogs. Demanding who they 
were, they answered that they were all Susquehan- 
naughs, as all Indians used to do that come to his 

As a result of the meeting of this council on Spesutie 
Island a treaty was made with the Indians in the fol- 
lowing words : 

Articles of peace and amity concluded between the Hon. 

♦Johnston's History of Cecil County. 


Philip Calvert, Esq., Governor; Heiiry Coursey, secretary, and 
John Bateman, councilor, on behalf of the Lord Proprietary 
of this province of Maryland, and Pinna, king of Picthanom- 
icta, on behalf of the Passagonke Indians on the other part : 

Imprimis : That there shall be a perpetual peace betwixt 
the people of Maryland and the Passagonke Indians. 

Second : It is agreed between the above said parties that, 
in case any Englishman for the future shall happen to find any 
Passagonke Indian killing either cattle or hogs, then it shall 
be lawful for the English to kill the said Indian. 

Third. It is agreed between the above said parties that, in 
case any Indian or Indians shall happen to kill any English- 
man (which God forbid) then the said Indian, with all that 
company of Indians with him which consented to the said mur- 
der, shall be delivered to the English, there to be proceeded 
against according to the laws of this province. 

Fourth. It is further agreed betwixt the above said parties 
that, in case any Englishman shall happen to run amongst the 
Passagonke Indians, the said Indians bring them to Peter 
Meyers ; and then for every Englishman that they deliver, 
they shall receive one match coat. 

The Mark (M) of Pinna. 
and this treaty vitally affected all the people at the head 
of the bay. 


m'cOMAS — JOHN m'cOMAS. 

From this time for a number of years, nothing of 
especial interest occurred to those who came to settle 
here, different from that concerning the people of the 
colony generally. We find from the records that the 
land was rapidly taken up and patents from the Lord 
Proprietor and his governor were numerous, indicating 
a large number of settlers. These first took up the land 
along the water courses, but gradually extended up 
into the forest, and at the time of the Revolution, 
which commenced three years after the formation of 
the county, the population of Harford, as above stated, 
was about thirteen thousand. The writer's own people 
obtained a patent at the end of the seventeenth cen- 
tury for a tract of land at the head of "Bush River" 
(Bynum's Run), which is still in the possession of a 
member of his family. 

Thomas Thurston was one of the earliest settlers in 
this section. Although belonging to the Society of 
Friends, his career entitles him to be called a "fighting 
Quaker." He came to Virginia from Massachusetts 
and afterwards took up his abode in Maryland, where 


he acquired large tracts of land, and in 1659 settled 
in Bush river neck, where he owned many acres and 
about one thousand acres near the present site of Bush. 
He also owned land near Stafford and in the vicinity of 
the present location of Bel Air. His homs is said to 
have been at old Baltimore, on Bush river, in the year 
1686. He was a colonel and was appointed to command 
the military of the county. In 1692 he was superseded 
in the command by Captain Thomas Richardson, but 
the former declined to relinquish his authority, and 
Thurston was left in possession. For this he was 
brought to trial, but by reason of a general amnesty 
granted by the King on account of a great naval vic- 
tory over the French, nothing further was done in the 
matter. His son sold a part of this land to John Mor- 
timer, who was an ancestor of the present Archer fam- 
ily in Harford county. 

At the date of the Revolution, while the most thickly 
settled portion of the country was in the necks along 
the water courses, nevertheless patents had been taken 
out, even to the Pennsylvania line, and the county was 
well settled throughout. 

About that time were built some of the largest houses 
of the county that still remain. In 1768 Aquila Hall 
built the brick house on the Dairy farm. Colonel 
Thomas White married a daughter of Capt. John Hall, 
of Cranberry. John Hall left to his daughter Sophia, 
wife of Colonel White, a tract of land called "Sophia's 
Dairy." Their daughter, Sophia White, married her 
cousin, Aquila Hall, who built the "Dairy" house on 
the land derived from his wife's mother. The "Dairy" 
house was built, it is said, by the hands of five redemp- 
tionists, two of whom were masons, two carpenters and 


one a laborer, and bricks imported from England were 
used. The redemptionists received their freedom as 
their reward for the building.* 

In 1774, the year of the formation of the county, 
William Smithson built the "Homestead," near Bel Air, 
which is even now one of the best in the county. In 
1 786 William Wilson, who had married Pallmela Bond, 
built, of bricks made on the place, the large house near 
Emmorton, now the residence of Mr. R. L. Wilson, his 
grandson. About this time was built also the old rec- 
tory of Spesutie church, which is the long frame build- 
ing at Harford Furnace. A little later, Bernard Pres- 
ton, who had married Sarah, daughter of Jacob Bond, 
built the large stone house, which is still in good repair, 
situate between Bel Air and Hickory, now owned by 
Mr. J. B. Wysong, a direct descendant of the first 
owner. Part of the residence of Mr. G. Smith Norris, 
near Bel Air, was built early in the eighteenth century 
by John Norris, one of the progenitors of Mr. Norris. 
In 1790 William Hall built the dwelling house on the 
"Constant Friendship Farm," in Abingdon district. 
Before this date the large house belonging to the heirs 
of Dr. Thomas E. Bond, on the Little Falls, near Falls- 
ton, was built. 

The old church at Priestford, now the residence of 
Mr. R. Harris Archer, was built in 1747, as stated 
herein under the heading "The Catholics in Harford." 
The old Baptist church, between Jarrettsville and Up- 
per X-Roads, was erected about 1760. The house at 
the corner of Main street and the Baltimore pike, in 
Bel Air, was built before 1780. Rock Spring church 
was erected in the year 1805. The stone and brick 

*Proceedings of meeting of descendants of Col. Thomas White. 


house at "Shandy Hall," in the second district, was 
built by John Hall, of Cranberry, in 1701. 

The present dwelling of Mr. J. Lawrence McCor- 
mick, near Bel Air, was erected by Philip Henderson 
in the year 1787. Buckler Bond built the Fulford 
house, near the tollgate, one mile west of Bel Air, about 
1732. Two other Bond houses were situated in the 
same neighborhood and built about the same time. One 
of them is the residence of the heirs of Mr. Henry 
Richardson, and the other was on the site of the present 
overseer's house of the almshouse. The new portion 
of the house on Ruff's Chance, the farm of Judge 
James D. Watters, near Thomas' Run, was built in 1760 
by Henry and Martha Watters, the great grandfather 
and mother of Judge Watters. A portion of this house 
is even older, and is built of logs, which are yet in a fair 
state of preservation. Ruff's Chance was one-half a 
square mile in area and was patented in 17 14 by Rich- 
ard Ruff. Part of the house near Upper X-Roads, now 
occupied by Mr. John Randolph Rutledge, was erected 
before the time of the Revolution, when the property 
was purchased by Abraham Rutledge, the father of 
Ignatius Wheeler. The house was built by a man named 
Jacob Rutledge , who married Monica, daughter of Col. 
Chalk. The large stone residence of Mr. Frank H. 
Jacobs, on the Churchville road, was built in 1809, by 
Archer Hays, an ancestor of Mr. Jacobs. 

Jacob Giles acquired the following named tracts in 
the following years, viz : 

1732, Upton Court, 200 acres. 

1734, Brothers Discovery, 50 acres. 

1735. Neighborhood, 734 acres ; part of Stone Hill, 
352 acres ; part of Giles and Webster's Discovery, 195 


acres ; part of Stone Hill, 352 acres ; part of Giles and 
Webster's Discovery, 919 acres; part of Brothers Dis- 
covery, 134 acres. 

Jacob Giles and Isaac Webster sold most of these 
tracts together. 

1741 part of Triple Union, 100 acres. 

1742, Bond's Hope, 69 acres. 

1745, Triple Union, 50 acres. 

1754, part of Gittings' Choice, 50 acres. 

1749, part of Rigbies Hope, 30 acres. 

1749, Jenkins' Range, 247 acres. 

1754) part of the Conveniency, 261 acres. 

1754) part of the Conveniency, 25 acres. 

1754, Nova Scotia, 121 acres. 

1766, Benjamin's Choice and James Park, 500 acres. 

1768, Land of Promise, 712 acres. 

Between the years 1735 and 1747 Jacob Giles ac- 
quired, by many conveyances, large tracts in the fifth 
district, all of them being part of Arabia Petrea. These 
conveyances make an aggregate of more than four 
thousand acres. 

In 1776 and for some years thereafter, Jacob Giles, 
John Bond, Isaac Webster, John Lee Webster and 
James Webster were the owners and proprietors of The 
Bush River Iron Works, land, mills and other improve- 
ments. Col. Thomas White was also connected with 
this company. 

In 1730 Col. Thomas White acquired Polecat Neck 
and Leaf Junior. 

In 1 73 1, Sophia's Dairy, The Fork, 150 acres; Fow- 
ler's Chance, 98 acres. 

In 1739, Hazard and Fraternity, 200 acres; also 
Eaton, 400 acres. 


In 1744, Delph's Island, Gilmore Marsh and Gibson's 
Ridge, Monserado, 275 acres ; also Isaac's Enlargement 
270 acres, and Isaac's Addition, 150 acres. 

In 1746 part of Arabia Petrea, also Ah, Ah, the Cow 
Pasture, 194 acres ; Itrap, 208 acres ; Skipton Increase, 
310 acres; Convenience, 200 acres, and Scrutiny, 380 

1747, Hathaway's and Hazard's and Jones' Addition, 
204 acres. 

1748, Hammond's Hope, 200 acres ; also Hall's Rich 
Neck, 510 acres ; Paradise, 490 acres. 

1750, Lyne's Addition, 600 acres ; Howard's Range, 
Keyton's Range, 146 acres. 

1754, Aquila's Inheritance, 67 acres ; Gravell Hill, 50 
acres ; Gilbert's Pipe, 37 acres ; Loyd of Luloe's Lot. 

1760, Jones' Addition, 70 acres. 

1761, part of Constant Friendship, 261 acres ; part of 
Bradford's Barrens. 

1764, Sedgely and Best Endeavor. 

1765, Abbott's Forest, 238 acres ; Hammond's Hope, 
15 acres; Thomas' Beginning, 180 acres; Clark Park, 
26 acres. 

1766, Come by Chance. 

Colonel White was a large land owner and the above 
are only some of his tracts. The above properties are 
for the most part situated in Abingdon district, but 
extend nearly to Bel Air, and some lie in the second 
election district. 

Aquila Paca acquired the following land in the fol- 
lowing years : 

1707, Prosperity, 140 acres. 

1709, Gibson Park, 800 acres. 

1717, Collett's Point, or Neck, 200 acres. 


1724, Moale's Success, 400 acres. 

1729, Delph, 600 acres. 
1715, Chilberry Hall. 

1 74 1, Maiden's Bower, 300 acres (from Daniel Scott, 


1 76 1, Islan, 48 acres. 

In 1747 Martha Paca purchased from Jacob Giles 
100 acres, part of Arabia Petrea, a very large tract in 
the fifth district, most of which was owned by Jacob 

Daniel Scott acquired the following named proper- 
ties on the following dates : 

1682, Oliver's Reserve, 150 acres. 

1693, Kindness, 30 acres ; also Swallow's Bill, 216 

1700, Scott's Lodge, 150 acres; Stanhacket, 190 
acres ; Chestnut Neck, 100 acres. 

1702, Harmans Hope, 100 acres. 

1713, part of Beale's Camp, 300 acres. 

1724, part of Chestnut Neck, Harman's Hope and 
Hunting Ridge, 490 acres. 

1725, part of Beale's Camp, 400 acres. 

1730, Burr, 100 acres. 

1741, Scott's Close, 100 acres. 

In 1699 Gilbert Scott purchased Dunkeele, a tract of 
500 acres on Winter's Run, the Whitaker Mill prop- 
erty retaining the name to this day. 

James Preston acquired the following named tracts, 
among others, on the following dates : 

1709, James' Choice. 

1715, Dennis' Choice. 

1 718, Everly Hills (includes farm at present owned 
by Hon. Herman Stump). 


1 74 1, The Vineyard. 

1748, Preston's Chance. 

1753, Hog Neck. 

1756, Mate's Addition. 

1758, Robinson's Chance. 

1761, Plumb Point. 

The above tracts cover about fifteen hundred acres, 
and stretch, with intervals from Winter's Run, near 
the Bel Air pike, up toward Hickory and Forest Hill. 
The Vineyard, purchased in 1741, and other tracts, are 
now owned and occupied by a descendant of James 

In 1749 John Stump purchased Durbin's Chance. 

On November 9, 1739, Isaac Webster purchased 
Ranger's Lodge, 200 acres, from George Stokes and 
James Phillips. 

In 1754 David Bisset leased from Robert Stokes, 
Ridge, Harkin's Folly, Parker's Choice, The Marsh, 
Natty's Island, now called Rumney Neck, 1,184 acres. 

In 1742 Samuel Cover owned a tract called Repulta, 
near what is now Havre de Grace. 

John Hall acquired the following properties on the 
following dates : 

1670, Crab Hill, 100 acres. 

1884, Hornesham, 50 acres. 

1693, Bushwood, 150 acres. 

1694, Prosperity, 140 acres. 
1699, Galliens, 100 acres. 

1705, Mascal's Humor, 50 acres. 
1708, The Western Frolic, 100 acres. 

1 718, Woodpecker Hall, Enlargement. 

1719, Jericho, 1,000 acres. 

1720, Betty's Inheritance, 100 acres. 


In 1777 Richard Johns and Richard Wilmott owned 
a tract called Christopher's Camp, consisting of one 
thousand acres. This tract is situated between Foun- 
tain Green and Creswell, and the Winchester farm, 
now owned by Mr. William O. Michael, is part of it. 
This tract was patented by Christopher Bayne. 

In 1797 Dr. Jacob Hall owned a tract called Edward 
Lott, United Lott and Matthew's Neighbor Resur- 
veyed, containing one hundred and fifty-nine acres. 
This is the Booth, or Kyle, farm, near Fountain Green. 

In 1704 John Webster owned Ah, Ah, the Cow Pas- 
ture, 194 acres, near the present village of Abingdon. 

William Bradford acquired the following tracts in 
the following years : 

1722-4, part of Enlargement, 96 acres. 

1725, part of Come by Chance, 20 acres. 

1727, Bradford's Barrens, 100 acres. 

1740, Turkery Hills and Strawberry Hills, 131 acres. 
1762, Littleton, 371 acres. 

The Bradford's Barrens, as above stated, containing 
100 acres, was on April 8, 1685, patented by John Nich- 
olson, alias "J^ck the Dauber," and on November 17, 
1727, by virtue of a special warrant of escheat, granted 
to William Bradford. The original name was Plas- 
terer's Hall. This tract is on Bynum's Run, on the 
opposite side from Hall's, or Hooker's, Mills, in the 
first district. 

William McComas acquired the following named 
tracts in the following years : 

1729, part of Gresham's College, 195 acres. 

1746, Colling's First Shift. 

1756, part of Littleton, 45 acres. 

1 741, Come by Chance. 


1712-14, John McComas acquired part of Littleton, 
182 acres. 

1723, Alex. McComas purchased Macedon, 100 

1726, John McComas purchased part of Come by 
Chance; 1741, Ann McComas purchased part of Come 
by Chance, jy acres. 

1753, Alex. McComas acquired part of Horse Range, 
24 acres. 

1756, Aaron McComas purchased part of Gresham's 
College, 45 acres. 

1761, Daniel McComas owned Walnut Neck, 100 

1762, Aquila McComas purchased Shere's Depend- 
ence, 83 acres. 

In 1808 Daniel Lambourne bought of Buckler Bond, 
for 1,300 pounds, thirty acres of land, with a mill and 
other improvements, on Winter's Run, one and three- 
quarter miles from Bel Air. In 1818 this property 
belonged to Thomas A. Hayes, and the grist mill was 
afterward converted into a paper mill. Burned April 
7, 1856. 

William Holland, in 1709, purchased Batchelor's 
Good Luck from Enoch Spinks, the patentee. This 
tract contains one thousand acres and situated on both 
sides of Deer Creek. 



The Indians gave occasional trouble; petty disputes 
and quarrels occurred between them and the whites ; 
the English Revolution took place, and Charles, by the 
grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and France — 
King, defender, etc. — lost his head ; Naseby, Edgehill, 
Marston Moore and Worcester were fought ; Cromwell 
became Lord Protector and assumed sovereignty over 
the American colonies. He died, and a Stuart again 
reigned in the person of Charles II. The politics of 
England reached even the settlers in this distant land, 
and at times it was difficult for the good people of 
Maryland to determine who was their rightful sover- 
eign and ruler. But the province retained its au- 
tonomy and government; settlements continued to go 
on, and the beautiful river lying within the limits of 
our county pursued its tranquil course, and the great 
water dividing the State passed, unvexed, to the sea. 

It is true that for many years there were contentions 
with the Dutch settlers of New Amstel, on the Dela- 
ware bay, and with the people of Virginia; Claiborne 


continued to harass the settlers on Kent Island and at 
the head waters of the bay, but the Maryland colony 
managed to maintain its integrity throughout, and our 
forefathers lived in amity and brotherly love, enjoying 
by the charter of the colony a greater degree of civil 
and religious liberty than could be found under any 
other government then existing. 

In the present limits of Harford were located the 
first two county seats and courthouses of Baltimore 
county. The first was on the east side of Bush river, 
about two miles below the bridge of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad, on the farm now owned by Mr. James L. 
Richardson. Tradition had fairly accurately located 
the place, but until very recently there was no authen- 
tic proof of its situation. By a paper recently read by 
Senator Charles W. Michael before the Historical So- 
ciety of Harford County, the location of the county land 
is clearly proven, and in the address delivered by Judge 
Albert Ritchie before the Maryland Historical Society, 
January 8, 1900, on the early county seats of Balti- 
more, much new light is thrown upon the old Balti- 
more of Bush river. By the act of 1674 a courthouse 
was authorized to be constructed, and by an ordinance 
of the Proprietary, dated June lo, 1676, appointing 
places where inns might be kept, it is provided that 
there should be one at the courthouse in Baltimore 
county. In 1679 a proclamation was issued from the 
courthouse of the county, prescribing the manner for 
giving and answering alarms upon the approach of the 
Indians. The alarm was to be given by the firing of a 
gun three times within the space of a quarter of an 
hour, and this was to be answered by firing from house 
to house throughout the hundred. 


In 1686 a tract of land conveyed by William Osborne 
to James Phillips is described in the land records as 
beginning on Bush river at a point a little beyond the 
courthouse, and running, etc. By this deed and by the 
will of James Osborne, dated April 6, 1779, and by 
other land and will records, Mr. Michael has located 
beyond question the position of the court land. Wil- 
liam Osborne kept a ferry. As Baltimore county then 
included Harford and Cecil and much more, the ferry 
would probably cross to about the residence of the late 
William P. Taylor, and the road lead thence out 
towards Edgewood. At that date the roads were little 
more than paths, for in 1686 a petition was presented 
to the Council to move the courthouse to a point on 
the south side of Winter's Run, "near the path that 
goes from Potomac to the Susquehanna rivers." The 
proposed place must have been near the present loca- 
tion of Van Bibber, but the change was never made. 
In 1 69 1 the meeting place of the court was moved 
to Gunpowder, and in 1712 to Joppa, in Harford 
county, where a courthouse was built. 

William Osborne is said to have been the founder 
of Baltimore on Bush river, and to have built the first 
house there, and was the owner of the ferry across the 
river, by which the town was reached from the west 
and north. Philip Philips attended the ferry, which 
he afterwards purchased. Osborne's eldest son was 
stolen by the Susquehannock Indians. Pursuit was 
made, and the Indians were followed across the bay, 
but the child was never recovered. Osborne never saw 
his son again, but the captive was kindly treated. The 
father was informed by an old chief that the lost boy 
was living, and had become a chief among the red men, 


and he is said to have signed the treaty between Penn 
and the Indians in 1682. 

James Philips, grandson of PhiHp Phihps, married 
Martha, daughter of John and sister of WilHam Paca, 
Governor of the State and signer of the Declaration 
of Independence. In the eastern part of a field, the site 
of Old Baltimore, there is a burial ground in a grove of 
large walnut trees. In the midst of the grove there is 
a marble slab, on which is the following inscription: 
"Beneath this stone is reposed the body of James Phil- 
ips, and also, in compHance with his dying request, the 
body of his wife, Martha Philips, daughter of John and 
EHzabeth Paca. Born February 3, 1744; married Jan- 
uary 25, 1776; died March, 6, 1829, having survived 
her husband 26 years," etc. 

In the month of June, 1687, the Nanticoke Indians 
complained that one of their members, whom they 
styled "the mad Indian," had been murdered at Bush 
river by three white men, one of whom was a servant 
of Mrs. Stansbury, who lived there. The parties 
charged were not properly punished according to the 
minds of the Indians, and this crime was made the 
excuse for counter-outrages by them on a family by 
the name of Enock, on Middle river, the head of which 
family was slain by the savages. 

In 1692-3 there was a line of defense against the In- 
dians, consisting of small forts made of wood, ex- 
tending in a northeasterly direction from Garrison 
Forest, in the neighborhood of Pikesville, in Balti- 
more county, through the northern section of Har- 
ford to the Susquehanna. Captain Thomas Richardson 
commanded the fort on the Susquehanna. The forts 
were mere cabins, where sentinels could seek shelter, 


and were the advance guards of the settlements. One of 
these cabins or forts stood near the present site of 
Bethel church, but years before any church was there. 

At the court held in March, 1683, at Baltimore on 
Bush river, the justices present were Col. George Wells, 
Edward Bedell, Major Thomas Long and John Boring. 
Thomas Hedge was clerk. Miles Gibson, high sheriff, 
and by order of Court the key of the courthouse was 
placed in the custody of "John Hathway, the cryer." 
The land appears to have belonged to William and 
Margaret Osborne, and seems to have been taken by 
proceedings for condemnation under the old English 
law of eminent domain, for we find a rule laid on 
Osborne and his wife, in 1683, to show cause why they 
did not make over the land, and on September 4th, of 
that year, they conveyed the title to the land to the 
Commissioners of Baltimore county and their success- 
ors in the manner of the livery of by de- 
livery of turf and twig. 

The records show that the courthouse, on Bush river, 
had been constructed long enough to need repairs in 
1683, "as to its dormant windows coursing the same 
with good boards, with sap drawne out and for nailes." 
The building was probably made of wood. It was 
offered for sale about 1696. The Baltimore, on Bush 
river, was known only by tradition as early as 1773, 
the date of the act for the formation of Harford 
county; for in that year the testimony of Col. John 
Hall, taken in a law suit, states that he knew a place 
in Bush river neck called "The Old Plantation," and 
he had always understood that the town on Bush river 
was laid out there. Col. Hall had always lived in that 
section. The last trace of the meeting of the Court 


on Bush river is in a suit brought in 1692, by Thomas 
Heath, an innkeeper there, for tobacco due him for the 
expenses of the justices during 1687-88-89. It would 
seem from this that in the early days the justices ex- 
pected the county to pay their tavern bills. 

The county seat was then removed to Gunpowder, 
within the present limits of Baltimore county, but 
in 1712, in spite of considerable opposition, it was re- 
moved across the river to Joppa, which is within the 
present bounds of Harford. 

"The courthouse there had been first built without 
legal authority, and when this difficulty was got over 
it was found that the Commissioners had built it on the 
land of a minor, who could convey no legal title. This 
stumbling-block hindered Joppa's progress for twelve 
years more. The courthouse and prison were built, but 
not a dwelling-house ; but the Assembly, in 1724, legal- 
ized the conveyance by special act, but reduced the area 
of the town to twenty-one acres. 

After so many false starts, Joppa was now fairly on 
her way. The "Act for erecting a town at Joppa, in 
Baltimore county, and for securing the land whereon 
the courthouse and prison are built," was passed by 
the General Assembly at the October session, in 1724. 
By this act Thomas Tolley, Capt. John Taylor, Daniel 
Scott, Lancelot Todd and John Stokes were appointed 
town commissioners. On the 20th of April, 1725, 
Messrs. Tolley, Taylor and Scott met at Joppa, and 
proceeded to lay off twenty-one acres of land — one acre 
for the use of St. John's Parish Church — for the use 
of the town. The town was laid out into forty lots, 
exclusive of the church lot, and divided by Court street 
and Church street, running east and west, and Low 


Street and High street, running nearly north and south. 
The lots were offered for entry at one pound seven 
shillings each, to be paid to Col. James Maxwell, whose 
land had been taken by the Commissioners for the use 
of the town. Among those who took up lots were Col. 
James Maxwell, Asaell Maxwell, son of James Max- 
well; Col. John.Dorsey, for the use of his son, Green- 
bury Dorsey; John Crockett, John Stokes, David 
Hughes, Thomas White, clerk of the town, Roger Mat- 
thews, Capt. Thomas Sheredine, Aquila Paca, sheriff of 
the cotmty, John Hall, Jr., John Roberts, Joseph Ward, 
inn-holder, Richard Hewitt, Nicholas Day, Thomas 
ToUey, Aquila Hall, William Hammond, Benjamin 
Jones, William Lowe, Joseph Calvert, late merchant of 
Kent county, James Isham, Catharine Hollingsworth, 
widow, Samuel Ward, carpenter, Benjamin Johns, 
Abraham Johns, Stephen Higgins, Samuel Maccubbin, 
Hannah Ward, John Higginson, inn-holder, and Ben- 
jamin Rumsey. Like all these towns of the Legisla- 
ture's making, she was laid off into lots intersected by 
streets, lanes and alleys ; but, as if the Assembly wished 
to punish the town for its own rashness and negligence, 
the lots were ordered to be of half the usual size, or 
half an acre each. Takers-up of lots were bound to 
build each a dwelling-house, covering not less than four 
hundred square feet, with a good brick or stone chim- 
ney. And so the new town flourished and became a 
great tobacco market, to which hogsheads were brought 
from all the upper parts of the country by a simple, but 
practical contrivance then generally in use, which made 
each hogshead its own vehicle. A gudgeon, or pin, was 
fastened in each end, on which hoop-pole shafts were 
attached and fastened to the horse's collar, who thus 


trundled the cask behind him ; and the roads used for 
this transportation were called "rolling roads," by 
which name many of them are still known. To build 
up still further her commerce, all debtors paying their 
debts in tobacco at Joppa were allowed a reduction of 
ten per cent. She became a port of entry, and had a 
respectable trade with Europe and the West Indies. 
Tradition says that so late as the American revolution 
a vessel of war was built there."* 

In 1 73 1 the Legislature suspended the sittings of the 
court at Joppa on account of the prevalence of small 
pox there. 

Baltimore, on the Patapsco, had meanwhile been 
growing, while Joppa stood still, and in 1768 was en- 
titled to be called a city. In that year, on account of 
the inconvenience to the inhabitants in attending court 
at Joppa, a law was passed authorizing a commission 
to build a courthouse and prison on the "uppermost 
part of Calvert street, next Jones' Falls," and the same 
commission was directed to sell the courthouse and 
prison at Joppa, although the courthouse in the present 
city of Baltimore was not built by public expense, the 
cost of it having been raised by private subscription. 
There was great opposition to the change in the section 
which is now Harford, and the actual removal of the 
records by Mr. Alexander Lawson was attended by 
some violence and outrage, f Thus in 1768 the county 
seat of Baltimore county was permanently removed 
from our soil, but our ancestors grew restive under the 
inconvenience of the change, and began housekeeping 
for themselves five years later, when our own county 

♦Scharf' s History of Maryland. fGriffith's Annals. 


was organized at Bush, as will be related a few pages 
further on. 

"The grandeur of Joppa was not destined to endure, 
As old Baltimore on Bush river had faded before her, 
so she was to fade before Baltimore on the Patapsco. 
Her trade was drawn ofl:, her population dwindled, her 
storehouses fell to ruin, her wharves rotted and her 
harbor filled up with mud. Yet the ancient town has 
not, like old Baltimore, utterly vanished. A solitary 
house, once a stately mansion, built of bricks imported 
from England, and a few mouldering grave stones, 
overgrown by weeds and grass, still mark the site of 
the once flourishing town of Joppa."* 

The location of Joppa, and of the town there, is still 
well known, but the Baltimore, on Bush river, has en- 
tirely disappeared, and is now a field on the farm of 
Mr. James Richardson, on the east side of the river, 
the shore being well known as "Old Baltimore," and 
is a favorite landing place for sailing parties on the 
Bush river. 

*Scharf 's History. 




In the colony of Maryland there was much pretense 
to aristocracy and style. Annapolis and Baltimore con- 
tained a large population and people of considerable 
wealth resided there. Hospitality was freely dispensed, 
and, as in the South today, they gave a hearty welcome 
to all comers, even to the stranger within their gates. 
Slavery was an established institution, and the masters 
had that patriarchal manner that comes from the own- 
ership of slaves. The proprietors in this section were, 
as a rule, kind to their servants, and it was considered 
bad form to sell a slave. But the institution existed 
with all its withering effect upon the master and the 
bondman, and while in the Maryland colony human 
servitude was found in its least objectionable form, 
even here its blight only differed in degree from the 
characteristics in the entire section in which it pre- 

It was looked upon with ill-favor to maltreat a slave, 
but the general regard in which the blacks were held 
was expressed by a distinguished Maryland judge in 
delivering an opinion in the Supreme Court of the 


United States many years later, when he said that they 
had been considered so far inferior that they had nO' 
rights the white man was bound to respect. The 
negroes were, however, much better off here even in 
slavery than in their own country of Africa, where they 
were in servitude to members of their own race. The 
pleasant and happy condition of the blacks at the time 
of which we write gave no warning of the dreadful con- 
flict which was to be waged an hundred years later over 
their emancipation. He was not then born who was 
to be at the head of the nation in that dreadful struggle, 
who was to sit beside the sick bed of his country in her 
agony, whose large hand was to be on her feeble pulse, 
and whose knowledge and skill was to perform the 
miracle of her healing. There were few libraries 
and a man with a dozen books was considered quite a 
scholar. A modest collection, such as may be found 
today in many private houses, would have been con- 
sidered in those days a considerable library. News- 
papers were few and not in general circulation, and the 
people depended on the gossip of the day for their 
news, and often on the political harangue for their poli- 

The great powers in the body politic of that early day 
were the schoolmaster, the lawyer and the doctor. The 
public school system did not exist, and the only schools 
to be found were those in which a gentleman of means 
would employ a teacher for his children, and the boys 
and girls of the neighborhood would be invited to at- 

The old Maryland Bar was an active, learned and in- 
telligent body, full of force and the greatest power, and 
contained in its membership Jennings, Holliday, Key,, 


Martin, Sprigg, Rogers, Johnson and Chase. They 
were well trained in the English common law, in all 
the traditions of the EngHsh Bar and the usages of the 
best society, and kept our customs and manners on a 
high level. 

Stocks and pillories were in constant use, and the 
criminal code was more severe than it is in our day. 
This section of the colony was almost entirely an agri- 
cultural community. The plow was little used, except 
for the purpose of breaking up of new ground in the 
spring and fallow in the fall, and the chief implement 
of husbandry was the hoe. This was not the light steel 
implement of the present day, but a great, clumsy lump 
of iron, often rudely made by the blacksmith on the 
plantation, not sharp, but so made that it could not be 

Corn and tobacco were the chief crops ; these were 
frequently shipped to England, the money arising from 
their sale purchasing in London clothes, merchandise 
and whatever manufactured articles might be needed 
on the farm. 

Commercial fertilizers were unknown, and a piece of 
bottom land, which could be enriched by the over- 
flow of a stream, was particularly valuable. Fox hunt- 
ing and cock fighting were the chief sports then in 

The doctor stood especially high in influence and 
popular esteem. Often he had depended for his medical 
education upon his apprenticeship to some physician in 
active practice in a large city. His term of tuition being 
over, the young man returned to his early home and be- 
gan the practice of medicine. As time went by he grew 


in influence, popularity and wealth. His knowledge of 
the world, good sense and engaging manners, his 
hearty laugh and the interest he manifested in the 
family of the poorest of his sick people, made him an 
universal favorite. When he rode out the occupants of 
every farmhouse he passed were as well known to 
him as his own household. The boys took off their 
caps to him as he passed, and the girls paid him the 
compliment of greeting by dropping a curtsy. He 
would take the longest rides on the darkest nights to 
administer a dose of calomel to an old woman or attend 
a child with a cold. He was present at every birth ; he 
rode with the family at the funeral ; he was to be found 
with the minister at every death-bed, and his name at- 
tested the signature to every will. In those days there 
were no drug stores. The country store kept a few of 
the simplest drugs stored away on the shelves among 
shoes, harness, twine and salt meat. The doctor had to 
be both physician and druggist, and his saddle bags 
protruded with their load of drugs. The old mortar 
and pestle was in daily use, and the physician put up 
his own prescriptions and pounded his own drugs. 
Great quantities of medicines were taken in those 
days — more even by the well than is given to the sick 
now. Large doses of calomel and rhubarb had to be 
taken each spring, and nauseating combinations of 
senna and molasses were taken daily. Simple reme- 
dies of the present day were then unknown. The 
patient in a raging fever was denied water. So much 
mercurial compounds were taken that the lips turned 
blue and the gums fell away from the teeth. It was 
quite common to cup and leech. As quinine was not 
known until 1820 the cure for fever and malaria was^ 


cinchona bark ; but it was scarce and expensive. Vac- 
cination had not been discovered, and small pox was 
frequent and fatal. The poorest man when injured 
has now better surgical attention than could be pro- 
cured at that time at any price. 

There was little to be seen in the household that was 
not the product of the soil. In every home could be 
found the spinning wheel, and the housewife, besides 
her other duties, did the weaving of the material used 
for clothing, with the aid of her daughters ; and around 
the open fire in the long winter evenings their deft 
fingers plied the knitting needles. The furniture was 
of the simplest kind and stoves were unknown. Can- 
dles or the roaring fire served the purpose of lighting 
the room. Sewing machines, kerosene lamps and hun- 
dreds of modern conveniences had not come into use. 
Traveling was done on horseback or in lumbering vehi- 
cles, and visits along the water were made in boats. 



After the county seat had been removed from Joppa 
to the present city of Baltimore in 1768, our people, for 
the first time in their history, had their court placed 
far from their habitations, and this produced constant 
inconvenince and vexations. To serve upon the jury 
or to have their disputes heard and determined neces- 
sitated long rides that required our fathers a day to 
go and another to return, when they had been accus- 
tomed to have their seat of justice within easy reach. 
On this account they could not take the same active 
part in public affairs as they had theretofore. So a 
petition was presented to the Legislature of 1773, 
which resulted in the passage of a law for a new 
county to be known by the name of Harford. 

In the year 1771, Frederick, the sixth Lord Balti- 
more, died in Italy, aged forty-one years. He left no 
legitimate children, and the title became extinct; but 
by his will Henry Harford, a natural son, was made 
proprietary of Maryland, though a minor, and the 
county formed three years later was called Harford 
from the young head of the province. After the Revo- 
lution Henry Harford returned from England and 


urged in person before the Maryland Legislature a 
claim for six hundred and ninety-one thousand nine 
hundred and sixty-five dollars and sixty-seven cents for 
quit rents, and the further sum of eight hundred and 
seventy-three thousand one hundred and seventy-six 
dollars for lands. The Legislature rejected his claim, 
but he with other loyalists received a considerable in- 
demnity from the British government, and about the 
sum of ten thousand pounds sterling was also obtained 
by him from the State's stock then in England.* The 
act of the Legislature authorizing the formation of the 
county is as follows : 

Rg., Fol. 239. 

Whereas, A considerable body of the inhabitants 
of Baltimore county, by their petition to this General 
Assembly have prayed, that an act may be passed for 
a division of the said county, and for erecting a new 
one out of part thereof: And whereas it appears to 
this General Assembly, that the erecting of a new 
county out of such part of Baltimore county will con- 
duce greatly to the ease and convenience of the people 
thereof ; 

II. Be It Therefore Enacted, by the right hon- 
orable the Lord Proprietary, by and with the advice 
and consent of his Governor, and the Upper and Lower 
Houses of Assembly, and the authority of the same. 
That after the second day of March next, all that part 
of Baltimore county which is included within the 
bounds following, to wit : Beginning at the mouth of 
the little falls of Gunpowder river, and running with 
the said falls to the fountain head, and from thence 

•Griffith's Annals. 


north to the temporary Hne of this province, and thence 
with the temporary Hne to Susquehanna river, thence 
with Susquehanna to Chesapeake bay, and thence with 
the said bay, including Spesutia and Pool's Islands, to 
the mouth of Gunpowder river, and thence up the said 
river to the beginning aforesaid, shall be and is hereby 
erected into a new county, by the name of Harford 

III. And Be It Enacted, That the inhabitants of 
Harford county aforesaid shall have, hold and enjoy, 
all such rights and privileges as are held and enjoyed 
by the inhabitants of any county in the province. 

IV. And Be It Enacted, That Mr. John Paca, Mr. 
Aquila Hall, Mr. John Matthews, Mr. John Hall, of 
Cranberry Mr. Amos Garrott, Mr. Richard Dallam 
and Mr. Benedict Edward Hall shall be and are hereby 
appointed commissioners for Harford county aforesaid, 
and they, or the major part of them, shall be and they 
are hereby authorized and required, to buy and pur- 
chase, in fee, a quantity of land, not exceeding four 
acres of land, in or adjoining to Bushtown, on the head 
of Bush river, for the purpose of building thereon a 
courthouse and prison for the said county, and shall 
cause the said land to be laid otit by the surveyor of 
Baltimore county, with good and sufficient boundaries, 
and a certificate thereof to be returned and recorded in 
the records of the said county ; and the said commission- 
ers, or the major part of them, shall draw their order on 
the sheriff of Harford cotmty, to pay such sum as shall 
be agreed upon for the said land, and the sheriff is 
hereby directed and required to pay the said order out 
of the money hereafter mentioned, to be collected by 
him for that purpose ; and such payment for the land 
aforesaid shall invest the justices of Harford county, 
and their successors, with an estate in fee-simple 
therein, for the use of the said county, for ever ; and if 
the said commissioners, or the major part of them, and 
the owner of the said land, should differ about the 
value of the said land, in such case the commissioners, 


or the major part of them, shall be and they are hereby- 
authorized and empowered to order the sheriff of Bal- 
timore county to summon twelve freeholders upon the 
said land, who shall be impanelled and sworn as a jury, 
to inquire the value of the said land ; and the said com- 
missioners, or the major part of them, shall draw their 
order upon the sheriff of Harford county to pay the 
said valuation, and the said sheriff is hereby directed 
to pay the said order out of the money hereafter men- 
tioned, to be by him collected for that purpose, and 
upon his payment of the said order, the fee-simple in 
the said land shall be invested as aforesaid in the jus- 
tices of Harford county, and their successors, for the 
use of the said county for ever. 

V. And Be It Enacted, That the justices of Har- 
ford county, or the major part of them, are hereby 
authorized to contract and agree for a convenient place 
in Bushtown to hold the courts for the said county, 
and to contract and agree for a convenient place in the 
said town for their books, papers and other records, 
and also for a fit building for the custody of prisoners ; 
and the said courts shall be held, and records kept, at 
such places, respectively, until the courthouse and 
prison for the said county shall be erected and built, 
and the charge and expense of such places shall be 
defrayed by the said county, and assessed with the pub- 
lic and county levy. 

VI. And Be It Enacted, That the justices of Har- 
ford county shall be and they are hereby authorized and 
required to assess and levy on the taxable inhabitants 
of the said county, with the public and county levy, as 
much tobacco as will pay for the purchase or valuation 
of the land aforesaid, together with the sheriff's salary 
of five per centum for collection; which said quantity 
of tobacco shall be collected by the sheriff of the said 
county from the taxable inhabitants of the said county, 
in the same manner as other public and county levies 
are by law collected, and the said tobacco, when col- 
lected, shall be paid by the sheriff to such person or 


persons as the commissioners aforesaid, or the major 
part of them, shall order and direct. 

VII. And Whereas the taxable inhabitants of that 
part of Baltimore county hereby erected into Harford 
county, have paid a proportionate quantity of tobacco 
towards the building the courthouse and prison in Bal- 
timore-town, in Baltimore county: And whereas a 
considerable sum of money was raised by the sale of 
the old courthouse and prison at Joppa, and applied 
towards erecting the said courthouse and prison ; and 
forasmuch as justice requires, that the said propor- 
tionable quantity of tobacco, and a proportionable part 
of the said money, should be refunded, and applied 
towards the building of the courthouse and prison now 
to be erected in Harford county; Be It Therefore 
Enacted, that the justices of Baltimore county shall be 
and they are hereby authorized and required to assess 
and levy, by two equal assesments, the next year and 
year afterwards, with their public and county levy, the 
quantity of one hundred and fifty-four thousand six 
hundred and sixty-six pounds of tobacco, in and upon 
the taxable inhabitants of Baltimore county, together 
with the sheriff's salary of five per centum for collec- 
tion, which said quantity of tobacco, so to be assessed 
and levied, shall be collected by the sheriff of Baltimore 
county from the taxable inhabitants thereof, in the 
same manner as other public and county levies are by 
law collected, and the said tobacco, when collected, shall 
be paid by the said sheriff to the commissioners afore- 
said, and shall be by them applied towards building the 
courthouse and prison in the said county of Harford. 

VIII. And Be It Enacted, That the justices of 
Harford county shall be and they are hereby authorized 
and required to assess and levy with the public and 
county levy, by two equal assessments, in the next year 
and the year afterwards, the quantity of two hundred 
thousand pounds of tobacco, together with the sheriff's 
salary of five per centum for collection, which said to- 
bacco, so to be assessed and levied, shall be collected by 


the sheriff of Harford county from the taxable inhabi- 
tants of the said county, in the same manner as other 
pubHc and county levies are by law collected ; which 
said tobacco, when collected, shall be paid by the said 
sheriff to the commissioners aforesaid, and applied by 
them towards building the courthouse and prison afore- 
said for the said county. 

IX. And Be It Enacted, That the commissioners 
aforesaid, or the major part of them, shall be and they 
are hereby authorized and required to contract and 
agree for the building of the said courthouse and 
prison, which said courthouse and prison shall be built 
and erected on the land to be purchased as aforesaid, 
in or adjoining to Bushtown, on the head of Bush 
river ; and the said town, after the commencement of 
this act, shall be called Harford Town. 

X. And Be It Enacted^ That all causes, pleas, pro- 
cess and pleadings, which now are or shall be depend- 
ing in Baltimore county court before the second day of 
March next, shall and may be prosecuted as effectually 
as they might have been had this act never been made ; 
and in case any deeds or conveyances of lands in 
Harford county have been made, or shall be before the 
division aforesaid, acknowledged according to law in 
Baltimore county, the enrolment or recording thereof 
within the time limited by law, either in the county 
court of Baltimore county, or in the county court of 
Harford county, shall be good and available, the divi- 
sion aforesaid notwithstanding. 

XL And Be It Enacted, That the justices of Balti- 
more county shall be and they are hereby empowered, 
upon application, to issue executions, or other legal 
process, upon all judgments had and obtained, or to 
be had and obtained, in Baltimore county court, against 
any inhabitant of Harford county, and to enforce the 
same, which said writs shall be directed to the sheriff 
of Harford county, and the said sheriff is hereby 
authorized and directed to serve and return the same 
to Baltimore county court, with the body or bodies of 


the person or persons, if taken, against whom such writ 
or writs shall issue for that purpose; and during the 
attendance of the sheriff of Harford county at Balti- 
more county court, he shall have a power to confine in 
Baltimore county gaol, if he should think it necessary, 
such persons as he shall have in execution; but after 
his attendance shall be dispensed with by the said court, 
he shall then, in a reasonable time, remove such per- 
sons as he shall have in execution to Harford county 
gaol, there to be kept till legally discharged. 

XH. And Be It Enacted, That the public and 
county levy now assessed or levied, or to be levied and 
assessed by the justices of Baltimore county court at 
their levy court for the present year, shall and may be 
collected and received by the sheriff of Baltimore 
county, as well of the taxable inhabitants of Harford 
as of Baltimore county, and collected, accounted for 
and applied, in such manner as the said public and 
county levy would have been collected, accounted for 
and applied, had this act never been made. 

Xni. And Be It Enacted, That the several dele- 
gates for Baltimore county shall retain their seats, and 
that such of them as are residents in Baltimore county, 
after the division aforesaid, shall be deemed and taken 
as delegates for that county, and such of them as are 
residents in Harford county, shall be deemed and taken 
delegates for that county, and writs of election shall 
issue to make up the number of delegates wanted in 
either county, to complete the usual and common 
county representation. 

XIV. And Be It Enacted, That the county court 
of Harford county shall begin, and be held yearly, on 
the fourth Tuesday of those months in which other 
county courts are held, and shall have equal power and 
jurisdiction with any county court in this province. 




In accordance with the direction of this Act of 
Assembly the first term of court for Harford county 
was held at Harford Town, or Bush, on the 22nd day 
of March, in the year 1774, and then and there was 
put into operation the machinery for the government of 
the county thus created, and a new child came into the 
household of the State. With the proceedings of the 
first court there comes to us the spirit of the times 
when great events were maturing, when the nation was 
about to come into being, and when the American Re- 
public was about to be admitted into the family of 

Harford's part in the Revolution will be related later 
on, and as the order is most convenient, an account 
of the formation and the first proceedings of the 
county government will be more particularly given. 
Of that eventful 22nd day of March, 1774, the follow- 
ing is the proceeding as taken from the records of our 


Tuesday, 22nd of March, 1774. 
Maryland, Harford County, to wit: 

Be it remembered that the Right Honourable Henry 
Harford, Esquire, absolute Lord and Proprietary of 
the Province of Maryland, sent his commission, closed 
under the seal of the said Province, in the usual Form, 
which Commission was distinctly read and published, 
and thereupon Aquila Hall, Gentleman by Virtue of 
the Dedimiis indorsed on the said Commission admin- 
istered the severall oaths appointed by Act of Asembly 
to be taken to the government as also the Oath of 
Judge or Justice to Thomas Bond, Son of Thomas, 
Jeremiah Sheredine, Benedict Edward Hall, William 
Webb and Aquila Paca, Gentlemen, who did severally 
subscribe the Test and Oath of Abjuration, and being 
so qualified, did then also agreeable to the directions 
of the said Dedimus, administer the severall Oaths 
appointed by Act of Assembly to be taken to Govern- 
ment as also the Oath of Judge or Justice to Aquila 
Hall, Amos Garrett and John Beal Howard, Gentle- 
men who, also, severally subscribed the Test and Oath 
of Abjuration. Alexander Lawson of Baltimore 
County, Gentleman, produces to the said Justices to 
wit Aquila Hall, Amos Garrett, John Beal Howard, 
Thomas Bond, Jeremiah Sheredine, Benedict Edward 
Hall, William Webb and Aquila Paca, a Commission 
from the Honourable Daniel Dulany, Esquire, Secre- 
tary of the Province of Maryland, bearing date the 
tenth day of March, Seventeen Hundred and Seventy- 
Four, whereby the said Alexander Lawson is or- 
dained, constituted and appointed Clerk and Keeper 
of the Records of Harford County aforesaid in the 
usual Form. Whereupon the said Alexander Lawson 
qualifies himself as Clerk by taking the severall Oaths 
appointed by Act of Assembly to be taken to Govern- 
ment and repeating and subscribing the Test and Oath 
of Abjuration, And the said Alexander Lawson then 
before the said Justices entered into Bond with two 
sufficient securities for the due Execution his said office 


of Clerk and Keeper of the Records according to Law 
after having taken the Oath of Office as required by- 
La w. 

Thomas Miller, Gentleman, produces to the said Jus- 
tices here a Commission from the Right Honourable 
Henry Harford, Esquire, absolute Lord and Proprie- 
tary of Maryland, to be Sheriff of Harford County, 
bearing date the second day of March, Seventeen 
Hundred and Seventy-four. Whereupon the said 
Thomas Miller was qualified by taking the severall 
Oaths appointed by Act of Assembly to be taken to 
Government, repeating and subscribing the Test and 
Oath of Abjuration and also taking the Oath of Sher- 
iff. And the said Thomas Miller then in the presence 
of the Justices aforesaid, gave Bond for the due per- 
formance of his said Office of Sheriff of Harford 
County according to Law. 

John Long is appointed Crier of Harford County 
Court by the Justices aforesaid. 

Afterwards, to wit, on this fourth Tuesday in 
March, being the twenty-second day of the same 
Month in the Third Year of the Dominion of the 
Right Honourable Henry Harford, Esquire, absolute 
Lord and Proprietary of the Province of Maryland, 
and in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven 
hundred and Seventy-four, at the Court House in Har- 
ford Town in Harford County, the following Justices 
to wit, Aquila Hall, Amos Garrett, John Beal Howard, 
Thomas Bond, Jeremiah Sheredine, Benedict Edward 
Hall, William Webb and Aquila Paca, Gentlemen, so 
appointed and qualified commanded Proclamation 
to be made for opening the court for the said County 
of Harford, which was accordingly thereupon done 
in the usual Manner on the Day and at the Place last 

Justices Present: 
Aquila Hall, William Webb, 

Amos Garrett, Jeremiah Sheredine, 


J. Beal Howard, Aquila Paca, 

Thomas Bond, Benedict Edward Hall, 


George Chalmers of Baltimore County produces a 
Commission from Thomas Jenings, Esquire, Attorney- 
Generall in and over the Province of Maryland, to be 
Clerk of Indictment and Prosecutor of the Lord Pro- 
prietaries Pleas civil and Criminall in the said County 
of Harford and qualified himself by taking the severall 
Oaths appointed by Act of Assembly to be taken to 
Government, repeating and subscribing the Test and 
Oath of Abjuration and taking Oath of Office accord- 
ing to Law. 

On motion made to the Court here, Benjamin Rum- 
sey, George Chalmers, Francis Curtis, Robert Alexan- 
der, Jeremiah Townly Chase, Robert Buchanan and 
Aquila Hall, Esquires, were admitted as Attornies at 
Law of this Court, after taking the Oaths appointed 
by Act of Assembly to be taken to Government, re- 
peating and subscribing the Test and Oath of Abjura- 
tion and taking the Oath of an Attorney. 

Thomas Chalmers taking the Oaths appointed by 
Act of Assembly, to be taken to Government, repeating 
and subscribing the Test and subscribing the Oath of 
Abjuration was appointed Deputy Clerk of said 

The said Samuel Smith, Servant, 
John Johnson, is adjudged by the Court to serve 
against John Johnson, his said Master, ten 

Samuel Smith, Days after the Expiration of his 
Servant. present Time of Servitude for Run- 

away Time and also to serve his said 
Master the further space of six 
months after the Expiration of the aforementioned 
Ten Days of Servitude or pay him the Sum of six 
Pounds eight Shillings and eleven Pence common 

The Court divides the County into the Hundreds 


of^Gunpowder Lower, Deer Creek Upper and Lower, 
Bush River Upper, Bush River Lower, Spesutia Up- 
per, Spesutia Lower and Susquehannah, according to 
the Metes and Boundaries of the said Hundreds as re- 
corded in Baltimore County Court except as to that part 
of Mine Run Hundred left in this County by the Divi- 
sion line of Baltimore and Harford Counties, which is 
added to Bush River Upper Hundred. 

The Court appoints the following Constables, to wit : 

Billingsly Roberts, Constable of Gunpowder Lower 

William Fisher, Junior, Constable of Deer Creek 
Upper Hundred. 

Samuel Jenkins, Constable of Deer Creek Lower 

Samuel Day, Constable of Bush River Upper Hun- 

Joseph Morris, Constable of Bush River Lower 

Hugh Jefferys, Constable of Spesutia Upper Hun- 

James Taylor, Constable of Spesutia Lower Hun- 

James Horner, Constable of Susquehannah. 

The Court adjourns till Tomorow Morning 10 

Court met the next day, March 23, all the justices 
being present except William Webb. 

It was that day ordered that a service be directed 
to the sheriff of this county for the purpose of sum- 
moning a grand and petit jury to serve at the next 
County Court. 

There is an entry that "the Court has rented the 
house wherein Thomas Miller now keeps store from 
Mr. Aquila Hall at the rate of twelve pounds common 
money yearly, and allowed Mr. Thomas Miller ten 
pounds common money for repairing the said house so 


as to be fit for the reception of prisoners. Mr. Miller 
must not exceed ten pounds money aforesaid in the 
repair of said house." 

"The Court agrees with Daniel Pritchard to build a 
temporary goal twenty-four feet by twenty, two stories 
high, and appoints Mr. Amos Garrett and Mr. Jere- 
miah Sheredine to take bond from said Daniel Pritch- 
ard for the performance of his agreement and to super- 
intend the building." 

The jail was never built, as the county seat was re- 
moved to Bel Air, which soon eclipsed its ancient rival 
on the old post road, and the latter is now not even a 
village, although there are said to have been fine hotels 
at Bush at the time Lafayette passed through with his 
army during the Revolution. 

The first grand jury for Harford county met at Har- 
ford Town, or Bush, on August 23, 1774, and con- 
sisted of : 

Levin Mathews, Foreman. Samuel Durham, 

George Garrettson, Nathan Horner, 

James Mathews, James More, 

Edward Hall, Bennett Matthews, 

William Hall, John Barclay, 

Barnett Preston, John Hays, 

Henry Watters, Mordicai Amos, 

Thomas Smithson, Lemuel Howard, 
George Bradford. 

Asbery Cord was bailiff. There was a charge deliv- 
ered to the grand jury as is now the custom in our 
court. The grand jury was discharged on Saturday, 
August 27. There are eighty-nine cases on the crimi- 
nal docket for the August term, 1774. Most of them 



appear to be misdemeanors, but the docket entries are 
so meagre that it is impossible to know fully the nature 
or the disposition of the cases. 

First petit jury for Harford county: 

Freeborn Brown, 
James Giles, 
William Jones, 
Benj. Burgess Chesney, 
William Kitely, 
Edward Norris, 
Richard Curzan, 
Henry Wetherall, 

Richard Ruff, 

Amos Hollis, 

Joseph Lewis, 

John Durham, 

Thos. Johnson, of Joseph, 

James Little, 

William De Brular. 



On January 22, 1782, an act was passed for an elec- 
tion to determine at what place the courthouse and 
prison of Harford county should be built, and the 
places named in the act to be voted for were Harford 
Town, (or Bush), Otter Point, Cross Roads (other- 
wise Gravelly Hill), Lower Cross Roads (Church- 
ville), and Aquila Scott's Old Field (now Bel Air). 
The act provided that if only two should be voted for 
the place receiving the highest number of votes to be 
the county seat, but if more than two should be voted 
for then another election was to be held between the 
two receiving the greatest number of votes at the first 

The justices of Harford county were by this act 
authorized to purchase in fee four acres at the place to 
be selected as the county seat, and in the meantime to 
rent buildings for the court and the prison. 

Scott's Old Field, or Belle Air, as it was then 
called, won at this election, but this did not settle the 


matter, for we find by an act passed January 20, 1787, 
an election was authorized to determine "whether the 
courthouse and prison of Harford county shall be 
erected at Bel Air or at Havre de Grace," and John 
Archer, Benedict E. Hall, William Smith (Bayside), 
John Taylor and Jesse Jarrett, and any two or more of 
them were appointed commissioners for the purpose of 
holding the election." 

The preamble of this act recites "whereas sundry 
inhabitants of Harford have petitioned this General 
Assembly for a law to remove the seat of justice in 
said county from Bel Air to Havre de Grace and 
sundry other inhabitants of said county have remon- 
strated against said petiton and prayed that the seat 
of justice therein should continue at the place already 
established by law ; whereas it appears to this General 
Assembly to be right and proper that the said dispute 
should be finally determined by an election of the peo- 
ple, to which said parties have consented," etc. 

The act also prohibits the commissioners from re- 
ceiving votes for any place except Bel Air and Havre 
de Grace, whereas in the former election to determine 
the place of the county seat. Otter Point, Cross Roads, 
&c., were authorized to be voted for. The election was 
held at Bel Air, which place was chosen as the county 
seat, and has since remained such, beginning at that 
time and continuing to this day to be the subject of the 
criticism which attaches to all county seats. But de- 
spite all this, the history of Bel Air and the lives and 
conduct of its people, their deportment, cultivation and 
refinement will compare favorably with any town in 
the State. 

On April 27, 1782, Aquila Scott of James conveyed 


by deed recorded in Liber J. L. G. No. H, folio 103, 
two and five-eighths acres to Harford county for the 
purpose of a courthouse and prison. The considera- 
tion named was twenty-two pounds six shillings and 
three pence, or about one hundred and ten dollars. 
The lot is described by courses and distances in the 
survey and plat made by Daniel Scott, surveyor of 
Harford county, and was rectangular in form. This 
is the lot now occupied by the courthouse and jail, and 
extended also to the present Bond street, in Belair. The 
lots on which the Masonic Temple and the Harford 
National Bank of Belair now stand belonged to this 
lot. Recently a small parcel of ground of about thirty 
feet front, adjoining this, was sold for fifteen hundred 

The courthouse at Bel Air was not built at the time 
of the passage of this act, although court had met 
there for several years, for the act last stated provides 
for temporarily renting buildings for the courthouse 
and jail at the place which might be selected, and 
authorized the justices of Harford county to contract 
"as soon as might be for the building of a courthouse 
and prison" at the place determined on by the election 
as above stated. The stone building at the junction of 
the Harford pike with Main street, in Bel Air, was 
used temporarily for this purpose. 

By the act of 1787 (William Smallwood, Governor), 
John Eager Howard, James Calhoun, of Baltimore 
county, and William Smith (Bayside), Gabriel Chris- 
tie and Samuel Griffith, of Harford, were appointed 
commissioners to "straighten and amend the post road 
from Havre de Grace to Baltimore Town." This road 
passes by Aberdeen, Bush, Abingdon and Van Bibber, 


and a hundred years before, in the petition to remove 
the courthouse from Bush river neck to Winter's Run, 
was alluded to as the "path that runs from the Poto- 
mack to the Susquehanna." 

The first courthouse at Bel Air seems to have been 
in process of being built in 1788, for by the act of the 
General Assembly of that year, chapter 23, (John 
Eager Howard, Governor), the justices of Harford 
county were "empowered to assess on the assessable 
property of the county the sum of two shillings and 
six pence on every hundred pounds worth of property 
to complete the public buildings of said county and 
for other purposes." By the same act Baltimore county 
was required to make a contribution to the building 
of the Harford courthouse, etc., because the people of 
the new (Harford) county had helped to build the 
courthouse at Baltimore Town. 

And by the act of 1790 a further tax of five hundred 
pounds current money was authorized to be levied for 
the completion of the public buildings. 

By chapter 70, of the act of 1791, (George Plater, 
Governor), it was directed that the following roads 
should be laid out, surveyed, marked and bounded in 
the manner hereafter directed, viz : one road beginning 
at the Pennsylvania line where the road from Peach 
Bottom Ferry, on the river Susquehanna, intersects 
the said line, and from thence to Thomas Underbill's 
Mills, on Deer creek, (afterwards Preston's Mills), 
and from thence into the most convenient road leading 
to Baltimore Town; one other road leading from the 
Bald Friar Ferry, on said river, to Belle Air, and 
from thence in as straight a direction as the situation of 
the ground will admit towards Baltimore Town, as 


far as the line of Baltimore county, at the Little falls 
of the Gunpowder river; and one other road leading 
from Belle Air aforesaid to the Lower Cross Roads ; 
from thence to the ferry known by the name of Smith's 
Ferry, on Susquehanna river, and that all public roads 
within the said county may and shall be straightened 
and amended. The same act provides that Alexander 
Rigdon, John Stump, John Carlisle, John Weston, 
Samuel Raine, John Tredway and James Johnson be 
appointed commissioners for the purpose of laying out 
said roads. 

By the act of 1795, chapter 63, (John H. Stone, 
Governor), upon the petition of James Wilson, Samuel 
Hughes, Gabriel Christie, Mark Pringle, Gibson Deni- 
son, John Hall and John Lee Gibson, an act was passed 
"for making an addition to the town of Havre de Grace 
and to improve the navigation of the river Susque- 
hanna and for other purposes." 

The act of 1798, chapter 22, (John Henry, Gov- 
ernor), was entitled "an act to encourage the destruc- 
tion of wolves and crows" in Harford county, the 
allowance to be thirty dollars for an old wolf's head 
and four dollars for a young wolf's head, and eight 
cents for a crow. 

In January, 1798, an act was passed for the valuation 
of real and personal property within the State, and 
Thomas Johnson, William Wilson, Jesse Jarrett, John 
Western and Henry Richardson were appointed assess- 
ors for Harford county. 

The act of Assembly, passed January, 1800, (Benja- 
min Ogle, Governor), was entitled an act to regulate 
elections, and Jesse Jarrett, Daniel Thompson, John 


Hartley, Dennis Bond and Henry Vansickle were ap- 
pointed commissioners to lay off, designate and number 
the districts of Harford county and fix the places for 
holding elections in each district. 

By an act of the same session, John Clendenning, 
Nathaniel West, Thomas Butler, William Whiteford 
and Thomas Montgomery were appointed commission- 
ers to lay out a public road beginning at Thomas Un- 
derbill's Mills, on Deer Creek, and to run in a direction 
so as to intersect a public road leading from John 
Neal's to John Coxe's, between Henry Richardson's 
and Amos Jones'. 

It will be observed from the foregoing pages that 
during the space of two hundred and twenty-five years, 
counting from the date of the erection of the first 
courthouse for Baltimore county, in Bush river neck, in 
1675, to the present time, the people who have resided 
within the present limits of Harford have had the 
county seat within their boundaries for two hundred 
years of that time. Thus Harford may be considered 
as the parent county of the two except in name, and 
may claim as her beautiful offspring and daughter the 
present large and populous county which adjoins our 
own on the west side of the Little Falls of the Gunpow- 



On petition of a number of citizens of the county 
the Court appointed Berinet Mathews, James Mathews 
and Jacob Bond, Jr., to view the road beginning at 
Lawrence Clark's old fields and leading from thence to 
Howard's ford on Winter's run. 

As many of the proceedings of the Court are routine 
and there is so much of it, selections that may be 
thought interesting, will be made from the records of 
the next few years. 

Ordinary (or tavern) licenses granted at August 
term, 1774: 

Joseph Stiles— Sureties, Aquila Hall and Thomas 

Nathaniel West — Sureties, Henry Wilson, Jr., and 
Wm. Downes. 

John Jameson — Sureties, Buchanan Smith and 
Richard Cruzon. 

Basil Smith — Sureties, John Durham and Bennet 


Robert Bonar — Sureties, James Ellison and John 

John Hawthorn — Sureties, John Blackburn and 
Robert Bonar. 

John Kean — Sureties, Thomas Bond and Mordicai 

John Rogers — Sureties, Aquila Hall and Jeremiah 

Araminta Shaw — Sureties, Samuel Lee and Joseph 

Thomas Smith — Sureties, James Horner and Rich- 
ard Soward. 

Robert Trimble — Sureties, William Downes and 
David Tait. 

Stephen Hill — Sureties, James Preston and Nathan 

Edward Robinson — Sureties, Charles Baker and 
Daniel McComas. 

William Wells — Sureties, Samuel Jenkins and Jos. 

Thomas Taylor — Sureties, John Beale Howard and 
Alex. Cowen. 

At the November term, 1774, the following is a list 
of the grand jury, viz : 

Freeborn Brown, Foreman. 
Edmund Bull, Benjamin Scott, 

Thomas James, Joshua Durham, 

John McComas of Daniel, James Matthews, 
George Patterson, Richard Ruflf, 

E. Carvil Tolley, William Downs, 

Andrew Wilson, Charles Baker, 

Richard Cruson, Francis Durben. 

John Ross, Bailiff. 


There was an appropriation of ten thousand pounds 
of tobacco to defray in part the expense of building a 
bridge over the Little Falls, and John Beale Howard 
and Robert Bishop were appointed managers. 

The Court appoints Jacob Bond, St., Henry Wilson, 
Sr., Wm. Amos, Sr., and William Bull to view the 
road from the Hickory Tavern to Winter's Run at 
Howard's Ford, where the old road did formerly run 
by Thomas Smithson's, Samuel Durham's and Daniel 

At the court which met at Bush March 23, 1779, the 
following justices were present: 

Aquila Hall, Thomas Johnson, John Love, Ign. 
Wheeler, Samuel Groom Osborne and Aquila Paca. 
John Lee Gibson, clerk. 

The following are the names of the grand jurors for 
that term of court, viz : 

Joseph Brownly, Foreman. 

Aquila Scott, John McComas, 

Richard Robinson, William McCandley, 

Hugh Bay, John Rutledge, 

Richard Courson, John Hall Hughes, 

Robt. Jeffrey, James Osborne, 

Asael Hitchcock, Henry Warfield, 

Joseph Ashton, Patrick Creaton, 

Charles Taylor, Henry Vansickle. 

Joseph Hartley, George Dillion, Bailiff. 

At this term of court, Luther Martin, the distin- 
quished Maryland lawyer, afterwards Attorney-Gen- 
eral of the State, and one of the counsel for Aaron Burr 
at the impeachment trial at Richmond, appeared and 


was admitted to practice before the Harford County 

At a county court of the said State held for Harford 
county at the courthouse, in said county, at Harford 
town, on the twenty-eighth day of March, seventeen 
hundred and eighty, before the worshipful justices of 
the same court, of whom were present Messrs. James 
Giles, Jas. Philips, John Love, William Smithson, 
Samuel Groom Osborne, Robt. Amoss, John Archer. 

Grand jury: 

Joseph Stiles, John Clark, 

Joseph Brownley, Arch Beaty, 

Fras. Billingsley, John McAdoo, 

Daniel Norris, Wm. Bradford, 

Jas. Moore, John Stenson, 

Robt. Creswell, Michael Gilbert, 

Daniel Bailess, John Hay, 

John Chancey, Gilbert Jones, 

John McComas, Joshua Brown, 

Wm. Fisher, George Dew. 
John Cooley, 

The early minutes of the court are composed chiefly 
of records of the justices present, the grand and petit 
jurors, commissions to perpetuate boundaries and 
records of binding out minors and appointing guard- 
ians. The court in those early days seems to have 
exercised the functions of the judge, Orphans' Court, 
register of wills and county commissioners of the pres- 
ent day. 

As these early juries furnish a number of names of 
the reputable people of the county of that day full lists 


of the panels at intervals of a few years are set out here, 
and in them the descendants of nearly every old family 
of the county of the present day will find an ancestor. 
There seems to be no record of the proceedings of 
the court for 1782. It is probable that the removal of 
the county seat so upset the lords justices and their 
clerk that it was about a year before they got settled, 
but on March 25, 1783, we find them holding court at 
Scott's Old Fields (Bel Air), at which court there 
were present : 

Thomas Johnson, Wm Smithson, 

Abrm. Whitacre, Wm. Bond. 

Grand jury, March, 1783 : 

James Moore, Thos. Durbin, 

Joseph Lewis, Michael Mather, 

Samuel Webb, Wm. Colthough, 

Ben. Silvers, Jas. Hanna, 

Hollis Horner, Wm. Bosley, 

Samuel Litton, Freeborn Brown, 

Robt. B. Landon, Hugh Jeffrey, 

Richard Robinson, John Fulton. 

Fras. Billingsley, Stephen Hill, Bailiff. 

The commission of the peace was produced and read 
in court March 27, 1783, and court adjourned for one 

The petit jurors for that term were : 
A. Rigdon, Jas. Armstrong, 

Samuel Durham, Wm. Coale, 

Leas Billingsley, Aquila Scott of James, 

Wm. Robinson, Wm. Jones, 

Dennis Bond, Wm. Whiteford, 


Jas. Sedgwick, John McComas, 

John Montgomery, Wm. McComas, 

John Barclay, Daniel Smithson, 

Bernard Preston, Jas. Carroll. 

At the term of court held at the same place, com- 
mencing August 26, 1783, on application of James 
Amos for persons to view a road leading from the 
Cross Roads to Cooptown, the Court appointed An- 
drew Tate and Lemuel Howard. 

Tavern Rates Affixed by the Court : 

Hot dinner, with beer or cider 2s. 

Cold dinner, with beer or cider is.6d. 

Breakfast or supper, with green tea is.6d. 

Overseers of the public roads in Harford county, 

Jacob Forwood, George Patterson, 

Greenberry Dorsey, Edward Hall, 

William Hall, George Lytle, 

Overseers of all the public 
roads from the end of Col. 
Hall's lane to Harford 
Town (Bush). 

Joseph Toy, overseer of the road from the black- 
smith shop, where Mrs. Finnegan formerly lived, to 
the lower ford on Winter's run, from the upper ford 
on said run to Binam's run. 

Daniel Ruff, overseer from Hall's Mill to the smith 
shop where Mrs. Finnegan formerly lived, and from 
said shop to Otter Point. 

William Smith (Bayside), overseer from Susque- 
hanna lower to the Cranberry bridge. 


Josias Hall, overseer from the Cranberry bridge to 
Humphrey's run. 

John Patterson, overseer from Humphrey's run to 
Harford town. 

Lambert Wilmer and Joseph Presbury, overseers 
from the lower ford on Winter's run to the lower part 
of the Gunpowder neck, from the ford of the road to 
where Wm. Doughtridge now lives, to Joppa, and 
from Joppa to Winter's run, on the old road. 

William Smith, Gunpowder upper from Smithson's 
ford to Captain Kell's, from Mapleford along the new 
road to David Harry's. 

Charles Taylor, Gunpowder upper, from Wm. Rich- 
ardson's to the Cross roads; from thence to Benjamin 
Amos's mills; from Shorper's lane to the ford on the 
Little Falls, near Thomas Blearney's Fullering Mill, 
and from Shorper's to the widow Stuart's on Winter's 

John Rutledge, overseer from Thomas Bond's on 
the Little falls of the gunpowder to the Upper Cross 

John Green, from the Widow Bay's to Scott's fields ; 
from thence to Binam's run, the Deer Creek road; 
from thence by said Samuel Durham's to Bull's Mill. 

Henry Stump, Richard Croyon, 

Thos. Mitchell, Michah Gilbert, 

Susquehanna hundred, in- 
cluding the northern and east- 
ern limits, and lay out them 
as nearly equal as possible. 

David Lee, Gunpowder Upper, from the mill to 


William McComas, from the bridge on the Little 
falls to Winter's run. 

James Trapwell, same hundred — from George Gar- 
retson's up to John Wilson's Mill; from the school- 
house to the Quaker Meeting House ; from the school- 
house to Buckler Bond's Mill; from the schoolhouse 
to Bull's ford on Winter's run. 

Benjamin Rumsey, from Joppa to Amoss' Mills. 

The first record of the change of name from Scott's 
Fields to Bel Air we find in the minutes of March 22, 
1785, where the expression is used "at a county court 
held for Harford county at the courthouse in the 
town of Bel Air," etc. ; but at the August term of the 
same year it is again called Scott's Old Fields, and in 
the November term Bel Air is again mentioned as the 

The following is a list of the Grand Jury for that 
term of Court, viz : 

William Bradford, Thomas A. Thompson, 

James Walker, Richard Robinson, 

William Luckey, John Guyton, 

Andrew Lindsay, Robert Glenn, 

James Barnet, Thomas Hope, 

Joseph Carroll, James Moore, 

Buck Bond, Thomas Gast, 

David Harry, John Fulton. 

Robert Coon, Samuel Day, Bailiff. 

At that term an application was made by John Coo- 
ley and Daniel Sheridine for a commission to view the 
road leading from Cox's Mill to Rock Run, and the 
Cumberland Forge from Nathaniel Baley's to the 
Elbow branch. The Court appointed Nathaniel Baley, 


John Rogers, Samuel Gover and Ambrose Gohaghan 
as the commission. 

There are a great number of records of apprentice- 
ship among these early minutes, the binding out being 
in the following form : 

"Nathaniel Gordon, an orphan, aged thirteen years, 
is bound by the Court to Jacob Donavan until he 
arrives at the age of twenty-one years ; said master is 
to teach said apprentice the art and mystery of a cord- 
wainer ; teach him to read, write and cypher as far as 
the rule of three, and give him the customary freedom 

These freedom dues seem to have caused much liti- 
gation, and there are records of many suits brought 
against masters on account of their non-payment. 

A frequent ground of complaint was on account of 
the master not keeping the apprentice to his trade, and 
the Court would hear and determine by remanding 
the apprentice to the service of the master, or if the 
charge should prove well-founded by revoking the ap- 
prenticeship and discharging the complainant. 

The courthouse at Bel Air seems to have been first 
occupied at the March term in 1791, at which time we 
find our modem custom of three regular judges. The 
names of the first three judges were Benjamin Nichol- 
son, Samuel Hughes and Benedict Edward Hall. 

The courthouse which was then first used was built 
of brick and occupied the same position as the present 
court building in Bel Air. It had wings to the north 
and south. The wing on the north was used for the 
clerk's office, and that on the south for the office of the 
register of wills. The courtroom was down stairs, and 
the floor was made of bricks. Within the rail where 


the lawyers and jury sat the floor was raised, and the 
bench, or judges' seat, was high above Hke a pulpit. 
There were two immense open fireplaces in the room, 
in which hickory of cordwood lengths was burned. 
The other county officers were on the second floor, the 
steps to which went up from the outside, starting at 
the front door and slanting towards the south. The 
steps had no covering, and as the grand jury room was 
upstairs that body in passing from their room to the 
court and back again had to go out of doors, as also 
with the petit jury. There was a landing at the head 
of the steps, and from this landing it was customary 
for political speakers to address their audiences. 

This courthouse was burned on the night of Febru- 
ary 19, 1858, the main building being entirely de- 
stroyed, but the offices of clerk and register of wills, 
which were situated in the wings, were preserved with 
all the valuable records. The only records of value 
that were destroyed by the fire were those of the 
county commissioners' office, which was situated up- 
stairs. The Legislature was in session at the time, 
and the fire had not been entirely extinguished be- 
fore a committee set forth for Annapolis on the 
following morning to secure the passage of an act 
authorizing the erection of a new courthouse. This 
act was passed on the 25th of February, 1858, and by it 
Stevenson Archer, Henry S. Harlan, A. Lingan Jar- 
ret, James McCormick and William H. Dallam were 
appointed commissioners to contract for and superin- 
tend the construction of the new building. There was 
authority to borrow money and issue bonds to the 
amount of twenty thousand dollars, and it is to the 


credit of the commission that the building was com- 
pleted within the amount named and a surplus handed 
over to the county commissioners. 

The courthouse built by the commission above 
named is the structure which is the present court 
building at Bel Air. 

During the construction of the new courthouse in 
1858-9 the building of the Masonic Order and Union 
Church, which stood on the lot now occupied by the 
Masonic Temple and the Harford National Bank, was 
used as a temporary court. 

While on the subject of the construction of the court- 
house it was thought better to get ahead of our narra- 
tive and thus finish up that subject, and we will now 
go back to the regular course in the old building. 

The list of the local attorneys of the court in 1791 is 
as follows: 

Francis Curtis, T. Hollingsworth, 

Robert Smith, John Montgomery, 

William Pinkney, Archibald Robison. 
Aquila Hall, 

The grand jurors for the August term, 1791, were 
Samuel Smith, Foreman. 
Jacob Norris, Alexander Rigdon, 

WilHam Osborn, William Allender, 

William McComas, Thomas Cast, 

James Wetherall, James Renshaw, 

James Bond of William, William Norris, 
Thomas Thompson, Corbin Onion, 

Nathan Baker, Robert Taylor, 

Andrew Turner, Levin Mathews. 

Samuel Day, Bailiff. 



The petit jury 
Richard Bull, 
Samuel Bond, 
Charles Waters, 
Philip Garrison, 
Aquila Miles, 
Michael Gilbert, 
Thomas Jeffrey, 
Robert Harris, 
Samuel Webb, 
Joshua Miles, 
James Bamett, 

for that term were : 

John Streett, 
Godfrey Waters, 
Bernard Preston of James, 
John Moore, 
Mark McGovem, 
Joseph Hays, 
Pierce Creight, 
Michael Mathews, 
Sedwick James, 
Sho. Denbow. 


OLD RECORDS— Continued. 


On the 1 2th of April, 1790, the court, with the fol- 
lowing justices present, viz: Thomas Bond, William 
Smithson, James McComas, John Barclay, Edward 
Prall and Ignatius Wheeler, authorized William Pink- 
ney to act as attorney for the county in a dispute be- 
tween Harford and Baltimore counties, which was to 
be heard at the courthouse at Baltimore town on the 
2nd Monday in May, 1790. The arbitrators named in 
the act of Assembly were William Smithson for Har- 
ford county and John Smith for Baltimore county. 

William Pinkney, afterwards Attorney—General of 
the United States and Senator from Maryland in the 
United States Senate, passed the bar at Bel Air, and 
for several years practiced at that court. He lived in 
the hip-roofed house on the pike in Bel Air, just oppo- 
site the end of Bond street, and his office was located 
on the southwest corner of Main street and the pike. 

January 10, 1791, the Court agreed with James John- 
son to finish the courthouse agreeably to the plan filed 
in the clerk's office ; to satisfy him five hundred and 


fifty pounds as soon as collected for that service, he 
giving bond and sufficient sureties for his perform- 

February 7, 1791, in accordance Wfith the act of 
Assembly, the Court levied a tax of two shillings and 
six pence for the completion of the public buildings. 
The basis of assessment stated in the record is £478,- 
752, which we may consider as the value of all the 
property in the county, or $2,393,760, from which 
basis the tax levied for the above purpose amounted 
to about $1,500. 

It will be observed from the above figures that while 
the population of the county at that period was about 
one-half of that of the present day, the assessed value 
of all the property in the county was not more than 
one-sixth of the present basis. 

Our local bar in the year 1796 consisted of the fol- 
lowing lawyers, viz : 

William Pinkney, Harry Dorsey, 

Aquila Hall, Davidson David, 

Archibald Robinson, Francis Holland, 

John Montgomery, Z. Hollingsworth. 

The grand jury for the March term, 1796, consisted 
of the following members : 

Robert Amoss, John McComas, 

Joseph Brownley, John Street, 

John Thomas, Richard Hope, 

John Ashman, Thomas B. Onion, 

William Duley, Charles Baker, 

Stephen Rigdon, Richard Kruson, 

Dennis Bond, Samuel Smith, 

Buckler Bond, Thomas Jeffrey, 


Thomas Denbow Isaac Hitchcock, 

Bennet Wheeler, Samuel Day, Bailiff. 

Thomas Richardson, 

Petit jury for the same term : 

Michael Gilbert, Ezekiel Williams, 

Thomas Durham, Benjamin Rigdon, 

Archer Hays, James Lytle, 

Benjamin Jones, Benj. Amoss of James, 

Stephen Jones, Gideon Gilbert, 

Daniel Donahoo, John B. Onion, 

Abraham Rees, Nathaniel Smithson, 

William Mitchell, Asael Hitchcock, 

David Street, Aquila Miles, 

Barnet Preston, Aquila Parker, 

Benj. Green, James Kidd, 

William Clark, Jr., James Carlon, 

Joseph Barnet, Pierce Creagh, 

James Barnet, Samuel Bond. 

December 19, 1796, Robert Amoss, Jr., took the 
oath as sheriff of Harford county, and gave bond for 
the performance of his duty as sheriff, with Benjamin 
Amoss, of James, and Bennet Bussey as securities. 

At the term of court at Bel Air which commenced 
March 19, 1798, before the following judges, viz: 
Henry Ridgely, Chief Justice. 

Benedict Edward Hall and William Smithson, Asso- 
ciate Judges. 

The grand jury for that term consisted of the fol- 
lowing named persons : 

Bennet Bussey, Foreman. Richard Hutchins, 
James Barnet, Jr., Benjamin Jones, 


William Wilson of James, John B. Biddle, 
Benjamin Nowland, John Ashmore, 

Nicholas Homer, Edward Prall, 

William Smith of Samuel, Richard Kruson, 
George Amoss, John Montgomery, 

John Rutledge, David Bell, 

Barnet Johnson of Barnet, Parker Hall Lee, 
Henry Vansickle, Thomas Jeffrey, 

John Forwood of William, William Morris. 
David Crane, Jr., Samuel Day, Bailiff. 

Petit jury for same term : 
Thomas Bond of Daniel, Henry Richardson, 

Godfrey Waters, Billingslea Bull, 

John Grindall, James Trapnell, 

James Lytle, William Clark, Jr., 

Thomas Bond of John, John Street, 

Thomas Richardson, Daniel Scott, 

Henry Waters, Ralph Bond, 

Asael Hitchcock, Jacob Norris, 

John Hall, Fell Bond, 

George Patterson, Sedgwick James, 

Archer Hays, Bennet Barnes, 

Robert Morgan, Samuel Calwell. 
John Barclay, 

July 28, 1800, the Court, consisting of Benedict E. 
Hall and William Smithson, associate justices, ap- 
pointed the following judges of election for the several 
districts of the county, viz : 

First District — John Rumsey, William Smith, of Wil- 
liam, James Lytle. 

Second District — Roger Mathews, John Holland 
Barney, John Cooley. 



Third District — ^John Moores, Bennet Bussey, Jacob 

Fourth District — Thomas Hope, John Clendening, 
James Varney. 

Fifth District — Hugh Whiteford, farmer; James 
Steel, Dr. John Smith. 

At the term of court, commencing March 16, 1801, 
before WiUiam Smithson and Benedict Edward Hall, 
justices ; John Lee Gibson, clerk, and John Churchman 
Bond, sheriff, the following is the list of the grand 
and petit juries for the term : 

Grand Jury. 

Jacob Norris, Foreman. 
John Bond of William, 
Thomas Bond of John, 
Barnet Johnson of John, 
Nicholas Allender 

of Nicholas, 
Parker H. Lee, 
Samuel Richardson, Sr., 
Zaccheus O. Bond, 
Bernard Preston, 
Richard Hawkins, 
James Steel, 

John Forwood, 
Roger Mathews, 
Bennet Bussey, 
Nicholas D. McComas, 
John Yellot, 
George Presbury, 
Henry McAtee, 
John Grindall, 
Joseph Brownley, 
Alexander McComas, 
Stephen Jones, 
Benedict Hall, Jr. 

Petit Jury. 

John Street, 
James Lytle, 
Harry Gough, 
Thomas S. Bond, 
Derick Kruson, 
George Cunningham, 

Abel Maple, 
John Stump, 
John Norris of John, 
George Patterson, 
John Chauncey, 
John Hall, 


Henry Vansickle, Samuel Webster 
Samuel Bradford, of Richard, 

Col. Samuel Hughes, Moses Magness, 

Samuel Richardson, William Walsh, 

Bennet Jarret, Thomas Richardson, 

John Carlile, James Carroll, 

David Street, John Ashmore, 

At this term of court, John Lee Gibson, who had 
been clerk of the court for twenty years, offered his 
resignation in the following letter : 

"To the Honorable the Chief Justice and the Associate 
Justices of Harford County: 
"Gentlemen — I beg leave to request your acceptance 
of my resignation of the office of clerk of Harford 
county, which I lay before you. Particular circum- 
stances prevent me from holding the appointment 
longer. Permit me to express to you the grateful sen- 
sations I feel for your politeness to me while in office 
and the sensations of great and sincere respect with 
which I am, gentlemen. 

Your obedient servant, 

John Lee Gibson." 
March 27, 1801. 

On the same day the resignation was accepted and 
the court appointed Henry Dorsey, of Edward, clerk 
of the court, who gave bond in the sum of five thou- 
sand pounds, with Daniel Scott and William Smithson. 
as sureties. 



For years before the Revolution there was great un- 
rest in the American colonies on account of the tax 
laws enacted by the British Parliament. 

As early as 1733 the Importation Act was passed, 
by which large duties were laid on sugar, molasses and 
rum brought into the provinces. Then England for- 
bade the manufacture of steel or the cutting of pine 
trees outside of inclosures. These laws could not be 
enforced and only served to deepen the resentment of 
the people. The ground of objection was the absence 
of colonial members in the British Parliament, and the 
claim was made that taxation without representation 
is tyranny. 

On March 22, 1765, in spite of the remonstrance of 
Pitt, Parliament passed the celebrated Stamp Act, the 
provisions of which were that every bond, mortgage, 
note, deed, license or legal document should be 
executed on paper bearing an English stamp and 
furnished by that government. The price of these 
stamps ranged from a few pennies to several pounds. 


Every newspaper, pamphlet or almanac was required 
to be printed on stamped paper, costing from a half 
penny to four pence. Every advertisement was taxed 
two shillings. Failure to comply with these require- 
ments invalidated the document. The colonies were 
greatly exasperated on learning of the passage of this 
law. Public meetings were held in the large cities; 
in Boston the bells were tolled and in Philadelphia they 
were muffled. A great procession marched through 
the streets of New York, bearing a copy of the Stamp 
Act, with a death's head nailed to it, and with a large 
placard displaying the words, "The Folly of England 
and the Ruin of America." 

At the invitation of Massachusetts, the colonies sent 
delegates to a "Stamp-Act Congress," which met in 
New York October 7, 1765, and protested against the 

Public opinion in America was so outraged by this 
law that on March 18, 1766, it was repealed by the 
British Parliament and the wavering allegiance of the 
colonies was temporarily restored to the British Crown. 
But the trouble soon broke out again with the tax on 
imported tea, and riots occurred in Boston, Philadel- 
phia, Annapolis, Charleston and elsewhere on its ac- 
count. The owner of the ship Peggy Stewart was 
forced to burn his own vessel laden with tea in the 
harbor of Annapolis in October, 1774. A call was 
issued for a general convention on September 5, 1774. 
The first Continental Congress met in Carpenter's Hall, 
Philadelphia. The most distinguished men of the colo- 
nies were members, prominent among them being 
George Washington and Patrick Henry, of Virginia. 
On October 8 the following resolution was passed : 


"That this Congress approve the opposition of the 
inhabitants of Massachusetts bay to the execution 
of the late acts of Parliament; and if the same shall 
be attempted to be carried into execution by force, in 
such case all America ought to support them in their 

The attempt was made to carry them into execution 
and all America joined in the opposition, which brought 
on the Revolutionary War. 

The Congress also adopted, on October 14, a "Decla- 
ration of Colonial Rights," and on the 20th of the same 
month the American Association was adopted, which 
was an agreement of non-importation, non-consump- 
tion and non-exportation applied to Great Britain, Ire- 
land and the West Indies. 

The mother country turned a deaf ear to these re- 
monstrances, which may be regarded as preliminary 
declarations of independence. General Gage was 
instructed to enforce all these measures with his army, 
and at Concord and Lexington, on April 19, 1775, was 
shed the first blood of the Revolution. 

The Maryland Convention, which sent delegates to 
the first Continental Congress, met at Annapolis on 
June 22, 1774. Matthew Tilghman, of Talbot county, 
presided. The delegates representing Harford county 
in this convention were Richard Dallam, John Love, 
Thomas Bond, Benedict Edward Hall and Jacob Bond. 
At this convention it was declared that the acts of 
Parliament were cruel and oppressive invasions of the 
people's rights, and that the cause of Boston was the 
cause of all the provinces; that the colonies should 
unite to stop all importation from and exportation to 
Great Britain until the acts should be repealed; that 


a subscription should be opened in the several counties 
for immediate collection for the relief of the distressed 
inhabitants of Boston, then cruelly deprived of the 
means of procuring subsistence for themselves and 
families by the operation of the act for blocking up 
their harbor, and that the same be collected by the 
committees of the respective counties, and shipped by 
them in such provisions as may be thought most use- 
ful ; that there should be no dealings with any colony 
which should refuse to come into the general plan 
which might be adopted by the colonies ; that the depu- 
ties from Maryland to the Continental Congress, upon 
their return, call together the committees of the sev- 
eral counties and lay before them the measures adopted 
by the general congress. 

Matthew Tilghman, Thomas Johnson, Jr., Robert 
Goldsborough, William Paca and Samuel Chase were 
sent as delegates to Philadelphia. 

The counties promptly responded to the recommen- 
dation of the provincial convention. Harford had 
anticipated the recommendation, for, on June ii, a 
large meeting of the inhabitants was held at Bush to 
take action in the matter. Aquila Hall presided over 
the meeting and the following resolutions were 
adopted : 

"i. Resolved, It is the opinion of this meeting that 
the town of Boston is now suffering in the common 
cause of America, and that it is the duty of every col- 
ony to unite in the most effectual constitutional means 
to obtain a repeal of the late act of Parliament for 
blocking up the harbor and port of Boston. 

"2. Resolved, That, therefore, we will join in an 
association with the other counties of this province, on 


oath, not to export to, or import from, Great Britain, 
any kind of produce or merchandise after such a day 
as the committee of the several counties at their gen- 
eral meeting shall fix, until the Repeal of the Boston 
port act. 

"3. Resolved, That we will deal with none of the 
West India Islands, colony or colonies, person or per- 
sons whatsoever residing therein, who shall not enter 
in similar resolves with the majority of the colonies 
within such time as the general committees of this 
province shall agree, but hold him or them as an 
enemy or enemies to American liberty. 

"4. Resolved, That we join in an association with 
the other colonies to send relief to the poor and dis- 
tressed inhabitants of Boston, to enable them to perse- 
vere in defence of the common cause. 

"5. Resolved, That the merchants ought not to ad- 
vance the price of their goods, but sell them as they 
intended had not these resolves been entered into. 

"6. Resolved, That the gentlemen of the law ought 
to bring no suit for recovery of any debt due from any 
inhabitant of Great Britain, or this or any other col- 
ony, until the said act be repealed ; except in such cases 
where the debtor is guilty of a wilful delay in payment, 
having ability to pay, or is about to abscond or remove 
his effects, or is wasting his substance, or shall refuse 
to settle his account by giving his bond on interest (or 
security, if required), which fact or facts are to be 
made appear to some neighboring magistrate and cer- 
tified under his hand. 

"7. Resolved, That the following gentlemen, viz: 
Rev. William West, Messrs. Aquila Hall, Richard Dal- 
lam, Thomas Bond (son of Thomas), John Love, Capt. 


John Paca, Benedict Edward Hall, Benjamin Rumsey, 
Nathaniel Giles and Jacob Bond be a committee to 
meet the committees of other counties in this province, 
to consult and agree on the most effectual means to 
preserve our constitutional rights and liberties, and 
promote that union and harmony between Great Bri- 
tain and her colonies, on which their preservation de- 
pends ; and that the same gentlemen, together with the 
following, Capt. John Matthews, Capt. William Smith, 
Dr. John Archer, William Younge, Abraham Whita- 
ker, William Webb, Amos Garret, George Bradford, 
John Rumsey, Jeremiah Sheredine, William Smithson, 
William Bond (son of Joshua), Isaac Webster and 
Alexander Cowan, be a committee of correspondence, 
and on any emergency to call a general meeting, and 
that any six of them have power to act. 
"Signed per order, 

"Joseph Butler^ CI. Com."* 

At the meeting of the convention held December 8 
of that year (1774), the sum of four hundred and 
sixty-six pounds was named as the amount to be sub- 
scribed in Harford county for the purchase of arms 
and ammunition. 

Meanwhile, in Congress, the war spirit continued to 
grow. On June 26, 1775, the Maryland Convention 
again assembled at Annapolis, and its first movement 
was to throw off allegiance to the proprietary power 
and form a provisional government for the State. Then 
was organized what was known as the "Association of 
the Freemen of Maryland," which the members of 
the convention signed. To this association are found 

*Scharf 's History. 


subscribed the names of Benedict Edward Hall, 
Thomas Bond, Richard Dallam, Ignatius Wheeler, Jr., 
and William Webb, who represented Harford county 
in that convention. 



Several things conspired to cause the people of Har- 
ford county to be especially active and interested in 
public affairs at the breaking out of the Revolutionary 
War. In the first place, the county had been formed 
but a year before Lexington and Concord wrere fought ; 
our people had all the zest and interest in public mat- 
ters w^hich always characterize newly organized gov- 
ernmental agencies, and the same feeling which made 
them restless under the removal of their county seat 
and led to the formation of the new county, was mani- 
fest in the spirit that actuated them under the wrongs 
inflicted by the mother country. One of the first duties 
imposed upon the new county was to send delegates to 
the Provincial Convention at Annapolis, which pro- 
tested against the Stamp Act. The situation of the 
county seat at Harford Town, or Bush, on the route 
to and from Philadelphia and New York, the early 
national capitals, was particularly favorable to our an- 
cestors keeping thoroughly in touch with the spirit of 
the times. There were several hotels at Bush at the 
time of which we write, and when our people in those 


days would repair to the county seat on court business, 
or whatever might be their errand, it was an usual 
occurrence for them to meet with and enjoy the ac- 
quaintance of such men as Washington, Jefferson, 
Madison, Randolph, Patrick Henry, the Lees and other 
great men of those days who lived in the South and 
who would pass that way in their journeys to and from 
the large cities of the North. 

It is not too much to assume that something of the 
same spirit and feeling that actuated Washington, who 
commanded our armies, and Jefferson, who wrote the 
Declaration of Independence, and Madison, the father 
of the Constitution, and the other prominent men who 
were in the habit of stopping at Bush, was infused into 
our own people, and to the extent of their association 
with these great men, which, as indicated, was con- 
siderable, to the same extent our ancestors had the 
advantage in public information, knowledge and public 
spirit over those sections not so favorably situated. 
As we look back to that distant day, we can see the 
village hostelry filled with jurors, witnesses, judges 
and others of our people who had repaired to the 
county seat on public business. The great open fire- 
place would be blazing with the cordwood logs ; kindly 
feeling and good cheer would prevail ; Mr. Jeremiah 
Sheredine, Mr. William Webb and Mr. Thomas Bond, 
of the lords justices, would discuss with Mr. William 
Smithson the opening of a new road from the Hickory 
Fork to Winter's Run and debate the probable cost; 
in another part of the room Mr. Alexander Lawson, 
the clerk of the court, would be engaged in conver- 
sation with Mr. Aquila Hall and Mr. Aquila Paca, who 
lived nearby and had dropped in for a social hour; a 


slight commotion would be heard outside and, as is 
the custom in the country, all would go to discover the 
cause. Just coming over the brow of the hill from By- 
num's run two horsemen would appear, the dress, car- 
riage, horses and tout ensemble of the riders would 
clearly indicate that they were gentlemen of distinc- 
tion; following them would be two negro servants 
equally well mounted; the livery of the servants and 
their perfect manners indicating that they were 
of the quality as well as their masters; some one of 
the better acquainted would advance and address 
the elder traveler with "Colonel Washington, how 
do you do?" The gentleman accosted would reply, 
"Mr. Paca, I am glad to see you ; allow me to present 
to you my friend, Mr. Jefferson, of Virginia," and 
then the entire assemblage would be presented to the 
great men and would for the rest of the evening enjoy 
the conversation of one or both of them. The politics 
of the day would be discussed and the latest views of 
the leading men of the times would be freely given to 
the guests thus gathered together. We can imagine 
Mr. Jefferson, with his tall, spare form, red face and 
hair, advising the fathers of our county met at the 
Bush tavern to organize and send delegates to the An- 
napolis Convention and the Continental Congress. We 
can see him standing in front of the open fire, exhorting 
his auditors to organize and pass resolutions expressing 
their views ; and to scenes such as these were the rep- 
resentative people of the county so accustomed that 
when the hour arrived they were ready, active and 

This association, with the leading men of the colo- 
nies, bore fruit in the passage of a resolution by the 


committee of Harford county on the 22nd day of 
March, 1775, which may properly be called the first 
Declaration of Independence made by any representa- 
tive body in America. The committee of Harford 
coimty was not in any sense a mass-meeting. Its 
members were duly elected by the ten thousand white 
people of the county; the thirty-four names signed to 
the resolution were the leading men of the new county, 
and their descendants are justly proud of this signal 
evidence of the courage and patriotism of their ances- 
tors. The terms of the resolution, even without the 
aid of the knowledge of the resolves and the associa- 
tion of the Continental Congress and the resolves of 
the Provincial Convention, indicate beyond a doubt 
that the signers realized that they were not dealing in 
mere glittering generalities, but that it was necessary 
for them to hang together, so that they might thereby 
avoid the unpleasant alternative of hanging separately. 
When it was considered necessary to close the reso- 
lution with these words, "We do most solemnly pledge 
ourselves to each other, and to our country, and en- 
gage ourselves by every tie held sacred among man- 
kind, to perform the same at the risque of our lives 
and fortunes," we may know that the signers had 
a full realization of the meaning of their famous decla- 
ration and of the work in which they were about to 

The following is the language of the declaration : 
"We, the Committee of Harford County, having 
most seriously and maturely considered the Resolves 
and Association of the Continental Congress and the 
Resolves of the Provincial Convention, do most heart- 
ily approve of the same, and as we esteem ourselves 


in a more particular manner intrusted by our Constitu- 
ents to see them carried into Execution, we do most 
solemnly pledge ourselves to each other, and to our 
country, and engage ourselves by every tie held sacred 
among mankind, to perform the same at the risque of 
our lives and fortunes. 

"Aquila Hall, Jos. Carvel Hall, Geo. Patterson, Wm. 
Morgan, Frans. Holland, Saml. Caldwell, Aquila 
Paca, James Lytic, Aquila Hall, Jr., Robt. Morgan, 
Robt. Lemmon, Thos. Brice, Thos. Johnson, Alex. Rig- 
don, Edward Ward, Abm. Whitaker, Charles Ander- 
son, William Fisher, Jr., Richd. Dallam, John Durham, 
James McComas, William Bradford, Sen., Wm. Smith- 
son, John Donohuy, John Patrick, Daniel Scott, Benj. 
Bradford Norris, James Harris, Edward Prall, Green- 
berry Dorsey, John Archer, W. Smithe, W. Webb, 
John Taylor." 

In this declaration is foreshadowed Lexington and 
Concord, Bunker Hill and Long Island, Trenton, Mon- 
mouth and Princeton, and the final triumph at York- 

When we consider that the Resolves of the Conti- 
nental Congress were the Bill of Rights defining the 
privileges of English speaking people everywhere, and 
that the signers to the Bush declaration declared their 
intention to see them carried into execution at the risk 
of their lives and fortunes, we may consider that except 
in detail this declaration breathed the same spirit as 
Jefferson's instrument of more than a year later. 

A revolution differs from a rebellion only in that 
the former is attended with success. And had the 
Revolution of 1776 failed, and had the army of Wash- 
ington been overthrown, it is not too much to suppose 


that the good people of our county, who rejoice in 
their descent from these patriots whose names are 
signed to the Bush declaration, would have as part of 
their inheritance the bitter knowledge of the execution 
of an ancestor for treason. 

The same quality of the Englishman that put Har- 
rison to death and dug up the dead body of Cromwell 
and hung it in chains after it had been in the grave for 
years, would have made itself manifest at that later 
day had the British government triumphed in their 
effort to enslave the American colonies. The date of 
this declaration is but two days after the celebrated 
speech of Patrick Henry, in Virginia, when he ex- 
claimed : "The war is inevitable. Gentlemen may cry 
peace, peace, but there is no peace. The next gale that 
sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the crash 
of resounding arms. What would you have? Is life 
so dear or peace so sweet to be purchased at the price 
of chains and slavery. I know not what course others 
may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me 

The fires were beginning to be kindled and liberty or 
death was the prevailing sentiment. And so the rep- 
resentatives of the county signing this declaration at 
Bush sixteen months before the declaration at Phila- 
delphia on July 4, 1776, was a cry for liberty, from an 
obscure community, if you please, but it breathed the 
same patriotic spirit and bore the same central thought 
as the great instrument itself. 

Let no one belittle this act of our forefathers, or take 
one laurel from the brow of those great and good men 
of our county, who at the risk of their lives and their 


fortunes were the first to give utterance to such senti- 
ments, looking to national freedom and independence. 
They have all long ago passed over the dark river and 
joined the silent majority, and of them we can say in 
the ritual of the church, to the Author of every good 
and perfect gift, "we bless Thy holy name for all Thy 
servants departed this life in Thy faith and fear," and 
in particular "we give Thee hearty thanks for the good 
example of these. Thy servants, who having finished 
their course in faith do now rest from their labors." 

The surrender of Comwallis at Yorktown was the 
final overthrow of English supremacy. With the 
success of the American arms came the neces- 
sity for a more perfect union. The first government 
was under the Articles of Confederation, which proved 
inadequate, and so the constitution was formed and 
adopted, and with the inauguration of Washington 
the new government went into operation in all its 



In accordance with the recommendation of the 
Provincial Assembly, companies were enrolled in Har- 
ford county as follows : 

"We whose names are subscribed do hereby enroll 
ourselves into a company of militia, agreeable to the 
resolutions of the Provincial Convention held at Annap- 
olis the 26th day of July, 1775, and we do promise 
and engage that we will respectively march to such 
places within this province, and at such times, as we 
shall be commanded by the convention or council of 
safety, of this province, or by our officers, in pursu- 
ance of the orders of the said convention or council, 
and there, with our whole power, fight against whom- 
sover we shall be commanded by such authority as 

JosiAS Carvil Hall's Company. — No. i. 
Witness our hands this 12th day of Sept., 1775. 
JosiAS Carvil Hall, Capt. Edward Hall, 
William Young, ist Lieut. Edward Carvel Tolley, 
John Beadle Hall, 2d Lieut. John Patterson, 
Thomas Hall, Ensign. Thos. Peregrine Frisby, 

James Webster, Richard Ruff, 

Freeborn Brown, Richard Wilmott, Jr., 

Michael Gilbert, Jr., Garrett Garrettson, 



George Young, 
Aquila Paca, Jr., 
Francis Holland, 
Benedict Edward Hall, 
Thomas Giles, 
William Smith, Jr., 
John Copeland, 
John Diemer, 
Bennet Mathews, 
Josias Hall, 
James White Hall, 
Gabriel Christie, 
John Rumsey, 
Samuel Gover, 
James Holmes, 
William Annin, 
Arthur McCann, 
James Mathews, 
Joseph Butler, 
John Lee Webster, 
Aquila Hall, Jr., 
William Loney, 
Joseph Finley, 
James Osborn, Jr., 
Robert Morgan, 

Phil Henderson, 
George Presbury, 
Joshua Browne, 
Robert Stokes, 
Daniel Richardson, 
William Hollis, Jr., 
William Hall, 
Thaddeus Jewett, 
James Paca, 
William Bradford, Jr., 
Larkin Hammond, 
Roger Mathews, 
John Carlisle, 
Joseph Wheeler, 
Parker Lee, 
Bennett Wheeler, 
Henry Neill, 
Alex. Lawson Smith, 
John Matthews, 
William Hall of Aquila, 
Josias Wheeler, 
Thomas Orr, 
James Perkins, 
William Young, 

John Archer, Captain. — No. 2. 

At a meeting of the deputies appointed by the sev- 
eral counties of the province of Maryland at the city 
of Annapolis, by adjournment on the 8th day of 
December, 1774, and continuing till the 12th day of 
the same month, it was resolved that the freeholders 
and others and freemen from fifteen to sixty years of 
age should form themselves into companies of sixty- 
eight men, to choose a captain, two lieutenants, an 
ensign, four sergeants, four corporals and a drummer 
for each company. In compliance therewith and agree- 
able thereunto, a sufficient number being inhabitants 
of Maryland, in Harford county, adjacent to the Lower 



Cross Roads, having enrolled themselves, and on the 
26th day of December, 1774, met and made choice of 
their several officers, in which position said company 
continued mustering once a week until the i6th day of 
September, 1775, at which time said company having 
met, subscribed their names to the following enroll- 

A list of the names of the Lower Cross Roads 
Militia Company as enrolled : 

John Archer, Captain. 
Edward Prall, ist Lieut. 
James Allison, 2d Lieut. 
Samuel Smith, Ensign. 
John Archer, 
Edward Prall, 
James Allison, 
George Barclay, 
William Boardsman, 
John Stevenson, 
Samuel Smith, 
Charles Moore, 
William Grimes, 
John Tinny, 
John Welch, 
John Monahon, 
John Jebb, 
Ralph Smith, 
Peter Laughlin, 
George Tollenger, 
Arthur Monahon, 
John Smith, 
George McGlaughlan, 
John Hawthorn, 
Alexander Jeffrey, 
Jonathan White, 
Jacob Slack, 
Robert Criswell, 
James Walker, 
Andrew Harriot, 

John Perkins, 

William Martin, 

Robert Hart, 

Robert McGloughlan, 

Edward Thompson, 

Daniel Clarke, 

John Mills, 

Patrick Heany, 

Robert Smith, 

Hugh Diver, 

John Croesen, 

John Jamison, farmer, 

Richard Croesen, 

John Jamison, innkeeper, 

John Townsley, 

John Townsley, Jr., 

John Blackburn, Jr., 

James Lee, 

Joseph Shaghnassey, 

James Sheredine, 

Andrew Wilson, 

Patrick Cretin, 

William Harrison, 

Joseph Jervis, 

John Curry, 

Michael Donel, 

William Hassett, 

John McCann, 

George Vandegrift, 

Archer Hays, 



William Williams, 
John Davidson, 
James Moore, 
Samuel Doherty, 
Isaac Guyton, 
Thomas Rowntree, 
James Hews, 
George Butler, 
William McClure, 
Joseph Brownley, 
James Cain, 

James Harris, 
David Dickson, 
Talbot Odle, 
Daniel Price, 
Ralph Smith, 
Edward Short, 
Thomas Hill, 
Matthew McClintock, 
James May, 
Nevin Kerr, 
Ezekiel Vanhorn. 

Charles Anderson^ Captain. — No. 3. 
Witness our hands this 23d day of September, 1775 : 

Charles Anderson, Capt. 
Geo. Patterson, 1st Lieut. 
Nathan Bayles, 2d Lieut. 
Michael Gilbert, Ensign. 
Parker Gilbert, 
James Pritchard, 
William Boner, 
Harmon Pritchard, 
Ephraim Byard, 
Benjamin Smith, 
Daniel Dunahoo, 
Joseph Harris, 
Philip Donavin, 
Daniel Bayles, 
James Hanna, 
William Donavin, 
Eleazer Pritchard, 
Isaac Johnson, 
Pat. Fowler, 
Benjamin Bayles, 
John Cooley, 
Samuel Bayles, 
Joseph McFadden, 
Daniel Anderson, 
James Byard, 

Robert Cluver, 
Mica j a Mitchell, 
Richard White, 
Richard Rutter, 
John Carroll, 
Thomas Shearer, 
Samuel Gilbert, 
John Williams, 
James Barns, 
Thomas Gorrell, 
Samuel Swart, 
William Jarvice, 
Aquila Gilbert, 
John Cummins, 
Dennis Dunham, 
Andrew Ferguson, 
Robert Small, 
Ichabod Smith, 
Abraham Robinson, 
Robert West, 
Alexander Hanna, 
Thomas Gallion, 
Joshua Wood, 
Ephraim Cole, 
Abadiah Pritchard, 



James Cole, 
Benjamin Silver, 
William Silver, 
James Wood, 
Andrew Ramsay, 
Robert Nixon, 
Robert Carswell, 

William Brannon, 

Jonas Bayles, 

John Gallion, 

Charles Baley, 

Benjamin Culver, 

David Smith, 

James Boner of Barney. 

Aquila Hall^ Captain. — No. 4. 
Witness our hands the 9th day of September, 1775 : 

Aquila Hall^ Captain. 
Samuel Griffith, ist Lieut. 
Jacob Forwood, 2d Lieut. 
John Chancey, Ensign. 
Levin Mathews, 
Caleb Beck, 
John Adams, 
Samuel Hanson, 
John Major, 
George Little, 
John Clarke, 
John Brown, 
John Hall Hughes, 
Henry Vansickle, 
Hollis Hanson, 
Zebedee Bennett, 
John Whitacre, 
Hezekiah Whitacre, 
Robert Faulkner, 
Jesse Manly, 
Nehemiah Barnes, 
William Jones, 
Abraham Bennett, 
Thomas Hanson, 
John Dorrah, 
John Beck, 
William Smith, 
Jonas Stevenson, 
Joseph Smith, 

Thos Cowley, 
Benjamin Chancey, 
Edward Morris, 
James Steward, 
Thos. Barrett, 
William Mooberry, 
John Mathews, 
James Redman, 
John Casseldine, 
William Murphy, 
Edward Horton Bruce- 
John Cowin, 
Thomas Woodward, 
Joseph Johnson, 
George Capeland, 
Archibald Johnson, 
George Drew, 
Jacob Combest, 
George Chancey, 
John Rufif, 
James Chancey, 
Francis Pitt, 
James Oliver, 
John Johnson, 
Robert Brown, 
James Kimble, Jr., 
Thomas Sutton, 
James McCarty, 



Peter Lovell, 
Thomas Brown, 
Stephen Crouch, 
William Rice, 
John Manly, 
James Phillips, 
James Jones, 
Michael Kennard, 
Francis Garland, 
Amos Hollis, 
Michael Connoway, 
Benjamin Osborne, 
Nathan Gallion, 
Garrett Garrettson, 

Wiliam Osborne, 
William Redding, 
Edward Ward, 
James Lenagin, 
Samuel Dooley, 
John Biggs, 
Thomas Blackiston, 
Thomas Browning, 
John Hanson, 
Benjamin Bennett, 
William Johnson, 
Robert McGaw, 
James Drew. 
John McBride, 

Captain John Rodgers. — No. 5. 
Witness our hands this 15th day of September, 1775 : 

John Rodgers, Captain. 

Wm. Godsgrace, ist Lieut. 

James Giles, 2d Lieut and 

Matthew Alexander, En- 

Daniel McPhail, Thomas 
Gash, William Welsh, 
Archibald Beaty, Ser- 

William Williams, Samuel 
Howell, David Thomp- 
son, Alexander Burns, 

John Orr, Drummer. 

James Hurley, Fifer. 

Peter Fort, 

John Singleton, 

Jonathan Grant, 

Jackson Laverty, 

Robert Hunt, 

Philip McDonald, 

John Marshall, 
Joseph Montgomery, 
John Calgrove, 
William Wise, 
Samuel Beach, 
David Deaver, 
Belcher Michael, 
William Mitchell, Jr., 
James Mitchell, 
William Evitt, 
Patrick McDonald, 
James Edwards, 
Francis Faust, 
Richard Watts, 
Thomas West, 
Archibald McCurdy, 
William Vantworth, 
John Lovell, 
James Ward, 
William Hill, 
Thomas Walker, 
John Porter, 


John Walker, Thomas Boyle, 

Walter Taylor, William Cantler, 

Samuel Fowler, James Seale, Jr., 

William Murphy, Samuel Richardson, 
William Perry Fowler, Ozwain Sutton, 

Hugh Munroe, Michael West, 

John Mitchell, Joseph Steel, 

William Coen, Jr., Daniel WiUiams, 

James McKnight, John Williams, 

Daniel Deaver, Jonathan Knight, 

Stephen Hargrass, Samuel Pritchard, 

John Osborn, William Shy, 

Andrew Evitt, Thomas Knight, 

George Veach, Samuel Durbin, 
Ralph Piatt, 

The above are a true copy of the names of every 
person, officers, subalterns and privates belonging to 
the above company who separately and severally desir- 
ing the clerk of the said company to write their names 
for them professing at the same time in form as their 
own actual signing. 

Daniel McPhail^ Clk. 
Attested : 

John Rodgers, Capt. 
Wm. Godsgrace, Lieut. 

To the Committee of Harford County: 

Gentlemen — Further it's desired you in your wis- 
dom will be pleas'd to fall upon some method to 
furnish the above with a few arms and we the offi- 
cers thereof bind ourselves answerable to the commit- 
tee, convention or whom else soever it doth concern to 
return the said arms or the full value thereof when 
this unhappy contest shall subside. 

John Rodgers, 
Wm. Godsgrace. 

N. B,— The company is young but enrolling daily. 



Benjamin Rumsey^ Captain. — No. 6. 
Witness our hands this i6th day of September, 1775 : 

Benjamin Rumsey, 

Alexander Cowan, 

John Beale Howard, 

Isaiah Linton, 

Thomas Gassaway How- 

Clement Lewis, 

William Copeland Gold- 

Jonathan W. Lewis, 

John Day, Jr. 

George Gouldsmith Pres- 

John Hammond Dorsey, 

Roger Boyce, 

Benjamin Wilson, 

Samuel G. Osbom, 

John Allender, Jr., 

James Bailey, 

John Sewell, 

Joseph Cromwell, 

Henry Garrett, 

James Arnold, 

Otho French, 

William Price, 

James Maxwell, Jr., 

William Branan, 

John Christie, 

James Adams, 

Henry Hays, 

William Allender, 

Josias Smith, 

Edward Day, Sr., 

Joseph Hewett, 

John Devin, 
Isaac Hall, 
John Gray, 
Richard Holloway, 
Daniel Tredwell, 
Benjamin Scarff, 
William Reed, 
James Price, 
Richard Wooden, 
Zep. Tolley, 
Thomas Cole, 
William Osbom, 
Moses Haslet, 
John Robert Harrison, 
Nicholas Eckson, 
John Wilson, doctor, 
Joseph Finley, 
Thomas Taylor, 
Walter James, 
John Mitchell, 
Thomas Stocksdale, 
Joshua France, 
Robert Stewart, 
James Foster, 
Hugh Stewart, 
John Thompson, 
Levin Ingram, 
John Huston, 
John Clark, 
John Phips, 
John Woolen, 
Major Woolen, 
Richard Hackett, 
John Stewart, 


Captain John Taylor's Company. — No. 7. 


Witness our hands and seals this 9th day of Septem- 
ber, 1775: 

John Taylor, Captain. 

Samuel Caldwell, Lieut. 

Thomas Hutchins, 2d Lt. 

Vincent Richardson, En- 

Jonathan Ady, 

Greenbury Chaney, 

John Carson, 

John Armstrong, 

Stephen White, 

John Saunders, 

William Jenkins, 

James Cox, 

Barnard Riely, 

William Ewing, 

William Norris of Joshua, 

James Walker, 

Aquila Norris of Thomas, 

David Harry, 

Hugh Bay, 

William Sargent, Sr., 

John Allen, 

William Sargent, Jr., 
■^ George Garrettson, 

William Marret, 

Thomas Freeman, 

Charles Herbert, 

Nathaniel Shepherd Arm- 

Stephen Fell, 

Daniel Thomas, 

William Bayd, 

John Cooper, 

Charles Gillaspey, 

Robert Conn, 

James Camp, 

Robert Travis, 
Samuel Richman, 
Thomas Hutchins, 
John Quinn, 
Samuel Standiford, Jr., 
Edward Norris of Joshua, 
Thomas Richardson, Jr., 
James McCurty, 
Andrew Bay, 
James Everett of Samuel, 
William Handersides, 
John Gillaspey, 
Robert Wilson, 
Samuel Brown, 
Israel Taylor, 
John Larramore, 
Peter Bond, 
Nathaniel Yardley, 
Moulden Amos, 
William Robinson, 
William Ady, 
Torrance Flannagan, 
James Moore, 
John Corbet, 
David Calwell, 
WilHam Byfoot, 
Vincent Richardson, 
William Richardson, 
Moses McComas, 
John Norris of James, 
Charley Riley, 
John Wilson, 
Charles O'Close, 
Daniel Norris, 
Thomas Ford, 
Abel Green, 



Andreas Hughes, 
John Brown, 
Joseph Pearson, 
Amos Jones, 
Walter Martin, 
Thomas Robinson, 
John Kennedy, 

Richard Noland, 
John Conn, 
Richard McKinley, 
Daniel Fraley, 
John Buckley, 
James Huggins. 

Captain Greenberry Dorsey's Company. — No. 8. 

Enrolled October 31, 1775. 

Greenberry Dorsey^ Cap- 

John Wood, ist Lieut. 

William Barnes, 2d Lieut. 

Cyrus Osborn, Ensign. 

Nathaniel Swain, James 
Deaver, Joseph Everist, 
John Howell, Sergeants. 

Lloyd Mash, Joseph Fields, 
Baltus Fie, Thomas 
Ayres, Corporals. 

James Taylor, Jr., Clerk. 

Privates — 

James McCracken, 

Isaac Toulson, 

Frisby Dorsey, 

Ashberry Cord, 

John Kimble, 

Samuel Pritchard, 

Obadiah Pritchard, 

Charles Pritchard, 

Thomas Pritchard, 

William Pritchard, 

George Dougherty, 

John Gordon, 

John Everist, 

Utey Combest, 

Asa Taylor, 

John Collins, 

Israel Combest, 
Jacob Combest, 
George Childs, 
Stephen Taylor, 
Robert Taylor, 
Mosey Loney, 
Thomas Simpers, 
Stephen Kimble, 
Isaac Dulany, 
Richard Berry, 
Thomas Lancaster, 
James Ford, 
Samuel Collins, 
James Kelly, 
Samuel Thompson, 
Samuel Tush, 
Richard Harrison, 
Gabriel Swain, 
Patrick McClain, 
Josias Kimble, 
James Fitzgerald, 
Benjamin Everist, 
Isaac ColHns, 
Harmon Hill, 
Edward Evans, 
John Clark , 
Alexander Gordon, 
Amasa Taylor, 
Roger Sheedy, 



John Connolly, 
John Connolly, Jr., 
William Collins, 
John Deaver, 
Reuben Sutton, 
William Daugherty, 
John Lee, 
Michael Melanhy, 
Charles Hipkins, 
Michael Carey, 
Roland Kimble, 
Evan Evans, 
Isaac Duzent, 
John Morris, 
Horatio Harrison, 
Thomas Deaver, 
Micajah Deaver, 
Benjamin Ford, 
John Kirk, 
James Kimble, 
George Williamson, 
John Walker, 
William Wraine, 
Usher Tracey, 

Jacob Collins, 
John Lovatt, 
John McComas, 
Samuel Gallion, 
Moses Collins, 
Freeborn Garrettson, -^ 
William Gray Duzan 
John Giant, 
Samuel Jenkins, 
Charles White, 
Giles Kimble, 
Thomas Chrisholm, 
James Denison, 
Abraham Taylor, 
Hugh Orr, 
John Atkinson, Jr., 
William Evans, 
William Evans, Jr., 
John Barnes, 
Richard Pearce, 
John Bruce, 
Daniel Campbell, 
Jacob Duzart. 

Captain James Stewart's Company. — No. 9. 

James Stewart, captain; James Talbott, first lieu- 
tenant ; John Ware, second lieutenant ; Jesse Pritchard, 
ensign ; privates, 65. 

Captain John Love's Company. — No. 10. 
Witness our hands this 14th day of September, 1775 : 
John Love, Captain. Thos. Sheredin, 4th Sergt. 

Grafton Preston, Lieut. „ , i,r „ -n-i 

Job Key, 2d Lieut. Corporals - Walter Bil- 

Nathaniel West, Ensign. Imgslea, first; Robert 
James Scott, I St Sergeant. Clark, second; James 
James Munday, 2d Sergt. Preston, third; John 
Stephen Hill, 3rd Sergt. Thomas, fourth. 



Privates — 
William Miles, 
Matthew Sweany, 
Thomas Able, 
Michael Lorden, 
George Rydon, 
James Rigdon, 
Peter Henley, 
John Callinder, 
Henry Green, 
Hugh Pugh, 
Bernard Johnson, 
Edmund Bull, 
James Deale, 
Alexander Huston, 
Benjamin Rhoades, 
Thomas Pennick, 
Jacob Johnson, 
Patrick Campbell, 
Lemuel Howard, 
Thomas Thurston, 
David Clark, 
Robert Taylor, 
Edward Bussey, 
Leonard Green, 
James Whitaker, 
Thomas Wheeler, 
John Woodward, 
Vincent Goldsmith, 
William Clark, 
John Wild, 
Edward Freeman, 
Philip McGuire, 

Thomas Rhoades, 
Thomas Johnston, 
John Paine, 
James Thomas, 
William West, 
Henry Thomas, 
Jacob Bull, 
James Craton, 
John Craton, 
Thomas Thompson, 
David Thomas, 
Josias Wheeler, 
William McMullin, 
Thomas Hill, 
James Allen, 
Ralph Pyle, 
John Welsh, 
William Cooper, 
John Ruckman, 
William Strowd, 
Leonard Green of Benja- 
William Fulton, 
William Baggot, 
Jonathan West, 
Bartholomew Savage, 
Martin Preston, 
John Carr, 
Barnet Preston, 
Isaac Pinnick, 
Barnet Pain, 
Isaac Arkwright. 

Captain Jacob Bond's Company. — No. ii. 
Witness our hands this 9th day of December, 1775: 
Jacob Bond, Captain. Martin Preston, Ensign. 

Thos. Johnson, ist Lieut 
Jas. McComas, 2d Lieut. 

William McMath, 
Aquila Scott of James, 



Patrick Hughes, 
Joseph Bams, 
Samuel McMath, 
John Barnes, 
'^WilHam Anderson, 
James Curry, 
William Barnes, 
James Steel, 
Benjamin Scott, 
Elijah Joice, 
Buckler Bond, 
Joseph Saunders, 
Thomas Smith, 
John Drennen, 
Roderick McKenzie, 
Edward Hamilton, 
Daniel Scott of Aquila, 
Aquila Scott of Aquila, 
Thomas Pendegast, 
James Moriarty, 
William King, 
Michael Carr, 
Samuel Wilmott, 
William Brown, 
Christopher Clemens, 
Thomas Knight, 
William Smith, 
James Jarvis, 
Andrew Warwick, 
John Norris of Benjamin, 
William Cuthbert, 
James Amoss of James, 
Isaac Rose, 
Jacob Bull, 
Edmund Bull, 
Jacob Bull, Jr., 

Nathaniel Smithson, 
John Pain, 
Henry Greer, 
James Deal, 
John Price, 
John Ruckman, 
John Lewis, 
Patrick Campbell, 
William Stephens, 
Moses Ruth, Jr., 
William McMillan, 
Robert Fremble, 
Samuel Durham, 
Aquila Durham, 
Peter Potee, 
Mordecai Durham, 
John Durham of Joshua, 
Samuel McMillan, 
William Bond of Joshua, 
James Kelly, 
Robert Johnson, 
William Johnson, 
Benjamin Preston, 
James Moores, tanner, 
James Moores of John, 
Henry Ruff, Jr., 
James Hanna, 
Patrick Reid, 
Isaac Whitacre, 
Jacob Bond, Jr., 
Thomas Hinks, 
William Smithson, 
James Bond, 
James Bridge, 
Francis Williams. 



Alexander Rigdon's Company. — No. 12. 
Witness our hands this 2d day of December, 1775 : 

Alexander Rigdon, Cap- 

Daniel Carter, ist Lieut. 

Richard Deaver, Jr., 2d Lt. 

WilHam Jones, Ensign. 

Sergeants — Joseph Wilson, 
Charles Johnson, Walter 
Denny, John Flat. 

Corporals — ■ Christopher 
Fort, William Rose, Jo- 
seph Kerns, Samuel Pea- 

Privates — 

William Smith, 

William Jenkins, 

Thomas Burke, 

Thomas Miles, 

George Johnston, 

Jeremiah Hawkins, 

John Donehay, 

John Whiteford, 

John Johnson, 

William Brakenridge, 

William Eken, 

John Brakenridge, 

John Frost, 

John Hudson, 

Jesse Kent, 

John Bullock, 

Gregory Hawkins, 

Samuel Hill, 

Philip Crail, 

Robert Hawkins, 

James Frost, 

James Queen, 

Joshua Ward, 
Luke Peacock, 
James Ward, 
John McGaw, 
Benjamin McCreary, 
Thomas Jones, 
Thomas Hudson, 
John Roberts, 
William Roberts, 
Robert Kennedy, 
John Kearns, 
William Gibson, 
Samuel Morgan, 
William Rigdon, 
Walter Lewis, 
Aquila Deaver, 
Seaborn Tucker, 
Jacob Jones, 
James Deaver, 
Stephen Rigdon, 
William Clark, 
John McClain, 
Benjamin Jones, Jr., 
James Delong, 
Joseph Smith, 
Thomas Johnson, 
Robert Clark, Jr., 
Isaac Jones, 
John Watkins, 
Isaac Jones of William, 
John Catherwood, 
James Benson, 
James Leakin, 
William Betts, 
Joseph Gibbons. 



Capt. William Bradford's Company. — No. 13. 

Witness our hands this 30th day of September, 1775 : 
William Bradford, Capt. Aaron McComas, 
Joseph Rose, ist Lieut. John Pool, 
Hugh Kirkpatrick, 2d Lieut. Alexander McComas, 
Edward McComas, En- Thomas Cunningham, 

Samuel Vance, 
John Jones, 
Michael Mather, 
William Gail, 
William McComas, 
Benjamin Rickets, 
Samuel Power, 
Isaac Wheeler, 
Thomas Mather, 
Alexander Crawford, 
Solomon McComas, 
Daniel Lynch, 
David Vance, 
Robert Eraser, 
William Norris, 
Joseph Stiles, 
Richard Bull, 
James Carroll, 
John Kitely, 
Thomas Yeaman, 
John Power, 
'Samuel Stallins, 
James Nower, 
Alexander McComas, 
William Boyer, 
Edward McKinsey, 
John Kean, 


Edward Hanson, 
Zachariah Smith, 
William Yoe, 
Isaac Fryer, 
George Cunningham, 
Abraham Andrew, 
John Bull, 
William May, 
James Kelly, 
Reuben Ross, 
John Vance, 
Basil Smith, 
William Eadin, 
Benjamin McComas, 
William Saunders, 
John Ellis, 
Samuel Wiggins, 
John Brooks, 
John Morris, 

John McComas of Wil- 
Stephen White, 
Thomas Mason, 
James Dobbins, 
William Goddin, 
Aaron Goddin, 
Tayman Byfoot, 
William Ross. 

Charles Baker's Company. — No. 15. 
At Josias Hitchcock's, Jr., in Harford county, 27th 
January, 1776. 

Elected by ballot: 
Charles Baker, Captain. Moses Johnson, ist Lieut. 



Richard Hutchins, 2d 

Nicholas Amoss, Ensign. 
Sergeants for the Jarretts- 
burg Company of Militia — 
Timothy Tate, 
Martin Parker, 
William Brittain, 
Mordecai Amoss, 
, Rank and File — 
James Garrettson, 
Richard Robinson, 
William Parker, 
Bennettt Green, 
Samson Eagon, 
Henry Scarff, 
John Rockhold, 
Michael Rutledge, 
Edward Gatheridge, 
Aquila Clark, 
Charles Rockhold, 
Andrew Cravan, 
William Hitchcock, 
Josias Hitchcock, 
Henry Hitchcock, 
John Evans, 
Edward Robinson, 
Jas. Scott, 
William Bosley, 
Aquila Miles, 
Richard Shipley, 
Thomas Rutledge, 
Jonathan Cunningham, 
Thomas Thomas, 
James Everett, 
Samuel Foster, 
Morris Baker, 

James Donnelly, 
Jacob Davis, 
Thomas Slade, 
Richard Perkins, 
Henry Scharff, 
Richard Everett, 
Daniel Pocock, 
John Warrick, 
William Warrick, 
William Barton, 
James Campbell, 
Andrew Thompson, 
Thomas Cunningham, 
Thomas James, Jr., 
James Currey, 
John Davis, 
Walter Rice, 
Joseph Jones, 
Thomas Conner. 
James Richardson, 
George Chalk, 
John Chalk, 
James Turk, 
Nicholas Day, 
Henry Day, 
Peter Carroll, 
Henry Enlows, 
Matthew Creswell, 
James Hunt, 
Abram Rutledge, 
Robert Clark, 
John Corbett, 
Lewis Corbett, 
Peter Miller, 
William Baldwin, 
Underwood Guyton, 
Morris Lane, 



Captain William Webb's Company. — No. i6. 
Witness our hands this 14th day of October, 1775 : 

William Webb, Captain. 
Ignatius Wheeler, Jr., ist 

William Fisher, Jr., 2d 

John Webb, Jr., Ensign. 
Richard James, 
George Rogers, 
William Whiteford, 
Robert Gilchrist, 
Michael Daugherty, 
William Crooks, Jr., 
Hugh Whiteford, 
Robert McCradey, 
John Beaver, 
Gilbert Crockett, 
Thomas Jones, 
Samuel Crockett, 
Andrew Lindsay, 
Archibald Ingram, 
James Clark, 
James Anderson, 
James Linam, 
John Beshang, 
Thomas Brown, 
Michael Sivers, 
Stephen Marford, 
Philip Albert, 
Patrick Halfpenny, 
Ralph Ellison, 
Thomas Duff, 
Simon Jordon, 
Charles Beaver, 
Thomas Beaver, 
Enclidus Scarborough, 
Francis Jenkins, 
James King, 

Benjamin Thomas, 
Nathaniel Smith, 
William Sparks, 
Baker Rigdon, 
John Smith, 
James Lewis, 
Robert McNear, 
James Phillips, 
John Jackson, 
Stophel Penchieff, 
William Hart, 
Francis King, ■ 
William King, ^ 
Godfrey Eye, 
John Morrow, 
Edmund Callahan, 
Hugh McGough, 
Thomas Crooke, 
John Taylor, 
John McFaden, 
James Hutcheson, 
Joseph Wilson, 
Robert Griffin, 
John Beaven, 
Levi Low, 
William Thoriman, 
John Bamhouse, 
William More, 
John Smith, Jr., 
Thomas Ellett, 
Samuel Ellett, 
William Smith, 
William Lytle, 
Jonas Gilbert, 
William Murdock, 
Daniel More, 
Thomas Gallion, 



James Alexander, 
James Barnett, 
Robert Williamson, 
f James Garrettson, 
Daniel Lindsay, 
John Wright, 
Archibald Wilson, 
George Patrick, 

James McDaniel, 
James Allen, 
Sedgwick James, 
John Scarborough, 
John Woodward, 
Richard Trotter, 
James Trotter, 
James Jackson. 

John Patrick^ Captain.— No. 17. 
Witness our hands this ist April, 1776: 

John Patrick, Captain. 
Winston Dallam, First 

Samuel Baylis, 2d Lieut. 
Richard Ward, Ensign. 
Samuel Hopkins, 
Chas. Worthington, 
Samuel Worthington, 
Barnet Daugherty, 
Joseph Amoss, 
Joseph McKinney, 
James Love, 
Charles Bevard, 
Jas. Bevard, 
William Snodgrass, 
Job Barnes, 
John West, 
Thomas Armott, 
Robert James, 
William Husband, 
Ezekiel Barnes, 
John Hilton, 
Richard Dallam, 
Gideon Cover, 
Jonathan Sterrett, 
John Dallam, 
Hugh Deaver, 
Thomas Stapleton, 

James Morris, 
John Scantlin, 
Thos. Stephenson, 
William Brannon, 
David Armstrong, 
Philip Warnock, 
Samuel Hawkins, 
Reuben Jones, 
William Scarborough, 
Patrick McMurray, 
Michael Knight, 
William Silver, 
Robert Creswell, Sr., 
Robert Creswell, Jr., 
Thomas Scarborough, 
John Flynn, 
Andrew Scott, 
Enclidus Scarborough, Sr., 
William McLaney, 
George Carroll, 
Andrew Ramsay, 
William Ammott, 
John Reese, 
James Murfey, 
Arthur Macken, 
Josiah Stapleton, 
Robert Morgan, Jr., 
Michael Norris. 

history of harford county. 
Companies of the Flying Camp. 


Captain Robert Harris' Company of Harford 

Philadelphia, Nov. 2, 1776. 

Wm. Coale, ist Lieut. 
Wm. Downs, 2d Lieut. 
Jos. Renshaw, Ensign. 
James Cooper, 
Mathew McEIhaney, 
Joshua James, 
John Chance, 
James Treno, 
Levi Low, 
William Feely, 
Alexander Stevenson, 
Robert Hanna, 
Gregory White, 
Robert Gordon, 
Jas. Bull, 
James Harris, 
William Hall, 
Richard Hopkins, 
William Chambers, 
Patrick Nowlan, 
William Crooks, 
James Watson, 
Robert Armstrong, 
Michael Dougherty, 
James Donnelly, 
Matthew Creswell, 
Edward Dougherty, 
Jonathan Smith, 
Zebedee Hicks, 
Horatio Coop, 
Richard Jordon, 
James Blaney, 
Christopher Fort, 
William Latomore, 

Francis Gibson, 
John Davidson, 
David Armstrong, 
Barnet Rain, 
Thos. Roads, 
John Cook, 
John Bush, 
William Cook, 
Alexander Thompson, 
Hugh Hutson, 
William Gordon, 
William Cuthbert, 
James Munday, 
Joseph Saunders, 
John Armstrong, 
Jonathan Eddy, 
John Baker, 
John Latimore, 
Aquila Dunham, 
Edward Morgan, 
David Wavy, 
John Haig, 
Gykes Hoda:es, 
James Rigdon, 
Jas. Wilgus, 
Benjamin Wailey, 
Thomas Capen, 
David McCullogh, 
Abel Green, 
Matthew Skell, 
Charles Anderson, 
David Campbell, 
Thomas Steuart, 
William Kirkpatrick, 



Joseph Steel, 
John Orr, 
John Patrick, 
John Paine, 
John Taylor, 
Joseph Dueberry, 
James Miller, 
Jesse Logan, 
Robert Spencer, 
Griffith Evans. 

Francis Holland, Capt. 
John- Carlile, ist Lieut. 
Wm. Young, 2d Lieut. 
Robert Morgan, Ensign. 
Thomas Hall, 
Wm. Hall of Aquila, 
William Fell, 
Daniel Richardson, 
William Colter, 
William Ross, 
John Bull, 
John Barnes, 
James Paca, 
Edmund Callahan, 
Benjamin Cluver, 
Jarvis Gilbert, 
Samuel Elliott, 
Archibald Ingram, 
Robert Conn, 
John Mitchell, 
Michael Schrife, 
Samuel Gilbert, 
Andrew Ramsey, 
Daniel Nutterwell, 
John Cooley, 
Thomas Sutton, 
Francis Pitt, 
David Thompson, 
Benjamin Barnes, 

William Silver, 

Frisby Dorsey, 

Hugh Mcintosh, 

William Loney, 

Obadiah Pritchard, 

Nathan Bailess, 

Jonas Bailess, 

Benedict Edward Hall, 

Roger Matthews, 

Richard Dallam, 

Richard Wilmott, 

Elijah Davis, 

Davis Smith, 

Robert Renshaw, 

Daniel Bailess, 

Nathan Swain, 

Benjamin Osborn, 

John Whitaker, 

James Brown, 

Aquila Paca, Jr., 

Josias Wheeler, 

Samuel Cover, 

Thomas Wheeler, 

John Hanson, 

James Matthews, 

Joseph Wheeler, 

Morgan Conney, drum- 

Thomas Duke, 

Thomas Giles, 

Thomas Webster, 

William Hall, Sr., 

George Young, 

John Copeland, 

James Hall, 

Robert Stokes, 

Ralph Smith, 

Negro Nora, captain's ser- 


The two last named companies were attached to the 
army after the defeat at Fort Washington, and per- 
formed the usual camp and guard duties, but did not 
have an opportunity to take part in battle. 

A List of Men Enrolled by Capt. James Young, Lieut. 
James Bond, Lieut. John Smith and Ensign James 
Tool. To Compose One Company in Col. Thomas 
Ezving's Battalion for the Flying Camp. August, 


Stephen Dorsey America 

Joshua Brown America 

John Allinder America 

William Osborne (Osbourn) America 

Thomas Goldsmith America 

William Bunting England 


David Smith, 4th America 


Thomas Cole England 


Francis Herd (a servant) America 


William Appleby America 

William Price England 

Edward Murphey Ireland 

Richard Hackett England 

Nicholas Rylie (Reiley) Ireland 

Hugh Deiver (Devier) America 

William Rice England 

Michael Meloy Ireland 

Robert Stevenson America 

Lawrence Connoway (Conaway) Ireland 

Patrick Tiarny Ireland 

Patrick Fowler Ireland 


James Hannah (Hanna) Ireland 

Peter Donnavon (Donavan) Ireland 

William King America 

Joseph Whitefeatt England 

James Smith England 

Charles O'Neale Ireland 

Records of Maryland Troops in the Continental Ser- 
vice During the War of the American Revolution, 


Captain, Aquila Paca. Captain, Bennet Bussey. 

1st Lieut., John Beedle ist Lieut., Joshua Miles. 

Hall. Ensign, Aquila Amos.* 

2d Lieut., Michael Gilbert. 

Enrolled by Captain Paca. Reviewed and passed by 
Jos. Carvil Hall, July 24, 1776. 

Isaac Johnson, Cornelius Akins, 

James Thomas, Thomas Younger, 

Thomas Stevenson, Isaac Giant, 

Barney Haney, Jonathan Walker, 

Jas. Allen, Thomas Welsh, 

Job Bennington, John Clarke, 

Joseph Glyn, Thomas Dusft, or Duiift, 

Aquila Lee Jones, Thomas McDaniel, 

William Robinson, John Loney, 

Jacob Dozens, Alexander Nolstone, 

Isaac Dozens, Michael Barry, 

Wm. Gray Dozens, William Duly, 

Ephraim Collins, John O'Neal, 

Reese Jones, Amatio Taylor, 

Edward Morris, William Durham, 

William Saunders, Alexander Admiston, 

John Morris, Jas Willson, 

John Collins, Michael Morris, 

Wm. Brucebanks, Matthew Snodey. 



Enrolled by Lieut. J. B. Hall. Passed by Aquila Hall, 
August 5, 1776. 

Joab Murphy, 
William Hart, 
Stephen Crouch, 
William Logan, 
John Breckenridge, 
James McKnight, 
John Ryan, 
Charles Williams, 
Israel Combest, 
Michael Mullen, 

Nicholas Brady, 
George Stewart, 
Leven Dorsey, 
Thomas Harrod, 
Edward Low, 
William Hassett, 
James Hurley, 
John Walker, 
Philip Peiken, or Pictern, 
Alexander Edmonston. 

Proceedings of the Convention of Maryland, pp. 
177, 178. 

Enrolled by Capt. Bennett Bussey. 
Bond, July 20, 1776. 

Passed by Thos. 

Grafton Preston, 

John Clayton, (Clyton), 

Robt. Ogle, 

Edw. Johnson, 

Wm. Greenhill, (Green 

Wm. Preston, 
Isaac Akeright, (Aks- 

James Matthews, 
Michael Carr, 
Thomas Hinks, 
James Moore, 
Simon Howard, (Frow- 


Robt. Carlile, (Carlisle), 

John Steel, 

Thos. Able, 

Lawrence Hynds, 

Wm. Cooper, 

John Toole, 

Bartho Finn, (Firm), 

Arch. McNear, 

James Cox, 

Godfrey Woolmore, 

William Miles, 

James Smith, 

Benj. Rhoads, 

Edw. Freeman, 

Denis Clancey, 

Enrolled by Capt. Bennett Bussey. Reviewed and 
passed by Thos. Jones, Second Major of the Balti- 
more Town Battalion of Militia. 

Ambrose Timmons, 

Thomas Lacy. 



Enrolled by First Lieutenant Joshua Miles. 
July 27, '76. 


James Nelson, 
Michael McNeile, 
Thomas Slatry, 
James Mays, 
Bartholomew Downs, 
Henry Shane, 
John Rogers, 
James Moore, 
Denis Clancy, 
Patrick Doran, 

William Gaddis, 
Laurence Hinds, 
Thomas Godfrey, 
John Downey, 
John Condron, 
Hugh McMillen, 
John Dennis, 
Valentine Stratford, 
John Tapler, 
John Spencer. 

Enrolled by Lieut. Asell Hitchcock, Jr. Passed by 
Asell Hitchcock, July 25, 1776. 

Thos. James, 
Wm. Cunningham, 
Wm. Wright, 
Asell Rockwell, 
Wm. Rutledge, 
Wm. Night, 
Wm. Condron, 
Richard Hopkins, 
Saml. Baxley, 
John Garrett, 

Andrew Craven, 
Jos. Wood White, 
Cladius Jamison, 
Chas. Porter, 
Saml. Hodgskins, 
Martin Scary, 
Jonathan Cunningham, 
John Lyon, 
Noah Reaves, 
Patrick Norton. 

Enrolled by Ensign Aquila Amos. 
Bond, July 25, 1776. 

Passed by Thos. 

Mordecai Amos, John Miles, 

Joshua Amos, Daniel Darby, 

William Gash, Samuel Peacock, 

Richard Burk, John Catherwood, 
George Gardner, (Garder), (Cartherwood) 

Winstone Smith, John O'Donel, 

Barnye Devine, Nathan Smith, 

John Roberts, John Long. 



Muster roll of Capt. Alexander Lawson Smith's 
Company, including part of the companies belonging 
to the regiment of Lieut. -Col. Moses Rawlings, being 
a part of the Eleventh Virginia Regiment, commanded 
by Col. Daniel Morgan, Lieutenant-Colonel Febiger 
and Lieutenant-Colonel Nicholas during 1777, and 
afterward being a part of the Fourth Maryland Regi- 
ment, commanded by Col. Josias Carvel Hall. 

From rolls for June, July, 1777, Col. Morgan; Sep- 
tember, 1777, Lieutenant-Colonel Febiger; October, 
1777, Lieutenant-Colonel Nicholas ; January, 1778, to 
January, 1779, inclusive. Colonel Hall. 

Alex. Lawson Smith, 

Wm. Bradford, Lieut. 

Adamson Tannehill, Lieut. 

EHjah Evans, Lieut. 

John Thompson, Sergt. 

Matthew Alexander, Sergt. 

Joshua Saunders, Sergt. 

Isaac Rose, Sergt. 

John Stafford, Sergt. 

John Chinneth, (Chineth), 

John Howe, (How), Cor- 

Wm. Andrews, Corporal. 

John Ford, Corporal. 

James Ferguson, Corporal. 

Arthur Chinneth, ( Chin- 
eth), Corporal. 

Thos. Lovely, Fifer. 

John McBride, Drummer. 

Privates — 

Reuben Ross, 

Thomas Smith, 

Samuel Power, 

Abraham Watson, 

John Callender, 

James Dennison, 

John Cooper, 

John Debruler, 

Chas. Baker, 

Henry Rowland, 

Wm. Cooper, 

Wm. Cattrill (Cattrell), 

John Irons, 

Josias Kimble, (Kimbal), 

Patrick Quinn, 

John Leviston, 

David Knight, 

Thos. Harris, 

John Collins, 

John Cotman, 

John Crockett, 

Wm. McCullough, 

Thos. Dearmott, 

Jesse Corbett, (Corbit), 

John Wilson, 

Wm Pritchard. 


Payroll of Capt. Robert Harris' Company for the Extra 
Month's Pay. 

Benj. Scott, ist Lieut. Patk. O'Mullan, 

Michael Dougherty, 2d Patk. Eagon, 

Lieut. Timothy Brannon, 

Michael Connelly, Sergt. Joseph Woods, 

Richard Moland, Corporal. Peter Swanton, 

Stephen Price, Corporal. James Rattican, 

Alex. Stephenson, Fifer. Dominick Coyn, 

Privates — James Kearns, 

Nicholas Delany, Charles Ashman, 

Abraham Hooper, Wm. Hawly, 

Michael McCann, Benj. Taylor, 

James Boyle, Wm. Anderson, deserted. 
John Reardon, 

A return of Recrtmts Enlisted in Harford County, 

John McDonal, First Maryland Regiment. 
Aaron Winfred, First Maryland Regiment. 
Moses Williams, New Regiment. 
Thomas Blunder, New Regiment. 
Christopher Seemer, New Regiment. 
William Chapman, New Regiment. 
William Wilson, (deserted since enlistment), New 

Edward Freeman, New Regiment. 

James Scott, New Regiment. 

Edward Burgess, First Maryland Regiment. 

Dennis Downs, New Regiment. 

Joseph McNamarra, New Regiment. 

William Lytle, New Regiment. 

Nathaniel Sullivan, New Regiment. 

Andrew McCune, New Regiment. 

James Jordon, New Regiment. 

James McDonal, New Regiment. 

John Lewis, New Regiment. 

James Sullivan, New Regiment. 


Wm. Bowden, New Regiment. 
James Phillips, New Regiment. 
Daniel Darby, New Regiment. 

John Park, New Regiment, broke gaol and made his 

Thomas Beaver, New Regiment. 
John Garreguies, Eighth Maryland Regiment. 
William Gloury. James Fitz Gerrald. 

Francis McClane. Thomas Smith, 

John Butler, John Cooley. 

Peter Scott. James Jackson. 

Michael Daugherty. William Lowry. 

James O'Brian. Thomas Duff. 

Harford County, December ii, 1781. 
Sir — Agreeable to Directions from the Lieut. En- 
closed I transmit your Excellency, A Return of Re- 
cruits, Drafts, &c.. Agreeable to an Act Entitled an Act 
to procure Recruits, Also a Return of Substitutes & 
Draughts, Agreeable to an Act Entitled an Act to 
Raise Two Battalions of Militia — I should also have 
sent your Excellency an Account of the Balance due 
the State of the four Shilling Tax, but there is not yet 
as much Collected as has been paid to Recruits, and 
the Lieut, has thought it unnecessary to grant more 
Executions, as the Sheriff has not settled for, nor paid, 
what has been Already Granted, tho a long time in his 
hands. I am your Excellency's very Humble Servant, 
A. Crawford, Sec'y L. H. County. 

To his Excellency, Thos. Sim Lee, Esq. 

Return of Recruits, Substitutes and Drafts raised 
in Harford County for the Two Battalions of 
Militia, Agreeable to an Act of Assembly, in the 
Year, 1781. 

Names of Substitutes — 

John Gordon, John Usher, 

Nathan Strong, John Morris, 


John Curl, John Shields, 

Saml. Hodgkins, Alex. Christie, 

Barachius Coop, Thos. Monahon, 

William Bently, John Miles, 

Edward Fincham, Anguis McCreary, 

William Wright, James Condren, 

Griffith Evans, Wm. Payne, 

William Butler, John Willard, 

James Keys, Thos. Ask, 

Wm. Truss, James Silk, 

James Bond, John Norris, 

George Todd, Robert Mitchell. 

Peter Ratagan, Names of Drafts — 

John Sullivan, William Condron, 

Samuel Scarborough, de- George O'Keil, 

serted, Horatio Coop, 

William Smith, Nathan Price, 

Jeremiah Williamson, John Offield. 

John Dearmott, taken ill with the flux. 

Aaron Grace, discharged, being poor and having a 
wife and five children. 

David Deaver, discharged, same having wife and 
seven children. 

Negroe Tower, discharged, same having wife and 

Nathan Gallion, infirm and sickly. 

Edward Prigg, id 

Richard Greenland, id 

Richard Kenly, id 

Jona. West, poor ; a wife and children to support. 

Joseph Johnson, id 

Thos. Rhoads, id 

Wm. Grafton, id 

Nathan Johns, a Quaker and id., but did not appear. 

Richard Johns, id., son to the above. 

Isaac Henry, id., did not appear. 

Robt. Jones, never taken up. 

Nathan Browley, id 

Henry Russ, id 


James McGaw, 


John McGaw, 


Wm. Major, 


James Bevard, 


Joseph Aikens, 


Henry Harrod, 


Thos. Ely, Quaker, 


Wm. Judd, kept out of the way. 

Michael Rook, run. 

James Andrews, id. 

Wm. Gash, id. 

A. Crawford, Sec'y L. H. County. 

December ii, 1781. 

Return of Recruits, Substitutes and Drafts raised in 
Harford County, Agreeable to an Act Entitled 
An Act to Procure Recruits in the Year 1781. 

Oliver Denny, Neal McOwen, 

Edward Appleton, Wm. Coe, 

John Oldham White, James Caple, 

George Gardners, Peter French, 

John Pendall, John Wilson, 

John McClain, James Cromwell, 

John Fulfit, Robert Jones, 

Thos. Sheredin, John H. Dorsey, 

John Overman, Peter Wedoney, 

John Hutson, John O'Neal, 

Lawrence Hines, John Thompson. 
William Newberry, Drafts: 

John McCall, James McNabb, 

John Ranson, Benj. Culver, 

Evan Thomas, Wm. Catlin, 

Patrick Mullen, Wm. Carlen, 

James Hutson, Daniel Davey, 

John Finnch, Danl. Douglas, 

Philip McDonald, Saml. McComas. 

A. Crawford, Secy. L. H. County. 
December 11, 1781. 



Capt. Robt. Harris' Company of Flying Camp Mili- 

September i6: 
James Coop, 
Matthew McElhany, 
Joshua James, 
John Chance, 
James Trene, 
Levi Low, 
Wm. Feely, 
Alexander Stevenson, 
Robt. Hannah, 
Gregory White, 

September i8: 
Robert Gordon. 

September 21 : 
James Bull, 
James Harris, 
Wm. Hall. 

September 28 : 
Jas Balney, 
Christopher Fort. 

October 15: 
Wm. Lattimore, 
Francis Gibson, 
John Davidson. 

October 16: 
David Armstrong, 
Barnet Rain, 
Thos. Roads, 
John Cook, 
John Bush. 

October 17: 
Wm. Cook, 
Alex. Thomson. 

September 21 : 
Richard Hopkins, 
Wm. Chambers, 

Philadelphia, 9th Nov., 1776. 

Patrick Nowlan. 

October 4: 
John Haig, 
Gyks Hodges. 

October 16: 
James Rigden. 

October 17: 
Jas Witgurs. 

October 18: 
Benj. Wailey. 

October 20: 
Thos. Capen, 
David McCullough. 

September 27: 
Able Green, 

October 1 : 
Mathw. Skel. 

October 2: 
Chas. Anderson. 

October 3 : 
David Campbell, 
Thomas Stewart. 

October 19: 
Hugh Hutson, 
Wm. Jordan. 

September 26: 
Wm. Cuthbert, 
Jas. Munday, 
Joseph Sanders. 

September 25 .• 
John Armstrong. 

September 28 : 
Jona. Eddy. 

September 29 
John Baker, 
John Lattimore, 


Aquilla Dunham. September 25 : 

October 1 : Richard Jordan. 
Edwd. Morgan. October 3 : 

October 4: Wm. Kirkpatrick. 
Wm. Crook, October 6: 

Jas. Watson, Joseph Steel. 

Robt. Armstrong, John Orr, 

Michael Daugherty. John Patrick, 

October 5 : John Pain. 
Jas. Donnaly, October 7 : 

Matthew Criswell. John Taylor. 

October 16 : October 9 : 

Edmd. Daugherty. Joseph Dueberry. 

October 19 : October 7 : 

John Smith. Jas. Miller, 

September 16 : Jessy Logan, 

Zebedee Hicks, Robert Spencer, 

Horatio Coop. Griffith Evans. 

Archives of Maryland, Vol. XII., pages 435-6. 

The battle of the Revolution in which Harford took 
the most conspicuous part was that of Fort Washing- 
ton, on the Hudson river, in the State of New York, 
on November 16, 1776. General Washington had in- 
tended this fort to be evacuated, but through a misun- 
derstanding. General Greene, who was in immediate 
command in that section, sent reinforcements. Among 
these were Col. Moses Rawlings' regiment of Maryland 
riflemen, the garrison in the fort after being reinforced, 
amounting to two thousand men. The engagement 
was most sanguinary, but the Americans in the end 
were forced to retreat. The battle lasted several hours, 
the loss on both sides being heavy. The British lost 
nearly nine hundred men in killed and wounded, 
more than half of which was sustained in the attack 
upon Rawlings' riflemen. Gordon, in his History of 


the American Revolution, says: "It cost Knyphausen 
near upon eight hundred men to force the single regi- 
ment of Rawlings back." 

G. W. Greene says : "Had Rawlings been supported, 
Knyphausen could not have gained the north lines; 
but the men refused to man them, and crowded into the 
redoubt, where they became a compact mark for the 
enemy's guns. The defence on the east was still more 
irresolute, and there are questions connected with that 
on the south which will, it is probable, never be solved. 
But had it been like that of Rawlings' riflemen it would 
well nigh crippled the enemy."* 

General Washington said of this engagement : "The 
enemy have suffered greatly on the north side of Fort 
Washington. Colonel Rawlings' regiment (late Hugh 
Stephenson's) was posted there and behaved with great 

The following is the roster of the Harford Company 
taking part in this battle : 

First Company of Maryland Rifles, under Lieutenant- 
Colonel Moses Rawlings — Alex. Lawson Smith, cap- 
tain ; William Bradford, lieutenant ; John Tompson, 
sergeant ; Matthew Alexander, sergeant ; Joshua Saun- 
ders, sergeant ; Isaac Rose, corporal ; John Howe, 
corporal ; Thomas Lively, fifer. 

Riflemen — William Andrews, Josias Kimball, Sam- 
uel Power, John Cooper, Patrick McCann, John De 
Bruler, Charles Baker, John Coltman, Thos. Smith, 
Abraham Watson, James Dennison, Henry Rowlin, 
William Catterill, John Leviston, William Pritchard, 
John Irons, William Cooper, Jesse Corbitt, Thos, Dear- 
mott, Reuben Ross, John Crockett, Patrick Quinn. 

*Scharf's History of Maryland. 


On October 28, 1776, was fought the battle of White 
Plains, in which engagement the second battalion of 
the flying camp took part. This battalion was com- 
manded by Col. Josias Carvil Hall, and contained two 
companies from Harford. 

One of these companies was commanded by Captain 
Bennet Bussey, the other commissioned officers of 
which were : Joshua Miles, first lieutenant ; Azael Hitch- 
cock, second lieutenant, and Aquila Amos, ensign. The 
other company had the following commissioned offi- 
cers : Aquila Paca, captain ; John Beadle Hall, first lieu- 
tenant; Michael Gilbert, second lieutenant; John Pat- 
terson, ensign. 


HARFORD, 1781. 


On April 6, 1781, Washington wrote from New 
Windsor, in Connecticut, to Lafayette, then at Elkton, 
Md„ directing him to move with a detachment of the 
American Army and reinforce General Greene in the 
South. In response to this order Lafayette departed 
from Elkton on April 1 1 and crossed the Susquehanna 
into Harford county at a point now known as Bald 

The following is a list of the regiments and officers 
composing his command : 


Major-General, Marquis de La Fayette. 
Division Inspector, Major William Barber, of New 


|, Brigade Major, Captain John Hobby, Tenth Massa- 


Colonel, Joseph Vose, of Massachusetts. 


Major, Caleb Gibbs, of Rhode Island. 
Eight Massachusetts Companies. 


Lieutenant-Colonel Gimat. 
Major, John Palsgrave Wyllyse, of Connecticut. 
Five companies, four Massachusetts and one Rhode 
Island company. 


Lieutenant-Colonel, Francis Barb,er, of New Jersey. 

Major, Jos. R. Reed (of H ), New Jersey. 

Five companies New Hampshire and New Jersey 


Brevet Brigadier-General, Moses Hazen, of Canada. 
Brigade Major, Captain Leonard Bleeker, First New 


Lieutenant-Colonel, Ebenezer Huntington, of Con- 

Major, Nathan Rice, of Massachusetts. 

Four companies Massachusetts and Connecticut 


Lieutenant-Colonel, Alexander Hamilton, of New 

Major, Nicholas Fish, of New York. 

Four companies, two New York and two Connecti- 
cut troops. 


Lieutenant-Colonel, John Laurens, of South Caro- 


Major, John N. Cumming, of New Jersey. 
Four companies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts 
and Connecticut. 


Lieutenant-Colonel, Edward Antrill. 

Major, Tarleton Woodson. 

Hazen's Canadian Regiment. 

La Fayette in his memoirs says the richest young 
men in Virginia and Maryland came to join him as 
volunteer dragoons, and from their intelligence, as well 
as the superiority of their horses, they were of essen- 
tial service to him. 

The General after leaving Elkton passed the first 
night at the house of Job Haines, near Rising Sun, in 
Cecil county, and the next day after crossing the river 
at Bald Friar, he became the guest of Colonel James 
Rigby, an ancestor of the Massey family in the Dar- 
lington section of the county. 

The old house near the river is yet standing in 
which La Fayette wrote a letter to Col. Alexander Ham- 
ilton, who was temporarily absent from his command. 
Near the residence of Colonel Rigby there is an old log 
building which was used as a jail in the Colonel's time. 
It is built of yellow poplar logs laid close together, and 
when in good order it was doubtless a secure place of 
confinement for ordinary offenders. 

La Fayette held a council of his officers at Colonel 
Rigby's house on the night of April 13, 1781. In imag- 
ination we can go back to that night in the old Rigby 
Mansion and to the capacious fireplace with the blaz- 
ing logs. The fireplace was in one of those wonderful 
chimneys that were the pride of our forefathers and a 


marvel to persons now living. The present owner tore 
it down some years ago, and after building from it a 
modern chimney had bricks enough from it to build 
an outbuilding. 

In the fields about the house the men and horses had 
such food and shelter as their scanty commissariat 
afforded. At the council besides La Fayette were Gen- 
eral Hazen and Colonels Vose, Gimat, Barber, Hunt- 
ingdon and the other field officers. The question of 
desertions was the matter under consideration. At this 
council in the old house of Colonel Rigby a proclama- 
tion was prepared and next day issued, in which the 
General stated that he was on his way to meet and 
fight a powerful foe. That for himself no diminution 
in numbers would deter him, but that firm in reliance 
on the God of battles and the justice of the American 
cause, he would continue his march to meet the enemy. 
He closed by offering a free pass to every soldier 
applying for it at headquarters by which he might have 
leave to go home. Not one man availed himself of the 
offer, and from that time desertion ceased. 

In crossing the Susquehanna the boat in which was 
La Fayette ran aground before reaching the land, and 
Aquila Deaver, one of the soldiers, carried the General 
ashore on his back. Aquila Deaver lived in Harford 
county for nearly half a century after the Revolution, 
dying about 1835, and the writer has heard the account 
from an old gentleman now living who, when a boy, 
heard it from the old pensioner himself, who would 
relate his experience from his seat on the counter of 
the Hopewell store, seventy years ago. 

Forty-three years after this incident, when, in 1824, 
La Fayette passed through Cecil and Harford counties 


on his tour as the guest of the nation, he held a recep- 
tion at Port Deposit, and Aquila Deaver, then grown 
from a boy to an old man, paid his respects to his com- 
mander, who, too, had long passed the meridian of life 
and felt the weight of his many years and cares. The 
old soldier reminded the General of the incident at the 
ferry, and was greatly pleased to find that the distin- 
guished visitor clearly remembered both the person and 
the service. 

The troops marched by way of Trappe Church, 
Priestford, Churchville, Bush and Abingdon to Balti- 
more. La Fayette dined at Bush, which was then the 
county seat. Before reaching the Trappe church a 
trunk said to contain coin was lost from a baggage 
wagon. It was found and restored by Reuben Jones, 
who has numerous descendants now living in Dublin 
district of Harford county. 

Mr. Angus Greme, who died in 1880, at the residence 
of Mr. Edward M. Allen, near Darlington, in Harford 
county, aged eighty years, was a son of Captain Greme, 
who served on La Fayette's staff on this expediton. 

When the officers reached that part of the road 
which descends to Deer Creek, at Priestford, from the 
Trappe Church, opposite the beautiful Indian Spring 
farm, they were enchanted with the scene. Looking 
westward in descending Deer Creek they beheld the 
valley that stretches across the creek and up Thomas' 
Run. Capt. Greme agreed with his friend, Capt. Gimat, 
that when the war was over they would return to 
France, and after arranging their affairs, come back to 
America and buy the land which so enchanted their 
eyes. This plan they carried out, and after gentle 


peace had spread her wings over the land the two 
friends returned and bought the rich farm, lately the 
home of Dr. James M. Magraw, on Thomas' Run. 
Gimat, who was wealthy, paid for the land and present- 
ed it to his friend Greme, and both returned to France, 
intending to come back to America. But they served 
in the French Army in the war then in progress on the 
continent, and Gimat went to Santo Domingo in the 
service of France and was killed there. 

Greme, however, returned, bringing his wife and 
several children, and he lived and died on the estate he 
and his friend had chosen as the most beautiful spot 
they had seen in America. He died in the year 
1800, and lies buried in the cemetery of the Trappe 
Church, in Harford county, where a stone marks his 
grave, bearing on it an inscription stating his connec- 
tion with the Army of La Fayette. 

Colonel Gimat was especially distinguished at York- 
town, whither La Fayette led his detachment which 
passed through Harford.* 

*From address before Maryland Historical Society by Mr. E. M. Allen. 




Although the existing records carry us back two 
centuries, it is more than probable that many years 
of the history of St. George's have been irrevocably 
lost. There is the records' internal evidence, which 
clearly shows that its existence as a parish reaches back 
to a period far beyond the time of their earliest date. 
Uniform tradition informs us that the first church 
erected in this parish stood near Michaelsville, at a 
place called "Gravelly." Here the spot is pointed out, 
and here are the almost obliterated remains of the 
building in which the first founders of the ancient 
parish worshiped, whilst the sunken graves on every 
side mark their last earthly resting place. These, 
together with the fact that the bridge near this locality 
is called "Church Bridge," and has been so called from 
time beyond the recollection of any one living, is, we 
think, very clear evidence of the fact that the spot 
which we have designated is that which was conse- 
crated by being the site of the original "Spesutia 
Church," the first place of worship ever erected in St. 
George's Parish. From the circumstance that none 
of the materials of this primitive church edifice are 

'Selected from the Pamphlet History by Rev. S. W. Crampton. 


now to be found, the presumption is that it was a 
wooden structure. Allowing thirty years as the time 
this first church stood, (and the probability is that it 
stood much longer), calculating from a date now upon 
record, we are induced to fix upon the year 1671 as the 
latest date from which to reckon the organization of 
St. George's Parish. 

The first event which the church register records, 
which register is a book of parchment, is that of the 
birth of "John Cook, son of John Cook, born at Bush 
river, on the 25th of September, in the year of our 
Lord, 1681." The register in question, viz., the book 
of parchment, is the only record of these times now 
extant, and it contains a summary of the births, mar- 
riages and deaths of the early parishioners. The 
record of vestry acts, we regret to say, is lost. This, 
could it be recovered, would be an interesting docu- 
ment, as it would, no doubt, detail to us the advanc- 
ing stages of growth and improvement of the parish 
from the time at which the humble wooden edifice 
arose in the heart of the forest to gladden the souls 
of the first worshipers, to the erection of the spacious 
brick structure, with its arched windows, its vaulted 
roof and imposing proportions, surrounded, too, not by 
the unreclaimed forest, but by fertile fields and active, 
thriving industry. But the record we say is irrevoca- 
bly lost, and imagination of the reader must supply the 
gap. For some cause or other, the original wooden 
church, near Michaelsville, was permitted to go down. 
As the country became opened there seems to have been 
a tendency on the part of the people to move upward 
through the forest in quest of health or wealth, or prob- 
ably both. This of course, removed the parishioners 


more remotely from their first selected spot, and in- 
clined them to choose another location for a new 
church. With this state of things we approach the 
period at which our written authenticated record 

About the year A. D. 1718 we find that a piece of 
land, containing two acres, was given and deeded to the 
vestry of St. George's Parish, by James Phillips, for 
the purpose of building a church upon it. This was 
a park of an ancient tract of land, known as "James' 
Park," and a more beautiful and appropriate spot could 
hardly have been found. The lot borders on a small 
meandering stream, and is distinguished by clusters of 
large primitive oaks, whose wide spreading branches 
seem to proclaim to the passer-by that the spot which 
he is approaching is holy ground ; whilst to the east- 
ward an extensive champaign country stretches out as 
far as the eye can reach, with its fertile fields and com- 
fortable homesteads. By this consecrated, sacred spot 
many a traveler wends his way, as it borders immedi- 
ately upon the great highway, along which most of the 
travel of this region must pass ; whilst for more than 
a mile, as the stranger of every land and clime is whirled 
along upon the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore 
Railroad, the most prominent and attractive object that 
meets his gaze is "Spesutia church" and its embower- 
ing oaks. Indeed, no one can visit or look upon this 
spot without at once being impressed with its surpass- 
ing beauty. But to pass on to the second church edifice 
erected in St. George's Parish. This church was built 
about the year of our Lord 1718, at which time we 
find that the Rev. Evan Evans, D. D., was the incum- 
bent. The probability is that during the incumbency 


of this rector the second church building was erected.. 
This, like the first, was a wooden building, though, 
perhaps, on a larger scale, and of much more sub- 
stantial fabric, for at this time, as every family seems 
to have been a church family, the congregation must 
have been very large, and extensive accommodations 
were consequently required. But whatever might have 
been the capacity or expensivenessof this church build- 
ing, it had quite gone into decay before it was again 
rebuilt. In its dilapidated condition the materials were 
finally sold at a public vendue, and were purchased by 
Dr. Alexander Stenhouse for the small sum of £5.8s. 
There was also at this time a vestry house on the same 
lot, which being in a better state of preservation than 
the church, seems to have remained for several years 
after the latter was removed. 

The next rector was the Rev. Robert Weyman, who 
was inducted in the year 1722. Prior to this he had 
been supplying the parish temporarily. In 1724 Rev. 
John Humphreys produced letters of induction from 
his excellency, Charles Calvert, Governor of the 
Province of Maryland. 

In the year 1725 Rev. John Holbrook was inducted. 
In 1726 Rev. Charles Smith produced letters of induc- 
tion from his excellency, Charles Calvert, Governor of 
the Province. This reverend gentleman seems to have 
been somewhat refractory, as the following letter 
shows : 

"Sir, I perceive, notwithstanding my letter to you, 
wherein I ordered you to conform to the government 
or else to return your induction, that you have done 
neither. I therefore positively require you to deliver 


your induction to the bearer, as you will answer to the 
contrary. Charles Calvert. 

"To the Rev. Charles Smith, in Baltimore County." 
"ist May, 1726." 

On the 4th of June, 1726, at a vestry meeting, the 
following letter was presented : 

"Maryland, by the Hon. Charles Calvert, Esq., 
"Captain-General and Commander-in-Chief. 

To the Vestry of St. George's Parish in Baltimore Co. 

"Greeting: Whereas, the Rev. Stephen Wilkinson 
hath been sent and recommended by the Rev. Father 
in God, Edmond, Lord Bishop of London, Diocesan of 
this Province, to officiate as minister of the Church of 
England, I do hereby appoint the said Stephen Wilkin- 
son minister of your parish, willing, and requiring you 
to receive him as such, and strictly command you to 
be aiding and assisting him ; to the intent, he may have 
the full benefit of the forty pounds of Tob. per poll, 
raised for the support of the ministers of your parish, 
and all other rights, dues and perquisites to the said 
office belonging. 

"Given at Annapolis, this 25th day of May, 1726." 

The gentleman just appointed by the governor seems 
to have been quite popular for a time. He continued 
as rector of the parish through a space of eighteen 
years. Towards the close of his incumbency he be- 
came very careless, permitting the parish library to be 
abused and the glebe to go into decay. It seems that 
this glebe, containing two hundred acres, was bought 
a few months after he became settled as rector of the 
parish ; it was located on "Swan Creek," and is now 


the most productive land in Harford county. It was 
subsequently sold and another bought in a more 
healthy part of the parish. This was again sold and is 
the location of Harford Furnace. The money arising 
from this sale is invested in bank stock, and yields more 
than one-half of the rector's salary. Thus, even now, 
do the present members of St. George's Parish enjoy 
the benefits of those two hundred acres of land bought 
one hundred and seventy-five years ago, having served 
annually for so many years to aid in the support of the 
ministration of the Gospel among the parishioners. 

Rev. Mr. Wilkinson, whose end we have found to be 
so different from his first entry into the parish, died un- 
wept, unhonored and unsung. At the time of his death, 
which was the 25th of March, 1744, the vestry ap- 
pointed a committee, consisting of "Capt. James Phil- 
lips, Col. Thomas White, Capt. Peregrine Frisbee, 
and Mr. Richard Ruff, to acquaint the governor of the 
death of Mr. Wilkinson, and request him not to in- 
duct another minister disagreeable to the parishioners." 

The next appointment was Rev. Hugh Carlisle, in 
the year 1744. During his rectorship the church had 
become so dilapidated that thoughts were entertained 
of rebuilding. In 1745 a petition was drawn up to the 
Assembly for a levy on the taxables for this purpose. 
This, however, was not carried into effect until several 
years subsequently. A new rector, the Rev. Andrew 
Lendrum, was inducted in the year 1749. The follow- 
ing year a new petition was sent to the Assembly for 
75,000 pounds of tobacco, payable in November, 1754- 
55 and 56, for the purpose of rebuilding the church. 
Now the work was prosecuted with vigor and resulted 
in replacing the old dilapidated £5 8s. church with a fine 


brick one. It is probable that the parish at this time 
was at the height of its prosperity. It had grown 
strong and influential. They devised a house on a 
more extensive and grand scale — a house which, at 
that early day and in this then rude wilderness country, 
was a monument that reflected credit on their zeal and 
liberality. This was the second time Spesutia Church 
had been rebuilt, and probably improved in size and 
cost every time. It stood very near the old wooden one, 
which, as stated, was sold to Dr. Stenhouse. As we 
learn from a resolution of the vestry, the old one was 
sold on a credit of six months and was to be taken away 
within a given time. The purchaser, however, failing 
to do this, the vestry notified him that if it should fall 
against the new one after the time for its removal had 
elapsed, he should be required to pay all damage the 
new one might sustain in its fall. This statement is 
important, because some have said that this second 
building stood in one place, and some in another, and 
all that it was located in a different place to the true 
one. This seems to be rather an unimportant enquiry, 
but in giving a history of the church it is right to cor- 
rect a common error, and thereby attach to this spot a 
sanctity which the hallowed purposes it has so long 
served must give it. 

The church now built was of brick, fifty-seven feet 
long and thirty-five feet wide. The floor was laid with 
flagstone. The pulpit stood on the north side and was 
overhung by a canopy. The windows and doors were 
arched ; there was also a fine arched chancel, and this 
church was furnished with an organ. It was a very 
substantial building. It stood for almost a hundred 
years. The foundation was deeply laid, being of hard 


brick, three feet thick. The timbers in the roof were 
very large and of the best sawed oak, well framed to- 
gether, and in a fine state of preservation when taken 
down. It has been supposed that the brick were of 
English manufacture, but this is a mistake, for we find 
that in the month of June, 1756, Capt. John Hall took 
the contract for burning and delivering one hundred 
thousand for the sum of £185 is. 8d. In the following 
year Mr. John Deaver engaged to put up the brick 
and furnish forty-seven thousand eight hundred and 
seventy-five more, which were required to complete the 
work, for £177 los. currency ; and Samuel Wallace con- 
£430. The house was finished in 1758. The whole cost, 
£430. The house was finished in 1758. The whole cost, 
including flagstone, velvet cushions, linen for surplices, 
was about $3,500. The church stood without any alter- 
ation up to June, 1832, when the interior underwent 
entire renovation and alteration. The flagstone floor 
was taken up ; the high pulpit with its hanging canopy 
was removed ; the large, square, high pews were taken 
out ; the fine arched windows and doors were contracted 
into square ones. The cost of the whole was about 
$1,000, raised principally by means of a fair conducted 
by the ladies. So it stood until the year 185 1, when it 
was found necessary to raze it to its foundations and 
rebuild it entirely. 

Having gone thus far with the three several churches 
that have been built in St. George's Parish, it is neces- 
sary to go back to the year 1760, in order to take some 
note of the vestry acts. We find in this year a curious 
act: "The vestry proceeds to business and taxes the 
undermentioned persons as bachelors: 


Estate. Tax. 

Wm. Osborn £300 

^ Garret Garretson 300 

John Peacock 300 

James Kimble 300 

Philip Gover 300 

W. Husband, Jr 300 

James Lee, Jr 300 

Isaac Webster 300 

Samuel Wallis 300 

J. Billing-sley, Jr 300 

Wm. Wood 300 

Robert Dunn 300 

John Cooper 300 

Thomas Cooper 300 

Stephen Cooper 300 

John Wilkinson 300 

David Tate. 100 5s 

David Maxwell 100 5s, 

Richard Johns 300 £ 

.Joseph Hill 300 

J. Lee Webster 300 

J. Worthington 300 

John Love 300 

Thos. Husband 300 

Samuel Wilson 300 

George Clark 300 

David Clark 300 

Josiah Lyons 300 

F. Billingsley 100 5s 

Richard Keen 100 5s 

R. Dallam, Jr 100 5s 

Robt. Bryarly, son of Robert 100 5s 


Estate. Tax, 

Robert Darby lOO 5s 

Sam'l Ferryman 100 5s, 

James Foster 100 5s 

Joseph Bromley 100 5s 

James Creswell 100 5s 

Joseph Wilson 100 5s 

M. Webster 100 5s 

Ed. Hanson 100 5s 

William Hill 100 5s 

Wm. McClure 100 53 

Moses Hill 300 £1 

Nathaniel Giles 300 i 

C. Worthington, Jr 300 i 

The register was ordered to make a "fair copy of this 
list of bachelors, to afHx it at the church door for the 
above persons to make their objections why they should 
not be taxed, if they have any." A very summary, and, 
one would think, convincing argument this in favor of 
matrimony, and no doubt told during the ensuing year 
in the number of devotees of hymen's altar. 

About this time a chapel was built on Deer Creek, 
at a place called the "Trapp ;" it was the same in every 
particular, as to size and fashion, as Spesutia Church. 
The rector of St. George's officiated in it at stated 
times. In the year 1851, some of the remaining church- 
men applied to the vestry for a new parish, including 
that site, with a view of rebuilding, which was 
granted ; they applied to the convention of the diocese 
and were received as an independent parish. 

In the year 1769 the Rev. John Porter was inducted. 
It is stated by some that he used to walk by the 


river shore and practice his sermon for the next 
Sunday. He was a highly gifted speaker and attracted 
great crowds, and while preaching a pin might be 
heard in falling, so still and attentive were the listeners. 
He lived but a little time and died in the parish, deeply 
lamented by all. In 1770 the Rev. William Edmond- 
son was inducted. 

In the year 1772 the Rev. William West was in- 
ducted. He seems to have been a very popular and 
useful rector. He continued about eleven years and 
was the rector during the Revolutionary War and re- 
signed with a view of accepting a call to St. Paul's, 
Baltimore. For several years before and after the 
famous year '76 there were no vestry meetings. The 
first meeting after the Declaration of Independence 
was June 7, 1779; the gentlemen elected were Edward 
Ward, Francis Holland, Greenberry Dorsey, Alexander 
Rigdon, John Rumsey, Aquila Paca, Jr., and Edward 
Hall; William Loney and John Farmer, church war- 
dens. James Childs was chosen register. In 1783 
Rev. James Wilmer was chosen rector; in 1787 Rev. 
John Ireland, and in 1792 Rev. John Allen was rector. 
The latter had considerable mathematical skill, and 
was of great eccentricity of character. Many inno- 
cent and amusing anecdotes are now related of 
him. He labored long and well and died lamented. 
Though not rector of the parish when he died, he was 
brought here and buried at the east end of the church 
by the side of his wife. Rev. Mr. Handy seems to 
have been an assistant to Mr. Allen. He labored in the 
town of Havre de Grace, where a church has since been 
built. This, at a latter period, became an independent 


In 181 5, Rev. Daniel Stephens, D. D., was chosen 
Tector, a gentleman greatly beloved. In 1820 Rev. Wil- 
liam Jackson was elected rector. He remained but 
two years ; but his mild and Christian deportment and 
zeal for his Master's cause left him a warm place 
in the affections of the parishioners. In 1823 Rev. J. 
Reynolds was chosen rector. In 1829 Rev. Edward Y. 
Higbee ; he was a popular preacher and greatly re- 
vived the parish, both spiritually and temporally. It 
was under his rectorship that the church was repaired 
and changed in its interior arrangement. This change, 
though it destroyed the architectural proportions of the 
building, conduced very much to the comfort and con- 
venience of minister and people. In 1833 Rev. Robert 
Loyd Goldsborough was elected rector; in 1841 Rev. 
Thomas F. Billopp, and in 1845 ^.ev. S. W. Crampton. 

In 1851, as above noticed, the third Spesutia Church 
was removed to give place for the construction of 
the fourth, which is built upon the same hallowed site, 
and in part upon the same foundations on which its 
predecessor stood ; and upon the i8th day of Septem- 
ber, A. D. 1 85 1, the interesting ceremony of laying the 
comer-stone of the new church took place, an account 
of which is herewith given : 

"In the name of the Holy Trinity, this corner-stone 
is laid with appropriate rites and ceremonies by the 
Rev. Savington Warren Crampton, assisted by the Rev. 
Joseph Trapnell, Jr., rector of St. Andrew's Church, 
Baltimore; Rev. George A. Leakin, rector of Trinity 
Church, Baltimore, and the Rev. William F. Brand, 
rector of St. Mary's Church, Harford county, Md. 

"This is the third time Spesutia Church has been 
rebuilt. The first house of worship erected in St. 


George's Parish was located on a place called Gravelly, 
about half a mile southeast of Michaelsville. That is 
supposed to have been a wooden house, built about 
the year of our Lord 1671. About the year 1718 it 
was rebuilt on the Cranberry, near the spot which is at 
present occupied. The lot of ground containing about 
two acres, was given by Capt. James Phillips. In 
1758 it was again rebuilt. This was a fine brick 
building, fifty-seven feet long and thirty-five feet wide, 
with fine arch windows, doors and ceiling and a flag- 
stone floor at a cost of £792 is. 8d. Capt. John Hall 
contracted to burn and deliver the bricks. John Deaver 
was the mason and Samuel Wallace the carpenter. 
This church was repaired in the year 1832, the flag- 
stone floor was removed, the arched windows and doors 
were changed into the square form and the exterior 
rough cast and laid off into rectangles ; the whole cost 
of the repairs was about $1,000. 

"So it continued up to 1851, when the whole church 
is taken down and is being rebuilt with the same 
bricks, in the Norman style of architecture, and is to 
cost $3,465. A list of rectors from the organization of 
the parish, as far as can be ascertained, shows that 
they have been twenty-one in number, and are as fol- 
lows : The first was Rev. Evan Evans, D. D., incum- 
bent in 1 71 8; Rev. Robert Weyman in 1722; Rev. 
John Humphreys in 1724; Rev. John Holbrook in 
1725; Rev. Charles Smith in 1726; Rev. Stephen Wil- 
kinson in 1726; Rev. Hugh Carlisle in 1744; Rev. An- 
drew Lendrum in 1749; Rev. John Porter in 1769; 
Rev. Wm. Edmundson in 1770; Rev. William West in 
1772; Rev. James Wilmer in 1783; Rev. John Ireland 
in 1789 ; Rev. John Allen in 1792 ; Rev. Mr. Handy, his 


associate; Rev. Daniel Stephens, D. D., in 1815; Rev. 
William Jackson in 1820 ; Rev. John Reynolds in 1823 ; 
Rev. Edward Young Higbee in 1829 ; Rev. John Loyd 
Goldsborough in 1834; Rev. Thomas F. Billopp in 
1841, and the Rev. Savington Warren Crampton in 

"This now third rebuilding of Spesutia Church is on 
the same site as the former one. It is to be devoted to 
the service of Almighty God, in accordance with the 
principles of the Christian faith, as maintained by the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of 
America, established upon the foundation of the Apos- 
tles and Prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief 

"The Rt. Rev. William Rollinson Whittingham, D. 
D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
Diocese of Maryland, in the eleventh year of his epis- 
copate. His Excellency, Millard Fillmore, President 
of the United States. His excellency, E. Louis Lowe, 
Governor of Maryland. 

"Frederick E. Patterson, John Paca Dallam, war- 

"Dr. Jacob A. Preston, John Sidney Hall, William 
Fitshugh Turner, John Jay, Aquila D. Keen, Andrew 
Hall, William Alfred Patterson and John Cowan, ves- 

"S. W. Crampton and George Wm. Hall, building 

"Nielson & Nielson, architects. 

"Aquila D. Keen, contractor. 

"Robert R. Vandiver and John Waream, sub-con- 
tractors for mason work. 


"T W. & E. Moulton, sub-contractors for carpenters' 

"Deposite: The Holy Bible; the Book of Common 
Prayer; Journal of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
for 1 851; Journal of the Protestant Episcopal Church 
in the Diocese of Maryland, for 185 1 ; Church Almanac 
for 185 1 ; Episcopal Recorder; Churchman, Protestant 
Churchman ; Banner of the Cross ; Church Advertiser 
(ecclesiastical) ; Baltimore Clipper ; American; Sun; 
the Harford Republican; sundry coin; a copy of an 
office for laying the corner-stone of a church or chapel, 
as used in the diocese of Maryland. Laus Deo!" 

In the year 1718 the vestry were Roger Mathews, 
John Clark, Joseph Johnson and Gregory Farmer. 

In 1722 the vestry were John Hall, John Stokes, 
Garrett Garrettson and Gregory Farmer. 

In 1724 the vestry were John Hall, Esq., John 
Stokes, Jarvis Gilbert, Archibald Buchanan, Aquila 
Hall and John Durbin. 

In 1725 the vestry were Aquila Hall, Jarvis Gilbert, 
Archibald Buchanan and John Gallion. 

In 1726 the vestry were Aquila Hall, Archibald 
Buchanan, Bennet Garret, Roger Mathews, John Clark 
and Samuel Howell. 

In 1727 the vestry were Archibald Buchanan, Ben- 
net Garrett, John Gallion, Roger Mathews, John Clark 
and Samuel Howell. 

In 1744 the vestry were Col. Thomas White, Capt. 
Peregrine Frisby, Winston Smith, Col. John Hall, 
James Preston and Capt. James Phillips. 

In 1749 the vestry were Parker Hall, James Osbom, 
John Paca, Jr., John Loney, James Garrettson, Wil- 
liam Dallam and Pollard Keen. 


In 1769 the vestry were Richard Dallam, Aquila 
Hall, Francis Holland, Benedict Edward Hall, Jere- 
miah Sheredine and Richard Wilmott. 

In 1770 the vestry were Amos Garrett, William 
Husbands, Aquila Hall, Benedict E. Hall, Francis 
Holland and Richard Dallam. 

In 1772 the vestry were Aquila Hall, Benedict Ed- 
ward Hall, Francis Holland, William Husbands, Col. 
Alexander Rigdon, Richard Dallam and William 

In 1783 the vestry were George Patterson, William 
Smith, Samuel Griffith, Col. Josias C. Hall. 

In 1787 the vestry were Samuel Hughes, Benedict 
Edward Hall, James Hall, William Smith, Samuel 
Griffith, Greenberry Dorsey and William Hall. 

In 1796 the vestry were John Carlisle, William P. 
Patterson, Isaac Parryman, John Jolley, Samuel Grif- 
fith, Roger Boice, Benedict Edward Hall, Roger 
Mathews and James Chauncey. 

In 181 5 the vestry were Edward Hall, Walter T. L. 
Hall, John Crane, Jacob W. Giles, Samuel Hughes, 
Abraham Garrett, William B. Stokes and Paca Smith. 

In 1820 the vestry were Col. Jacob Michael, Walter 
T. Hall, Isaac Parryman, John Chauncey, Benedict 
Hall, Major Hall, Edward Hall and George Hen- 

In 1823 the vestry were Col. Jacob Michael, Walter 
T. Hall, Jacob W. Giles, Edward Griffith, Richard 
Mitchel, John Chauncey, William Fulford and Major 
Henry Hall. 

In 1829 the vestry were Col. Jacob Michael, Dr. 
Jacob A. Preston, John C. C. Hall, Edward Griffith, 


John Chauncey, Walter T. L. Hall, George H. Perry- 
man and Richard Mitchell. 

In 1834 the vestry were Col. Jacob Michael, Walter 
T. Hall, Dr. J. A. Preston, Garret V. Nelson, John S. 
Hall, Samuel S. Smith, Edward Griffith and Nath. M. 

In 1841 the vestry were John Cowan, Sylvester 
Mitchel, John Budd, Bennet Nelson, Thomas Knight, 
William C. Polk, Col. Jacob Michael and Samuel 

In 1845 the vestry were Edward Griffith, William 
A. Patterson, Dr. J. A. Preston, William F. Turner, 
John Cowan, John S. Hall, John C. C. Hall and An- 
drew Hall. 


Very early in the opening of the eighteenth century 
members of the Catholic Church began to take up 
lands and settle about Deer Creek and its tributaries, 
from the Susquehanna river in the east to the neigh- 
borhood of Cooptown in the west. 

Of the first names that are in evidence of this im- 
migration, these are some of the more prominent: 
Wheeler, Clarke, Shea, McElroy, Foy, and at a period 
somewhat later, Flanagan, Cretin, Doran, McBride, 
Quinlan, Mattingly, Jenkins, Green, Cooper, Coskery, 
Cain, Bussey, Boarman, Macatee, etc., etc. 

There appear to have been a more or less compact 
settlement made in the vicinity of Priestford ; for here, 
at least as far as is known, the first church land was 

In the year 1747 Rev. Bennet Neale, S. J., came to 
reside at Deer Creek. He was the grandson of the 


noted Capt. James Neale, and the granduncle of Arch- 
bishop Leonard Neale. Whether there were other 
priests residing in this region before the coming of 
Father Neale is not certainly known, nor have been 
handed down the names of any of the fathers who, 
without doubt, attended the faithful living in this 
region at regular intervals prior to Father Neale's resi- 
dence in the parish. The Jesuits had established an 
adjacent mission in Cecil county as early as 1704, and 
it is highly probable that Deer Creek was attended 
from this mission, which was known as Bohemia, being 
situated on Bohemia Creek. Certain it is that Father 
Neale was stationed at Bohemia, and thence came to 
make his home in this county. Some years after his 
arrival, that is, in 1750, he purchased of Mr. Henry 
Beach a narrow strip of land, "together with all the 
houses, gardens, fences and profits belonging or in 
any way appertaining thereto." This plot of ground 
contained but eighteen acres of land, which lay bor- 
dering the creek on the south side, and here one is 
naturally inclined to conjecture stood the missionary's 
home, which, in public document of the year 1756, was 
alluded to as "Priest Neale's Mass House," and which 
also gave occasion to the fording being called Priest's 

In 1764 Mr. Thomas Shea, who had been a resident 
of Priest's Ford for fifty years, deeded to Father Neale 
one of his farms, which adjoined the small tract of 
eighteen acres just mentioned. This farm, which is 
still known by the name of Paradise, is now the home 
of Mr. R. Harris Archer, and his residence is the old 
chapel house which came into use for divine service 
some time about 1764. It is a singular structure, 


crowning a small mount on the borders of the creek, 
but one story high, with thick stone walls, and having 
almost the appearance of an old block house used for 
defence against the Indians. It has been generally sup- 
posed to have been erected by Mr. Shea prior to his 
donation, but this is by no means an assured fact, for 
an old document, quite respectable for its authority, 
mentions Father Neale as the builder. It is, perhaps, 
not unlikely that Mr. Shea had already erected a dwell- 
ing, and that Father Neale made some extensive alter- 
ations when he took possession of the same. 

This chapel was under the title and patronage of St. 
Joseph, foster father of the World's Redeemer. The 
central part of the building, running like a long and 
wide hallway through the house, was alone used for 
church purposes. The other rooms were the private 
apartments of the priest. This was conformable to the 
laws of the province, which prohibited Catholics from 
having public places of worship, but tolerated these 
domiciliary oratories or chapels. 

Father Neale and his successors for many years 
after him were of very little, if, indeed, any charge to 
their flock, but drew their main support from the prod- 
uce of their farm. Besides the eighteen acres of land 
purchased in 1750 and the one hundred and fifteen 
acres given by Mr. Shea in 1764, there was added in 
1786 another tract of land containing three hundred 
and sixty-nine acres. This purchase was made not by 
the congregation, but by the agent of a corporation of 
the Catholic clergymen, and the land, although lying 
on the other side of the creek, was in very close prox- 
imity to the other two smaller tracts. 

The little mission of Deer Creek continued under the 


care of Reverend Bennet Neale until about 1770, when 
this devoted pastor was succeeded in his office by Rev. 
Ignatius Matthews, who was Hkewise a Jesuit. This 
reverend father resided at Priestford until the sum- 
mer of 1779, but he was absent from the mission, 
apparently, during parts of the years 1775 and 1776, 
when his place was supplied by Rev. Bernard Did- 

About the middle of the year 1779 Rev. Charles 
Sewall was appointed to replace Father Matthews. It 
was Father Sewall who, in September, 1779, bought 
of Mr. Martin Preston a plot of ground containing 
about two acres of land. The purchase was made at 
a nominal figure, and the land was practically a gift. 

On these grounds was begun the building of a new 
chapel, which was not, however, completed for several 
years later. Not, indeed, until some time about Sep- 
tember, 1792. This building was considerably enlarged 
in 1848, and is now the venerable structure standing at 
the junction of the Hickory and Forest Hill roads, and 
known as St. Ignatius Church. 

Father Sewall's stay in Harford county was limited 
to perhaps a little more than a year and a half. Shortly 
after leaving St. Joseph's, Deer Creek, he took charge 
of the Catholics in Baltimore Town, and became their 
first resident pastor. 

His successor here was Rev. Sylvester Boarman, 
during whose pastorate St. Ignatius was built. Tradi- 
tion says it was five years building, and the time may 
have been considerably longer by reason of a lack of 
funds, for times were at their worst financially. Tradi- 
tion also will have it, at least in some quarters, that 
most of the expense of construction was borne by one 


particular family; but this is now known to be an 
exaggeration, if not, indeed, an undoubted error. 

St. Ignatius was at first nothing more than a mission 
chapel. Father Boarman and his quasi-assistant. Rev. 
Charles Leander Lusson, continued to make their home 
at Priestford, and so likewise did their successors for 
many years. The precise time of Father Boarman's 
departure from this mission is not known, but it was 
presumbly in or close to the year 1799. 

Rev. William Pasquet, who succeeded him, was in 
charge four years, and thereafter resided at Bohemia, 
in Cecil county, where he appears to have paid only 
occasional visits to his old parishioners in his official 

Reverend Doctor Cornelius Mahoney, the next in- 
cumbent, died within a short time after his appoint- 
ment, and Father Pasquet's services were again 
required for the adjoining county. 

About the beginning of the year 1807 Rev. Joseph 
Eden came and took up his residence at Priestford, 
where he was in charge until his death, which occurred 
in December, 181 3. The following year the piece of 
property donated by Mr. Thomas Shea, and on which 
the old chapel-house stood, was sold, and St. Ignatius 
became the sole place of worship. 

In 18 1 5 Rev. Roger Smith was appointed to St. 
Ignatius. There was at that time no parochial resi- 
dence for the pastor, the former one having been sold 
the previous year, as just stated. This was a serious 
inconvenience for Father Smith, as he was obliged to 
reside at St. Mary's Seminary, in Baltimore, whence 
for nearly two years he attended his distant charge. 
In the spring, however, of 1817, he came to live near 


St. Ignatius, and made his home with his brother, Mr. 
Samuel Smith, a resident of the county, and who dwelt 
on his farm, located but a short distance from the 
chapel. Here Father Smith resided for the remainder 
of his term, which lasted until 1820, at which time 
he was called to Baltimore, and some years after was 
appointed rector of the Cathedral. 

Rev. Timothy O'Brien, Father Smith's successor, 
was pastor of St. Ignatius for twelve years. He built 
in 1822 the small pastoral residence which adjoins the 
church, and was thus the first priest to reside on the 
present premises. 

The following is a list of the priests of St. Ignatius 
since Father O'Brien : 

Rev. Francis T. Todrig, until 1832. 

Rev. Dr. Henry B. Coskery, until 1834. 

Rev. James Reid, until 1845. 

Rev. Thomas O'Neil, until 1851, who enlarged St. 
Ignatius and built St. Patrick's, Havre de Grace. 

Rev. Joseph McNally, until 1854. 

Rev. Jacob A. Walter, until 1858. During his pas- 
torate St. Mary's, Deer Creek, was built. 

Rev. John Gloyd, until 1858. 

Rev. James McDevitt, until 1863. 

Rev. Henry Hoffman, until 1865. 

Rev. D. DeWulf, until 1865. 

Rev. Patrick Francis O'Connor, until 1873, under 
whose direction the present belfry and parsonage were 
built. He also built St. Francis Church, Abingdon. 

Rev. Jos. A. Gallen, until 1878. 

Rev. Francis M. Fowler, until 1898. 

Rev. J. Alphonse Frederick. 



Rev. Andrew B. Cross, for many years pastor at 
Bethel, in his history of the church, refers to it in the 
early days as in the wilderness of Upper Node Forest, 
Baltimore county. This district has been called by 
him "the Cradle of Presbyterianism" in the United 
States. In the seventeenth century great numbers of 
Presbyterians began to settle in Pennsylvania, Dela- 
ware and Maryland, New Castle, Del., being a favorite 
landing place. Rev. Francis Makennie, who has been 
called the pioneer and father of Presbyterianism in 
this country, was here in 1684. Among the other early 
preachers of this faith in the new land of the West 
were McNish and Hampton, in 1703 ; Davis and Wil- 
son, in 1692; Jedediah Andrews and Hugh Conn, in 
1698. In the year 1729 the tribe of Indians called the 
Susquehannocks occupied the country from the long 
crooked river bearing their name, out through Harford 
and York counties and along Deer Creek. It is said 
they had a fort on the river at Bald Friar, or Maiden's 
Mount, near Bald Friar Ferry. A tribe called the 
Mingoes also occupied the northern section of what is 
now Harford, and prior to 1763 this tribe had three 
settlements on Deer Creek. One of these settlements 
was on the west side of the stream about half a mile 
above the Rocks ; another was a village almost exactly 
on the spot where Anderson's or Stansbury's mill now 
stands. The name of this village was Mingo Push, 
called after a chief of the tribe who lived there. On 
December 14, 1763, at Conestoga, Pennsylvania, oc- 

i i 


curred the dreadful massacre of the Mingoes, which 
caused the remainder of that tribe to leave this section 
of the country. 

The Mason and Dixon line was commenced in 1764, 
and in its construction the surveyors were stopped 
December 26, 1767, by the order of the Six Nations, 
244 miles west from Delaware, and within thirty-six 
miles of the western terminus. 

In 1729, John and James Hendrics made the first 
authorized settlement in York county, in the neigh- 
borhood of New Freedom and Shrewsbury. "Bethel 
Church attendants then were over the line, out of 
whom was gathered the nucleus of Centre Church. 
Penn induced many to settle in Delaware, which was 
then included in his claim, who afterwards moved 
onward from Delaware, where they landed, into Kent 
and Cecil counties, coming down by Bohemia river, 
around by the head of the bay, by Charleston, over 
the Lower Ferry, now Havre de Grace. Others from 
Kent came across the bay to Swan Creek, which was 
then a very prominent landing, where tobacco was 
brought down the rolling road, past Hall's Cross 
Roads, now Aberdeen." 

Tradition says that the line of travel was from Kent 
to Swan Creek, then up the country. Some took the 
road west, from where old Spesutia Church stood, 
which road led past Michaelsville, thence to Baltimore, 
on the east side of Bush river, to the ferry called Ferry 
Bar. From that point, when the settler continued his 
journey, his route was across the ferry, thence to Joppa 
and up and along what was called Long Cam, or 
Ridgely's Ford. Near that road is Franklinville Pres- 
byterian Church. The Baltimore county records for 


the year 1740 state that three sons of Obadiah Pritch- 
ard divided their land, of which part was on the roll- 
ing road, from Swan Creek through Hall's Plains, near 
which is the Grove Presbyterian Church at Aberdeen. 
Richard Pritchard's name is found subscribed to the 
call at Bethel in 1769. William, son of Obadiah, was 
one of the elders at Churchville. There was a large 
Presbyterian settlement at Swan Creek connected with 
the Deer Creek Church (Churchville). Rev. William 
Finney, in his historical sermon on the Deer Creek 
Church, says of Michael Gilbert and wife : "They lived 
to be more than four score, one dying in 1823, the other 
in 1827. Among the many incidents was one about 
one hundred and ten years ago, when he and four or 
five young men purchased a boat and locked it to a 
tree opposite to what is now Port Deposit. On Sab- 
bath morning they would walk four to five miles, 
from Swan Creek neighborhood, unfasten the boat, go 
over the river and walk five miles to West Notting- 
ham Church, and return home in the evening." Church- 
ville and Bethel are closely connected in their history, 
and we find the same pastor frequently attending to the 
spiritual needs of both congregations. 

It was a custom of the Indians in the autumn to set 
fire to and burn the barrens of York and Baltimore 
counties, and tradition says this smoke was the origin 
of the name of Indian summer for that season. Besides 
this burning, the red men were in the habit of commit- 
ting depredations of various kinds, and in the early 
days the settlers had to be on the constant watch. Tra- 
dition charges the Indians with the murder of a ten- 
year-old boy in the nighborhood of Bethel. The paths 
of the Indians in their travels were well defined, and 


these in time developed into the roads used by the set- 
tlers. First footpaths, then bridle-paths, and in time 
developing into rolling roads and the public highway. 
As early as 1706 the settlers brought tobacco from the 
upper sections of this county in hogsheads with false 
heads, shafts attached, rolling them from sections as far 
away as My Lady's Manor. From all that country they 
were in the habit of coming for fish to the Lower Ferry, 
Bush and Joppa, the two last named places being ports 
of entry. 

The early religious meetings were held in private 
houses, and some hardy and adventurous spirit in his 
zeal for the cause of the Master, penetrating this wild 
country, would preach to the pioneers the Gospel of 
"peace on earth, good will towards men." The records 
of the early times are wanting. No one knows who 
was the first Presbyterian that came into the Upper 
Node Forest. The name Bethel means the House of 
God, and in the hundred and fifty years of this church 
it has been performing the service to which it was 
dedicated by its founders, and has without intermis- 
sion been a house in which were taught the beauties of 
the Christian faith. Generations have come and gone ; 
grandchildren of the first builders sleep in the beautiful 
cemetery there, and great-grandchildren lie beside 
them, while the bell in the lofty steeple on each Sunday 
morning calls their grandchildren's great-grandchil- 
dren to the service of their Maker. The church build- 
ing has been changed from a plain square house into 
a structure of architectural beauty ; but the church has 
remained from its first foundation ever faithful to its 
name as the House of God. 

At its altar have been joined in marriage the pro- 


genitors of the present congregation; to the font 
their children during all that time have been brought 
to be baptized; and from the church door, after the 
last sad rites had been performed, the dead have been 
carried to "their narrow cell" to be forever laid. 

Could the congregation of the early days come back, 
what a change they would see ! The woods have given 
way to beautiful cultivated fields; comfortable homes 
are seen on every hand, where at first only a log house 
stood in the clearing ; and at the Sunday morning serv- 
ice in the place of the hardy resident of the forest, who 
came, perhaps, with his rifle as a protection against 
the Indians, walking with his wife and daughters 
through the wet clearing, come now his prosperous and 
well-to-do descendants at the seventh or eighth genera- 
tion, conveyed to the church door in comfortable car- 
riages, their wives and daughters in tasteful attire, but 
there, as were their fathers of old, to join in the church 
service and say: "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, 
for He hath visited and redeemed His people." 

When the first house was built no one can tell, but 
we know that the present building is the third church, 
and that the second was built in 1802, and was a log 
building standing in the centre of the graveyard, the 
door to which faced the tombstone of Mr. Thomas 
Hope, and the pulpit, where is now the tomb of Rev. 
George Lucky. This settlement was among remnants 
of the Indians, against whom the pioneers had erected 
a fort for defense and protection. 

"That this must have been a large and most im- 
portant settlement, will appear by a reference to the 
list of ninety-one subscribers to the call of Mr. Clark 
and a subscription of eighty-five pounds in 1769, when 


a united call of Slateridge and Chanceford, in 1781, 
twelve years later, was only sixty pounds in grain. 

"In the center of the graveyard is a stone bearing 
the inscription: 'John Henry, died January, 18 10, aged 
thirty-three years.' No one knows anything of him 
but this : he was a lonely stranger who died on the 
York turnpike, where he was engaged helping in its 
construction. His dying request was that 'he might be 
taken over and buried in a Presbyterian graveyard; 
that his bones might lie with the people of his faith, in 
hope to rise with them at the Resurrection.' " Thomas 
Hope, William Glenn, St., John Sterrett and George 
West were early elders. There are now four Presby- 
terian churches almost on the banks of Deer Creek. 
They are Centre, near Norrisville; Bethel, Churchville 
and Harmony. 

In the year 1769, Rev. John Clark was called as pas- 
tor to Bethel. The language of the call shows that 
they were not in the habit of having a regular or set- 
tled pastor. 

Call for Rev. John Clark. 

Bethel Congregation, in Upper Node Forest, Balti- 
timore County, 

December, 27, 1769. 

For supporting the Gospel, by a settled minister, who 
shall be a member, in full communion with the Synod 
of Philadelphia and New York : 

We, the subscribers, do promise unto the Rev. John 
Clark, by annual payments, the particular sums set 
to our names, provided that the said Mr. Clark shall 
be our settled minister in congregation aforesaid, and 


that said payment shall continue to be annually paid 
by us, our heirs, executors, administrators, so long as 
we shall profess ourselves members of said congrega- 
tion; and in case that it should happen that we shall 
be disappointed in obtaining the aforesaid Mr. Clark, 
as our settled minister in said congregation, we do 
hereby unanimously consent and agree that this sub- 
scription shall be for the benefit of the first minister of 
the Gospel who shall be settled among us, provided he 
be a minister of the synod aforesaid ; and also provided 
he shall be settled among us, by the unanimous consent 
of two-thirds of our congregation. In witness we have 
hereunto set our hands : 

i s. 

1. Cornelius McDonald 2 5 

2. John Dale i 10 

3. WiUiam Nelson 2 10 

4. Robert Kirkwood i 

5. Alexander Fron i 10 

6. William Beatty i 

7. Samuel Patterson i 

8. William Johnson i 10 

9. James Finley i 10 

ID. Samuel Jackson i 10 

11. William Plunkett i 

12. Adam McClung 15 

13. John Querns 10 

14. Andrew Makemson i 

15. Adam McGaw i 10 

16. James Madden 15 

17. Thos. Hope i 

18. Robert Black i 

19. Hugh Alison 2 


£ S. d. 

20. John Vance i 

21. Hugh Niven 15 

22. Richard Pritchard i 

23. PhiUp Madden 10 

24. Alex. Alison i 

25. James Orr 15 

26. David Johnson i 

27. John Wilson 15 

28. Robert Gillies 15 

29. Henry Woods 15 

30. Charles Richardson 15 

31. Thomas McCune i 10 

32. Arthur McCoard 15 

33. James Skiventon 7 

34. Archibald McDermot 10 

35. John Black 10 

36. Hugh Reed i 10 

37. James Curry 15 

38. Daniel Henderson i 10 

39. James Donel 15 

40. Richard Green 15 

41. George Black 15 

42. Hugh Bankhead i 5 

43. James Bankhead 12 6 

44. John Shaw 10 

45. Thos. Kennedy 7 6 

46. Richard Hope 15 

47. John Thecker 7 6 

48. James Crichton 7 6 

49. John Campbell i 

50. David Bell i 10 

51. David Brown i 10 


i S. 

52. James Vogan i 12 

53. John Anderson 10 

54. James Adere 15 

55. Wm. Sturgeon 10 

56. Robert Bell 10 

57. Margaret Akin 10 

58. John Graham 10 

59. John Logogn 10 

60. Alexander Ramsey 10 

61. John McCaskey 7 

62. James Reed 15 

63. John Walker 10 

64. Solomon Brown i 

65. John McClure i 

66. James Hope 2 2 

67. John Tate 5 

68. Isaac Bush 5 

69. Robert Glenn i 

70. Francis Miller 2 16 

71. Isabel McGonigal 2 6 

72. James Guthridge 18 6 

73. Henry Neil 15 

74. James McBoise 15 

75. James Wilson 10 

76. Andrew Tate ro 

TJ. James Clendenin i 10 

78. Robert Smith 10 

79. Margaret Brierly 5 

80. Joseph Finley i 10 

81. Thomas Turner i 10 

82. David Armstrong 10 

83. James White i 10 


£ S. 

84. William Campbell i lo 

85. John Smith 17 

86. Hugh Bay 

87. John Bell 

88. James Carlin 

89. William Coulson 

90. John Given 

91. Thomas McGetegen 


Before Rev. John Clark, who in 1769 became Pastor, 
there is no record of the names of supplies, there being 
only such as were sent out by the New Castle and 
Donegal Presbyteries among settlements, but they sel- 
dom mention the name of the supply. 

George Luckey 1784, 1825 

Supplies 1825 

George Morrison, Sr 1825, 1837 

Andrew B. Cross 1837, 1845 

Dr. Stephen Yerkes 1845, October 12, 1852 


Dr. John P. Carter Nov. 10, 1853, Dec. 31, 1856 

Thos. S. C. Smith Oct. 22, 1857, Oct. 4, 1864 

Benjamin F. Myers Dec, 1865, April 12, 1871 

Supplies I 

George Morrison, Jr June 3, 1873, 1876 

Supplies I 

Joseph Nelson June 3, 1877, July 27, 1884 

W. C. Stull 1886* 

*Rev. Andrew B. Cross. 

OLD CHURCHES— Continued. 



Rev. William Finney, for many years pastor at 
Churchville, preached an historical sermon in 1854, in 
which he reviewed the history of this church. The 
knowledge of the time of its beginning is largely de- 
pendent upon tradition, and Mr. Finney gives as the 
authority for the date of its origin as fixed by him, 
Michael Gilbert, one of the oldest members of the con- 

According to Mr. Gilbert, this church reached 
back to about the year ip^^, and the establishment of 
the church is due to the labors of the great evangelist, 
Whitefield. Its first name was Whitefield's Meeting 
House, and afterwards as the Deer Creek Presbyterian 
Congregation. Whitefield came from England, and 
by his eloquence and zeal created a revival in religion 
along his entire route. The congregation was at first 
supplied with ministers from the Donegal Presbytery. 
Among the early supply preachers were Rev. John 
Craig and Revs. Thompson and Paul. At this early 
date conditions in this section were very primitive. The 
forest had not been cleared away, and dwellings, even 


the rude homes of the hardy pioneers, were few and 
far between. Where are now the beautiful pasture 
fields, extending from Churchville through the Dar- 
lington country to the Susquehanna, in 1738 were for 
the most part the original wilds, through which roamed 
the native Indian, but little advanced in civilization by 
his contact with the whites. Accordingly, religious 
services were infrequently held, and then for the most 
part by some young zealot who came here with the 
same feeling that the modern missionary carries with 
him to Thibet. 

While there was religious toleration in the colony 
of the Lords Baltimore, yet the most popular faith was 
Catholic, the chief rival of which was the Church of 
England. Presbyterianism, therefore, at first had to 
contest with these two strongly entrenched denomina- 
tions, and its first churches were not strong. Bethel 
and Churchville mustered in time large followings, but 
their beginnings are lost in obscurity. The following 
is from Whitefield's journal, which shows the great 
number of people that listened to his preachings : 

"Leaving Philadelphia November 29, i*/39, visited 
and preached at Chester that same day to five thousand 
people. Wilmington next day and Newcastle Decem- 
ber I to two thousand people, and Christian Bridge at 
4 P. M. to about the same number. Whitely Creek, 
December 2, to ten thousand people, and December 3 
to North East. Little notice having been given, there 
were not above fifteen hundred people, but God was 
with me and I observed many deeply affected. Sev- 
eral repeated invitations were sent me to preach at 
other places. Immediately after the sermon we set 
forward and passed over Susquehannah ferry, about a 


mile broad. I was received at a gentleman's house that 
lay in the way. Though we were eight in company, 
yet all things were carried on with great freedom and 
generosity, and I hope we came providentially thither, 
for the gentleman told us that he had been a little mel- 
ancholy and had therefore sent for some friends to 
drive it away. The bottle and the bowl, I found, were 
the means to be made use of, but blessed be God, the 
design was in good measure frustrated by our coming 
in and giving another turn to the conversation. All 
joined in family prayer. Afterward I went to bed, 
pitying the miserable condition of those who live a life 
of luxury and all self-indulgence. They are afraid to 
look into themselves, and if their consciences at any 
time awakened they might be lulled asleep again by 
drinking or evil company. None but a sincere Chris- 
tian can with sincere pleasure practice the duty of self- 

Whitefield preached at Churchville and next at 
Joppa, where he made a short address in the Episcopal 

At the meeting at Churchville he spoke in a tent, and 
tradition preserves the name of Tent Field on the farm 
of Mr. W. Beatty Harlan. 

We do not know the name of Whitefield's host, with 
whose plan for the evening's entertainment the great 
preacher interfered. The population in those days was 
widely scattered, so the fame of Whitefield must have 
been great and far reaching to have drawn such crowds 
— his journal in some places recording ten thousand 
people as present to hear him preach. 

Conditions in those days were very primitive. Trav- 
eling was done on foot or horseback. It is said of Rev. 


William Finney, who became pastor in 1813, that when 
he purchased his first carriage such a vehicle was so 
uncommon that the first day he drove to church he tied 
his horse far away "lest he might be thought proud by 
his parishioners who had come on foot or on horses, or 
perhaps in ox carts." The new idea was too conspicu- 
ous for his native modesty. The railroad was un- 
known and even the canal had not been born. Towns 
were few and far between. In 1760 Baltimore Town 
had only thirty or forty houses. The fireside was the 
communicating medium of all news. Houses were 
what we now call "old style," which in this case is gen- 
erally the synonym of inconvenient arrangement and 
limited room. Indoors the greased rag was the com- 
mon luminary auxiliary to the great cordwood fire on 
the hearth. The whale-oil lamp was the luxury of the 
rich. Tallow dip candles were esteemed a welcome 
invention. Doubtless these ancient people complied 
more readily than we with the sober maxim, "early to 
bed, early to rise." 

The original church was located on the farm belong- 
ing now to the heirs of the late Wellmore Hopkins, 
where the old graveyard can still be seen. This church 
was in the usual style of the times. It was built of logs 
neither attractive in appearance nor comfortable. 
It was not heated ; and indeed this absence of 
fire in churches was the custom of the times. Old 
people now living can remember when it was the habit 
to take warm bricks to church in winter to keep the 
feet warm during the sermon of two hours, which was 
a not uncommon catastrophe in those days. This log 
church gave way to a brick one, on or near the present 


site, about the year 1769. This building also was with- 
out stoves, but in 1814 chimneys were put in and the 
church warmed. In 1820 a building committee, con- 
sisting of Jeremiah Bayless, James Glasgow, Reuben 
H. Davis, Benj. Silver and James Pannel, were ap- 
pointed, and a new church was constructed. This is 
the present church building, which, however, in the 
year 1870, underwent extensive repairs at a cost of 
nearly ten thousand dollars, the building being reno- 
vated throughout. 

The following is a list of the regular pastors who 
have served this church : Andrew Bay, Caleb Johnson, 
William Finney, R. H. Williams, W. W. Ralston, John 
R. Paxton, W. T. L. KieflEer, Calvin D. Wilson, S. C. 

William Finney was elected pastor March 31, 1813. 
The call which was formally made out, and in behalf 
of the congregation signed by Richard Bams, James 
Fulton, Andrew McAdow and Zephaniah Bayless, was 
presented to the Presbytery of New Castle at New 
London, Pa., April 6, 1813. He held the call under 
advisement until the ensuing fall session (September 
23) in order to see whether there was a sufficient frag- 
ment of this lacerated congregation to justify him in 
assuming the pastorate. He then accepted the call, 
and was ordained and installed November 17, 1813, 
preaching a sermon on that occasion from Acts 4: 12. 

Rev. William Finney was a native of New London, 
Chester county. Pa., and was the second son of Judge 
Walter Finney, a major in the Revolutionary Army, 
whose commission, dated August 10, 1776, is now in 
the possession of his great-grandson, Walter Finney, 


of Churchville, Md. He graduated at Princeton Col- 
lege with distinction, in the class of 1809; studied the- 
ology under Rev. Samuel Martin, D. D., of Chance- 
ford, Pa., joined New Castle Presbytery as a candidate 
for the ministry April 4, 1810, and was licensed to 
preach October i, 1 812, at the age of twenty-four. 

His long pastorate of forty-one years closed October 
4, 1854, when he resigned, much to the regret of his 
people. His farewell sermon was an historical dis- 
course, which is of great value to this church. The 
people attested their affection for him by requesting 
him to supply their pulpit, which he did off and on 
for several years. 

Following is a list of some of the elders who have 
been connected with this church : 
b. bom. d. died. 

1. Michael Gilbert, b. about 1707; d. 1796. 

2. Robert Rhea, who is the first elder from this 

church reported at Presbytery. 

3. James Gallion. 

4. William Pritchett. 

5. John Hawkins, b. about 1716; d. 1783. 

6. John McAdow, d. 1802. 

7. Joseph Stiles, d. December 1790. 

8. John Hays, a bachelor brother of Archer Hays, 

d. 1802. 

9. Thomas Archer, father of Dr. John Archer, Sr. 

10. Henry Ruff, d. 1795. 

11. Benjamin Bayless, son of Samuel, Sr., and brother 

of Samuel, Jr. 

12. Daniel Kenly, grandfather of Geo. W. Kenly, d. 



13. William Ramsay, father of Thos. Ramsay, b. 1725^^ 

came from New Jersey; d. 1800. 

14. William Hollis, d. 1786. 

15. Samuel Bayless, of Samuel, Sr., b. about 1735. 

16. Andrew McAdow, son of John, d. June 28, 1844. 

17. James Fulton, son of Capt. William, from Scot- 

land, and father of John C, William and James, 
Jr., d. October 31, 1825, aged 62 years. 

18. Richard Bams, b. June 25, 1762 ; d. November 29, 


19. Zephaniah Bayless, ordained in 1808, d. May 5, 


20. James Glasgow, M. D., ordained November 23, 

1822, d. August 19, 1823. 

21. Alexander Hanna, father of John, William, Robert 

and Balch, d. December 27, 1829. 

22. James Pannel, ordained June 19, 1824, resigned 

June 22, 1853. 

23. John Kirk, ordained April 4, 1829, d. January 5, 


24. Robert H. Archer, M. D., ordained June 11, 1826. 

25. John C. Fulton of James, ordained October 18, 


26. John Barnes of Gregory, ordained September 30, 


27. Thomas Archer of Dr. Robert, ordained September 

30. 1859. 

28. James M. Anderson of John, ordained October 17,, 


29. John A. Hanna, ordained October 17, 1863. 

30. R. Harris Archer of Thomas, June 18, 1870. 

31. Jas. H. Ball, New Jersey.* 

"Rev. W. T. L. Kieffer. 



The first Methodist college in the world for higher 
education was located at Abingdon, in the present First 
district of Harford county. The foundation of the 
college is due to Thomas Coke and Francis Asbury, 
two bishops of the Methodist church. The school was 
called from the names of the two founders — Coke- 
Asbury modified into Cokesbury. 

The establishment of this institution of learning was 
at a time when the new government was trying its 
wings. The Revolution had just closed and all the 
unsettled conditions which accompany a change of gov- 
ernment after a successful rebellion prevailed here. 
Money was scarce, but Asbury was equal to the emer- 
gency. Coke was the author of the idea, but to Asbury 
was largely due the successful establishment of the col- 
lege. This school seems to have been in his thoughts 
always, and he devoted many of the best years of his 
life to this work. For its financial success he traveled 
many weary miles through the wilderness, preaching 
and soliciting subscriptions, and when the building was 
consumed to ashes and all his work proved in vain, the 
poor man was almost overwhelmed. He wrote in his 
journal "We have a second and confirmed report that 
Cokesbury College is consumed to ashes, a sacrifice of 
ten thousand pounds in about ten years. If any man 
should give me ten thousand pounds to do and suffer 
again what I have done for that house, I would not do 
it. The Lord called not Mr. Whitefield nor the Metho- 
dists to build colleges. I wished only for schools ; Dr. 
'Coke wanted a college." 

There were only fifteen thousand Methodists in 


America at this time, and with this small number the 
building and opening of this school was remarkable. 
Dr. Thomas Coke was sent by John Wesley to America 
from England to superintend the churches. He and 
Asbury met at Barrett's Chapel, Dover, and the ques- 
tion of founding a school for higher learning under 
control of the Methodist Church was discussed. One 
thousand pounds sterling was subscribed before the 
conference met, enough to begin work, and then came 
the matter of the selection of a site. In those days the 
post road passing through Abingdon was the main 
highway between the North and the South, and as steam 
had not come into use, the traveling population were 
very familiar with that route. Harford Town, or Bush, 
was going down. Bel Air had been chosen the county 
seat. The Pacas had started a new town on the hill — 
Abingdon — and had laid it off into streets and lots, a 
plat of which can now be seen in the clerk's office at Bel 
Air. Richard Dallam, one of the leading men of the 
county, and quartermaster in the American Army, lived 
there with his family. William Paca, who was born 
there and who had signed the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, was then governor of the State, and the new town 
laid out by his people may be reasonably supposed to 
have had the good will of the distinguished governor 
and his wealthy friends. Moreover, the location was 
high and healthy. From the high ground could be 
seen Bush river stretching its winding course, with 
"promontory, creek and bay." Old Baltimore, it is 
true, had been abandoned for nearly an hundred years, 
but the beautiful shore line was there, the view not ob- 
structed as now by the railroad bridge, which was not 
built until fifty years later. 


Off in the distance, further down the river, lay Abbey 
Island Point and Legoes' Point in full view ; and a lit- 
tle further away, glistening in the sun, lay the broad 
waters of the Chesapeake, across which could be seen 
the high banks of Kent county. Close by was Otter 
creek, like a silver thread just over the hill ; and Otter 
Point, with deep water, where large vessels could come 
to load and discharge their cargos, was only a mile 
away. ' There was a new Methodist church which had 
been built in 1784. Truly, the outlook for Abingdon to 
become a large town was excellent, and here they de- 
cided to build the new college. Bishop Asbury was 
present on June 5, 1785, to lay the corner-stone and 
preach the foundation sermon. On May 30 of the same 
year. Dr. Coke purchased from Richard Dallam, for 
sixty pounds, four acres of land adjoining the new 
church, for the site of the college, and on this land was 
erected the college hall at a cost of more than four 
thousand pounds. This sum represented an average 
contribution of more than one dollar for every Metho- 
dist church member in the country. 

Five trustees managed the business of the school. 
The college had a boarding department, but the plan 
was to have as many students as possible board in the 
village. The college dormitory, therefore, was con- 
structed with especial reference to the number and size 
of the recitation rooms, and the quarters for the stu- 
dents were rather contracted. 

The building, of which no representation is known 
to be extant, was of brick, one hundred and eight feet 
in length and forty feet in width, facing east and west. 
It is described as standing on the summit and centre 


of six acres of land, with equal descent and proportion 
of ground on each side. It was three stories in height 
and divided into two parts. The east and west ends 
had on each floor two rooms, in size twenty-five by 
twenty feet. On the first floor, in the centre of the 
building, was the college hall, forty feet square; over 
it, on the second floor, two school rooms, and on the 
third floor two bedrooms. Such was the arrangement 
of the building which was thought in "dimensions and 
style of architecture fully equal, if not superior, to any- 
thing of the kind in the country." 

Before the building was entirely completed a pre- 
paratory school was opened by Mr. Freeman Marsh, a 
Quaker. Dr. Coke said that the college was intended 
primarily for the sons of preachers ; next, for the sons 
of "our friends ;" thirdly, for "our young men (preach- 
ers)," and, fourthly, "for orphans." 

He felt that the name college might appear too pre- 
tentions at first, but took comfort from the fact that 
"we give high-sounding names in America." 

John Wesley was applied to for a recommendation 
for a president of the college, and he named Rev. Mr. 
Meath, who was master of a grammar school at Kid- 
derminster, in England; the recommendation of Wes- 
ley was favorably received by the trustees, who voted 
to call Mr. Meath, and Dr. Coke was requested to com- 
municate the call to the proposed president. Mr. Meath 
was to receive sixty pounds annually, lodging in the 
college, board, washing, etc., for himself and family. 
The call was accepted and Mr. Meath, accompanied by 
Patrick McCloskey, who also was to teach in the new 
school, arrived in this country in the fall of 1787. In 
September of the same year Bishop Asbury was at 


Abingdon, superintending the opening of the college. 
Meath's inauguration occurred in December, lasting 
three days, on all three of which Bishop Asbury 

At the beginning there were twenty-five students. 
Letters of advice came from Wesley as to the method 
of conducting the institution, in one of which he said 
he wished the children to be made "critical scholars in 
Latin, Greek and Hebrew." Meath, the president, and 
McCloskey and Marsh, assistants, left in the first year. 
In 1788, Dr. Jacob Hall, of Abingdon, was elected 
president, the fact that he was a native of the State 
being a consideration in his election. 

There were thirty students in the year 1788. Dr. 
Hall's assistants were Rev. John Hargrove, Rev. Jo- 
seph Toy and Charles Tait. Mr. McCloskey came 
back and resumed his position as teacher, dying in 

There were seventy students in 1791. It is thought 
that no graduation or conferring of degrees was ever 
held by the college, as there is no mention of any. The 
curriculum included English, Latin, Greek, logic, rhet- 
oric, history, geography, natural philosophy and astron- 
omy, to which it was proposed later to add Hebrew, 
French and German. 

In this day of reading-rooms, gymnasiums and care- 
fully arranged hours of recreation, with a patronage 
of field sports by the faculty in all colleges, it is diffi- 
cult to understand the rigid discipline at Cokesbury. 

Here is one of the regulations : "Let this rule be ob- 
served with the greatest nicety, for those who play 
when they are young will play when they are old." No 
games or plays for the boys ! Their employment was 


to be that of the "greatest pubHc utility, agriculture 
and architecture." There was a carpenters' shop for 
recreation. Gardening was another, and they might 
bathe in a pool, one at a time, and under no considera- 
tion swim in Bush river. 

The students were to study seven hours daily, rise 
at four o'clock in the morning and go to bed at nine 

The college ran into debt, which, in 1789, amounted 
to about eight thousand dollars. 

In 1794 the Maryland Legislature granted a charter 
to Cokesbury, and authorized the conferring of the 
usual college degrees. In 1795 the authorities deter- 
mined to abandon the collegiate department and main- 
tain only an English free school, but before this plan 
was fairly tried the life of the school came to an end. 
On December 4, 1795, the building was burned to the 
ground, and everything connected with it destroyed. 
The fire was thought to be of incendiary origin. The 
fame of this school was great in its day, and even to 
this time bricks are sought and carried away as relics. 
The bell which called the students to their duties was 
preserved, and now hangs over Goucher Hall at the 
Woman's College, in Baltimore, chief relic of the once 
famous college of Cokesbury.* 


This church is situated in the forks of Winter's Run, 
between Jarrettsville and Upper X-Roads, in the Fourth 
election district of Harford county. 

During the space of one hundred and forty-seven 
years there have been only six elders, or pastors, of 

*Dr. Bernard C. Steiner. 


this church, and two of these elders served this con- 
gregation for nearly an hundred years. Elder John 
Davis was the minister in charge from the building of 
the church, in 1754, until the time of his death, in 1807, 
a period of fifty-three years. Rev. William Grafton, 
the present incumbent, began his labors there May 18, 
1859, and thus up to this time his continuous service 
to the church has extended over a period of forty-two 
years, making, with the time of Elder John Davis, 
ninety-five years. The elders of this church since 1754, 
the date of its organization, have been as follows : 

Elder John Davis, 1754 to 1807. 

Elder William Wilson, 1807 to 1839. 

Elder Eli Scott, Elder James Brown, Elder Francis 
Thorn, 1839 to 1859. 

Elder William Grafton, 1859 to . 

Some of the dates in the records of the church are 
missing and it is difficult to determine the time of the 
beginning of the service of several of the elders. Be- 
sides this, the early minutes are effaced and had to be 
supplied by a summary in October, 1803. In 1839, 
during the term of Rev. William Wilson, a dispute 
arose as to the attitude of the church toward temper- 
ance societies and benevolent institutions, and a divi- 
sion was made in the congregation. The elder, Wil- 
liam Wilson, left his charge, with a number of his con- 
gregation, and thereafter officiated and had his church 
building at Rock Ridge, or Cherry Hill, which had 
been built a short time previously. 

The following is a copy of the recital at the begin- 
ning of the records and a list of some of the early mem- 

"The church of Jesus Christ in Harford County, In 


the State of Maryland was Constituted on the First 
Day of November In the year of our Lord — One thou- 
sand seven hundred and fifty-four, then under the pas- 
toral care of Elder John Davis, who Still continues to 
preside over her, But through some cause to us un- 
known the Church book has Become so defaced that the 
true state of the said church From time to time since 
her constitution up to this Date cannot be known; 

"And as the God of Zion hath been Generously 
pleased of Late to Revive his work Within the bounds 
of this Church so that Considerable Numbers have 
been added to those that still Remain of her former 
Numbers ; And We deeming it Necessary as well for 
our own comfort as for the Information of Others to 
revive the articles of her former Constitution .... 

"Be it known therefore that we whose names are 
hereunto subscribed Do as in the presence of God Pro- 
fess to believe the truths contained in the following 
Covenant and to submit to the Ordinances and modes 
of Government therein contained that is to say" 

[Here follows covenant.] 

October, 180^: Martha Denbow, 

John Waticins, Drucilla Tolon, 

Elizabeth Watkins, Elizabeth Tolon, 

Philip Garrison, Sarah Dever, 

James Thompson, Ruth Dever, now Norris, 

John Thompson, John Thompson, 

Thomas Durham, Susanna Thompson, 

Nathan Durham, Benjamin Amos, 

Margaret Durham, Sarah Amos, 

Frances Thompson, Ann Amos, now Alderson, 

David Durham, Dixon Stansbury, 

Sarah Durham, Dixon Stansbury, Jr., 

John Denbow, Easter Stansbury, 



Elizabeth Amos, 
Charity Hitchcock, 
Elizabeth Guiton, 
Sarah Cruet, 
Wm. Robinson, 
Sarah Robinson, 
Samuel Grafton, 
Mary Grafton, 
Wm. Durham, 
Jane St. Clair, 
Elizabeth Armstrong, 
James Ferine, 
Catherine Baker, 
Susanna Norrington, 
Mary Norris, 
Elizabeth Thompson, 
Aquila Grear, 
Mary Grear, 
Ezekiel Weeks, 
Elizabeth Weeks, 
Wm. McGovern, 
Ann McGovem, 
Mary Smithson, 
Sarah Wilson, 
Susanna Amos, 
Elizabeth Davis, 
Elizabeth Baker, 
Martha St. Clair, 
Naomi Guiton, 
Jemima Hynes, 
Elizabeth Whitaker, 
Edward Parrish, 
Delia Parrish, 
Elizabeth Slade, 
Jane Renshaw, 
Naomi Amos, 
Ann Parker, 
John Davis, 
Jane Davis, 

Mary Carleton, 
Thomas Poteet, 
Joshua Thompson, 
Casandra Thompson, 
Clemency Thompson, 
Elthiah Brown, 
Jesse Bussey, 
Eleaner Bussey, 
Dina Anderson, 
Jane Davis, 
Migail Denbow, 
Dolly Renshaw, 
Rachael Kent, now White- 
Hannah West, 
Lattice Jordan, 
Mary Husk, 
Martha Thompson, 
Stephen Rigdon, 
Hannah Brice, 
Sabrina Wilson, 
Ann Hewett, 
Christian Jordan, 
Isaac Persons, 
Phebe Persons, 
Josiah Hitchcock, 
Thos. D. Cockey, 
Wm. Perrigoe, 
Hannah Perrigoe, 
Ellen Perrigoe, 
Sidney Perrigoe, 
Rebekah Perrigoe, 
Joshua Jones, 
Mary Jones, 
Wm. Parks, 
Chloe Parks, 
Elenor Parks, 
Benj. Talbott, 
Catherine Talbott, 



Rachael Harryman, 
Rachael Stevenson, 
Ruth Towson, 
Philemon Towson, 
Joseph Bosswell, 
Philip Pindle, 
Elizabeth Boswell, 
Joseph Sater, 
Thos. Cole, 
Rachael Cole, 
Chloe Cockey, 
Clarrissa Burnham, 
John Burnham, 
Ann Burnham, 
Sarah Sollers, 
Ruth Owings, 
John Burnham, Sr., 
Ann Young, 
Discretion Walker, 
Mary Steel, 
Elexis Lemmon, 
Elizabeth Cromwell, 
Nathan Cromwell, 
Peter Parks, 
iWm. Loveall, 
Mary Tipton, 
Abraham Cole, 
John Lemmon, 
Ellenor Lemmon, 
Joseph Stansbury, 
Sarah Stansbury, 
Dorcus Ensor, 
Thomas Cole, 
Mordecai Cole, 
Ann Dunawin, 
Thomas Dunawin, 
Polly Bond, 
Thomas Downey, 
Hannah Sater, 

Thomas Lemmon, 
Comfort Lemmon, 
Ann Edwards, 
Belinda Cox, 
Abraham Cole, Jr., 
Margaret Griffith, 
Benjamin Green, 
James Cole, 
Zebediah Cox, 
Charlotte Baxter, 
Sarah Corbin, 
Thomas Beareman, 
Sarah Bearemen, 
Catherine Bearemen, 
Rachael Crow, 
Martha Boreing, 
Mary Lane, 
Rachael Willson, 
Margaret Willson, 
Elizabeth Willson, 
Margaret Thomas, 
Thomas Ford, 
Ellenor Hutson, 
Ruth Inseworth, 
Samuel Fort, 
Elizabeth Fourt, 
Ruth Griffith, 
Amon Butler, Jr., 
Ruth Butler, 
Amon Butler, 
Elizabeth Butler, 
Absolem Butler, 
Susanna Butler, 
Hannah Butler, 
Charlotte Bond, 
Mary Gill, 
Mary Baxter, 


Mary Kidd, 



Sarah Kidd, 
Sarah Cole, 
Ann Jorden, 
Patty Jordon, 
William Buckingham, 
Sarah Buckingham, 
Richard Lane, 
Elizabeth Lane, 
Elizabeth Green, 
Thomas Fuder, 
Alexander Bosswell, 
Vincent Tipton, 
Bryan Tipton, 
Thomas Kelly, 
Sarah Kelly, 
Hannah Lemmon, 
Jemima Plowman, 
Rebecca Cunningham, 
Sophia Chenowith, 
Wm. Blizzard, 
Surany Blizzard, 
William Chenoweth, 
Sarah Chenoweth, 
Nicholas Hedington, 
Delia Hedington, 

Richard Choate, 
Sarah Choate, 
John Banks, 
Mary Banks, 
Joshua Tracey, 
Abraham Bareing, 
James Bareing, 
Elizabeth Bareing, 
Edward Choate, 
Thomas Gist, 
Penelope D. Gist, 
Francis T. Talbott, 
Nancy Gist, 
Sarah Bareing, 
John Perigoe, 
Matthew Day, 
Nelly Sellers, 
Polly Bareing, 
Patience Lee, 
Henry Green, 
Elizabeth Green, 
Elizabeth Gorsuch, 
John Gordon, 
Evan Watkins, etc. 


The first settlement of "Friends" in Harford is veiled 
in much obscurity, but there are reasons for concluding 
that they found their way here shortly after their estab- 
lishment in the adjacent colony of Pennsylvania, where 
Penn, in his holy experiment, "laid the foundation of 
a state with a government, deriving its just powers 
from the consent of the governed," where not only the 
persecuted members of his own religious denomination 
should find a peaceful home, but the good and oppressed 


of all lands and every religious persuasion should find 
an asylum and the pure and peaceable principles of 
Christianity should be carried into practice. The en- 
lightened understanding of Lord Baltimore had led him 
to adopt sentiments akin to those actuating Penn in his 
movements, and thus, no doubt, many of this faith 
gladly embraced the opportunity afforded to "worship 
according to the dictates of their ovi^n conscience with 
none to make them afraid." 

Perhaps it may be permitted to draw the line of 
divergence between the reasons actuating the proprie- 
taries of these neighboring colonies. With high appre- 
ciation of the noble minds and enlightened statesman- 
ship of the Lords Baltimore, and aside from the spirit 
of criticism, simply state the fact of history that 
what was granted as a privilege by them was conceded 
as an "inalienable right" by Penn, which is the true 
ground and teaching of democracy in government, and 
always held and taught by Friends. 

The inference of Friends' early settlement here may 
be drawn from the names and traditions of many of 
our oldest families, being those of the early migration 
to these Western shores, the public records showing 
them faithfully supporting in many instances the 
principles and testimonies against oaths, military ser- 
vice and pursuing other society characteristics. 

The first religious meeting of this denomination in 
Harford county, so far as can be ascertained, was that 
of Bush river. The date of its estabhshment is not 
known. It continued in existence until about the year 
1820. There is a spot near Bush river bridge, on the 
Philadelphia Railroad, which has been designated as 
the place where the meeting was held. Only a portion 


of what was said to be the foundation of the meeting 
house could be seen many years ago. The first authentic 
record now fixes the date of the estabhshment of Deer 
Creek meeting in 1736, held then as now at Darlington. 
It was a branch of Bush river meeting. On September 
29, 1737, Nathan Rigbie conveyed three and a half acres, 
part of "Philip'sPurchase/'tothe trustees of the Quaker 
Meeting House at Deer Creek, and on May 25, 1789, 
James Rigbie executed a confirmatory deed of the same 
lot to Joseph Warner, Hugh Ely, Jacob Baldwin and 
Isaiah Baldwin, trustees, etc. (Liber J. L. G. No. K., 
folio 347. Land Records of Harford county. First 
deed. Liber H. W. S. I. A. i, folios 17 and 18, Land 
Records of Baltimore County.) 

Next in order of establishment we find that of Little 
Falls, near Fallston, about the year 1738, (not on its 
present site, however), and Broad Creek, near Dublin, 
in 1828. A meeting was established at Fawn Grove, 
York county. Pa., near the Maryland line, many of its 
members living in Harford. It was held as early as 

The settlement of the meeting at Little Falls calls for 
more than a passing notice. 

William Amos, a resident, large land owner and 
officer in the militia of the county, was walking on his 
premises one Sabbath morning, when his meditations 
and their effect upon his mind were of that character 
that he called worship. Here he afterwards resorted 
from a sense of conviction and found satisfaction in 
continuing the practice. Finally, being joined by sev- 
eral of his neighbors, upon comparing notes and mak- 
ing inquiry, they found their views on religious mat- 
ters coincided with Friends, and going twenty miles 


to the meeting of Gunpowder, in Baltimore county, and 
their case being favorably considered by that body, they 
were taken into membership. 

William Amos, from being a soldier in the military 
in the service of his country for the support of national 
power, became a soldier of the cross, whose weapons 
are not carnal, but spiritual, and having a gift in the 
ministry of Christ, was a favored instrument in calling 
many from "darkness to light, from the power of Satan 
unto God." Living to an advanced age, he saw his 
"children's children grow up to usefulness and call 
him blessed," and now rests in the yard of the home 
of Garret Amos, one of his descendants, near Winter's 
Run, on the Bel Air pike. 

This sketch does not admit of much in biography, 
but it may be said that Harford has been the home of 
many members of this faith whose upright lives and 
good works have established lasting memorials. Moses 
Shepherd, founder of the Philanthropic Institution, near 
Baltimore, bearing his name, was born on Winter's 
Run, near Bel Air. 

Nathan Tyson, first president of the Baltimore 
Chamber of Commerce, was at one time a member of 
Little Falls Meeting. Benj. P. More, a near relative, 
and at one time a business partner of Johns Hopkins, 
with his cultivated wife Mary, lived "and died the 
death of the righteous" near Fallston, where their 
home life of refinement, generous hospitality and piety 
have left a lasting impression. At Deer Creek lived 
John and Susanna Jewett, she a woman of strong mind 
and a powerful minister, mother of the late Hugh J. 

At Broad Creek was the home of David G. McCoy, 


a man of more than ordinary ability, and one of the 
earliest promoters of our present excellent school sys- 
tem. In the bridge that spans the Susquehanna at 
Conowingo is found a lasting monument to his energy 
and public spirit, for to his efforts was largely due its 

Among the ministers of the last century may be 
named Bartholomew^ Fussel, ever faithful to the cause he 
served; Samuel McConnell, of strong mind, judgment 
and expression; George Reese, whose eloquence in 
pleading the cause of the Master is well remembered 
by many ; Abel A. Hull, whose dignity of bearing and 
clearness of thought always impressed his hearers, and 
Darlington Hoopes, whose plain, simple and earnest 
pleading of the cause of truth as he saw it, coupled 
with an unspotted life, still keeps his memory green 
among those who came within his influence. 

From the beginning. Friends have advocated a broad 
and liberal education, and with their advent in any 
community the establishment of schools for the guarded 
education of youth has been a concern with them. 
Before the establishment of our public schools there 
were three flourishing schools under the care of Little 
Falls Meeting. And so they are here, small in num- 
bers, but still an element in the make-up of the county, 
with no reason to ask the world's pardon for having 
been born, and no cause for abandoning any of their 
principles or abatement in their efforts to maintain 

"There are those that take note that our numbers are small, 
New Gibbons who write our decline and our fall ; 
But the Lord of the seed-field takes care of his own, 
And the world shall yet reap what our sowers have sown."* 

*A. H. Hull. 




William Paca, the second son of John Paca, was 
born near Abingdon, in what is now Harford county, 
October 31, 1740. He was educated at the College of 
Philadelphia, where he graduated June 8, 1759, and 
on January 14, 1762, he was admitted as a student of 
law at the Middle Temple, London. After completing 
his studies there he entered the office of Stephen Bord- 
ley, and on April 11, 1764, he commenced the practice 
of his profession at Annapolis. He, however, retained 
his connection with his native county, and represented 
Harford in the State Convention of 1788, which rati- 
fied the constitution of the United States. His col- 
leagues from Harford in that convention were Luther 
Martin, William Pinkney and John Love. In 1771 he 
was elected a member of the provincial Legislature, 
and was elected to the first and second Continental 
Congresses. He was a signer of the Declaration of 
Independence July 4, 1776. On the adoption of the 
first State constitution he was made a Senator for two 
years. In 1778 he was appointed chief judge of the 
Superior Court of Maryland, which office he held until 


1780, when he became chief judge of the Court of Ap- 
peals in prize and admiralty cases. In 1782 he was 
elected Governor of Maryland. In 1786 he sat in Con- 
gress for a short time, and in the same year was re- 
elected Governor. In 1789 he was appointed judge of 
the United States Court for Maryland, which position 
he held at the time of his death, in 1799. He married 
a daughter of Samuel Chew as his first wife. His sec- 
ond wife was Anna Harrison, of Philadelphia. His 
portrait hangs over the judge's seat in the courtroom 
at Bel Air, and he and Governor Augustus W. Brad- 
ford were, in point of public service, the most distin- 
guished men ever born in Harford. 


One of the most prominent men in Harford during 
the Revolution was Richard Dallam, who was the 
ancestor of the family of Dallams now residing in this 
county. The first Dallam also bore the name of Rich- 
ard, and was a nephew of Sarah Jennings, first 
Duchess of Marlborough. He came from England 
about the beginning of the eighteenth century, and set- 
tled at Joppa, where he practiced law. The subject of 
this sketch was one of his four sons. The latter served 
in the Revolutionary War as paymaster, with the title 
of general of this district. In the Annapolis Conven- 
tion of June 22, 1774, which protested against the tax 
on tea, Richard Dallam represented Harford county, 
his colleagues from this county being John Love, 
Thomas Bond, John Paca, Edward Hall and Jacob 
Bond. He also signed the Bush declaration of March, 


He was one of the commissioners named in the 


dedimus for the formation of the new county in 1773-4. 

He lived in Abingdon in 1786. In a letter from Rev. 
Thomas Coke to Rev. Mr. Meath, written from South- 
ampton, England, January 23, 1786, requesting the 
latter to accept the position of head master at Cokes- 
bury College, we iind this : "There are several of our 
principal friends live in the neighborhood (Abingdon). 
One family (Mr. Dallam's) you'll find very agreeable." 

He died in March, 1805. 


John Archer, M. B., son of Thomas Archer, was 
bom near Churchville, in Harford county (then Balti- 
more county). May 5, 1741. His grandfather, John 
Archer, came to America from the vicinity of London- 
derry, Ireland, in the early part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury. The family is said to have descended from John 
de Archer, who came to England with William the 
Conqueror in 1066, as it is said all the Archers in 
Great Britain were descended from him. Dr. John 
Archer was the sole survivor of five children, all the 
others having died of a malignant fever in infancy, he 
narrowly escaping death at the same time. He is the 
ancestor of all the Archers of that family now residing 
in Harford county. He attended school at Nottingham 
Academy, in Cecil county, where he was a classmate of 
Dr. Benjamin Rush. In 1760 he graduated at Prince- 
ton with the degree of A. B., and in 1763 received from 
the same college the degree of A. M. 

He studied theology, but on account of a throat 
affection which impaired his speech, and for other rea- 
sons, he was not well qualified for the ministry, and 
he turned his attention to the study of medicine. He 


attended lectures at the College of Philadelphia, the 
forerunner of the present University of Pennsylvania. 
On October i8, 1766, he married Catherine, daughter 
of Thomas Harris, who lived nearby. In the recess 
of the college Dr. Archer practiced medicine in New 
Castle county, Del. On June 21, 1768, he graduated 
as a physician, and as his name came first on the list of 
the first graduating class, Dr. Archer received the 
first medical degree ever conferred in America. 

In July, 1769, he commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession in Harford county. He grew rapidly in profes- 
sional reputation and in the esteem of his neighbors. 
He took a prominent part in public affairs at the time 
of the Revolution, organizing on September 16, 1775, 
a military company at Churchville, and his name is 
subscribed to the famous Bush declaration. On No- 
vember 27, 1776, he was chosen an elector for the 
Senate of Maryland and a member of a committee of 
observation for Harford county. He was also a dele- 
gate to the first constitutional convention of the State, 
which met at Annapolis in 1776, and which was pre- 
sided over by Matthew Tilghman. His Harford col- 
leagues in that convention were Jacob Bond, Henry 
Wilson, Jr., and John Love. This convention also drew 
up and adopted the bill of rights. In 1776 Dr. John 
Archer and Gabriel Duval were chosen as presidential 
electors for the State of Maryland. In 1800 he was 
elected to Congress by the party of Jefferson, and was 
re-elected in 1802. His skill as a physician was fre- 
quently called into service during his term in Washing- 
ton as a member of Congress. He died suddenly Sep- 
tember 28, 1810, honored and respected by all who 


knew him. He was the author of many articles on med- 
icine and surgery, and was an eminent authority in his 
day in his profession. He was the preceptor of a num- 
ber of distinguished physicians who came after him, 
and his house, near Churchville, was at times like a 
medical college, so numerous were the young men who 
sougth his tuition. He was the father of Jude Ste- 
venson Archer, who was chief justice of the State. In 
addition to the public offices held by Dr. Archer, as 
stated above, he was one of the first of the Lords Jus- 
tices of this county. His portrait may be seen in the 
courtroom at Bel Air. 


Born in London in 1704, of good parentage, 
Thomas White lost his father at the age of four years. 
He attended a grammar school at St. Albans, near 
London, but in 1720, at the age of sixteen, he sailed 
for Maryland. It is said that he was of the retinue 
of Charles Calvert, who came out in that year to be- 
come governor of the province. 

He was apprenticed to a Mr. Stokes to be taught for 
the profession of law, and the usual fee of one hundred 
guineas was paid for him. Young White accordingly 
became a lawyer, but was soon appointed deputy sur- 
veyor general for Baltimore county, then comprising 
also Harford. This was an office of great importance 
in those times, a position Washington held in his early 
days in Virginia. 

Colonel White became the authority on titles in his 
county and his certificate was regarded as law. He 
married Sophia, daughter of Capt. John Hall, of Cran- 
berry. The latter was born in 1658 and in the year 


1694 purchased certain tracts of land from Michael 
Judd, Edward Boothby and others, making a tract of 
1,539 acres, which he that year had laid out and sur- 
veyed and which he called "Cranberry," being mainly 
on Bush River. 

Capt. John Hall's wife was Martha Gouldsmith, nee 
Beadle, whom he married July i8, 1693, and who died 
in 1720. They had seven children. Captain Hall died 
in August, 1737, and by his will he devised to his chil- 
dren large tracts of land, among which were six hun- 
dred acres on Deer Creek; Taylor's Good Hope, four 
hundred acres ; Timber Nest, four hundred and seventy 
acres ; Cranberry, lying west of Mill run, and Jericho, 
one thousand acres ; Harman's Swantown, two hundred 
acres ; The Enlargement and Old Quarter, seven hun- 
dred acres ; New Quarter, six hundred acres. 

To his daughter Sophia, wife of Col. Thomas White, 
he devised a tract of land called Sophia's Dairy, which 
is what is now known as the Dairy Farm; part of 
Hall's Plains and Simmon's Neglect. Colonel White, 
therefore, through his wife, was the proprietor of large 
tracts of land, which he added to by the purchase and 
patent of others, among which were the following 
tracts : Ah Ah Indeed, Ah Ah the Cow Pasture, Edin- 
burgh, Abbott's Forest, Constantinople, Antrim, Kil- 
kenny, Londonderry, Eaton's Addition, Eaton's Sec- 
ond Addition, Gay's Favor, Hathaway's Hazard, 
Chance, Rumney Royal, Hammond's Hope, Paradise, 
Leigh of Leighton, Royal Exchange, Simmond's Neg- 
lect, Neighbor's Affinity, Attaway's Trust, Constant 
Friendship, Harrison's Resolution, etc., etc. These 
tracts were all large. Ah Ah Indeed, for instance, con- 
tained eight hundred and twenty-five acres. In 1777 


Colonel White's taxable real estate in Harford county- 
alone, comprised seven thousand seven hundred and 
seventy-two and one-half acres. The tracts called Ah 
Ah, just wrest of Abingdon, have a ghost story con- 
nected with them, and children and the colored popu- 
lation to this day have a dread of Ha Ha branch, 
which crosses the Philadelphia road between Abingdon 
and Van Bibber. This neighborhood is said to be the 
haunt of a spectre which at times gives utterances to a 
blood-curdling "ha ha." The fear of this ghost is as 
great in this generation as it was two hundred years 

By order of the justices of Baltimore county, in 
1728, Colonel White made a survey and plat of By- 
num's run from its mouth to its spring head, in order 
to find the direct course, and from thence to run and 
blaze that direct course. 

Patents to Colonel White : 

1734, Sokmon's Song, fift)'- acres, on east side of 
Bush river. 

1736, St. Martin's Ludgate, two hundred and eighty 
acres. His London birthplace is here evidenced as 
two of the most prominent points in London are Lud- 
gate Hill and the Church of St. Martin's, in the Fields. 

1738, The Royal Exchange, four hundred and eighty 
acres, on Swan creek. 

1746, Montreal, two thousand seven hundred and 
twenty-five acres. 

1747, Ah Ha at a Venture, or Hatha way's Hazard, 
one hundred and eighty-three acres. 

Colonel White and Sophia, his wife, had three chil- 
dren. Sophia, born May 8, 1731, being the only one 
of the three who married and left descendants. She 


married her cousin, Aquila Hall, she and her husband 
each being grandchildren of Capt. John Hall, of Cran- 
berry. Colonel White's residence was on the Dairy 
Farm, between the present large brick house and the 
river, and the remains of this house can yet be found. 
Aquila Hall built the present Dairy Farm house in 
1768. This is one of the largest in the county, even 
now, and while without ornamentation, is a handsome 
and imposing structure with a very large hall. 

Colonel White was a vestryman of Spesutia Church. 
He has a large number of descendants now living in 
Harford, many of them occupying land acquired by 

In 1745 he removed to Philadelphia, and in May, 
1747, married the second time, the name of this wife 
being Esther Newman. William White, Bishop of 
Pennsylvania and the first bishop of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in America, was the son of the sec- 
ond marriage. There was a daughter also of this mar- 
riage, Mary, who became the wife of Robert Morris, 
of Philadelphia, the great financier, signer of the Decla- 
ration of Independence and United States Senator 
from Pennsylvania. 

Colonel White was a vestryman of Spesutia Church, 
tained his interests in Harford and died at the Dairy, 
September 29, 1779, where he was buried. His re- 
mains, together with those of Sophia, his wife, were 
removed in 1877 to Spesutia Church, where they were 
reinterred in the presence of about sixty of Colonel 
White's decendants.* 

♦Meeting of descendants of Col. Thomas White. 



The first of this family to take up land within the 
limits of what is now known as Harford county, was 
Peter Bond, of Anne Arundel, who came into the col- 
ony in the year 1660. He acquired Pleasant Hills, on 
both sides of the Patapsco, about the mouth of Gwynn's 
Falls, now included in the city of Baltimore, and pat- 
ented Harris' Trust, and in 1691 purchased the adja- 
cent tract called Prosperity, lying on both sides of 
Bush river. 

He was twice married, and died in 1705, leaving sons 
Peter, Thomas, William and John, the two last named 
being minor children of his second wife, who, after a 
brief period of mourning (1707), married Philip 

Peter Bond, as heir, succeeded to all the estate of 
his father except Prosperity and Harris' Trust, which 
were divided between the three younger sons. 

Thomas had already settled in Harford county, and 
in 1700 married Anne Robertson, of Anne Arundel. 
He patented, in 1703, Knaves Misfortune, adjacent to 
the tracts above mentioned, where he built a substantial 
house in which he lived until his death. This house was 
on the site of the residence of Mr. John R. Spencer, near 
Emmorton. The old Bond house is said to have been 
built of brick imported from England, and part of it. 
was standing up to the time of the erection of the pres- 
ent dwelling by Mr. Lee Magness, about twenty years 
ago. Thomas Bond died in 1756. This old house is 
said to have been used as a smallpox hospital about 
the time of the Revolution. Thomas Bond lies buried 


near the house and the location of his grave is still 

In 1 7 14 he patented Bond's Forest, of three thou- 
sand one hundred acres, lying between Bynum's run 
and the Little Gunpowder Falls, and purchased Cheap- 
side and Poplar Ridge, with other tracts, amounting to 
about three thousand acres. In 1705 he received five 
thousand acres, lying in Baltimore county, on the west 
side of the Susquehanna river, called Bond's Manor. 
In 1739 he sold a portion of this land to Capt. Thomas 
Cresap, who thus became involved in the boundary dis- 
pute, from which William Penn emerged crowned 
with success. 

Thomas Bond, in 1749, conveyed to his sons Thomas 
and John, as trustees, part of Bond's Forest, to be laid 
out conveniently near the main road, including "a house 
now built intended for a meeting house for the people 
called Quakers to worship God in, and also a school- 
house already built." 

The records of Gunpowder Meeting show acceptance 
of this deed in 1753. This was the beginning of the 
Little Falls Meeting at Fallston. 

He was a member of the celebrated grand jury which 
protested against the removal of the county seat from 
the Forks of Gunpowder to Joppa, denouncing it as 
"a palpable, notorious grievance to this county." 

Thomas died in 1755, having previously settled each 
of his sons in comfortable houses on "plantations," and 
divided his lands among his eight children. His eldest 
son Thomas married Elizabeth Scott, and was the an- 
cestor of large families of Jarrets, Amos, Bosleys, 
Howards and Munnikhuysens. 


John married Alice Ann Webster, whose descendants 
are Fells, Lees, Wilsons and Bradfords. 

Joshua married Anne Partridge, and was the an- 
cestor of many Lees, Morris, Morrisons and Howards. 

Jacob married Fanny Partridge, and from him are 
descended Prestons, Wilmers, Abbotts, Gittings, Hol- 
lands and McCormicks. Sarah married William Fell, 
whose descendants are Fells, Fews, Dabs, Kennards, 
Dorseys and Johnsons. 

Ann married Edward Fell, and afterwards Giles, and 
from her are descended Giles and Johnsons. 

John, son of Thomas, who married Alice Ann Web- 
ster, joined his father-in-law in organizing the Bush 
River Company, which erected one of the first iron fur- 
naces in the colonies. 

Thomas, son of John, married Rebecca, daughter of 
Tobias Stansbury. He was justice of the peace and 
judge of the Orphans' Court, and a zealous adherent 
of the Methodist church. 

His eldest son John was an itinerant preacher, and 
the friend and companion of Bishop Asbury. 

His son was Dr. Thomas E. Bond, Sr., a very cel- 
ebrated preacher and editor of the Christian Advocate, 
the latter being the father of Dr. Thomas E. Bond, 
the younger, and Judge Hugh Lennox Bond, recently 

The most prominent of the Bonds from the stand- 
point of Harford history, was Jacob, who died in 
November, 1780. He was a prominent member of the 
Committee of Harford County in the Revolution, hav- 
ing been elected by the people, and was captain of 
Company Eleven, of Harford militia, in the Revolu- 
tion, the other officers being Thoma? Johnson, first 


lieutenant; James McComas, second lieutenant, and 
Martin Preston, ensign. 

Jacob Bond represented Harford county in the con- 
vention which met at Annapolis in 1776 and formed 
the first constitution of the State, his colleagues there 
being Henry Wilson, Jr., John Love and John Archer. 

He was also one of Harford's representatives in the 
Annapolis convention of June 22, 1774, which pro- 
tested against the tax on tea, his Harford colleagues 
being Richard Dallam, John Love, Thomas Bond, John 
Paca and Benedict Edward Hall. 

His children were : 

Jacob Bond, Jr., 

Sarah, wife of Bernard Preston, 




Dennis, the father of Dr. Elijah Bond, 



His will, dated October 2, 1780, is recorded in the 
Orphans' Court at Bel Air. 

Bernard Preston, who married Sarah Bond, above 
named, was born in 1756. He built the large stone 
house between Bel Air and Hickory now owned by 
Mr. John B. Wysong, his great-grandson. Bernard's 
father was James Preston, born in 1713, and the lat- 
ter's father was the first settler on that property, viz., 
James Preston, the son of James Preston, who was 
the son of Thomas, named in the will of Richard Pres- 
ton of Patuxent as "Thomas Preston of the Cliffs." 



About the year 1690, Benjamin Norris, the elder, set- 
tled in Harford county, (then Baltimore county), and 
lived at a farm he named Everly Hills, now owned 
by the Hon. Herman Stump, and called by him Wav- 
erly. He became possessed of a tract of land extending 
from Bynum's Run, in a section back of what is now 
the Farnandis estate, to the Little Falls. 

Benjamin Bradford Norris was the first of the name, 
being called after his grandfathers, Benjamin Norris 
and William Bradford, the Christian name of one and 
the family name of the other. 

John Norris was the father of a large family, seven 
of whom were sons. His eldest son John married 
Susanna Bradford. They had the first house that was 
ever built at Mt. Pleasant, now the home of Mr. G. 
Smith Norris. Part of this house is still standing. It was 
built early in the eighteenth century. John's eldest son 
was Benjamin Bradford Norris, who was educated in 
Harford. Bradford Norris married Elizabeth Rich- 
ardson. The two had quite a large family; only two 
sons, however. Bradford Norris was one of the sign- 
ers of the Harford Declaration of Independence. He 
was also a soldier in the Revolutionary Army, and 
served in a company raised and commanded by his 
brother, Jacob Norris, who became a colonel. They 
were with Washington in his campaign in Delaware 
and Jersey. Jacob Norris was severely wounded, and 
received a pension for the balance of his life. He was 
buried in the Methodist graveyard in Bel Air. The 
headstone bears the following inscription : 

history of harford county. 211 


In March, 1807, 

Jacob Norris, 

An Officer 

OF THE 6th Maryland Regiment 

in the War of the 


To His Memory This Pillar Is Raised 

by His Daughter Sophia. 

Benjamin Bradford Norris was very highly esteemed 
by the people of his community, and was appointed to 
represent them in the first Legislature that was con- 
vened after the State government was established. Of 
his sons, one died in infancy, and the other died of 
yellow fever in Norfolk at the age of twenty-one. 

Benjamin Bradford Norris died in April, 1790, and 
his administrators were Eliabzeth Norris and Jacob 

One of Jacob Norris' sons was a commander in the 
United States Navy, and was lost at sea on the Hornet. 

John Norris, another of the brothers Norris, was one 
of the incorporators, and represented the Church of 
England when Union Chapel was built near Wilna. 






An early settler in Harford county was Rev. John 
Coleman, a Protestant Episcopal clergyman and a sol- 
dier of the Revolutionary War. He was usually known 
as "Parson" Coleman, and many traditions of him still 
remain among descendants of his former parishioners 
in Baltimore and Harford counties. He was a native of 
Dinwiddle county, Va., and studied for the ministry 
under the supervision of Rev. Devereux Jarrett, of that 
county and State, whose autobiography, in the shape of 
letters addressed to Rev. Mr. Coleman, was published 
by the latter after the death of Mr. Jarrett. Mr. Cole- 
man was ready for ordination into the ministry at the 
time, or shortly after the breaking out of the War of In- 
dependence. His clerical intentions, however, did not 
prevent his taking part with his fellow-countrymen in 
that struggle, and he and a brother accordingly joined 
the patriotic forces. They chanced to be serving under 
Gen. Anthony Wayne, in Chester county, Pa., when 
that terrible massacre was prepetrated near what was 


known as Paoli Tavern, on the Lancaster road. In 
giving an acount of the affair, Lossing, in his book of 
the Revolution, says in substance : 

"Gen. Wayne lay encamped with fifteen hundred men 
and two cannon in a secluded spot on the night of Sep- 
tember 20, 1777. The British General Howe, at the 
time occupying Philadelphia, was informed by a Tory 
of the situation, and sent Gen. Grey with a large force 
to surprise the camp at midnight and slaughter the 
patriot forces. The night proved to be dark and 
stormy, and our forces were taken completely un- 
awares and butchered by the bayonet, no quarter 
under orders of the Commander Grey being shown to 
those denominated rebels. A Hessian sergeant after- 
wards said : 'We killed three hundred of the rebels with 
the bayonet. I stuck them myself like so many pigs 
until the blood ran out of the touch hole of my musket.' 
'Remember Paoli!' was after this adopted as a war 
cry by Wayne's forces on many a field, where the mas- 
sacre was in part at least avenged." 

The subject of this sketch fortuitously escaped 
death on the occasion referred to, but his brother was 
among the slain. Mr. Coleman, after the war, went to 
England, and was there ordained for the ministry. He 
came shortly afterwards to Maryland, and was pastor 
for a number of years at Trinity Church, near Long 
Green Valley, and the Manor Church (St. James), 
and also at St. Thomas' Church, Garrison Forest, all 
in Baltimore county. He afterwards removed to Har- 
ford, having in the meanwhile married Pleas- 
ance Goodwin, a niece of Gen. Charles Ridgely, of 
Hampton. This gentleman presented to the newly 
married couple a valuable farm of about three hundred 


acres, now divided into several properties, situated 
near Watervale, about three miles west of Bel Air, 
purchased from Lemuel Howard, whereon Parson 
Coleman lived with his family until his death, in the 
year 1816. It was during his ministry in this parish 
that Christ Church (Rock Spring) was built in the 
year 1805, and he became its first rector, and so re- 
mained during the balance of his life. Six children were 
born to him, but the only daughter, Rebecca Ridgely, 
was the only child that survived to years of maturity. 
She married Capt. John Yellott, of Dulaney's Valley, 
Baltimore county, and was the mother of Mary Ander- 
son, wife of Rev. John Anderson; Elizabeth Mayna- 
dier, wife of Henry G. Maynadier, Jeremiah, John, 
George, Coleman and Washington Yellott. Of these 
only Hon. Gorge Yellott, of Towson, lately chief judge 
of the Third Judicial Circuit, survives. The descend- 
ants of others, however, still remain in Baltimore and 
Harford counties, among whom are Hon. Geo. Y. May- 
nadier, of Harford ; Major John I. Yellott, and Geo. W. 
Yellott, of Baltimore county, and Mrs. E. L. F. Hard- 
castle, of Talbot county." 


William Bradford, Sr., was of English ancestry, his 
family having come originally from Yorkshire, where 
Bradfords bearing the same family arms were found 
upon the Manor of that name, in the reign of Henry III. 
He was the son of William Bradford and Elizabeth 
Lightbody, who came to Maryland early in the eight- 
eenth century, and settled upon land at the head of 
Bush river. His father was one of the early school- 
masters of the colony. He was commissioned by the 


Bishop of London to teach on the plantations and be- 
came later on a soldier in the Colonial Army with the 
rank of captain. 

The subject of this sketch was born in 1739 at his 
father's home place, on Bynum's Run, just across 
which lived his near neighbor, Aquila Hall. He 
obtained a good education under his father's tuition, and 
he also received an early training in the doctrine of the 
Christian religion, in which his family had for genera- 
tions been more or less conspicuous. His father had 
been registrar, clerk and vestryman in St. John's Par- 
ish, and he succeeded him as a member of the same 
vestry. His paternal grandfather was John Bradford, 
a merchant of London, whose brother, Samuel Brad- 
ford, was Bishop of Rochester and Dean of Westmin- 
ster, and his paternal grandmother was Mary Skin- 
ner, daughter of Matthew Skinner, M. D., of London, 
and a granddaughter of Robert Skinner, Bishop of 
Bristol. Several of his ancestors had also been closely 
connected in an official way with St. Ann's Parish, 
London. His paternal great grandfather, William 
Bradford, was a parish officer therein during the 
great plague of 1665, and of whom it is recorded 
that "so conscientious was he in the performance of his 
duties that he remained in London, giving his per- 
sonal attention to the sick and dying, though he re- 
moved his family to Islington." 

The latter's only children were, as stated above, John 
and Samuel, and a daughter Hannah, who married 
Joseph Presbury, of London, and whose son, James 
Presbury, came to Maryland and settled near his 
cousin, William Bradford. He was the ancestor of 
the Presbury family of Maryland. 


William Bradford, St., became a pronounced pa- 
triot, as did also his only brother, George Bradford. 
Both he and his brother were elected members of the 
Harford Committee of 1775, the latter of whom would, 
no doubt, have been a signer, too, of Harford's "Decla- 
ration of Independence" had he been present at the 

The "senior" which William Bradford suffixed to 
his name when he signed the declaration, and which 
was something unusual for him to do, was to designate 
him from his nephew of the same name, who was also 
an ardent patriot and a lieutenant in Capt. Alexander 
Lawson Smith's Company of Fort Washington fame. 
It was an earnest of the intense responsibility which he 
assumed, when he so solemnly pledged himself to the 
sacred cause of his country. In September, 1775, he 
organized Company No. 13 of Harford minute men, 
and was its captain. He was married in 1764 to Sarah 
McComas, to whom were born eleven children, one of 
whom, Samuel Bradford, married Jane Bond, and lived 
for many years in Bel Air. Samuel was the father of 
Augustus W. Bradford, Governor of Maryland during 
the Civil War. 

William Bradford lived adjoining his brother upon a 
tract containing about three hundred acres, called "Lit- 
tleton," where he died in 1794. 


John Stump and Mary, his wife, were Prussians of 
wealth and culture, who came to Maryland about 
the year 1700. The name of his European ancestors is 
said to have been spelled Stumpf. John Stump was 
a cousin of Baron Friederich von der Trenck, the 


younger of the two famous kinsman of that name, who 
figured conspicuously during the reign of Frederick 
the Great. John Stump purchased a large tract of land 
near the present town of Perryville, in Cecil county, 
where he died in 1747, having divided his property by 
will between his only surviving children, John and 
Henry. In that year, or in the next, Henry Stump re- 
moved to the valley of Deer Creek, in Harford county, 
then part of Baltimore county, where he had purchased 
a farm. He married Rachel Perkins, by whom he had 
several children, and many of his descendants are liv- 
ing in Harford and Cecil counties. He was the ances- 
tor of the Honorable John H. Price, once judge of the 
judicial circuit composed of Baltimore, Cecil and Har- 
ford counties; of the Hon. Henry Stump, formerly 
judge of the Criminal Court of Baltimore city, and of 
the latter's nephew, the Hon. Frederick Stump, recently 
a judge of the Second Judicial Circuit. John Stump 
married Hannah, daughter of William Husbands, a de- 
scendant on the female side of Augustine Herman, 
(whence the name of Herman in the Stump family), 
of Bohemia Manor. In 1796 he, too, removed to Har- 
ford, having sold his own property, and that in- 
herited by his wife, consisting of several farms. He 
died in 1797, leaving three children— Hannah, who mar- 
ried her cousin, John Stump, son of Henry, above men- 
tioned; Herman, who married Elizabeth Dallam, and 
John. Elizabeth Dallam subsequently married Abra- 
ham Jarrett, and was the mother of Capt. A. Limgan 
Jarrett, for many years clerk of the Circuit Court for 
Harford county. John was born April 19, 1753, and 
married October 3, 1779, Cassandra, daughter of 
Henry Wilson, a Quaker of much influence, who was 


noted for his patriotic zeal during the Revolution. 
Henry, the brother of Cassandra, was a member of the 
Committee of Observation of his native county, and 
was conspicuous in collecting and forwarding supplies 
for the relief of the people of Boston during its blockade 
by the British squadron. He and John Archer, M. B., 
several of whose descendants subsequently inter-mar- 
ried with the Stump family, were chosen in November, 
1776, by popular vote, "electors of a Senate of Har- 
ford county," and were also members of the Provincial 
Convention. John Stump, after acquiring by his indus- 
try and enterprise, an estate which was at that time 
probably the largest in the State, died at his residence, 
"Stafford," near the mouth of Deer Creek, in 1816, 
leaving each of his eight children wealthy. He was 
in business, and had mills at Stafford, Rock Run and 
Bush, in Harford county, and at Alexandria, in Vir- 
ginia. He was probably the leading merchant and 
manufacturer of his day in the State. He signed in 
1776 the Association of the Freemen of Maryland. 
John Stump's partners in business were his brother 
Herman Stump, John Wilson, Samuel Carter and John 
Thomas Ricketts. John Stump built several vessels at 
Rock Run and Havre de Grace, and shipped flour and 
other things directly from the Susquehanna to Eng- 
land. His son, John Wilson, besides being engaged in 
agricultural pursuits, was at the head of an extensive 
commercial firm in Baltimore city, having as his part- 
ner Hon. James W. Williams, who married his sister, 
and who, in 1841, represented in Congress Harford 
and Cecil counties. Mr. John W. Stump, whilst re- 
turning on one of his vessels from France, in i8i4,when 
the British fleet was in Chesapeake bay, barely escaped 


capture, and reached the city of Baltimore in time to 
participate in its defence as aide to Gen. Strieker. On 
January 13, 1814, he married Sarah, daughter of Col. 
James Biays, a large shipping merchant of Baltimore, 
who owned many vessels, and aided materially in build- 
ing up the commerce of the city. John W. Stump was 
the father of Hon. Herman Stump, President of the 
Maryland Senate, member of Congress and Commis- 
sioner-General of Immigration. Colonel Biays com- 
manded the cavalry at the battle of North Point, 
and in the official reports of that battle was highly com- 
mended for his efficiency. There now reside in Har- 
ford county many descendants of John Stump, of Staf- 
ford, among whom are Stumps, Lees, Archers, Con- 
stables, Smithsons. Ann, daughter of John Stump, of 
Stafford, was the mother of Hon. Henry W. Archer. 


A large land owner and venerated judge and citizen 
was William Smithson, who was bom in the year 1745. 
He built and for thirty-five years occupied his residence, 
which is now called the Farnandis Homestead, near 
Bel Air, and died there January 17, 1809. The house 
was built by him in 1774, the year of the formation of 
the county, and compares favorably now with the best 
of our modem dwellings. William Smithson, although 
a man of wealth, was an ardent friend of liberty, and 
advocated that cause in the Revolution. We find his 
name subscribed to the Bush declaration of March, 
1775, and he was one of the first of the Lord's Justices 
of the county. On the adoption of the new judiciary 
system he became one of the three judges of the Cir- 
cuit Court for Harford county, and occupied a seat in 


the old courthouse in Bel Air, his colleagues being 
Henry Ridgely and Benedict Edward Hall. 

William Smithson owned the large tract of land near 
Bel Air, now designated as the "Homestead" farm. 
On his death in 1809, leaving no children, after making 
provision for his widow, he devised his land to his 
niece Elizabeth, wife of Col. Harry Dorsey, and to her 
brother William, both of whom were the children of the 
testator's brother Daniel, and both of whom had been 
reared in the home of their uncle William. Elizabeth's 
share of the land was entailed by the will to her daugh- 
ter Mary, who became the wife of William Farnandis, 
and the mother of Hon. Henry D. Farnandis, recently 
deceased. Mrs. Mary Farnandis' death antedated that 
of her distinguished son Henry only about twelve 
years, and both of them are well remembered for their 
hospitality, courtesy and imswerving fidelity to their 
friends. This latter quality seems to have been a char- 
acteristic of the family, and was pre-eminent in Mr. 
Henry D. Farnandis, whose memory will ever be cher- 
ished by the bar of his county, of which he was its 
brightest ornament. 

Elizabeth Dorsey had but one daughter, the Mary 
Farnandis above stated. 

William Smithson, Jr., has a number of descendants 
at present residing in Harford county, among whom 
are the Smithsons, Forwoods, Websters, Covers, 
Bonds and Bulls. Mr. William S. Forwood, Jr., clerk 
of the Circuit Court for Harford County, is his great 
grandson. Besides the "Homestead," William Smith- 
son, Sr., owned land between Bel Air and the Catholic 
Church at Hickory, which he had bought of Thomas 
Pycraft Presbury. 


His will, admitted to probate January 25, 1809, was 
witnessed by John Guyton, Joseph Robinson and John 
Reardon. The testator's wife Elizabeth, and his son- 
in-law, Henry Dorsey, were named as executors. 

His long and honorable official career shows the esti- 
mation in which he was held by the public, and he died 
full of years and honors. 

Just outside the southeasterly limits of Belair, and 
along the division line between the Fulford and Home- 
stead farms, is the old graveyard of the Smithson and 
Farnandis families. After diligent search the head- 
stone over the grave of William Smithson was found, 
nearly sunk in the ground and quite hidden by the 
weeds and grass. On the tomb is this inscription : 

In Memory 


William Smithson, 
Who Departed This Life January 17, 1809, 
Aged 64 Years. 


Aquila Hall was born in Harford, then Baltimore 
county, January 10, 1727. He was a son of Aquila, 
who was the youngest son of John Hall, of Cranberry, 
and was one of the most prominent of all the men of 
Harford in the early days. In 1763 he was elected to 
the House of Delegates to represent Baltimore county, 
his colleagues being Charles Ridgely, Thomas C. Deye 
and Walter Tolley. In 1762 he was sheriff of Balti- 
more county. Aquila Hall is the second in the list of 
commissioners named by the Act of Assembly for the 


formation of Harford county. By virtue of the Dedi- 
mus indorsed on the commission for forming the new 
county, he administered the oaths to his fellow- justices 
on the first day of the organization of the county 
government, March 22, 1774, his colleagues on the 
bench being Thomas Bond, Jeremiah Sheredine, Bene- 
dict Edward Hall, William Webb and Aquila Paca. 

The first court for the county was held in a house at 
Harford Town, or Bush, owned by him and occupied 
by Thomas Miller, who was named as sheriff of the 

In the famous Bush declaration of March, 1775, the 
name of Aquila Hall is the first on the list. He was 
zealous in the cause of his country in the Revolution, 
and on September 9, 1775, organized a military com- 
pany, of which he was elected captain, with Samuel 
Griffith, first lieutenant; Jacob Forwood, second lieu- 
tenant, and John Chancey, ensign. 

On June 11, 1774, he presided over a meeting at 
Bush, at which resolutions were passed expressing 
sympathy with Boston in her tax troubles, and at 
which a committee was appointed to meet the commit- 
tees of other counties in this province to consult and 
agree on the most effectual means to preserve our con- 
stitutional rights and liberties, etc. 

By the State Convention, which convened December 
7) i775> resolutions were passed January i, 1776, look- 
ing to the formation of a proper military force for the 
State, and for the Upper Battalion of Harford, Aquila 
Hall was named as colonel, with John Love as lieu- 
tenant-colonel ; Josias Carvil Hall, first major ; Dr. 
John Archer, second major, and Richard Dallam, quar- 


The General Assembly on June 29, 1777, selected 
lieutenants for the various counties, and Aquila Hall 
was named for Harford. 

The last record of Aquila Hall in public Hfe is to be 
found in the meeting of the court at Bush, March 23, 
i779> ^t which time he was present as one of the Lords 
Justices. He died in April, 1779, leaving the following 
children, viz : Thomas Hall, James White Hall, William 
Hall, John Hall, Edward Hall, Charlotte Hall, Mary 
Hall, Sophia Hall and Martha Hall. 

His wife was his first cousin, Sophia, daughter of 
Col. Thomas White, whom he married February 14, 
1750, and who died in 1785, aged fifty-four years. 

Aquila Hall built the large brick house at "Sophia's 
Dairy" in 1768. 


William Morgan was born in 1744 near the Trappe 
Church, in Harford county, and was the son of Edward 
Morgan, who had come to that section three years 
previously. Part of the house in which William was 
born is still standing. He married Cassandra Lee, a 
Quakeress, daughter of James Lee, and was the father 
of nine children, viz : Elizabeth, who married Thos. 
S. Chew; Sarah, who married Joseph Hopkins; Cas- 
sandra, wife of Zaccheus O. Bond ; Edward Morgan ; 
Elliner, who married John Hopkins ; James L. Mor- 
gan ; Mary, the wife of Ephraim Hopkins ; Martha, 
who remained single, and Margaret, also unmarried. 
William Morgan owned large tracts of land on Deer 
Creek, among his lands being "Simmon's Choice," 
"Simmon's Neglect," "Freeland's Mount," "Planters' 


Paradise," part of "Arabia Petrea," "Miller's At- 
tempt." He died in November, 1795, at the age of 
fifty-one years. 

William Morgan was a man of great prominence in 
his day, and his career shows the public estimation in 
which he was held. The archives of Maryland show 
that he was commissioned a captain in the Revolution. 
He was also a signer of the Bush declaration of Match, 
1775. His will is recorded in the office of the Register 
of Wills at Bel Air, and his signature is as bold and 
clear as on the day it was signed — November 5, 1795. 
The executors named in his will were his brother, 
Robert Morgan, and Edward Prigg. The personal 
estate, as exhibited in the Orphans' Court, was about 
twenty thousand dollars, which, with his large landed 
interest, indicates that he was a rich man. A number of 
his descendants now reside in Harford, and are all peo- 
ple of influence and prominence. 


A very prominent man in Harford county in Revo- 
lutionary times was Col. Ignatius Wheeler, who Uved 
on his estate called Deer Park, near the present Ady 
Postoffice, in the Fifth election district. 

He was first lieutenant of Company No. 16 of Har- 
ford militia, the other officers of which were William 
Webb, captain; William Fisher, Jr., second Heutenant; 
John Webb, Jr., ensign. 

Besides Deer Park, which is a large tract. Colonel 
Wheeler owned the fertile estate called Belle Farm, 
comprising a large part of the present Pylesville sec- 
tion, one of the finest portions of the county, now as 
well as in early days. 


A large portion of Belle Farm is now owned by the 
Jenkins and McAtee families, who are direct descend- 
ants of Colonel Wheeler, and the estate has thus re- 
mained in the Wheeler heirs. 

The farm called Garden Spot, belonging to the late 
Joshua Rutledge, near the Rocks of Deer Creek, be- 
longed to Colonel Wheeler, who was an ancestor of 
Mr. Rutledge. 

In the Maryland Legislature for the sessions 1786 
and 1787, Colonel Wheeler was one of the delegates 
from Harford county. 

He died on his estate of Deer Park in August, 1793, 
and his will, dated July 13 of that year, is recorded in 
the office of the Register of Wills of Harford County 
in Liber A. J. No. R., folio 217. 

His children were : Monica, who married Jacob Rut- 
ledge, whose descendants now living in Harford county 
are Rutledges, Stephensons and Hollands. John W. 
Rutledge and Ignatius Rutledge were her sons. 

Treacy (or Teresa), who married Capt. Henry 
McAtee, from whom are sprung the present McAtee, 
Richardson and Raphel families in Harford county, 
and also Streetts. 

Henriette, who remained single. 

Mary Ann (Polly), who married Samuel Brown, 
who, after the death of Mary, married her sister Eliza- 

From Elizabeth are descended the present Jenkins 
family in Harford and Baltimore counties, Elizabeth's 
daughter Ann Maria having married Ignatius Jenkins, 
of Dulaney's Valley, Baltimore county. 

Bennet was the progenitor of the present Wheeler 
family in Harford county. 


Ignatius never married. 

Frank Wheeler was the ancestor of the Wheeler 
family in Baltimore county, and of Adys and Burkes 
in Harford and Baltimore counties. By Colonel 
Wheeler's will his brother Joseph and John Lee Gib- 
son, who had married Colonel Wheeler's sister, were 
left executors and trustees. 

John Lee Gibson was the first clerk of the Circuit 
Court for Harford County (not counting Alex. Law- 

Colonel Wheeler lies buried at St. Ignatius Church, 


The Streett family is one of the oldest in Harford 
county. Three brothers — David, Thomas and John — 
came to America from London early in the eighteenth 
century. One, John, went to Philadelphia; David set- 
tled on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and Thomas 
in Harford (then Baltimore) county, Maryland. 

Rev. Nicholas Streett, who was born in London in 
1603, the year of the death of Queen Elizabeth, and 
who came to America in 1637-8 and settled at Taunton, 
Mass., and afterwards became a distinguished theolo- 
gian, is said to have been of the same family as the 
Harford County Streetts. 

Thomas Streett, before the Revolution, took out a 
patent for seven hundred acres of land above the Rocks 
of Deer Creek, called Streett's Hunting Ground, part 
of which is yet in the possession of his descendants, 

Thomas Streett was residing on this property in 
1774, at the time of the foundation of the county. 

♦Mr. P. H. Rutledge, a descendant of Col. Wheeler, assisted in the prepa- 
ration of the above. 


Besides a large number of the name now in Harford 
many other prominent families here are descended 
from Thomas Streett. Among them are Williams, 
Fendal, Waters, Bell, Gladden, Baldwin, Glenn, 
Whiteford, Cairnes, Amos, Den Bow, Bevard, St. 
Clair, Holmes and many others. 

Col. John Streett was born in the year 1762 in what 
is now Marshall's district of Harford county, where 
he died in the year 1837. His wife's name was Martha 
St. Clair. He was an extensive farmer, owning more 
than three thousand acres. He was also a successful 
business man and was prominent in the politics of the 
county, serving twelve times consecutively in the Mary- 
land Legislature as a representative from Harford. 

At the time of the British attack upon Baltimore, in 
September, 1814, a call was made for troops from the 
surrounding country. Colonel Streett marched with 
his cavalry command from Harford county to the de- 
fence of that city, and served with the brigade of cav- 
alry at North Point. In his command as officers were 
Capt. Clem Butler and Capt. McAtee, and several of 
Colonel Streett's sons also served under him. 

The children of Col. John Streett were : 

James, born August 22, 1789. 

Mary, who married Henry Amos. 

John, bom 1 791. 



Thomas, who married Catherine Merryman. 

St. Clair, born 1798, who married Miss Jarrett. 

Dr. Abraham J., born in 1800; married Elizabeth 

Charlotte, who married Silas Baldwin. 



Daniel Scott was a native of Harford, being one 
of the seven children of Aquila Scott, whose an- 
cestors for generations had been planters and large 
landowners in Baltimore and Harford counties, one of 
them having given the land to Baltimore county on 
which the first courthouse at Joppa was built, and when 
Harford was established and the new county seat 
was chosen at Scott's Oldfields, now Bel Air, the 
subject of the present sketch conveyed to the county 
the ground upon which the courthouse and jail are still 

He was the surveyor of the county and was elected 
a member of the Committee of Harford from Bush 
River Lower Hundred, and was one of the signers of 
Harford's famous declaration. 

Daniel Scott died about the year 1828, leaving an 
only child, Otho Scott, who became the leading mem- 
ber of the bar of Harford county and one of the most 
distinguished lawyers in Maryland. 

The latter, in i860, codified the Laws of Maryland, 
condensing into two volumes all the varied and un- 
skillfully framed laws passed in the State since its 
foundation. The Code of i860 stands as a monument 
to his memory, many leading lawyers pronouncing it 
the best code ever produced. It is peculiarly appropri- 
ate that his portrtait now adorns the courtroom at Bel 
Air, which was the theatre of many of his achievements. 

It is a singular fact that a majority of the descend- 
ants of the signers of the Harford declaration still live 
in their native county, many on the very farms worked 
for generations by their ancestors, and the late Daniel 


Scott was a conspicuous example of this, he having re- 
sided on the same land which had been in his family 
for more than two centuries. This continued posses- 
sion and occupancy of the land speaks volumes for the 
healthfulness and beauty of Harford and attests the 
love of the descendants for the land of their illustrious 


Samuel Calwell was born in Harford (then Balti- 
more) county, of Irish and Scotch parentage, and was 
a resident of Bush River Lower Hundred, at that time 
one of the largest districts in the county. He married 
Ann Richardson, whose family was a prominent one 
locally, and lived for many years on a farm called the 
Grove, on Winter's run, near the present Almshouse, 
a part of this land being now in the possession of Mr. 
George Steigler. His life seems to have been a quiet 
and uneventful one, as few reminiscences have been 
handed down to his descendants. 

In February, 1775, he was elected a member of the 
Committee of Harford County to represent, with nine 
other members, the Bush River Lower Hundred, and 
was present at Harford Town on March 22, 1775, when 
he signed the memorable declaration of that date. Sam- 
uel Calwell survived that interesting event about 
twenty-five years and died in the year 1800. 

One of his sons, James Calwell, migrated to Vir- 
ginia, and was the founder and owner of the Green- 
brier White Sulphur Springs, which he conducted for 
many years, helping to make it one of the most cele- 
brated summer resorts in the United States, and some 
of his descendants are still living there. 


Another son, William, established himself as a mer- 
chant in Bel Air, and died in the early part of the last 

A third son, Thomas, removed to Baltimore and 
established large and successful flour mills there. The 
last named was the father of sixteen children, some of 
whose descendants are still living in Baltimore and 
Harford counties and in other states. A grandson, 
Joseph Gushing Calwell, a retired merchant, is living 
in Brooklyn, N. Y. ; another grandson, William G. 
Wetherall, whose father's family settled in Harford 
over a century ago, is a prominent iron merchant of 
Baltimore city, and James S. Calwell, a member of the 
bar of Baltimore, whose summer home is in Harford, 
is another grandson, whose children by his marriage 
with the daughter and only child of the late Daniel 
Scott and his wife, CordeHa Scott (nee Norris), are 
descendants of three signers of the Harford declara- 
tion, that noble band of patriots who risked their lives 
and fortunes that they and their posterity might enjoy 
constitutional government, viz : Samuel Calwell, Daniel 
Scott and Benjamin Bradford Norris. 


The Webster family is one of the oldest in Har- 
ford, and has furnished of its members some of the 
most distinguished men in the county, among these 
being the Isaac, Samuel and Richard above named, 
Captain John A. Webster, of the war of 181 2 fame, and 
the late Col. Edwin H. Webster, a distinguished lawyer. 


president of the Maryland Senate, colonel of the 
Seventh Maryland Regiment, which he organized, 
member of Congress and twice Collector of the Port of 
Baltimore. As the scope of this book does not reach 
past the war of 1812, it is with Isaac, Samuel and Rich- 
ard that this sketch is especially to deal. The Webster 
family is of English and Scotch origin, the first to 
cross the ocean being John, who settled in Virginia, 
and was known as John of Roanoke ; Isaac, who was 
the progenitor of the present Webster family here; 
Samuel and Michael. There are patents now in pos- 
session of the family for land in this county, bearing 
date in the seventeenth century. The original repre- 
sentatives of the Websters in this county were of 
diversified religious belief, some being Quakers and 
others Episcopalians, many of the present generation 
being Presbyterians and Methodists. The family coat 
of arms is a swan feeding its young. A very old seal 
showing this crest is now in possession of the family. 

John Webster was bom in 1670, and lived to be 
eighty-five years of age. His will, dated in 1751, is 
recorded in the old Will Records of Baltimore County. 
A son John had died before the testator, and in the 
latter's will he provides for his children as follows: 
Sarah, Michael, Samuel, Aliceanna and the Isaac above 

Samuel, the son of John, was born in 1710, and 
married Elizabeth Dallam. He was a prominent man 
in his day and held the important and lucrative office 
of tobacco inspector at Joppa, then one of the principal 
ports of the State. Samuel's son, Richard, was born 
April 7th, 1741, on the family homestead near Calvary, 


in Harford County, and he died in the old stone family 
residence. He was twice married, his first wife being 
a daughter of William Lester. Of this union there 
were three children: John, Samuel and Richard, the 
latter being the father of Mr. James Webster, now 
living in the county. His second wife was Phoebe, 
daughter of George Smith, of Chester County, Penn- 
sylvania, whose children were: George, Elizabeth, 
William W., Sarah, Isaac, Wesley, Henry and Phoebe. 
Henry was the father of Col. Edwin H. Webster and 
of Mr. William Webster, who now resides on the 
home place. 

Isaac, the son of John, was a leading man in the 
county before and at the time of the Revolution. 
He was a member of the Bush River Company, and 
was a man of wealth and position. His daughter, 
Aliceanna, married John Bond, of Baltimore Town, 
who was also a member of the Bush River Company. 
Aliceanna Bond, daughter of John Bond and Aliceanna 
Webster, his wife, on May 30th, 1767, married Thomas 
Kell at Fell's Point, Baltimore. They moved shortly 
afterwards to Kellville, Harford County, which was 
their home for the remainder of their lives. The issue 
of this marriage were : 

Alice Kell, June 2nd, 1768. 

Elizabeth Kell, July loth, 1769. 

Pamelia Kell, August 5th, 1770. 

John Bond Kell, July i6th, 1771. 

Thomas Kell, September 22nd, 1772. 

Isaac Kell, August 17th, 1774. 

Wesley Kell, ) ™ . , . 

Aliceanna Kell. [ Twms, June, 1776. 


William Kell, April 20th, 1777. 

Nathan Kell, December 28th, 1778. 

Aliceanna Kell, August 15th, 1780. > 

Elizabeth Kell, October 26th, 1781. 

Elizabeth Kell, May 26th, 1783. 

Anne Kell, April 25th, 1785. 

Harriet Ann Kell, May 23rd, 1786. 

The Thomas Kell, born September 27th, 1772, was 
Judge, Clerk of the Court in Baltimore, and the only 
native of Harford who was ever Attorney General of 
the State of Maryland. The latter's daughter, Eliza- 
beth, on November loth, 1835, married Augustus 
W. Bradford, who was born in Bel Air, on January 
9th, 1806, and was Governor of Maryland during the 
Civil War. 

A portion of the house in which Governor Bradford 
was born is now standing and is part of the residence 
of his son, Mr. Samuel Webster Bradford, on Main 
street, Bel Air. 

THE WAR OF 1812. 


There are old men yet with us who in their youth 
have seen soldiers of the Revolution, but even young 
men can remember soldiers of the war of 1812, and the 
meetings of veterans of that war held annually in Bal- 
timore have only within the past decade ceased on 
account of the death of the last survivors. Many men 
of middle age now living in Harford had fathers who 
served in that war. Our distinguished fellow-citizen, 
Capt. John A. Webster, a participant in that conflict, 
reached his journey's end at his home, "The Mount," 
in the first district, on July 4, 1877, and so the events 
of that time in a certain sense may be considered mod- 
ern. The causes of that war are well known, and the 
victories on the sea and disasters on land are too famil- 
iar to be recounted here. The successful financial sys- 
tem of Hamilton had not been kept up. Jefferson 
became President 1801, and with him came in the 
doctrines of individual liberty, States rights and poor 


finances. Under the administration of Jefferson and 
Madison the pubHc taste for home government. State 
sovereignty and equal rights was freely indulged, but 
the arm of the federal power was allowed to become 
weak and feeble, so that when the time came for the 
nation to act as such and resist the encroachment of 
her most bitter enemy, the loose fabric of the Federal 
Government, as then administered, was entirely inade- 
quate to the situation. Here again fortune came to our 
side in the assistance rendered by France. In the Rev- 
olution, when the English held our large cities, while 
the army of Washington was suffering from cold and 
hunger at Valley Forge, while the British lived in com- 
fort and plenty in the cities of New York, Philadel- 
phia and Boston, when the conservative element of the 
country, many of whom had come from Severn and 
from Clyde and from the banks of Shannon, were ask- 
ing themselves whether the game was worth carrying 
on, the news, long delayed, which finally came, that the 
French government had decided to assist us, revived 
the drooping spirits of the patriots and inspired them 
to press on to victory. And at that final struggle at 
Yorktown, when the army of Cornwallis was sur- 
rounded by that of Washington, out in the bay was 
the fleet of De Grasse, and the forces of Rochambeau 
were assisting the American Army, the presence of the 
French contributing much to the final result. 

And so in the war of 1812, while we were doing the 
best we could with our improvised army, we had a 
friend in France whose wooden walls on sea were suf- 
ficient to monopolize the attention of the British fleet. 
The traveler in London who passes along the Strand 
sees at Trafalgar Square, high over the beating hearts 


of that great city, the column erected to Nelson, and on 
it, leaning against a capstan, the one-armed sailor who 
gave his life for his country in the cockpit of the Vic- 
tory ; and when one remembers that Nelson's triumphs 
were over the French alone, and what a relief passed 
through the hearts of the people of England at the vic- 
tory of Trafalgar, we may know that the French were 
no mean rivals of the English, even on the seas. And 
thus in the war of 1812, when England had to contend 
with her ancient rival, as well as with her defiant 
daughter across the sea, the double burden was more 
than she could withstand. 

The events of the war were startling and contra- 
dictory. While on the seas the natural quality of the 
American sailor asserted itself, and victories were often 
obtained over great odds; on the land for the most 
part the battles ended in disaster to the American side. 
There is one great exception — that of Jackson at New 
Orleans — -who infused into his hastily recruited sol- 
diers something of his indomitable spirit, and won out 
a victory with a loss of but thirteen men, while two 
thousand of the enemy went down before his guns. In 
the history of the world there is scarcely such a record 
for disparity of losses, except in the naval engagements 
at Manila and Santiago de Cuba, nearly a hundred 
years later, when the American fleets utterly destroyed 
the forces of Spain, hundreds of the enemy being 
killed or captured, with the loss of but one American 
life in both engagements. 

At the commencement of hostilities a number of com- 
panies in the State offered their services to the Federal 
Government, but the national finances were in such a 
miserable condition that they could only be accepted 


at the charge of the State. In the city of Baltimore 
nearly a regiment was sent forward under the com- 
mand of Col. Wm. H. Winder, the expense of the com- 
mand being defrayed by private subscription, about fif- 
teen thousand dollars being raised in this way. Indeed, 
the defence of Baltimore, a large city, within forty 
miles of the national capital, depended largely on State 
aid and private contributions. 

In the attack by the British fleet on Fort McHenry, 
Captain John A. Webster, of Harford, rendered 
valuable service to his country and won well-merited 
fame. Captain Webster was born at "The Mount," 
about five miles from Bel Air, on September 19, 1789. 
He was the son of Samuel Webster and Margaret 
Adams, his wife, the latter, being a member of the 
distinguished Adams family of Massachusetts, which 
gave two Presidents to the country. The first Web- 
sters came to this country early in the eighteenth cen- 
tury from England, and settled, Isaac and Richard in 
Maryland, Michael in New England, and John in Vir- 
ginia, where he was known as John of Roanoke. 
Daniel Webster, the great Senator, came from the New 
England branch. W^hen fourteen years old Captain 
Webster began his life on the sea by sailing for South 
America in a merchant vessel, and afterwards made 
many voyages to foreign ports. At the beginning of 
the war of 181 2 he was appointed a third lieutenant by 
Commodore Barney on the privateer Rossie, and served 
during the whole period of the war. 

On the organization of the Flotilla at Baltimore he 
was made sailing master in the navy, and had charge 
of one of the barges. He was with Commodore Barney 
in all his engagements. At the request of General 


Smith, he was detached from his appointment and 
ordered to command the six-gtin battery between Forts 
McHenry and Covington, and was the first to discover 
and open fire on the British ships on the night of Sep- 
tember 13, 1814, and remained on duty during the 
engagement, though he was twice wounded. In recog- 
nition of his services he was presented with two hand- 
some gold-mounted swords — one by the State of Mary- 
land and the other by the city of Baltimore. The 
National Government gave him a pension of twenty 
dollars per month and paid for property lost by him. 

On March i, 1816, President Madison appointed him 
a sailing master in the United States Navy, in which 
position he served for a considerable time, and on 
account of his experience and nautical skill he was 
frequently assigned to perform important duties out- 
side the line of his official position. 

On February 8, 1816, he was married to Miss 
Rachel Biays, daughter of Col. Joseph Biays, who, 
with his brother James, had served in the Revolution. 

Oh November 22, 1819, President Madison issued 
Captain Webster a commission as captain in the reve- 
nue marine, which position he held at the time of his 
death — July 4, 1877. 

While in the revenue marine. Captain Webster per- 
formed important services, among them being his 
command of eight revenue vessels to act with the army 
and navy against Vera Cruz and upon the Rio Grande 
in the Mexican war. 

Captain and Mrs. Webster were the parents of 
eleven children, viz: Margaret, the widow of William 
R. Bissell, who was killed in command of a com- 
pany in Pickett's charge in the battle of Gettysburg; 


Dr. J. Biays Webster, Susan A. Webster, Laura A., 
wife of John C. Patterson; William S. Webster; Jo- 
sephine, wife of Dr. William Dallam; John A. Web- 
ster, also of the revenue marine service ; Mary A., wife 
of Algernon S. Dorsey; Benj. M. Webster; Rachel 
Cassandra, wife of Gen. Frank A. Bond, and Isaac P. 

Captain Webster and his wife lie buried in the family 
burying ground at "The Mount." Harford may be 
justly proud of the career of this one of her most dis- 
tinguished sons, who was ever ready to respond to the 
call of duty, and who spent his life in the service of his 

For the defence of Baltimore, Generals Smith, Win- 
der and Strieker had assembled of State militia, regular 
troops and detachments from Virginia and Pennsylva- 
nia about twelve thousand men. The battle of North 
Point came off on September 12 ; the enemy were 
checked, and General Ross, the commander, killed. The 
attack on Fort McHenry failed, and the British were 
forced to retreat. 

At the battle of North Point, the Harford Regiment 
known as the Forty-second Maryland Militia, under 
the command of Col. William Smith, constituted part 
of the reserve, and Col. John Streett, with the Harford 
cavalry command, was present and participated in the 

As Great Britain was at war with France, then as 
now a great naval power, they did not at first prose- 
cute vigorously the war in America. 

But in December, 1812, the ports and harbors of the 
Chesapeake and Delaware bays were declared by the 


British Government in a state of blockade, and Admi- 
ral Cockburn, with a British fleet consisting of four 
ships of the line, six frigates and a number of smaller 
vessels, entered the Chesapeake and took possession of 
Hampton Roads. This force was speedily increased, 
and by March of the year 1813, the whole coast was in 
a state of blockade, except Rhode Island, Massachusetts 
and New Hampshire, which sections had opposed the 
war, and on that account were spared by the enemy. 
There was no force with which we could oppose this 
powerful fleet, as the navy and coast defences had 
been neglected by the young government. 

Captain John Southcomb, in the schooner Lottery, 
with letters of marque, carrying six guns and twenty- 
eight men, on February 8, 181 3, was attacked by nine 
boats of the enemy containing more than two hundred 
men. An engagement ensued, lasting two hours and 
a half, in which the British loss was more than the 
whole number of the crew of the American schooner. 
The captain of the Lottery was killed and the vessel 
was captured. 

In April of the same year the American privateer 
schooner Dolphin engaged several vessels of the enemy 
at the mouth of the Rappahannock river, but was 
defeated and captured. The arrival of the British fleet 
spread consternation throughout the State. The State 
capital was in a defenseless condition, and the govern- 
ment at Washington was unable to furnish aid. The 
Governor of the State made repeated demands upon 
the Secretary of War for arms and men, but little 
assistance came from this source, and the defence of 
the State and city of Baltimore was left to themselves. 

In the spring of 1813, the British moved up the 


Chesapeake, landing at different points and plundering 
wherever they set foot. General Winder made the 
best defence of the city of Baltimore possible with his 
available means. The channel was obstructed, cannon 
mounted, and Colonel Wardsworth, of the United 
States engineers, laid off fortifications. The enemy's 
fleet moved off towards the head of the bay. 

They plundered Sharp's, Poole's, Tilghman's and 
Poplar Islands, and then entered upon their design of 
pillaging and destroying the towns and villages at the 
head of the bay. On April 29, Lieutenant Westphal, 
of the British warship Marlborough, in command of 
thirteen barges, with four hundred men, made an 
attack on Frenchtown, at the mouth of the Susque- 
hanna, in Cecil county. Here they destroyed a num- 
ber of small vessels, and the wharves and warehouses. 
They next turned their attention to Havre de Grace, 
on the other side of the river, in Harford county. 
In anticipation of the arrival of the enemy, on a 
high bank just below the town, three cannon were 
mounted — one nine-pounder and two six-pounders — 
and a small battery was erected at Concord Point, 
where the lighthouse now stands. Early on the morn- 
ing of May 2 the enemy began to bombard the city 
without a moment's warning. Nineteen barges from 
the enemy's squadron appeared before the town and 
sent a dreadful fire of shell, shot and rockets. After 
a short bombardment the enemy landed and proceeded 
to shell the town. Only one house — that of Mr. 
Pringle — was left uninjured. 

There were a few militia on hand, but they speedily 
fled. The story of the sad fate of Havre de Grace 
is redeemed by the brave conduct of one of her 


citizens, John O'Neil, who remained firing the cannon 
after all others had fled, and was severely injured by 
the recoil of his gun.* 

The following is from a contemporaneous account: 
"The place, though called a town, contained only a 
few warehouses, a tavern, two or three dwelling- 
houses, with a few stables and outhouses, deriving its 
whole importance from being the 'stopping place' of 
the 'land and water line of stages between Philadel- 
phia and Baltimore.' On the report of guns we im- 
mediately jumped out of our beds, and from the top 
of the house could plainly see the balls and hear the 
cries of the inhabitants. We ran down the road, and 
soon began to meet the distressed people — women and 
children half naked; children inquiring for their par- 
ents, parents for their children and wives for their 
husbands. It appeared to us as if the whole town 
was on fire. I think this act, committed without any 
previous warning, has degraded the British flag. 

"The enemy robbed every house of everything valu- 
able that could be carried away, leaving not a change 
of raiment to one of ten persons, and whatever they 
could not take conveniently they destroyed by cutting 
in pieces or breaking to atoms. The Admiral himself 
was present at this work of destruction, and gave 
orders for it to his officers. Mrs. John Rogers, wife 
of the commodore, Mrs. William Pinkney and Mrs. 
Goldsborough took shelter at Mr. Mark Pringle's. 
When a detachment was sent up to burn that elegant 
building, Mrs. Goldsborough told the officer that she 
had an aged mother in it, and begged it might be 
spared. The officer replied that he acted under the 

*Scharf* s History. 


admiral, and it would be necessary to obtain his con- 
sent. Mrs. Goldsborough returned with the officer 
and detachment and obtained the permission that the 
house might be spared; but when she reached it she 
found it on fire, and met two men, one with a sheet, 
the other with a pillow-case crammed full coming out, 
which she could not then notice, but ran upstairs and 
found a large wardrobe standing in the passage all 
aflame. William Pinkney, who was with her, and 
two of the marines by great exertion saved the house ; 
but some of the wretches after that took the cover from 
the sofa in the front room and put coals in it, and it 
was in flames before it was discovered. An officer put 
his sword through a large elegant looking glass, at- 
tacked the windows and cut out several sashes. They 
cut hogs through the back, and some partly through, 
and then left them to run. Such wanton barbarity 
among civilized people I have never heard of."* 

O'Neill himself has given a graphic account of his 
experience on that day : "No doubt before this you have 
heard of my defeat. On the third instant we were at- 
tacked by fifteen English barges at break of day. We 
had a small breastwork erected with two six and one 
nine-pounder in it, and I was stationed at one of the 
guns. When the alarm was given I ran to the battery 
and found but one man there, and two or three came 
afterwards. After firing a few shots they retreated 
and left me alone in the battery. The grape shot flew 
very thick about me. I loaded the gun myself without 
any one to serve the vent, which, you know, is very 
dangerous, and fired her, when she recoiled and ran 

*Scharf' s History. 


over my thigh. I retreated down to town and joined 
Mr. Barnes, of the nail manufactory, with a musket, 
and fired on the barges while we had ammunition, and 
then retreated to the common, where I kept waving my 
hat to the militia, who had run away, to come to our 
assistance, but they proved cowardly and would not 
come back. At the same time an English officer on 
horseback, followed by the marines, rode up and took 
me with two muskets in my hand. I was carried on 
board the Maidstone frigate, where I remained until 
released, three days since."* 

"John O'Neill was born in Ireland on the 23d of No- 
vember, 1788, and came to America at the age of 
eighteen years. He was in the military service under 
Gen. Henry Lee in quelling the whisky insurrection in 
1794, and in 1798 entered the naval service against the 
French. He became a prosperous merchant at Havre 
de Grace and the destruction of the place ruined his 
business. When the present lighthouse was built on 
Concord Point, in 1829, he became its keeper, and con- 
tinued as such until his death, the 26th of January, 
1838. For his gallantry at the "Potato Battery" the 
city of Philadelphia presented him with a beautiful 
sword." t 

In that war there was organized in the lower section 
of the county the Forty-second Regiment of militia, 
under the command of Col. William Smith. 

There are very few old men yet living who remember 
Colonel Smith. The time of the organization of this 
regiment is not exactly known. From what little light 
we have it began in 1813. The last communication to 
Colonel Smith from Major Black, brigade inspector, 

'Scharf s History. fScharf' s Historj'- 


was on August 24, 1825. Its existence then would be 
about twelve years. Patterson's old fields, on the road 
from Havre de Grace to Bush, six or seven miles from 
the former place, was the parade ground of the regi- 
ment. July 14, 1814, Colonel Smith communicated to 
General Foreman that he had called out the Forty- 
second Regiment for duty, and had appointed Captains 
Ruff, Bradford, Courtney and Sheckles over four com- 
panies, consisting of sixty-four privates detached from 
the whole regiment. He also stationed a picket guard, 
with Major Burkhead, on Strong's Hill, Gunpowder 
Neck, with a sergeant and six privates, having a full 
view of the Chesapeake bay from Spesutie Island to 
Kent Island, to watch the British. There is no record 
of the regiment being at the battle of Havre de Grace, 
but it is certain Colonel Smith, with his regiment, was 
behind the intrenchments on Loudenslager's Hill when 
General Ross attacked Baltimore, but he was not in 
the battle of North Point. 

Colonel Smith died from an apoplectic stroke, after 
three days illness, on Thursday morning, December 
17, 1835, faithfully attended by Drs. Gillette and Rob- 
ert Archer. He was buried on the farm he owned, 
in a private lot, about one hundred yards from the 
Churchville road. Smith's Chapel, built on a part of 
this farm, was erected in his memory. He was a 
Mason, yet for some reason the Masonic ceremonies 
at his grave were delayed till the following April, 
when the "Craft assembled accordingly at the house of 
Mr. Carvil H. Prigg, in the vicinity of Brother Smith's 
grave, where the lodge was opened in the first degree, 
formed in procession and marched to the grave, where 
the usual ceremonies were gone through with and an 


appropriate eulogy delivered by Brother Israel D. 
Maulsby, after which the lodge returned to Mr. C. H. 
Prigg's and was closed. Those present were I. D. 
Maulsby, John Wann, C. D. Bouldin, H. Richardson, 
W. I. Mcllhenny, Wm. McC. Jeffery, Robert Miller, 
Jas. Miller, T. Welch, S. Welch, E. Morrison, B. M. 
Billingslea, M. G. McComas. The visitors were S. 
Boyd, T. Courtnay, John Donohoo, Pritchard Loflin, 
E. Elliott and J. Ergood." 

The following is a copy of the return of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Maryland Militia, as organized by 
Brig-Gen. Thomas M. Foreman, commanding the First 
Brigade, encamped at Hampstead Hill, commanded by 
Col. Wm. Smith : 


Lieutenant-Colonel, William Smith, commanding. 
Major, Joshua Ward. 
Major, George McCausland. 


Adjutant, William Richardson. 
Quartermaster, James Maxwell. 
Paymaster, Benjamin Nowland. 
Surgeon, Robert H. Archer. 
Surgeon's Mate, H. E. Coleman. 


First Company. — Captain, G. W. Lighter; Lieuten- 
ant, John Lynton; Second Lieutenant, James Patter- 
son ; Ensign, David Silver. Rifles, sixty-four privates. 

Second Company. — Captain, Andrew Smith; Lieu- 
tenant, Joseph Ash; Ensign, John Short. Sixty-four 


Third Company. — Captain, Henry Ruff ; Lieutenant,, 
Hanson Courtney ; Ensign, Garrett Brown. Sixty-four, 

Fourth Company. — Captain Joshua M. Amos ; Lieu- 
tenant, Thomas Johnson ; Ensign, James Kerr. Fifty- 
four privates. 

Fifth Company. — Captain, Jacob Michael; Lieuten- 
ant, Zach. Kimble. 

Sixth Company. — Captain, John Turner ; Lieutenant, 
Wm. Amos; Ensign, Philip Doran. Sixty-four pri- 

Seventh Company. — Captain, Jas. Rampley ; Lieuten- 
ant, M. Johnson ; Ensign, Wm. Amos, of Thos. Sixty- 
four privates. 

Eighth Company. — Captain, Joshua Amos ; Lieuten- 
ant, B. Magness; Ensign, Benj. L. Amos. Sixty-four 

Ninth Company. — Captain, John Smithson ; Lieuten- 
ant, Solomon Edy; Ensign, Thos. L. Richardson. 
Sixty-four privates. 

Tenth Company. — Captain, John Herbert; Lieuten- 
ant, W. G. Dove; Ensign, Edward Saunders. Sixty- 
four privates. 

Eleventh Company. — Captain, Frederick T. Amos; 
Lieutenant, Wm. Forwood ; Ensign, John Nevill. Six- 
ty-four privates. 

Total number of privates for the eleven companies, 
six hundred and ninety-four. 

"September ii, 1814. — This day Capt. John B. Bay- 
less is permitted to take command of Capt. John Her- 
bert's company by particular request of both parties." 

Ensign David Silver's brother, Benjamin, was the 
father of Benjamin, Jeremiah, John, William, James 


and Philip Silver. Israel D. Maulsby was the father 
of Judge Maulsby, whose portrait hangs in the court- 
house. He pronounced the Masonic eulogy at the 
grave of Col. Wm. Smith.* 

'Historical Address of Dr. B. L. Smith. 




The beautiful city at the mouth of the Susquehanna 
-dates its origin about the time of our Revolutionary 
War, as the first mention of the name of which we have 
any record is in a letter from Lafayette to General 
Washington during the Revolution, and dated at Havre 
de Grace. It is almost certain that the first settlers at 
Havre de Grace were followers of the rebel Claiborne, 
who came here from the Eastern Shore of Maryland. 
He is said to have had a factory on Palmer's Island, 
at the mouth of the Susquehanna, where mink, otter, 
.muskrat, beaver and other skins were purchased from 
the Indians and cured preparatory to their shipment to 

The settlement continued to grow down to the time 
of the formation of the county in 1773-4, at which date 
there were nearly two hundred inhabitants. It had no 
distinguishing name save that of Susquehanna Lower 
Ferry. The origin of the name of Havre de Grace 
seems to be involved in considerable obscurity. One 
tradition ascribes it to Lafayette, and another to an old 
French fisherman, who thought it resembled the har- 
bor of that name in France, a view which is said to 


have been subsequently confirmed by Lafayette. At all 
events, we know that the present name of the city was 
coincident with the visit of Lafayette. A pamphlet 
pubHshed in 1795 says: "Havre de Grace at present 
consists of about fifty good dwelling-houses; but the 
ground plot of the town comprehends eight hundred 
and fifty acres which have been laid out in squares in 
imitation of the plan of Philadelphia. These squares 
are now divided into lots, amounting in the whole to 
forty-five hundred. The principal street is one hun- 
dred and thirty-two feet wide, and the others seventy. 
This town is also situated on the post road leading 
through Philadelphia and Baltimore, sixty-five miles 
from the former and forty from the latter. The mail 
arrived six times a week in its passage to these cities, an 
advantage of no small importance." 

The writer gets the distance about four miles too 
great to Baltimore, but it is fairly accurate for those 
days. Havre de Grace was first incorporated by the 
Act of 1785, chapter 55. 

The preamble recites that whereas Robert Young 
Stokes, deceased, did in his lifetime survey and lay out 
into lots a town at the mouth of the Susquehanna, which 
he called Havre de Grace, and that it would be to the 
interest of the owners of the lots to have an organiza- 
tion as a town, with commissioners, etc. The act ap- 
points Samuel Hughes, Benedict Edward Hall, Wil- 
liam Smith (Bayside), Josias Carvil Hall and Gabriel 
Christie, commissioners, and confers the powers cus- 
tomary to that day upon the town government. 

The first act for the town government named the 
commissioners as above stated, and provided for the 
annual election of their successors, but this provision 


was not observed until after the act of 1811, which 
directed an annual election, and provided that the com- 
missioners should serve for one year and no longer. 
Since that time there have been annual elections in 
Havre de Grace. Some of the early commissioners did 
not reside in the town. Col. Samuel Hughes, for in- 
stance, lived at Mount Pleasant farm, on which Mr. 
William P. C. Whitaker lately resided, and at least one 
of the Halls named in the record was never a citizen of 
the town. The strife for office could not have been 
great in those days. There is no town record of those 
who composed the board prior to 1800, except that 
William Smith was a commissioner in 1799, and 
although the name of Smith is one of the most fre- 
quently met with, Havre de Grace has never had a 
commissioner of that name since 1799. 


October i6th the board met. 

Commissioners present: Samuel Hughes, Benedict 
E. Hall and Gabriel Christie. 

Roger Boyce was appointed clerk. 

The commissioners then elected by ballot James Hall 
as one of their number in place of William Smith, 
deceased. The clerk was directed to advertise Market 
Space for rent. On November nth Market Space was 
set up at public auction and rented to Alexander 
Rogers for three years at two hundred dollars per 


April 7. — Commissioners met at Mrs. Hay ward's 
tavern. Present Samuel Hughes, Gabriel Christie and 


James W. Hall. Renting of streets was postponed. 
Mr. Christie resigned his seat as commissioner. 

April 14. — Board met. Present Samuel Hughes, 
Josias C. Hall and James W. Hall. Abel Murphy was 
elected commissioner in place of Gabriel Christy, re- 

The streets were rented as follows : 

Lewis street to James W. Hall for $25. 

Fayette street to Barney Boyce for $25. 

Congress street to Barney Bartol for $25. 

Bourbon street to Abel Warple and Barney Boyce 
for $25. 

Thomas Cofield was to have the preference of the 
last two streets if he wanted them. 

June 15. — ^John Button was appointed inspector of 
lumber, John Kindlemeyer was appointed inspector of 
lumber and Roger Boyce inspector of salted provi- 


March 6. — Board met. Same members, all being 
present. Roger Boyce resigned as clerk and William 
G. Hands was elected, swearing in before Alexander 
Rogers, justice of the peace. The clerk was directed 
to apportion, levy and collect the sum of ten pounds 
on the property of the citizens of the town agreeable 
to the assessment of the county commissioners, whose 
valuation shall be his guide and direction. 

Samuel Jay was appointed "collector of rents for the 
streets," and Benedict Edward Hall was requested in 
his capacity of associate judge of the county to "qual- 
ify the officers appointed at last meeting." 

April 6. — Mr. B. E. Hall was appointed to rent the 


streets, the renters' rights to extend only fifty feet 
back from high-water mark. The clerk was directed 
to collect rents due the town, as Mr. Jay had refused 
to accept the office. 


Of five commissioners and clerk all were named 
Hall, except one, viz : Samuel Hughes. 

February 8. — ^Jonathan Dorsey was appointed to 
"execute a supplement to the act entitled an act to 
prevent the going at large of geese and swine in the 
town of Havre de Grace." 

John Button and William McCaskey were appointed 
assessors of the property of the inhabitants of the town. 

April 22.— Present S. Hughes, B. E. Hall and J. W. 
Hall. These commissioners proceed to sign their 
bond to the State of Maryland for the performance of 
their duties as managers of the Havre de Grace lottery, 
"for the point of which the following arrangement was 
made at the joint risque of the commissioners : That 
the secretary be authorized to deliver any number of 
tickets under the direction in writing of any of the 
commissioners, taking down whatever number deliv- 
ered and to whom." 

William McCaskey was inspector of flour and quali- 
fied before B. E. Hall, judge. 

August 5. — It was resolved "that each commissioner 
take three hundred lottery tickets, with fifty of them 
each are to be charged on their own account ; the rest 
they are to sell, if possible; if not, to be returned." 
The clerk was directed to deliver Captain Boyce one 
book of tickets, and to advertise that the drawing of 


the Havre de Grace lottery will commence on the first 
of November next. 

Here there seems to have been an interruption of the 
proceedings. The next record is dated April 2, 1806, 
and is a different hand writing. Barrick Williams was 
probably clerk from 1806 tmtil 1809. The proceedings 


, April 2. — Present Roger Boyce, Samuel Jay, Gabriel 
Christie, who qualified according to law. 

Roger Boyce was appointed inspector of fish and 
salted provisions for this district. 

June II. — The board met and ordered the constable 
of the town to "summon a sufficient number of the 
male inhabitants of the town of Havre de Grace to 
remove a nuisance accompanied by the fish troughs of 
Christian Hoopman, on the morning of the 12th of 
June instant, agreeable to the form of the Act of 
Assembly made and provided." 


April 15. — The clerk was ordered to advertise Mar- 
ket Space and the fisheries on adjoining streets for 

(This was the only meeting held this year, according 
to the record.) 


(There is no record of any meeting this year.) 


March 31. — Present B. E. Hall, Roger Boyce, Sam- 
uel Jay. It was resolved "that Gabriel Christie being 


dead and Able Marple having withdrawn from his resi- 
dence to parts beyond the sea, the commissioners pro- 
ceed to fill up the vacancies, and have appointed 

Aquila Hall and Capt. Bennet Barnes, agreeably to 
the powers in them vested." 

April I. — Present the full board. (We copy the fol- 
lowing entry verbatim :) 

"And in pursuance of Powers vested in them by 
Law, to raise the sum of 5000 dollars, clear of all ex- 
penses, by Lottery, and having by experience found the 
total impracticability of effecting it in this place, and 
conceiving that they are within the spirit and Letter of 
the Law, have and do now give full power and ample 
authority to Samuel Hughes and Mark Pringle, Esqrs., 
to negotiate with Lottery Brokers or others in the city 
of Baltimore, any plan or scheme which may be law- 
fully done, under the authority of the Commissioners 
to raise the above sum of 5000 drs. clear of all charges. 
Any person or persons with whom the said Samuel 
Hughes and Mark Pringle may contract with, shall 
give bond, with security, to be approved by the Com- 
missioners, to pay the prizes to the fortunate Adven- 
turers, and all the expenses of the Lottery, as well as 
the sum of 5000 drs., to the Commissioners, clear of all 

(There are entries of meetings on April 4, April 8, 
April 15 and April 17, all at Mrs. Sears' tavern, but 
no business was transacted.) 

July 8. — Present, "the whole body." The clerk was 
directed to notify Mr. Cornelius Chandlee, in writing, 
to remove "a nuisance" from his premises within one 
month. (This "nuisance" was occasioned by stagnant 
water in Mr. Chandlee's cellar.) 


September 23. — Mr. George Poe, of Baltimore, was 
directed to be sued for amount of rent due the town. 

September 27. — Present, Messrs. Barnes, A. Hall, 
Jay and Boyce. The following was adopted : 

"Resolved, That whereas the said Commissioners did 
heretofore authorize and empower Samuel Hughes and 
Mark Pringle, Esqrs., to contract for the drawing of 
the Lottery for Havre de Grace, that the said Samuel 
Hughes and Mark Pringle be and are hereby author- 
ized and empowered to pay as much of the proceeds of 
said lottery into the hands of Samuel Hughes, Mark 
Pringle, Paca Smith, William B. Stokes and Aquila 
Hall, as shall reimburse them for any sum or sums of 
Money, with interest, which they have or may hereafter 
advance for the purpose of Erecting a Church in the 
Parish of Havre de Grace, or so much thereof as they 
may not have been otherwise reimbursed by other ways 
and means." 

The secretary was directed to advertise "that the law 
to prevent Hogs and Geese from going at large in the 
town will positively be put in force on the first day of 
December next." 

December 28. — Present, Messrs. Boyce, A. Hall, 
Barnes and Jay. 

Public property was rented, as follows: Market 
Space to Jacob Poe at $100 per annum ; Bourbon street 
to Christian Hoopman at $25 per annum; Lafayette 
street to John K. Meyers at $20 per annum. 


January 28. — The Board met. Present Roger Boyce, 
Samuel Jay and Bennet Barnes. 


After paying Barrick Williams $80 for services ren- 
dered as a clerk it was found that there was cash on 
hand and held by private persons, available funds to 
the amount of $713. Samuel Jay was appointed to col- 
lect this money, and the following resolutions were 
adopted : 

"Resolved, That the above sum of $713 be and is 
hereby appropriated for the purpose of erecting a mar- 
ket-house in Havre de Grace. 

"Resolved, That Aquila Hall, Roger Boyce and Ben- 
net Barnes be and they are hereby appointed and em- 
powered to adopt a plan to fix upon a scite (the most 
eligible, in their judgment, on any of the public 
grounds or streets), for the erecting of said market- 
house, and to receive proposals, and to contract for 
building of the same. 

"Resolved, That any surplus Monies remaining in 
the hands of the Treasurer after the Cost and Expense 
of Building the Market-house be deducted, be, and the 
same is, hereby appropriated as a Fund towards Erect- 
ing a Schoolhouse in Havre de Grace, and that the 
said Aquila Hall, Roger Boyce and Bennet Barnes be 
and are hereby appointed and empowered to adopt a 
plan, fix on a scite, Receive proposals and contract for 
the Building of the said Schoolhouse. 

"Resolved, That a subscription be opened for the pur- 
pose of adding to the funds for Building a Market- 
house, and that the several sums so subscribed for the 
same be made payable to the Treasurer." 

The clerk, Barrick Williams, then resigned his office, 
and the Board of 18 10 adjourned sine die. 



There is no record of there having been a board of 
commissioners in this year. No meeting was held. 


In pursuance of powers vested in them by an act of 
the Legislature, passed in 181 1, the legal voters of the 
town met on the first Monday in January of this year, 
and, after choosing judges to conduct the same^ held 
an election for town commissioners. We have not the 
returns of this election, but know that Messrs. William 
Coale, Joshua Green, John Milhoof, John Donn and 
William B. Stokes were the gentlemen chosen. It may 
be mentioned here also that for several years after this 
the voters assembled at the polls upon election day and 
chose their own judges, while the clerk to the com- 
missioners acted as clerk of the election. Before the 
town schoolhouse was built, the elections were held at 
different places — sometimes at Mr. James O'Brien's 
schoolroom, sometimes at "Mr. Coale's preaching- 
room" and elsewhere. 

The gentlemen named above met on April 11, and 
organized by electing James O'Brien clerk. 

On April 14 St. Claire street was rented to Thomas 
Courtney at $5 per year. 

September 15. — Board met and took measures to col- 
lect money due the town. 

The clerk was directed to "furnish to the commis- 
sioners by the first day of November an accurate state- 
ment of the free males, residents of the town, alphabeti- 
cally arranged." 

An ordinance was passed forbidding all persons from 


enclosing any part of the streets, lanes or alleys of the 

Also an ordinance forbidding all persons from dig- 
ging or taking away any earth, sand or gravel stones 
from any of the streets, lanes or alleys, under a penalty 
of $5. 

October 12. — An ordinance was passed forbidding 
the discharge of firearms within the limits of the town, 
under a penalty of 50 cents for each offence, the prohibi- 
tion not to apply to the shooting of ducks or other wild 
fowl "sitting on or flying over the waters in front of 
the shores of the town." 

December 31. — After auditing the books it was 
ascertained that the whole amount in the treasurer's 
hands, and due the town from other persons, was 


For the first time we are able to give the returns of 
a Havre de Grace election. William Coale received 49 
votes; John Donn, 49; Joshua Green, 47; William B. 
Stokes, 39; Joshua Millhoof, 27; Thomas Courtney, 
21 ; James Wood, 18; Charles Foreman, i ; John But- 
ton, I ; Piatt Whitaker, — . The first five named were 
elected, who organized March 20 by electing James 
O'Brien clerk and Joshua Green treasurer. On April 
I the streets, etc., of the town were rented at public 
auction until the first of the following January, as 
follows : 

All the land in the addition to Havre de Grace, 
south of Revolution street, to Mark Pringle, for $19; 
St. Claire street to Thomas Brown for $5 ; Fountain 
and Revolution streets and Market Space were rented 


together to Jacob Poe for $66.66 2-3 ; Lafayette street 
to William Coale for $14; Concord street to Thomas 
Courtney for $3.33 1-3; Bourbon street to Jacob Poe 
for $13.66 2-3. 

No further business during the year, except paying 
the clerk $25 salary. 


The election this year resulted as follows: William 
Coale, 32; James Wood, 31 ; John Donn, 29; William 
B. Stokes, 25; Henry Carver, 17; John Warehan, 3; 
John Donahue, 3 ; John McKinney, i ; John Crawford, 
2 ; Nicholas Suter, i ; William Bell, i ; Ben Hobbs, i ; 
Andrew Rhoads, i ; Charles Johnson, i ; James Wat- 
kins, I ; Chris. Levy, i ; William McCaskey, i ; Joshua 
Green, i ; Thomas Chandlee, i ; George Bartol, i. 

Mr. O'Brien was continued as clerk, and on June 25 
was directed to write to John Love, Esq., engaging him 
to "run out the town." John Donn and James Wood 
were appointed to "hire chain carriers, procure stones 
and to have the same set up at the four corners of each 
and every square as soon as the said corners are ascer- 
tained." The clerk was paid $25, as part of his year's 
salary, and all the money remaining in the treasurer's 
hands was pledged to pay for the survey and marking 
as above ordered. 


At the election this year John Donn received 22 
votes; William Coale, 20; Wilham B. Stokes, 18; 
Henry Carver, 16 ; Thomas Courtney, 15 ; James Wood, 
14 ; John Donahue, i ; Joshua Green, i ; Thomas 
Chandlee, i ; Ben. Ward, i ; Benjamin Chandlee, i. 


On January 7 James O'Brien was re-elected clerk. 
Joshua Green resigned as treasurer, and John Donn 
was elected to that office. 

May 27. — Thomas Courtney offered to furnish the 
six hundred stones for the street corners at fifteen cents 
each, and his bid was accepted. On September 11 Mr. 
Courtney was authorized to "haul, set up the stones and 
dig the holes" for the comer-stones at eight cents each. 

Market Space and all the streets and alleys intersect- 
ing it was rented to John Donn for seven years at $283 
per annum. 

Note — Capt. C. A. Conner furnished the data for the aforegoing sketch o 
Havre de Grace. 


1798 — COURT OFFICERS AND JURIES, 180O — SAME, 1803-1806— 

There were in Harford county by the census of 1840 
ten persons drawing pensions as soldiers of the Revo- 
lutionary War. They were Andrew McAdow, Jarret 
Tracey, Thomas Schivington, William Sloan, Henry 
Long, John Heaps and Archibald Heaps. 

The following named persons were designated by the 
Harford Committee to solicit subscriptions to the Asso- 
ciation of the Freemen of Maryland, viz : 

Deer Creek Upper — ^John Donohoo, Wm. Fisher, Jr., 
and Alex. Rigdon. 

Deer Creek Lower — John Winston Dallam. 

Bush Upper — William McComas, Jr., John Kean 
and Robert Harris. 

Spesutie Upper — James Moores, (tanner), Bennet 
Mathews, James Clendenin and David Clark. 

Spesutie Lower — Edward Hall, Jacob Forwood, 
Francis Holland. 


Susquehanna — James Horner, John Rodgers, John 
Rumsey, Samuel Howell and Samuel Bayless. 

Gunpowder Lower — Henry Wetherall, John Day, 
Jr., John Durham, Alex. Cowan, Benjamin Rumsey. 

Bush Lower — John Taylor, Gabriel Vanhorn, Wil- 
liam Bond, Henry Wilson, Jr. 

(From a detached paper from the clerk's office, 

A List of Non-Associators. 

Benj. Herbert, Jr., refuses to sign through relig- 
ious principles. 

Richard Hargrove refuses to sign through religious 

William Wilson, son of John, refuses to sign through 
religious principles. 

Benj. Harboard refuses to sign through religious 

Michael Bocer don't sign by reason he signed before. 

Thomas Gilbert don't sign by reason he don't choose 

Thos. West don't sign by reason it is a mystery to 

Philip Cummins don't sign by reason he don't under- 
stand the matter. 

John Ward don't sign by reason the Congress don't 
sign and by reason he thinks that if the English gain 
the day then the Congress and the great people will 
turn the scale and say the commonality of people force 
them to stand in opposition to the English. 

John Clark don't sign by no reason he can give. 

Ephraim Arnold don't sign for fear it would fetch 
him into a scrape. 


Isaac Penrose don't sign for reason he don't choose 
to fight for liberty and never will. 

Benjamin Fleetwood refuses to sign. He says he 
will go in a vessel, but will not fight by land. 

Samuel Gallion says if he should sign he may fetch 
on himself that he cannot go through. 

Richard Spencer says he cannot write nor read, and 
shall not sign any paper. 

At Stafford, at the mouth of Deer Creek, was located 
an iron forge before the Revolution. It was erected 
by George Rock in the year 1749, and the same year it 
passed into the ownership of Onion & Lawson. 
Stephen Onion was one of the pioneer ironmakers in 
this country, and was instrumental in the erection of 
the Principio Iron Works. He came from Staflford- 
shire, in England, and as the name Stafford dates from 
this period it is supposed Onion applied it out of com- 
pliment to his native shire in England. 

Col. Thomas White and Thomas Harrison pur- 
chased the forge in April, 1750, from Lawson & Onion, 
and two years later Harrison bought out his partner. 

John Stump, of Stafford, purchased the forge 
August 19, 1782, and operated it a number of years. 

There were iron works called the Lancaster Forge, 
on Deer Creek, near Priestford, a few years before the 

In the old days there were iron works all along Deer 
Creek. Redrum, Lancaster, Rock, Cumberland, Not- 
tingham and Lebanon were the names of some of them. 

William Bradford, the first of the family in Harford 
county, married Elizabeth Lightbody. These two and 
Aquila Paca and Martha, his wife, were near neighbors 


and intimate friends, the families living within a mile 
of each other, in the neighborhood of Bush. The will 
of Aquila Paca was witnessed by William Bradford, 
who appears to have been the adviser of the widow 
Martha after Aquila's death. In the will of Martha 
Paca she uses the expression, "my good friend William 
Bradford," and leaves mementoes to him, his wife and 
daughters, they being the only persons mentioned in 
the will outside of the Paca family. The above is only 
given to show a curious coincidence: The only two 
Governors of Maryland born on Harford soil were 
William Paca and Augustus W. Bradford, the one the 
grandson of Aquila and Martha Paca, and the other 
the great-grandson of William Bradford. These fami- 
lies are thus connected in an interesting way. In the 
first instance, by their close association before the 
Revolution, and secondly, by the same distinguished 
honor having been conferred on these two descendants. 


A list of the companies on the north side of Deer 
creek, in Harford county, formed and returned to this 
committee : 
William Webb, Captain. 

Ignatius Wheeler, ist Lieutenant. 

William Fisher, 2d Lieutenant. 

Samuel Webb, Jr., Ensign. 

Seventy-four privates. 

Date of enrollment, 14th day of October, 1775. 

John Patrick, Captain. 

Winston Dallam, ist Lieutenant. 
Samuel Barley, 2d Lieutenant. 


Richard Ward, Ensign. 

Fifty-five privates. 

Date of enrollment, the 1st day of April, 1776. 

John Jolly, Captain. 

John Montgomery, ist Lieutenant. 

James Wilson, 2d Lieutenant. 

James Thomas, Ensign. 

Fifty-five privates. 

Date of enrollment, the loth day of March, 1776. 

"Sirs — The foregoing Companies are the only ones 
formed since the last return. We expect a Company 
or two more will be formed, which with the one or two 
more already enrolled, but not yet formed in Batalion, 
will make six Independent Companies situated so they 
may be formed in Batalla ; which we will report as soon 
as they are all enrolled: I am Gentn Yr most Hb. 
Servt Amos Garret Chairman of the Committee." 

Memorandum of militia officers who have not their 
commissions : 

Captain, Samuel Calwell. 

Thos Hutchinson, ist Lieutenant. 

Commissions issued to Samuel Calwell, appointed 
captain ; Thomas Hutchins ist lieutenant and Joseph 
Lewis 2d lieutenant, of a company of militia in Harford 
county belonging to the 8th Battalion. 

Also to James McComas, appointed captain; Benja- 
min Scott, 1st lieutenant; Martin Preston, 2d lieuten- 
ant, and James Steele, ensign, of a company of militia 
in said county belonging to the said battalion. 

Also to Bennet Bussey, appointed captain; Joseph 


Miles, 1st lieutenant; Azael Hitchcock, Jr., 2d lieuten- 
ant, and Joseph Amos, ensign, of a company of militia 
of said battalion. 

Also to Robert Harris, appointed captain; William 
Coale, 1st lieutenant, William Downes, 2d lieutenant, 
and Joshua Renshaw, Jr., ensign, of a company in 
same battalion. 

Also to James St. Clair, appointed 2d lieutenant of 
Capt. William McComas' company of militia in said 

Also to Alexander Cowen, appointed captain; John 
Beale Howard, ist lieutenant; Samuel Groome Os- 
borne, 2d lieutenant, and Lambert Wilmer, ensign, of 
a company of militia in said county. 

Also to William Webb, appointed captain ; Ignatius 
Wheeler, ist lieutenant; William Fisher, 2d lieutenant, 
and Samuel Webb, Jr., ensign, of a company of militia 
in said county. 

Also to John Patrick, appointed captain; Winston 
Dallam, ist lieutenant; Samuel Bailey, 2d lieutenant, 
and Richard Ward, ensign, of a company of militia in 
said county. 

Also to John Jolley, appointed captain ; John Mont- 
gomery, 1st lieutenant; James Wilson, 2d lieutenant, 
and James Thomas, ensign, of a company of militia 
in said county. —Archives of Maryland. 

James McComas, Captain. 
Benjamin Scott, ist Lieutenant. 
Joseph Lewis, 2d Lieutenant. 
Martin Preston, 2d Lieutenant. 
James Steel, Ensign. 


Bennet Bussey^ Captain. 
Joshua Miles, ist Lieutenant. 
Azael Hitchcock, Jr., 2d Lieutenant. 
Joshua Amos of James, Ensign. 

Robert Harris^ Captain. 
William Coale, 1st Lieutenant. 
William Downes, 2d Lieutenant. 
Joseph Renshaw, Jr., Ensign. 

In Captain William McComas' company James Sink- 
cleare is appointed 2d lieutenant. 

Alexander Cowen, Captain. 
John Beale Howard, ist Lieutenant. 
Samuel Groome Osborne, 2d Lieutenant. 
Lambert Wilmer, Ensign. 

— Archives of Maryland. 

In 1798 Harford contained, according to Scott's 
Gazetteer, fifteen thousand inhabitants, two Episcopal 
churches and two chapels, two Presbyterian churches, 
one Catholic, one Baptist, six Methodist and three 
Quaker meeting houses. 

Bel Air, in 1798, contained one hundred and fifty- 
seven inhabitants, of whom thirty-six were black; one 
Methodist meeting house, four licensed inns, court- 
house, jail, three stores, two blacksmith shops, two 
joiners, one chairmaker, one shoemaker, one wheel- 
wright, one tailor. 

Harford Town, situated at the head of Bush river, 
seven miles southeast of Bel Air, contained, in 1798, 
sixteen dwellings, one hundred and thirty inhabitants, 
merchant mill, tan yard, coopers, wheelwright and 
blacksmith shops, two stores, two taverns. 



Abingdon, in 1798, contained fifty-one dwellings and 
two hundred and forty inhabitants, of whom sixty-six 
were black ; eight stores, several mechanical shops, one 
tan yard, two schoolhouses, a Methodist church. Cokes- 
bury College, established by the Methodists in 1785, 
was burned in 1796. 

Havre de Grace contained, in 1798, about forty 
houses and two hundred and fifty inhabitants. 

The prosperity of the county has been derived prin- 
cipally from agriculture, and the general appearance 
shows a progressive improvement.* 

In the year 1800 Henry Ridgely was chief judge of 
the Circuit Court and Benedict Edward Hall and Wil- 
liam Smithson were associate justices. Robert Amos, 
Jr., was sheriff. John Lee Gibson, clerk. The grand 
jury for the August term consisted of: 

William Loney, 
Benjamin Amos, 
Bamet Johnson, 
William Billingslea, 
John Scarflf, 
James Trapnell, 
John Glenn, 
Abraham White, 
Thomas Hope, 
Benjamin Richardson, 
James Amos of Robert, 
Joseph Prigg, 
Petit Jury — 
Edward Prall, 
George McCausland, 
Thos. W. Ayres, 

Mordecai Amos, Jr., 
John Weston, 
Aquila Miles, 
Davis Durham, 
James Varney, 
John McComas of Daniel, 
John Cooley, 
Stephen Rigdon, 
WilUam Norris, 
Nathaniel Grafton, 
Josias W. Dallam, 
John Diven, BailifF. 

John Love, 
Josias Hall, 
Frisley Dorsey, 

♦Scott's Gazetteer. 



Michael Gilbert, 

Wm. Prigg, Jr., 

William Clark, Jr., 

Joshua Wood, 

James McComas of James, 

Jacob Rutledge, 

Dennis Bond, 

Thomas TaylOr, 

Winston Smith, 

Archer Hayes, 

James Thompson, 
James Car Ion, 
Buckler Bond, 
Godfrey Watters, 
Robert Gover, 
James Barnet, Sr., 
Joshua Green, 
James Johnson, 
Sethwick James, 

At the term of the Circuit Court, commencing the 
third Monday of March, 1803, there were present : 

Benedict Edward Hall and William Smithson, judges; 
Henry Dorsey, clerk; John Churchman Bond, sheriff. 

Grand Jury — 
Josias William Dallam, 
John Grindall, 
John Ford, 
George Cunningham, 
William Lindsay, 
David Crane, 
James Barnet, Sr., 
James Fullerton, 
John Green, 
Barnet Johnson, 
Joseph Everist, 
George Walker, 

Petit Jury — 
George Bradford, 
Nathaniel McComas, 
Mordecai Amoss, 
John Forwood, 

James McClaskey, 
William Magness, 
William BiUingslea, 
Matthew Burkhead, 
Abraham White, 
William McMath, 
Richard Hutchins, 
William Frisby, 
Benjamin Bosley, 
William Holloway, 
Paca Smith. 
Daniel McComas, BaiUif. 

Zaccheus O. Bond, 
George McCausland, 
William Norris of John, 
Benjamin Pritchard, 


John Barclay, Benedict Hall, Jr., 
Samuel Webster of Rich'd, Richard Dallam, 

Godfrey Watters, Thomas Wright, 

Samuel Bradford, Benjamin Green, 

Moses Magness, Billingslea Bull, 

William Welch, James Amoss of James, 

Parker H. Lee, Daniel Scott, 

Isaac Hitchcock, Nathaniel Smithson. 
Thomas S. Bond, 

Present : Joseph 
Henry Dorsey, clerk 

Grand Jury — 
John Forwood, 
Andrew McAdow, 
John Mitchell, 
David McClaskey, 
John Hanna, 
Benjamin Rigdon, 
John Vandegrift, 
John Clark, 
John Yellott, 
Isaac Henry, 
John Evatt, 
William Sheckler, 

Petit Jury — 
Isaac Perryman, 
George Presbury, 
William Allen, 
Henry Scharfif, 
David Durham, 
Roger Matthews, 

Term of Court, 1806. 

Hopper Nicholson, chief judge; 

; John Guyton, sheriff. 

Matthew Birkhead, 
James Amoss, Jr., 
John Foard, 
Arnold Rush, 
James Enloes, 
Robert Gover, 
Josias Garten, 
John Clendenin, 
William Glenn, 
Alexander Thompson, 
James Lee, 
Daniel McComas, Bailiff. 

Edward Griffith, 
John Cooley, 
John Henderson, 
Thomas Jeffrey, 
James Montgomery, 
Henry Dennison, 
Richard Hopkins, 


Benjamin Bosley, Edward Prigg, 

Aquila Nelson, Isaac Kennard, 

William B. Stokes, John Ashton, 

John Davis, James Pampley, 

Matthew Cain, John Bay, 

John McComas, Jr., Archer Hays. 
Thomas Taylor, 

Will of Joseph Butler, Clerk to the Revolutionary Com- 
mittee of Harford County. 

Will Records of Harford county. Liber A. J. No. R.' 
folio 217. 

August 27, 1776, when Colonel Smallwood's Regi- 
ment was drawn up on Long Island in expectation to 
engage the enemy, Lieut. Joseph Butler called Ensign 
Praul and myself out of the ranks, and desired we 
would remember if he should be so unfortunate as to be 
killed that it was his desire that his brother or half 
brother should have his estate, after paying what debts 
might justly appear against him, should he ever come 
for it. He signified at the time that he did not know 
where his brother was, or whether he would ever apply, 
as he had not heard from him for some time, and if he 
should not apply that Miss Sarah Hall should be pos- 
sessed of the whole estate, after paying any lawful 
claims, and that Mr. John Patterson should be his 

^^^'^"t°''- Joseph Ford. 

On the 17th of October, 1777, Capt. Joseph Ford 
made oath to the truth of the foregoing. Certified by 
Bendt. Edw. Hall. 

Letters testamentary on this will were granted by 
the Orphans' Court of Harford county on April 3, 


1778, to John Patterson, executor, on whose bond 
George Patterson and Gabriel Christie were securities. 

An Old Marriage Certificate, 1769. 

Whereas John Worthington, son of Charles Worth- 
ington of Deer Creek, & Priscilla Wilson Daughter of 
Henry & Priscilla Wilson of little Fawls Baltimore 
County and Province of Maryland Having declared 
their Intention of Marriage with each other before 
Several Monthly Meetings of the Christian people 
called Quakers at Gunpowder and province aforesaid 
According to the Good Order used among them and 
having Consent of parents and Relations concerned 
Their said proposals of Marriage was allowed of by the 
Said Meetings. 

Now these are to certifie to whom it may Concern 
that for the full accomplishing their said Intention this 
Seventh Day of ye eleventh Month in the year of our 
Lord One Thousand seven hundred & Sixty-nine The 
said John Worthington and Priscilla Wilson appearing 
in publick Meeting of the Said people for that pur- 
pose appointed at Little Fawls aforesaid And the Said 
John Worthington taking the said Priscilla Wilson by 
the hand did in Solemn manner Openly declare that he 
took her the Said Priscilla Wilson to be his Wife prom- 
ising Through Divine Assistance to be unto her a lov- 
ing and faithful Husband until Death And 

then and in the said Assembly She the Said Priscilla 
Wilson did in like manner declare That She took the 
Said John Worthington to be her husband promising 
through divine Assistance to be unto him a Loving and 
Faithful Wife till Death. 

And Moreover the Said John Worthington and Pris- 
cilla Wilson She according to the Custom of Marriage 
Assuming the Name of her Husband as a further Con- 
fermation thereof Did then there to these present Sett 
their hands and we whose Names are hereunto also 
Subscribed being present at the Solemnization of the 



said Marriage and Subscription Have as Witnesses 
Thereunto Sett our Hands the Day & Year above 

Joseph Hall, 
Skipwith Coale, 
Janes Giles, 
William Wilson, Jr., 
Joseph Finley, 
William Amos, 
Peter Ferine, 
Robert Dutton, 
B. Howard, 
Mary Howard, 
Martha Amos, 
Rachael Wilson, 
Cassandra Lee, 
Cassandra Cover, 
Ann Hopkins, 
Sarah Coale, 
Mary Lee, 

Elizabeth Amoss, 
Joseph Hopkins, 
Elihu Hall, Jr., 
Hannah Bell, 
Sarah Busey, 
H. Worthington, 
Priscilla Worthington, 
Prisa Wilson, 
Henry Wilson, Jr., 
Cassandra Wilson, 
Chas. Worthington, Jr., 
Samuel Worthington, 
Mary Wilson, 
Hannah Fulton, 
Elizabeth Dutton, 
Mary Dawes. 


It was the intention of the Calverts to found in 
Maryland a landed aristocracy. Though the "Bill for 
Baronies" never passed the Assembly, yet manors were 
established and certain rights of jurisdiction over their 
tenants were given to the manorial lords. 

The proprietary in 1636 issued instructions that 
every two thousand acres given to any one should be 
erected into a manor, and hence we frequently find a 
grant followed by the setting up of a "Court Baron 
and a Court Leet." The Manor of Evelin, in St. 
Mary's county ; Great Oak Manor, in Kent ; Susque- 
hanna Manor, in Cecil county ; these were well known 
in their day. 


From this early desire to establish a manorial system 
sprang the custom of calling large estates manors. My 
Lady's Manor, which is partly in Harford county, 
retains its name to the present time, though the original 
tract has been subdivided many times and parceled out 
into fertile farms, now cultivated by numerous owners. 

My Lady's Manor was at one time a vast tract, con- 
sisting of ten thousand acres. It was formerly known 
as Lord Baltimore's Gift, and was owned by Margaret, 
Lady Baroness of Baltimore, wife of Charles, Lord 
Baltimore, having been given to her by patent, dated 
the tenth day of September, 171 3. Lady Margaret died 
in I73i,and in her will left Lord Baltimore's Gift to her 
granddaughter, Charlotte Brerewood, wife of Thomas 
Brerewood, Jr., of Horton, in the County of Bucks, 
England. Thomas Brerewood, the younger, was ap- 
parently heavily involved in his financial affairs, and 
in August of 1 73 1 Lady Charlotte joined him in a deed 
of trust for the benefit of his creditors, in which Lord 
Baltimore's Gift was conveyed to Thomas Brerewood, 
St., the father of her husband. Thus began the disin- 
tegration of Lord Baltimore's Gift. From this time on 
small portions were conveyed by Thomas Brerewood, 
Sr., to creditors of his son in payment of his debts ; 
and future conveyances, while still mentioning the fact 
that the land being conveyed was a part of the tract of 
ten thousand acres called Lord Baltimore's Gift, yet 
now add : "More commonly. My Lady's Manner." 
Lord Baltimore's Gift was located upon the "Main 
Falls" of Gunpowder river, adjoining "Clyumalyra," 
a tract which was owned by Charles Carroll. It ex- 
tended a considerable distance northwardly, a portion 
being in what is now the Fourth Election District of 


Harford county, in the section of Taylor, Hess, Sarah 
Furnace, &c. 

Colonel Thomas White surveyed My Lady's Manor 
August 26, 1713, 10,000 acres. 

Named in the plat. The Right Honorable Margaret 
Baroness of Baltimore, her manor in the Fork of the 

Bel Air Academy. 

By an Act of the Legislature, passed January 7, 1812, 
there was authorized the erection of the Harford 
County Academy. Subscriptions were taken up and a 
building constructed. This is the building on Hickory 
avenue, in Bel Air, which until very recently has been 
used for school purposes. 

The trustees named in the act were Thomas Hope, 
David Streett, Joshua Rutledge, John Moores, William 
Smith of Samuel, Henry Dorsey, Dr. Hugh Whiteford, 
John Streett, John Forwood, William Wilson, Mat- 
thew Hawkins, James Weatherall, Elijah Davis, John 
Jolly and Paca Smith. 

It was first opened as a school in 1815, and in 1816 
the Legislature voted for it the sum of five hundred 
dollars annually, which is still paid the trustees, the 
school being now connected with the public school of 
Bel Air, the title being the Bel Air Academy and 
Graded School. Recently the old academy building 
has been turned into a dwelling-house, but stands as 
strong and firm now as if only one year instead of 
nearly a hundred had passed along. Rev. Reuben H. 
Davis was the first principal of the academy, and many 
of the leading men of Harford were his pupils. On 
December 26, 1839, Mr. Thomas A. Hays conveyed to 


the trustees the lot on which the academy stands. Liber 
H. D. No. 23, foHo 136. 




Amos Garret, Capt. Bennet Matthews, Freeborn 
Brown, William Webb, William Young & adjourned tO' 
Thursday the 2 (2nd) Dec. 

At a special meeting of the committee held in Har- 
ford Town on Thursday the 8th of Dec. — Present 
Aquila Hall in the Chair, Benjamin Rumsey, Thomas 
Johnson, Edward Hall, William Young, Isaac Holmes 
& Freeborn Browne. 

Mr. William Young, one of this committee appeared 
before the same and informed this Committee he had 
bought abt 150 lbs. of Tea in a barrel from Mr. Joseph 
McGuffin of Baltimore Town which had not paid the 
duty in his opinion and likewise certificate under the 
hand of the said McGuffin that the said tea had been 
imported into America without having paid any duty at 
the same time statement by Mr. James Holmes that Mr. 
McGuffin had an exceedingly just & honest character 
& that faith and credit ought in his opinion to be given 
the certificate & the said William Young offered to give 
any other Testimony more satisfactory to this com- 
mittee that they should direct and forbear selling 
he gave complete satisfaction. 

Resolved by the Committee that the fair open & can- 
did behavior of the said William Young accompanied 
by the said certificate & evidence of one of this com- 
mittee is satisfactory to the same & that the said Wil- 
liam Young be permitted to so long as the same 
be not forbid by the Resolve of the Continental Con- 


At a meeting of the Committee on Thursday the 
22nd as per adjournment The following Gentlemen 
present : Capt. John Matthews, Capt. John Paca, Amos 
Garret, Aquila Hall, Benjamin Rumsey, William Smith, 
Bayside, Jeremiah Sheredine, Freeborn Browne, Rob- 
ert Lemon, Francis Holland, Aquila Paca, Jacob 
Giles Senr., James Harris, Edmund Bull, Isaac Web- 
ster, Richard Dallam, John Beale Howard, Thomas 
Johnson, Thomas Bond, son Thos., Benedict Edward 
Hall, John Taylor, William Smithson, Jacob Giles, 
Senr., on a motion for a chairman Capt. John Mat- 
thews was chosen. Dr. John Archer, Edwd. Prall, 
William Bond, son Joshua J. Bond, George Bradford, 
Bennet Mathews. 


That William Young of Harford Town, John Car- 
lisle of Swan, John Beale Howard of Joppa, Nathaniel 
Giles, James Ogleby, Amos Garret, James Holmes and 
William Bond each and every of them receive 

the contribution subscribed for the Relief of the Poor 
of the Town of Boston either in money or produce as 
shall be most agreeable to the subscribers & that the 
above named gentlemen do deliver the said contribu- 
tion so received to Mr. Aquila Hall who is appointed 
for that purpose & that he act with this Committee & 
that the clerk transmit a copy of this resolve to each 
of the gentlemen above appointed with a copy of the 


That a summons be issued desiring Mr. John Wil- 
son's presence before this Committee on the 2nd day of 
Jan'y next to give an account of his conduct respecting 
a certain pamphlet printed in New York tending to 
inquire the political interest of America by disuniting 
the colonies. 

This Committee having received sufficient evidence 
that a quantity of Tea the property of Robert Trimble 
which had been lately seized in Joppa by the oath of 
Joseph McGuffin from whom it was purchased that the 


same had paid no Duty to his knowledge Resolved That 
the said Robert Trimble be permitted to take and rend 
the said Tea if consistent with the Resolve of the Con- 
tinental Congress respecting the same & that a Copy of 
this Resolve be transmitted to the said Trimble as early 
as possible. 

Resolved That Notice be given to the Freeholders & 
Freemen of Harford County who are the lovers of 
Liberty & they are hereby requested to give their at- 
tendance at Harford Town the 3rd day of Jan'y 
next to consider of some general plan of Forming them- 
selves into Companies agreeable to a Resolve of the 
Provincial Congress & also to choose Gentlemen to at- 
tend as Deputies for this County at the said Congress 
to meet at Annapolis on Monday 24th of April or 
sooner if required by the committee of Correspondence. 

Committee farther adjourned to Monday the 2nd 
Jan'y 1775. 

At a meeting of the Committee at Harford Town 
on Monday the 2nd January as per adjournment Pres- 
ent Capt. John Matthews in the Chair, Capt. John Paca, 
Dr. Josias Carvil Hall, Amos Garret, Aquila Paca, Dr. 
Thomas Andrews, Jacob Bond, Bennet Mathews, 
Abraham Whitaker, Benedict Edward Hall, John Rum- 
sey, Edward Prall, Robert Lemmon, John Carlisle, 
Richard Dallam, John Taylor, Doctr, John Archer, 
William Young, George Bradford, William Smithson,. 
Edward Hall, Aquila Hall & James Holmes. 

John Wilson appeared agreeable to Summons & the 
following Interrogations were put to him 

Whether he had a pamphlet titled the Friendly Ad- 
Answer Yes. 

Whether he had read any paragraph thereof to any 

Answer Yes, to William Wilson, Senr. 

And whether he had endeavored to enforce the Rea- 
sonings & Conclusions there laid Down. 

Answer No. 


No evidence appearing against Mr. Wilson Resolved 
that all further proceedings in the matter be referred to 
the next Committee and Mr. Wilson be ordered to at- 
tend & that a summons be issued for Mr. William Wil- 
son, Senr. desiring his attendance which was accord- 
ingly done. 

Meeting adjourned until Monday the .... 

The Committee met by Adjournment Present Capt. 
John Mathews (in the Chair), Richard Dallam, Rev. 
Mr. John Clark, Capt. John Paca, Aquila Hall, John 
Carlile, Amos Garret, Capt. Bennet Mathews, Benj. 
Edw. Hall, Wm. Young, Edward Prall, Isaac Web- 
ster, Jacob Bond, Doctr. Carvel Hall, Francis Holland, 
Doctr. Robert Lemmon, John Real Howard, Edmund 
Bull, Dr. John Archer, John Taylor, Edward Hall, 
William Morgan, William Webb, Benjamin Rumsey, 
Abraham Whitaker & William Smithson. 

Resolved that John Wilson being accused by a mem- 
ber of this Committee of having sold Gunpowder at 

4s. pr. lb an Infringement of the fourth Article 

of the Provincial Congress & acknowledgeing that he 
had sold the powder as alledged though without any 
intention of violating any Resolve but from Miscon- 
struction thereof and humbly submitting himself to 
this Committee and declaring a readiness to conform 
himself in future to the Resolutions of the Continental 
Congress and Provincial Convention he be dismissed. 

Mr. William Wilson appeared agreeable to the Sum- 
mons issued him yesterday and being interrogated from 
the Chair whether Mr. John Wilson had read to him 
any paragraphs from a Pamphlet entitled the Friendly 
Address &c. answers that John Wilson had read to 
Tiim some paragraphs from some little book but that he 
did not know the title thereof and being also asked if 
he remembered the Particular Part thereof replied that 
he could not remember any particulars — that Mr. John 
Wilson did read to him but little and being asked if 
John Wilson made any Remarks thereon answered 


Resolved that as Mr. John Wilson appears to this 
Committee to have done nothing by the aforesaid 
Pamphlet to disunite the Colonies He is acquitted of 
the Charge. 

It being reported that Mr. William Webb a Member 
of this Committee has been guilty of an Infringement 
of the Continental Association by being concerned in a 
horse race, the Gentleman comes into this Committee 
and prays that he may be heard in his defence. 

Resolved that Mr. Webb has sufficiently exculpated 
himself from the general Charge. 

Resolved, that Mr. Garret, Doctr. Archer, Aquila 
Hall, Aquila Hall, Junr., Robert Lemmon, Richard 
Dallam, Doctr. Jo. C. Hall, Abram Whitaker, Jacob 
Bond, Samuel Ashmead, William Webb, Jeremiah 
Sheredine and Wm. Morgan be appointed to draw up 
an association for embodiing the Militia of this County 
agreeable to the Resolve of the Convention and to 
bring in a draft thereof on the 23rd Inst. 

Resolved, that an advertisement be set up Acquaint- 
ing the People that such an association is on the 
said 23rd Inst, to be Layd before them and that they 
be desired to give their attendance thereon as also to 
elect as a Committee to be joined to the present some 
More from Parts of the County where it may be 
thought they were wanted. 

Resolved, that Francis Holland, John Carlile, Wil- 
liam Hollis, Senr., Bendct. Edw. Hall, Edward Hall 
& Samuel GrifSth, for Spesutia Lower. 

Edmund Bull, Thomas Johnson, John Love, Doctr. 
John Archer, Capt. Bennet Mathews & Richard Dal- 
lam, for Spesutia Upper. 

George Patterson, Doctr. Thomas Andrews, John 
Rumsey, Daniel Anderson, Edward Prall, & Jacob 
Giles, Junr., for Susquehanna. 

John Durham, Aquila Paca, Henry Wetheral, John 
Day, Joseph Presbury and Alex. Cowan, for Gunpow- 
der Lower. 

William Smithson, William Bond of Joshua, John 


Taylor, James Everist (Surveyor) Benjamin Amoss, 
& Henry Wilson, Junr., for Bush River Lower. 

Abram Whitaker, Mordecai Amoss, William Mc- 
■Comas (of Dan), William Bosley, James Little, & 
David Bell, for Bush River Upper. 

Jeremiah Sheredine, John Hawkins, John Talley, 
Andrew Howlet, John Patrick, & James Fisher, Deer 
Creek Lower. 

William Webb, William Morgan, Ignatius Wheeler, 
Junr., John Donohooe, Hugh Whiteford, Junr., & Wil- 
liam Fisher, Junr., Deer Creek Upper. 

Be appointed to collect Contributions for the Relief 
of the Poor of Boston and also to collect money for the 
purchase of arms and Ammunition for the defence of 
our Lives, Liberties & Properties and it is requested 
that they will divide themselves into Districts in the 
different hundreds and wait on each inhabitant within 
each particular district and request some free Gift 
either for the Relief of the Poor of Boston or for the 
purchase of Arms and Ammunition for the defence of 
our Lives, Liberties and Properties and make a report 
thereof to the Committee and also to make a return of 
such men (if any) who dead to every feeling of hu- 
manity and to all sense of their own Danger refuse to 
give anything to either of the above purposes. 

Resolved that Aquila Hall, Jacob Bond, Doctr. 
Bobert Lemmon, John Beale Howard, Francis Holland, 
Amos Garret, Dr. J. C. Hall, Bendct. Edw. Hall, Rich- 
ard Dallam, Doctr. John Archer, & John Love or Any 
one or More are appointed to attend at Annapolis 
agreeable to the Resolve of the late Provincial Con- 
vention to represent this County in the next Conven- 

At a meeting of the Committee of Harford county 
at the Town of Harford by Adjournment the 23rd day 
of Jan'y 1775 were present Aquila Hall, Senr., Benedct. 
Edw. Hall, Aquila Paca, Benj. Rumsey, John Beale 
Howard, Alex. Cowan, John Rumsey, William Young, 


Edwd. Prall, Francis Holland, William Smith (Bay- 
side), John Taylor, James Little, Edward Hall, Free- 
born Brown, Benj. Amos, Robert Lemmon, Richd. Dal- 
lam, Sam'l Durham, James Harris, Abram Whitaker, 
Doctr. Josias Carvil Hall, William Bond, son of 
Hugh Whiteford, Doctr. Josias Carvil Hall, William 
Joshua, Jacob Bond, Samuel Ashmead, Dr. John 

Resolved that Aquila Hall, Esqr., be appointed 

Treasurer for the Money Reed, for the purchase of a 

Magazine of Arms and Ammunition & that the col- 

. lectors of such donations be desired to account with 

him as often as convenient. 

Resolved that two Barrels of Flour given by James 
Matthews for the Poor of Boston now in Mr. Thomas 
Halls Mills be sent to Balto. town and sold and the 
money be pade to the Treasurer. 

On Motion resolved that the Amot. of the several 
subscription papers for the relief of the Poor of Boston, 
and for Arms and Ammunition be entered as they ap- 
pear viz : 

Poor of Boston. Arms & Amtn. 

Bush River Lower iio.ios.od. & f9.12s.6d. 

Spesutie Lower by B. E. H. . 6.i8s.od. & 21.12s.6d. 
Susquehanna Hund. by G. P. 3. lis. 3d. & 4.i5s.od. 

Paid In. 
Poor of Boston. Arms & Amtn. 

Bush River Lower £1. os.od. £ o.7s.6d. 

Spesutie Lower by B. E. H 3. 3s.od. 13.7s.6d. 

Susquehanna Hund. by G. P. . . . i.i2s.6d. 2.i7s.6d. 

Mr. Aquila Hall inforrried this Committee that by the 
Ship Simm Capt Hooker arrived in Patuxent River 
some time ago he had received a small cargo of goods 
for the private use of his family, ordered in the month 
of June 1774 and Shipd as appears by the Merchants 
Letters and Invoice on the Tenth of October in the 
same year, it appearing to this Committee that the- 


said goods had been Imported before the First day of 
December Last, because no public paper hath given 
any account of the Goods Imported in said Ship being 
prohibited to be sold by the committee of this county 
where landed also because goods imported in said ship 
have by the Committee in Baltimore Town (been) al- 
lowed to be used by the Importer and also because the 
Goods were Shiped timely enough to have arrived 
before the said first day of December Therefore Re- 
solved, unanimously that the Said Aquila Hall be per- 
mitted to use or Vend the said Goods. 

Mr. John B. Howard having imported a package of 
Goods in the same ship and under the same Circum- 
stances with Mr. A. Hall Resolved that he be per- 
mitted to Vend them. 

This Committee having to the best of their Skill and 
Judgement Discharged the Trust Reposd, in them, 
Earnestly Recommend to theire Constituents, the 
Choice of a new Committee to consist of ten Men in 
each Hundred, the Election to be made as follows in 
Spesutia Lower Spesutia Church on the loth day of 
February, in Spesutia Upper at Hickory Tavern on the 
same day, Susquehanna at Boners same day. Deer 
Creek Lower at John Patrick's on the day afore- 
said Deer Creek Upper at Ashmous Mill (Prestons) on 
same day, Gunpowder Lower at Joppa on same day. 
Bush River Lower at James Holms on same day, Bush 
River Uper at Francis Dinses on same day and the re- 
turns to be made on the 22nd day of the same month 
to which day the committee adjourns. 

Harford Town, 22d Feby., 1775. — The Committee 
met according to adjournm : when the state of elections 
in the several Hundreds were reported and ordered to 
be entered as follows : For Spesutia Lower — Benedict 
Edwd. Hall, Doctr. Josias C. Hall, Francis Holland, 
Captain John Matthews, Aquila Hall, Edwd. Hall, 
Amos Garret, Greenberry Dorsey, Capt. John Paca, 
& Freeborn Brown. 


Susquehanna. — ^John Rumsey, Doctor Thomas 
Andrews, Benjamin Bayles, Charles Anderson, Jacob 
Giles, Junr., Edwd. Prall, Doctr. Robert Lemmon, Geo. 
Patterson, Chas. Gilbert, James Horner. 

Bush River Lower. — Jacob Bond, John Taylor, 
William Smithson, Thomas Bond, son of John, James 
McComas, William Wilson, Junr., William Bradford, 
Benjamin Bradford Norris, Saml. Caldwell, Danl. 
Scott, son of Aquila. 

Bush River Upper. — Thomas Bond, Junr., Revd. 
John Davis, Revd. John Clark, William Smith, Esq., 
Samuel Ashmead, James Litle, Abram Whitaker, Wm. 
McComas, Mordecai Amos, Thomas Hope. 

Deer Creek Lower. — John Patrick, John Bartly, 
Andrew Howlet, Edwd. Ward, Senr., Richard Wells, 
Junr., Robert Morgan, John Hawkins, Richd. Dallam, 
Senr., John Litton, Jeremiah Sheredine. 

Spesutia Upper. — Richard Dallam, Geo. Bradford, 
James Harris, Isaac Webster, Bennet Mathews, John 
Archer, Thomas Johnson, Edmd. Bull, James Clandi- 
nen, John Love. 

Deer Creek Upper. — -William Webb, William 
Fisher, Junr., William Morgan, John Dunnahy, John 
Whiteford, Alex. Rigdon, Saml. Jenkins, Thomas 
Brice, Sias Billingslea & Hugh Whiteford. 

Gunpowder Lower. — Lambert Wilmere, John Day, 
John Durham, Alexander Cowan, Doctor Moses Has- 
lett, Henry Wetheral, Benj. Rumsey, Aquila Hall, 
Junr., John Beale Howard, Aquila Paca, of whom were 

Amos Garret, Benedict Edward Hall, Edward Hall, 
Aquila Hall, Freeborn Brown, Benjamin Bayles, Chas. 
Anderson, Edward Prall, Robert Lemmon, GeorgePat- 
terson, James Horner, Jacob Bond, William Smithson, 
James McComas, William Bradford, Andrew Howlet, 
Jacob Giles, Junr., Robert Morgan, John Clark, Samuel 
Ashmead, William Smith, Isaac Webster, James Litle, 
William McComas, George Bradford, James Harris, 


Bennet Mathews, Thos. Johnson, Edmund Bull, John 
Love, William Webb, Alex. Rigdon, Aquila Hall, 
Junr., Aquila Paca, Francis Holland, Benj. Bradford 
Norris, Josias Carvil Hall, John Davis, Mordecai 
Amos, John Taylor, who appointed Mr. Amos Garret 
Chairman And Mr. John Cotter Clerk. 

Resolved that Mr. John Cotter be paid by the Com- 
mittee fifteen Shillings P diem, for each day's attend- 
ance as Clerk to this Committee such fees to be consid- 
ered as due only for his actual attendance on this Com- 
mittee's intermediate services, unless very considerable 
'tis expected he will execute gratis. 

At a meeting of the above Committee the Members 
chosen came into the following Resolves — To Wit. We 
do acknowledge that the people of Boston are now suf- 
fering in the Common Cause, and that we ought to 
contribute to their relief. 

Resolved That a Committe be appointed to frame 
rules and orders for the more regular and quick dis- 
patch of Business in this Committee. 

Upon motion the following gentlemen were chosen — 
To wit, Messrs. Benedict Edward Hall, Robert Lem- 
mon, Benjamin Rumsey, William Smith, and John 
Clark, who brought in the following rules which were 
ordered to be entered and observed. 

I — That when the President takes the Chair, all the 
members take their places in order. 

2 — That all persons speaking shall address the Chair. 

3 — That while one is speaking, no second person 
shall speak at the same time. 

4 — That a Question being put and seconded, shall 
be divided upon after it is debated except the first 
mover for the question withdraws the same. And in 
case the motion is not Seconded to fall. 

5 — That no Question shall be put while another is in 
agitation Except a Motion for Amendment or the pre- 
vious question. Vizt. Is it the pleasure of this Com- 
mittee that the question in debate be postponed ? 


6 — That these rules and Orders at every Meeting of 
this Committee be read before the Committee proceed 
to business. 

7 — That no Member of this Committee leave this 
room after the President takes the Chair before ad- 
journment, without leave first had from the Chair, 
under the penalty of One Shilling for every offence to 
be applied towards the payment of the Clerk and pur- 
chase of paper, pen and ink. 

8. — That no person who is not a member of this 
Committee be allowed to speak to any matter in de- 
bate, except when called upon by the Chairman. 

9 — That no person be allowed to speak more than 
once on any one question unless leave first obtained. 

10 — That any person making use of abusive lan- 
guage or casting out personal reflection be called to 
order by the Chairman. 

Mr. William Young produced a certificate from Mr. 
John Boyd Clerk of the Committee of Baltimore Town 
that a Chest of Linens by him said Young purchased 
of Lux and Boley were disposed of by the Committee 
of said place. It is satisfactory to this Committee that 
Mr. Young dispose of said Linens. 

The Committee adjourned to the 23 at 9 o'clock. 

Harford Town 23rd February, 1775. The Commit- 
tee met according to adjournment from the 22d. Pres- 
ent, Aquila Hall, Esq., Chairman ; Aquila Hall, Junr., 
Aquila Paca, Josias Carvil Hall, Revd. M. Clark, Ben- 
jamin Bayly, Capt. William Smith, James Litle, Wil- 
liam Webb, Benedict Edward Hall, Jas. McComas, 
William McComas, Mordecai Amos, Revd. M. John 
Davis, Freeborn Brown, Samuel Ashmead. 

Resolved that those Gentlemen who were appointed 
to collect money for the relief of the poor of Boston 
and also for the purchase of Arms and Ammunition 
be requested to bring in their Collections on Wednes- 
day the 22 day of March as on that day it is expected 


there will be a sum made up to transmit to the Com- 
mittee of the City of Boston for the intended benevo- 
lent Purposes and also a sum to be laid out for the pur- 
chase of Arms and Ammunition agreeable to the Re- 
solves of the late Convention and they are also re- 
quested to return a list of those men who have not paid 
their Subscriptions, who will be deemed as Non-Sub- 
scribers and consequently as unfriendly to the General 
Cause of America. 

To obviate the inconveniency of having a number of 
officers throughout this County who are unable to 
form Complete Companies. 

Resolved — That each hundred where there are more 
Officers than there are private men to fill up each Offi- 
cers Company then throughout the whole Hundred 
every such Company shall be disbanded. 

Resolved — That no Company shall consist of less 
than 68 or more than 135, officers incd. 

Resolved, that where a Company Consists of more 
than 135 that then there shall be a division of such 
Company after the following manner Viz. 57 men to 
be draughted from the last subscribers of the said Com- 
pany those 57 to proceed to an election of their officers 
from the whole Company, former officers excepted. 
Such officers when elected to be joined to the fifty 
seven, and if there should not then be a Sufficiency, the 
Complement to be taken as afore directed from the last 
of the general List who are not already draughted. 

Resolved, That no Company shall meet where 
Liquor is to be sold, or permit any Liquor to be brought 
to the field or place of said Companies Meeting. 

Resolved, That where the Company exceeds 135, 57 
men who are last upon the Roll, shall be taken off that 
another Company may be formed in the following 
manner. Vizt. they are to be chosen out of the whole 
Company as it late stood if by their officers being taken 
out of the draughted thereof. 


Resolved, That upon any one member omitting to 
attend twice successively and no sufficient Cause for 
such Non- Attendance appearing to the Committee, No- 
tice of such delinquency be given by advertisement in 
the Hundred where such Culprit resides. 

Resolved, That not less than Fifteen of the Commit- 
tee of this County shall have the power to transact 

The Committee then adjourned to Wednesday the 
22 of March. 

At a meeting of the Committee of Harford County 
at the Town of Harford by adjournment on the 22d of 
March present Aquila Hall in the Chair, William 
Webb, Francis Holland, Capt. William Smith, Green- 
berry Dorsey, Abraham Whitaker, John Taylor, John 
Durham, Alex, Rigdon, Edward Ward, sen, Robt. 
Lemmon, Benedict Edward Hall, Aquila Hall, Junr., 
Doctr. John Archer, William Morgan, George Patter- 
son, Dr. J. C. Hall, William Wilson, Junr., Samuel 
Caldwell, Robert Morgan, James Lytle, John Pat- 
rick, William Fisher, Charles Anderson, James Mc- 
Comas, Thomas Brice, William Bradford, Richd. Dal- 
lam, Benj. B. Norris, Danl. Scott (son Aquila), Thos. 
Johnson, Aquila Paca, Isaac Webster, Edwd. Prall, 
James Harris, William Smithson, John Donahuy. 

We the Committee of Harford County having most 
seriously and maturely considered the Resolves & As- 
sociation of the Continental Congress and the Resolves 
of the Provential Convention, do most heartily approve 
of the same, and as we esteem ourselves in a more par- 
ticular manner, intrusted by our Constituents to see 
them Carried into Execution we do most Solemnly 
pledge ourselves to Each Other and to Our Country 
and engage ourselves by every tie held sacred among 
Mankind. To perform the Same at the Risque of our 
Lives and Fortunes. 


Aquila Hall, John Donahuy, 

Jos. Carvel Hall, Daniel Scott, 

Geo. Patterson, John Patrick, 

Robt. Morgan, Thos. Johnson, 

Robt. Lemmon, Alex. Rigdon, 

Thos. Brice, Edw. Ward, 

Wm. Morgan, Abm. Whitaker, 

Frans Holland, Charles Anderson, 

Samuel Calwell, Wm. Fisher, Junr., 

Aquila Paca, Benj. Bradford Norris, 

James Lytle, James Harris, 

Aquila Hall, Junr., Edward Prall, 

Richd. Dallam, Greenberry Dorsey, 

John Durham, John Archer, 

Jas. McComas, W. Smithe, 

Wm. Bradford, Sen., Wm. Webb, 

Wm. Smithson, John Taylor. 

As Thiere is this day a letter directed to this Com- 
mittee from the Committee of Baltimore Reed, giving 
Information a Considerable Quantity of Salt having 
arrived at Baltimore addressed to Dr. John Stevenson 
and that he hath ordered a Quantity of sd Salt on Bord 
of Bay Vessels to be sent to other Counties in this 
province or to Virginia Contrary to the Resolves of the 
Baltimore Committee. We therefore do recommend it 
Seriously to Every Man and Every Inhabitant of this 
County to be very Vigilant in particular at this Time 
so as to prevent the Lending or Selling Said Salt. 

Resolved therefore that any Committeeman who 
should of his own certain knowledge or by Information 
know of any breach of the Continental or Provential 
resolves that he immediately summon Seven to set as a 
Committee to determine the Propriety or Impropriety 
of the sale in a most speedy manner. 

Resolved that an advertisement be drawn agreeable 
to the above resolve and that Mr. William Smith, 
Aquila Hall, Junr., Aquila Paca draw the same and set 
them up in different parts of the County. 


Resolved, That Mr. Aquila Hall, Senr., Aquila Hall, 
Junr., Capt. William Smith, Richard Dallam, Doctr. 
John Archer, Dr. Josias C. Hall, Benjamin Rumsey, 
Doctr. Robert Lemmon or any of the act as Committee 
of Correspondence. 

Resolved, That the Committee of Correspondence do 
write to Committee Cecil Informing them of the pur- 
port of a letter recvd. from Baltimore and also to 
answer said Letter. 

Resolved, That the following is a Copy of a Letter 
recevd from the Committee of Baltimore and answered 
agreeable to the Above Resolve . . . above : 

Gentlemen: Baltimore, March 15th, 1775. 

Persuent to the trust reposed in us, we take the Lib- 
ety of Informing you that a brig called the Sally Wil- 
liam Moat, master from Bristol having about 4000 
bushels of Salt on Board, arrived lately at Annapolis 
on which Doctr. John Stevenson to whom she was con- 
signed applied. 

Committee to know whither he might be permitted 
to land the Salt, alledging it ought only to be con- 
sidered as Ballaste and not intended to be prohibited 
by the Association of the Continental Congress. The 
Committee being of a different opinion resolved unani- 
mously that it should not be landed and not suspecting 
that after such a declaration of our Sentiments Doctr. 
Stevenson would act contrary thereto more especially 
after having publicly declared that the Salt should 
every handfull be thrown overboard in open daylight 
when the vessel should arrive at Baltimore, we judge 
it unnecessary to take any other steps in the matter. 
We are sorry to be under the necessity of informing 
you that notwithstanding our resolve and Dr. Steven- 
son's Declaration he caused the vessel to stop at the 
mouth of our River where three or four Craft took in 
part of the said salt as appears by an inquiry into the 
matter before our Committee last Monday; and as we 


suppose those Crafts are dispatched into different 
Rivers in the Bay to dispose of the Salt we recommend 
it to you to use your best endeavors to pre- 
vent such sale and Caution the Committees of your 
Vicinity on this subject; the proceedings of our 
Committee on this affair you will shortly see 
in print, in the meanwhile we would inform 
remainder of the Salt left on Bord the Brig, which he 
says is about half the Cargo, in to the River, and that 
the Captain has engaged on oath that no part thereof 
shall be landed any place on the Continent between 
Georgia and Nova Scotia. Mr. Woolsey of this place 
has had a vessel arrivd lately from Liverpool with a 
Cargo of Salt. He applied to us for our opinion 
whether he might have Liberty to put it on Bord an- 
other Vessel to carry it to Nova Scotia as the Vessel it 
came in could not proceed there without defeating the 
voyage. This we readily agreed to; and Mr. Woolsey 
has engaged to produce a Sufficient Proof of the Salt 
being landed at Halifax as soon as that event takes 
place, & the Capt. is on oath that he will not land it on 
any part of Contint. between Georgia and Nova Scotia 
we are with much respect Gentlemen, 

Your most Hb Servts, 

In Behalf of the Committee 

Saml Purviance. 

On motion resolved that the Committee of this 
County meet at the Cross Roads at Mr. Jamisons on 
Wednesday the 5th of April at 10 O'clock to which day 
the Committee adjourns. 

Wednesday, April 5, 1775. 
At a meeting of the Committee at the Lower Cross 
Roads by adjournment Present Capt. William Smith 
in the Chair, The Revd. Mr. Davis, Jacob Bond, Sam- 
uel Ashmead, Jacob Bull, James Horner, Robert Mor- 
gan, Benjamin Bayless, William Webb, Bennet Mat- 
hews, Aquila Paca, Will Smithson, Hugh Whiteford, 
Junr., Aquila Hall, Senr., James C. Clendening, Samuel 


Jenkins, William Fisher, Andrew Howlet, Alexander 
Rigdon, William Morgan, Edward Prall, Samuel Cal- 
well, Richd. Dallam, Doctr. John Archer, John Dur- 
ham, & Benedict Edward Hall appointed Pro tem 

On motion ordered that Aquila Hall Esqr. Treas- 
urer do Ship off from Baltimore Town for the City of 
Boston as much French Burrn Middlings as he can 
purchase for the money he may have received for that 
purpose within fifteen days from the date hereof. 

Resolved, That as our Donations ought to be free 
and unincumbered the treasurer be instructed to pay 
the freight and Insurance out of the Money he has 
received for the Poor of Boston. 

Resolved that as our Treasurer has French Burrn 
Middlings which he offers at the rate of Fifteen Shil- 
lings P Hundred delivered and Inspected in Baltimore 
Town, we do agree that he ship his own Conformable 
to the foregoing resolves. 

As it is thought highly expedient that there be a gen- 
eral review of the Militia of this County & to the end 
that such meeting be as large as may be. 

Resolved, That the Captains of the different Com- 
panies in the County be requested to consult their Com- 
panies when and where it will be most convenient for 
them to meet & lay their determinations before this 

Resolved, That Wm. M. Love be appointed in the 
Room of Captain John Archer to collect Contributions 
for the Poor of Boston and for the purchase of Arms 
and Ammunition. 

The following fines were paid into the Hands of the 
Clerk for the time being, to wit : 

William Webb one Shilling 

Aquila Paca three Shillings 

Jacob Bond one Shilling 

James Harris one Shilling. 


for departing the Committee without leave before ad- 
journment. As it is necessary that the Good people of 
this County be informed of the Proceedings of their 
Deputies in Committee and that such Information may 
be had at as little expense & Trouble as the Nature of 
the Thing will admit this Committee have thought 
proper to adjourn from their Usual Place of Meeting 
in Harford Town to this place and in Pursuance of the 
same Laudable design have resolved that their next 
meeting be at Mrs. Shaw's Near the Chappie to which 
place they adjourn to the first Wednesday in May next. 

At a meeting of the Committee for Harford 
county and town of Harford, on Monday the first 
day of May, 1775. Present M. Amos Garret, 
Aquila Hall, Wm. Webb, Samuel Ashmead, Thomas 
Johnson, John Love, Greenberry Dorsey, Thomas 
Brice, James Clenenden, John Durham, Henry Weth- 
erel, Bennet Mathews, Edmund Bull, Freeborn Brown, 
James Harris, Doctr. John Archer, William Smithson, 
James McComas, John Taylor, Alex. Cowan, Edwd! 
Hall, Richd. Dallam, Wm. Morgan, Abraham Whita- 
ker, Wm. Bradford, Wm. McComas, Benj. Bayles, 
Geo. Patterson, Cyrus Billingslea, Edwd. Prall, Aquila 
Hall, Junr., Danl. Scott (son Aquila). 

On motion Mr. Amos Garret Chosen Chearman and 
Geo. Patterson Clk on motion the several Expressis 
Resvd were Read. 

On motion resolved that Doctr. John Archer & Free- 
born Brown wate on Mr. John Wilson and engage all 
the powder & lead he has. 

On motion Resolvd that Mr. Aquila Hall, Junr., pur- 
chase Twenty Half Barrels of Powder for the use of 
this Committee & 4000 weight of Lead at Balto. Town 
or Elsewhere. 

On motion Resolved that Three Horses be purchased 
to forward the Expresses, &c. Two of which to stand 
at Harford Town and one at Susquehanna and M. John 
Love, Edwd. Prall & Samuel Ashmead are appointed 
to purchase the afore mentioned Horses. 


On motion Resolvd that M. Aquila Hall, Junr., con- 
sult the Committee of Baltimore whether it may be 
practicable for to Export the Flower sent there by Mr. 
Aquila Hall, Senr., for the Relief of Boston. 

On motion resolved, that the Several Collectors of 
the Several Hundred in this County wate on every In- 
habitant of the Several Hundred at theire Houses in 
order to receive some free gift for the poor of Boston 
and for the purchase of Arms and Ammunition as also 
to collect the former Subscriptions. 

On information of John Durham, Resolvd. that 
Doctr. Dewet Appeare Before this Committee for vio- 
lating a Resolution of the provential Convention in 
Killing a Lamb dropt after the first day of May. 

Test John Durham. 

James McComas. 

Doctr. Dewet appeares before this Committe and ac- 
knowledged the fact he Stands accused of to be true, 
and it was done through Ignorance and promises in the 
strongest Ties of Honour that He Will not Violate any 
Resolve of the Continental Congress or the Provential 
Convention at any Time Hereafter. 

On motion Resolvd. that any seven members of the 
Committee hereinafter proceed to Business. 

The Committee adjourns to Wednesday the 3d day 
of May at 10 o'clock. 

The Committee by adjournment of the First Instant 
at the Committee Chamber in Harford Town on Wed- 
nesday the 3d day of May. Assembled at The said 
Place, Present 

Mr. John Mathews, Mr. Aquila Hall, Mr. Thomas 
Bond, Junr., Mr. John Rumsey, Geo. Bradford, Thos. 
Hope, Edmund Bull, Samuel Ashmead, Richd. Dallam, 
Doctr. Carvil Hall, Amos Garret, Wm. Bradford, 
Samuel Jenkins, Mr. Wm. Smith, Mr. John Love, 
Bennet Matthews, Aq. Paca. 

Mr. John Mathews in the Chair. 


Dr. Jos. Carvil Hall Offers a Mare to the Committee 
for the use of the Publick, which being viewed by Mr. 
Ashmead and Mr. Love its agreed to pay Doctr. Hall, 
Twelve Pounds, for the same and he Generously Offers 
to give Five Pounds of the Price and the seaveral mem- 
bers of this Committee, has paid 8-9 Cash to Raise the 
same the money was paid to Doctr. Hall. — M. Bond, 
M. Dallam, M. Bull & M. Ashmead, is desired to wate 
on the Gentlemen of this Town To know who will keep 
the said mare on the Best Terms to be Ready when 
called for, on the Publick Business of Expresses & 
who do Report that M. Jos. Stiles will keep the said 
creature in a proper manner at Thirty Shillings Per 
Month, for one month from this date. 

On motion, that there is a parcell of Salt at Otter- 
point Suspected to be what was Carried from Baltimore 
Town belonging to Doctr. John Stevenson which the 
Doctr. Had Promised to Return an acct. of and to 
bestow the Proceeds to the Poor of Boston. M. Butler 
appeared before the Committee and Reported that the 
Salt above was belonging to Doctr. Stevenson & was 
sent to him to sell and that it was presumed by the 
Doctr. letter Reed, with the Salt, bearing date the first 
day of Feby. Last, that the same must have been in the 
Country before the Stoppage of the Importation of 
Merchandise in Generill, but for further Information 
Mr. Aquila Paca, Mr. Geo Bradford, Mr. Smith & Mr. 
William Bradford make an Enquiry, when the Salt 
above was Landed thiere for the further Satisfaction of 
this Committee, & What Quantity was at first Recvd. 
and if any has been Landed Since. 

This Committee adjourns to Friday Next to meet 

On Friday the 5th at the Committee Chamber the 
following Gentlemen were present : 

Mr. Aquila Hall, Mr. Alexander Cowin, Mr. John 
Beale Howard, Mr. Thos. Andrews, Mr. Edmund Bull, 
Mr. Greenberry Dorsey, Mr. Thos. Johnson , Mr. 
Bened. Edwd. Hall & Amos Garret, Dr. Moses Haslet, 


William Willson , Jr., James McComas, Mr. Benj. 
Rumsey, Mr. Richd. Dallam. 

Mr. Aquila Hall in the Chair. 

On motion Resolvd. that as the Flower Intended for 
the Relief of Boston send from this Committee & now 
at Baltimore Town, as things are Situated cannot be 
applyed as Intended, Mr. Aquila Hall is to write to the 
Committee at Baltimore to sell the same and have the 
money to be ready when Called for. 

On motion Resolvd. that persons be appointed to at- 
tend the Convention at Annapolis when they may be 
required it is appointed that Each Hundred in this 
County do appoint Two men to attend the same and as 
the Time is Critical and the Crisis may be Perelous its 
Desired that Such Person to be Chosen, be out of the 
most Substantial and Knowing Men in the Hundreds, 
and voted in by the majority of persons in Each Hun- 
dred Qualified to vote at Elections, and its Farther 
moved, the said Choice be made on Monday the Fif- 
teenth Instant and at the Seaverel Places hereafter 
mentioned to say in Spesutia Lower at the Church, In 
Susquehanna at James Homers, Spesutia Uper at the 
Hickory Tavern, Deer Creek Lower at the Chappie, 
Deer Creek upper at Ashmous (Preston's) Mill, Gun- 
powder Lower at Joppa, Bush River Lower at James 
Holms & Bush River uper at Robinsons, and its re- 
quested by the Committee Preasent that as Publick 
Notice of this election be made as can be and returns 
be made by the Seaveral Hundreds on the 17th Instant 
at Harford Town. 

As its appointed by the Convention, lately held at 
Annapolis that Thursday the nth day of this Instane 
be set apart for Humiliation Fast and Prayer through- 
out this Province for averting the Impending Danger, 
that we at preasant labour under, ordered that the same 
be made publick in this County and Recommended to 
all orders of men in the said County to Demean them- 
selves acordingly. 


On Monday the 8th day of May 1775 at the Commit- 
tee Chamber were present : 

The Revd. Mr. John Clark, Jacob Bond, John Dona- 
huy, Geo. Bradford, Edwd. Prall, Thos. Bond, Junr., 
Robt. Lemmon, James Clendenen, Isaac Webster, Wil- 
liam Smithson, Doctr. John Archer, Francis Holland, 
Bennet Mathews, Ben. Edwd. Hall, James Harris, 
Benjamin Bay less, John Taylor, Aquila Hall, James 

The Revd. Mr. John Clark in the Chair. 

Mr. Geo. Bradford reports to this Committee that he 
with Mess. Aq. Paca & William Bradford, Sen., went 
to Otterpoint and Enquired into the affair of Salt theire 
& says that from the best acct. they could gitt it does 
not appear to be any of the Cargo of Salt Imported by 
Doctr. John Stevenson. 

Doctr. John Archer makes Report that Mr. John 
Wilson has 100 lbs. of Gunpowder which he is willing 
to sell at the price it Cost him which this Committee 
agrees to give him for it, this powder having been 
bought by Mr. Willson in Philada. before the Proven- 
tial Convention, it is thought unjust to compell him 
to loose by it, and its therefore ordered that Mr. Aq. 
Hall pay Him for the said Powder i15.10s.od. pet. 
with the additional Cost of 23^ pet. 

On motion Resolvd. as the Delegates who attend the 
Congress will have occasion of money for their Ex- 
penses and it was Proportioned in the late Convention 
that this County pay Twenty Eight Pounds Towards 
the same, it is now ordered that Mr. Aquila Hall pay 
the same out of the mony he has in hand, and that the 
Seaverel Hundreds Subscribe and Repay the same to 
be returned him to Replace the money now taken for 
that purpose. 

At a meeting of the Committee at their Chamber at 
Harford Town on Wednesday the 17th day of May — 
Present Messr. John Mathews, John Beale Howard, 
William Webb, James Harris, Aquila Hall, Thomas 
Bond, Jr., William Willson, Jr., Bennet Mathews, 


Richd. Dallam, Samuel Ashmead, Thos. Johnson, 
Abraham Whitaker, Francis Holland, Doctr. Carvil 
Hall, Samuel Bayles, Amos Garrett, William Bradford, 
Edwd. Prall, Geo. Bradford, John Patrick, Aquila 
Paca, Edmund Bull, John Love, Benjamin Bradford 
Norris, Jacob Bond, James McComas. 

On motion Mr. John Mathews in the Chair. 

Amos Garret Clk. 

In pursuance of the order to the Several Hundreds to 
Chose Two men Eeach to Represent them in Proven- 
tial Convention, the Undermentioned Gentlemen were 
chose : 

Benedict Edwd. Hall, Thomas Bond, Jr., 

Francis Holland, Samuel Ashmead, 

for Spesutia Lower. for Bush River Upper. 
Rich. Dallam, Benjamin Rumsey, 

Pohn Love, John Beale Howard, 

for Spesutia Upper. for Gunpowder Lower. 
Thomas Andrews, William Webb, 

John Rumsey, Ignatius Wheeler, 

for Susquehanna. for Deer Creek Upper. 
Samuel Durham, Jolin Barcely, 

James McComas, John Hawkins, 

for Bush River Lower. for Deer Creek Lower. 

On the applycation of Mr. Thomas Chambers to pur- 
chase the Mare Bought of Doctr. Carvil Hall She is 
Disposed of to the said Chambers on the following 
Terms, that he pay into the Hands of Mr. Aquila Hall 
the Sum of Twelve Pounds, to be returned to the 
Seaverel Persons who advanced the sum for the said 
mare, and that Mr. Chambers let her go on any express 
the Committee may have Occation for gratis & that the 
said mare shall be pade for by the Committee, pro- 
vided accident should happen that when she is out on 
the Committee Business she is Lamed or otherwise 


Certificate made out to the Delegates, to Deliver in 
at Annapolis in the following words : 

At Harford Count)^ 

By Instruction from the Committee of the County 
aforesaid to the Freeholders of the Seaverel Hundreds 
in said County to elect Two Person in Each Hun- 
dred to Represent this County in Provential Conven- 
tion to be held at the City of Annapolis on Monday 
the 22nd Instant or any other day that may be ap- 
pointed for the said meeting the Following Gentlemen 
were returned Benedict Edwd. Hall, Francis Holland, 
Richd. Dallam, John Love, Thomas Andrews, John 
Rumsey, Samuel Durham, James McComas, Thomas 
Bond, Jr., Samuel Ashmead, Benjamin Rumsey, John 
Beale Howard, William Webb, Ignatius Wheeler, 
John Barcely & John Hawkins, which gentlemen or 
any three or more of them are appointed to meet at 
the City of Annapolis at the time aforesaid or any 
day the said meeting may be adjourned to. To Repre- 
sent this County in the said Convention and its Recom- 
mended to Our said delegates to Cooperate with the 
Gentlemen that may meet at the said Convention in all 
such business as may then be seen necessary to join 
in for the good of the Common Cause in Committee. 
May 17th 1775. 

Signed. John Mathews, Chairman. 

The Committee adjourns to Thursday the 25th of 

At a meeting of the Committee on Thursday the 25th 
Inst, as per adjournment were present 

Mr. John Mathews, Mr. Amos Garret, John Love, 
Bennet Mathews, Samuel Calwell, William Smithson, 
Benedict Edwd. Hall, Jacob Bond, Edwd. Prall, Sam- 
uel Ashmead, Edmund Bull, Robt. Lemmon, James 

Mr. John Mathews in the Chair. 

Before the Committee Proceeds to other Business 
the following Letter which was received the 17 inst by 


post was read, as Reed, from the Delegates at the Con- 
gress to Postpon the meeting of the Provential Con- 
vention to witt, 

Gent. Philadelphia 15 May 1775. 

As thiere will be no Occation for Holding a Conven- 
tion of Our Province the 22nd Instant we shall be 
Obliged to You to Notify the same so the Debutys for 
your County we cannot at present ascertain Time when 
it may be necessary to have a meeting but as soon . . . 
Can Shall be Ceareful to give the best notice of. 
We are Gentlemen 

Yr. most obedient Servts. 

Mat. Tilghman. 

Th. Johnson, Junr. 

H. Stone. 

Gentlemen Baltimore May 19th 1775. 

By seaverel Letters of good authority Recvd. from 
Phila. by yesterday's Post, we are advised that there is 
a vessel daily expected thiere with a parcel of Salt & 
some Dry Goods from Liverpool for which the Pilots of 
Dellaware are ordered to keep a sharp lookout, by the 
same letters we are Informed one or more Ships were 
taking in Salt and Dry Goods at Liverpool intended for 
this bay in particular the Ship Johnson Bound with 
such a cargo to this port. Its not probable that the par- 
ties Concerned will attempt to bring such goods directly 
in Heare, but rather Disload them in Small Craft Down 
the Bay. We hope you will order a Diligent attention 
be kept up in Examining all Boats and Small Craft & 
use your Best Endeavors to Counteract The Selfish 
Schemes of Every ennimy to American Liberty we are 
with grieat Respect Gentlemen 
yr. Hbl. Sevts. 

In Behalf of the Committee, 

Samuel Purviance, 



I am not Certain whether you have been Informd. 
that our Committee have agreed to your Requisition 
for 500 wt. of Gun Powder. It is & you may have it as 
soon as you please to send for it S. P. 

Mr. Aquila Hall Baltimore May 19th 1775. 

Sir — We have sold 70 Barrels of the Flower sent to 
us for the poor of Boston to our neighbor Mr. Niell 
at 1 2-6, but money is so scarce this week from the Inces- 
sant hurry of wagons coming in that we could not git 
the money for it as yet & we have such calls for money, 
we cannot advance it at preasant. We suppose the 
money may be got from Mr. Neill in a few days when it 
shall be sent up. The Rest of the Flower remains yet 
in Store. There was 4 barrels recvd. by Mr. Carliles 
vessel which suppose is that sent by Dr. Hall as you 
mentioned, we are Sir 

yr. most hble, Servt. 

Saml. & Robt. Purviance. 

On motion Resolvd. that as Thomas Bond son of 
John Refuses to serve as a Committeeman in Bush 
River Lower Hundred that the free Holder of said 
Hunderd meet and elect a Person in his place and 
make a return of Such Person to the next meeting of 
the Committee, and that Mr. Jacob Bond advertise the 
Hundred to meet on Monday for that purpose. 

The Committee adjourns to Thursday the ist June. 
At a meeting of the Committee of Harford County 
by adjournment on ist of June, Present Abra- 
ham Whitaker, Benjamin Norriss, John Love, Morde- 
cai Amoss, Francis Holland, Willm Jones, Bennet Mat- 
hews, Alex. Rigdon, Aquila Paca, Aquila Hall, Ed- 
mund Bull, Benedict Edwd. Hall, Bennet Mathews 
in the Chair. — Bend. Edwd. Hall, pro Temp. Clk. 

The Committee adjourns to Thursday the 8th June 


when the members are earnestly requested to be punc- 
tual in their attendance as there will that day be a mat- 
ter of very considerable importance laid before the 
Committee for their serious Consideration. 

At a meeting of the Committee of Harford County 
at Harford Town on Thursday the 8th of June Present 
Benjamin Rumsey Esqr in the Chair, John Beale How- 
ard, William Smithson, William Webb, William Jones, 
Jas. McComas, Richd. Dallam, Samuel Creswell, Thos. 
Johnson, John Archer, Benj. Bradford Norris, James 
Little, Benjn. Bailey, James Horner, James Harris, 
George Bradford, Robert Lemmon, John Love, John 
Rumsey, Francis Holland, Edward Hall, Bennet Mat- 
hews, Mordecai Amoss, Aquila Hall, Senr., Daniel 
Scott son of Aquila, & Benedict Edwd. Hall, ordered 
that Doctr. Lemmons' letter directed to Aquila Hall 
respecting the proceedings of a former Committee be 
read which which was accordingly done and is as fol- 


The proceedings at the last Committee meeting ap- 
pers very singular and offensive, I find, to the publick 
who contributed to the Relief of Boston, in their pass- 
ing an order to you to supply the value of the Collec- 
tion in Middlings at 15 Pet. when fine Burr flower 
will not sell for so much in Baltimore. No person who 
knows the matter and the market prices, but will be 
led to reflect, perhaps, upon you as designing to make 
an advantage of the Poor of Boston, by taking more 
than the market affords, and thereby lessening the 
Quantity which otherwise might be transmitted. Per- 
haps it may be said the Donors are abused in the ex- 
travagant Application of the Donations, and may 
prove a bar to their contributing on a future Occasion 
if it should be necessary. This act may render the Com- 
mittee contemptible by divesting it of publick con- 
fidence; and if the publick withdraw their Confidence 
we of course fail, as that is the only foundation of our 
usefullness. Upon the Whole if you could not afford 


your middlings at Market price I am of opinion the 
persons desiring you to furnish them above it were not 
your friends seeming as if they desired to hold one of 
our first Patriots and friends to Boston up to publick 
Infamy and Contempt. And if it should reach the 
Provincial Convention how despicable will it appear. 
In that case who will sufifer ridicule, but those who are 
known to be of weight in the County, especially if such 
appear interested in the measure. If we act for publick 
good, if we mean to relieve our suffering Brethren ; 
let it be done to as much advantage as the poor pittance 
will allow, I am clear in it as you will reflect the great- 
est honor upon yourself by furnishing the flower at the 
present current price, otherwise by relinquishing it, 
give me leave to tell you Sir, we are in this instance 
trustees for the poor we desire to Relieve. We accepted 
the trust — our honor is at stake — our Constituents look 
for faithfulness in us. — Our Constitutional rights de- 
mand it. We should therefore be scrupulously erect 
in the discharge of our duty. I remain 
Your Hble Servt 

Robert Lemmon. 

April 1775. 

On motion Resolved, that Doctr. Robert Lemmon's 
declaring to this Committee his having no intention 
of passing a reflection on this Committee, or Mr. 
Aquila Hall in a letter to him directed, is satisfactory 
to this Committee. 

Resolvd. that as Mr. Aquila Hall declines acting any 
Longer as a Treasurer, Mr. Richard Dallam be ap- 
pointed in his Room, and that Mr. Hall be ordered to 
produce his Accounts before the Next Committee. 

Resolvd. that Mr. Aquila Hall confessing his sorrow 
for misbehaving before this Committee by striking 
Doctor Lemmon, is deemed satisfactory to this Com- 

Information being given to this Committee that 
Stephen Roberts of Harford County, hath reported 


that Benjamin Rumsey one of this Committee hath 
killed a Lamb in order to have the same eaten in his 
family Contrary to the Resolve of the Provincial Con- 
gress, ordered that a summons issue for the said 
Stephen Roberts to appear at the next Committee and 
make good his charge. 

The Committee met agreeable to adjournment on 
Thursday the 22nd of June. Present Amos Garret 
Esq., in the Chair, Benjamin Rumsey, Bendt. Edwd. 
Hall, Jacob Bond, Aquila Hall, George Bradford, Wil- 
liam Smithson, Doctr. John Archer, William Jones, 
Benjamin Bayless, James Little, John Rumsey, Wil- 
liam Willson, Benedict Mathews, Benj. Bradford Mor- 
ris, James McComas, (Alexander Cowan Clk.) 

Resolved that as Mr. Aquila Hall has not yet got his 
Accounts ready for Inspection and desires a further 
time for compleating them he be allowed untill the 
meeting of the next Committee. 

It appearing to this Committee from the hostile 
Preparations of the British Ministry against the Colo- 
nies that the greatest Union and Harmony among our- 
selves attended with the Exertion of all our forces and 
Abilities will be absolutely Necessary to repel and pre- 
vent every Design and Attempt to enslave us and it is 
also appearing to this Committee that an attempt to re- 
move the seat of Justice from Harford Town will lay 
the Foundation for Discord and Division among us. 
Resolved Nem: Con: therefore that it is the opinion 
of this Committee that no Step for that purpose ought 
to be taken nor the said Business agitated until the 
Harm that hovers over these Colonies shall be dis- 
persed and this Colony with British America shall be 
freed from the Calamitous Circumstances under which 
it at present Labours, and there with which it is 
threatened and that the Representatives of this County 
be furnished with a copy of this resolve. 

Resolved that Summons issue for George Debrule 
and John Read. 


On motion Resolved that any seven of this Commit- 
tee may during this month meet and transact Business 
on any Emergency or presing Necesity. 

Committee adjourns to the third Thursday of July 

At a meeting of the Committee at thiere Chambers 
at Harford County on Thursday the 13th July Present 
Messrs. John Mathews, Aquila Hall, Richd. Dallam, 
William Webb, Benjamin Rumsey, Thomas Johnson, 
Isaac Webster, Amos Garret, Francis Holland, George 
Bradford, Charles Anderson, William Bradford, Doctr. 
Jos, C. Hall, Geo. Patterson, Aquila Hall, Jvmr., Bendt. 
Hall, Doctr. John Archer. 

On motion Mr. John Mathews in the Chair. 

Geo. Paterson Clk. 

The following fines Recvd. were pd. unto Mr. Richd. 
Dallam, Treasurer: 

Mr. Francis Holland one shilling. 

Mr. Benedict C. Hall Six fines when Clk. paid unto 
him 7 shillings. 

On motion Resolved that the sum of £4. is, Recvd. 
from Mr. John Love and pd. to the late Treasurer for 
which he gave no particular acct. of what part thereof 
was paid for arms &c., and what part for the poor of 
Boston be paid to the preasent Treasurer that he get 
proper Information from Mr. Love and account for 
the same. 

On motion Resolvd. that the Treasurer pay for the 
powder &c Engaged by this Committee and have the 
same Lodged in a safe place at Lower Cross Roads that 
Messrs. Dallam, Archer, Harris, Prall & Johnson or 
any three of them provide the same for its safety. 

On motion Resolvd. that the seaveral Collectors of 
this County do produce Their Subscriptions and the 
Amount of their Collections to the next Committee and 
that they pay the Seaveral Ballances into the hands of 
the Treasurer as thiere is an Immediate Call for the 
Money to be transmitted to the poor of Boston and layd 


out for the purchase of Arms and Ammunition as de- 
signed by the Seaveral Donors. 

Committee adjourns to Friday the 2ist of July. 

At a meeting of the Committee at their Chamber at 
Harford County on Friday the 21st of July, Present 
Messrs. John Mathews, Amos Garret, John B. Howard, 
Jacob Bond, Revd. John Clarck, Benj. Rumsey, Alex. 
Cowin, Edmund Bull, James Clendenen, James Mc- 
Comas, William McComas, Greenberry Dorsey, Thos. 
Johnson, William Webb, Benjamin Bayless, Geo. Pat- 
terson, Alexander Rigdon, Wm. Jones, Francis Hol- 
land, Richd. Dallam, Samuel Ashmead, Edwd. Prall, 
James Harris, Doctr. John Archer. 

On motion Mr. John Mathews in the Cheare. 

Geo. Patterson, Clk. 

Stephen Roberts appears before this Committee 
and Informs them what he sed Concerning Mr. Benja- 
min Rumseys Killing a Lamb Contrary to the Resolves 
of the Committee on Mr. Rumseys Request Summons 
issue for William Scott & Samuel Caldwell to appear 
fhe next Committee. 

Ordered that a petission from Thomas Sheerer be 
filed wherein is Contained a Charge agains James Hor- 
ner for Reporting that Sheerer has spoke or acted de- 
rogatory to American Liberty and that a Summons 
issue for James Horner to appear before the next Com- 
mittee and support that Charge and vindicate himself 
against a Charge of Like Nature. 

Information being made to this Committee that 
Simon Denney and Thomas Wheeler, Senr., Broke the 
Last Contrary to Appointment of the Congress ordered 
that Summons issue for them to Appeare before the 
next Committee. 

Test. Doctr. John Archer. 

Information being made to this Committee that Mr. 
Thomas Chambers has Spoken Contemptuos Words of 


a Sentence of a Committee Thierefore Resolvd. that 

he appears before this Committee. 

Test: Doctr. Dewet. 

Jos. Butler. 

Jacob Wheeler. 

Mr. Thomas Chalmers appears and upon being 
guilty of the Charge accused with gives the following 
satisfaction. Whereas the Subscriber has been accused 
of Speaking Contemptuous words of a Sentence of 
Committee he declares that he Spoke in the Heat of 
Passion and without any evil Intention, and that he is 
sorry for his Conduct and further declares that he has 
the association of the Continental Congress and the 
Resolves of the Provincial Convention. 

Thomas Chalmers. 

Committee adjourns to the loth day of August. 

At a meeting of the Committee at thiere chamber at 
Harford County on Thursday the loth day of August. 
Present Messrs. John Mathews, Amos Garret, Aquila 
Hall Senr., Bennet Mathews, Alexander Cowan, Saml. 
Baylis, Chas. Anderson, James Horner, William Mor- 
gan, William Jones, Doctr. Moses Haslett, Geo. Pat- 
terson, Sias Billingslea, Thos. Brice, Andw. Howlet, 
Jacob Bond. 

On Motion Mr. John Mathews in the Cheare. 

James Horner & Thos. Shearer Appears before this 
Committee and the Charge they are accused of being 
Related they are acquitted of Censure. 

The Committee Adjourns to Thursday the 17th 

At a meeting of the Committee of Harford County 
in Harford Town on Thursday the 7th day September 
1775. Present Mr. Aquila Hall, Samuel Ashmead, 
Isaac Webster, William Smithson, Thomas Johnson, 
John Love, William Webb, Francis Holland, James 
Clendenin, Benjamin Bradford Norris, Josias Carvel 
Hall, James Little, Bennet Mathews, Edwd. Prall, Wil- 
liam Jones, Edmund Bull, John Taylor, Greenberry 


Dorsey, Richard Dallam, John Donahuy, and Amos 

Mr. Aquila Hall chosen Chairman. 

On the motion of Mr. Richard Dallam, Commission 
is granted to him to Inlist minute Men to form a Com- 
pany to act in a Battalion of minute men to be raised 
in this and Baltimore County agreeable to the order 
of the Provential Convention. 

On motion of Mr. Abraham Garret, Commission is 
also granted to him to raise a Company of minute men 

A letter directed to Mr. John Mathews as Chairman 
of this Committee with an Anonumous paper stiled a 
Dream, was produced to the Committee and read, or- 
dered that Mr. John Brown attend the next Com- 

Committee adjourns to Tuesday 12th. 

At a meeting of the Committee of Harford County 
at Harford Town on Tuesday 12th day of September 
1775. Present Messrs. Aquila Hall, Thomas Bond, 
Junr., John Beale Howard, Samuel Ashmead, Jacob 
Bond, William Webb, Richard Dallam, Thomas John- 
son, John Love, Abraham Whitaker, James McComas, 
Edmund Bull, Greenberry Dorsey, William McComas, 
William Jones, Freeborn Brown, William Bradford, 
Alexander Rigdon, Amos Garret, Charles Anderson 
and Edward Prall. 

The Committee is desolved according to the order of 
the convention. 

On which same day to wit, the 12th of September I775» 
soon after the Disolution of the above Committee, 
Agreeable to the resolve of the Convention held at An- 
napolis the 26th day of July 1775, under the inspection 
of Messrs. William Webb, Samuel Ashmead, Richard 
Dallam ,and James McComas, late delegates for Har- 
ford County were elected by the Freemen of Harford 
County the following Gentlemen for a Committee of 
Observation to wit: Messrs. William Webb, Aquila 


Hall, Samuel Ashmead, John Love, Amos Garret, Ben- 
jamin Rumsey, Edward Prall, John Beale Howard, 
Thomas Bond, Benedict Edward Hall, John Patrick, 
John Archer, Henry Wilson, Junr., George Patterson, 
James Horner, Francis Holland, Thomas Johnson, and 
Alexander Cowen, and on the said Day under the In- 
spection of Messrs. Wm. Webb, Samuel Ashmead and 
James McComas, were elected by the Freemen of Said 
County, in pursuance of a Resolve of the said Conven- 
tion the following Gentlemen to wit: Messrs. John 
Love, Aquila Hall, Thomas Bond, Richard Dallam and 
Benjamin Rumsey, as Delegates to represent the said 
County in Convention for one year. At which time the 
Committee for said County appointed to meet on 
Thursday the 2 1st Instant. 

Thursday, 21st September 1775 the Committee met 
according to adjournment, present Messrs. Amos Gar- 
ret, Thomas Johnson, John Patrick, John Beale How- 
ard, Edward Prall, George Patterson, Samuel Ash- 
mead, William Webb, Alexander Cowen, Benjamin 
Rumsey, Thomas Bond, & Aquila Hall. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

Messrs. Thomas Johnson, Henry Wilson, George 
Patterson, Benedict Edward Hall, William Webb, 
Amos Garret, and Edward Prall, were elected by bal- 
lot, agreeable to the Resolve of the Convention as a 
Committee for licensing suits and Messrs. Aquila Hall, 
Amos Garrett, John Beale Howard, Alexander Cowan, 
and Benj. Rumsey in like manner were elected a Com- 
mittee of Correspondence. 

A letter from Mr. Abraham Jarret being received 
and read, informing the Committee, that he had made up 
a Company of minute men, and desiring that some 
one or more of the Committee may review them in 
order that they may proceed by ballot to elect their 

Resolvd. that the following Gentlemen, or any four 
of them review the same on the 2nd of October next 


to wit, Aquila Hall, Benjamin Rumsey, Samuel Ash- 
mead, Alexander Cowen, John Beale Howard, John 
Love, Thomas Bond, and Richard Dallam. 

The Committee then proceeded to Nominate and 
appoint the following persons in the following hun- 
dreds to offer and carry the association framed and 
resolved upon by the last Convention to all freemen 
resident in the said County of Harford, and require 
their subscription to the same, and to return the same 
to the Committee, and also to return the names of 
those that do not on Application or within lo days after 
sign the same, to the said Committee to be by them 
transmitted to the next Convention. 

To wit. Deer Creek, Upper Hundred, John Donohoe 
and William Fisher, Junior, Alexander Rigdon, Deer 
Creek Lower, John Dallam and Winstone Dallam, 
Bush Upper, William McComas, Junior, and John 
Keen and Robert Harris. 

Spesutia Upper, James Moore, (Tanner), Bennet 
Mathews, James Clendenning. 

Spesutia Lower, Edward Hall, Jacob Forwood, 
Francis Holland, Susquehanna Hundred, James Hor- 
ner, John Rogers, John Rumsey, Samuel Howell. 

Gunpowder, lower hundred, Henry Wetheral, John 
Day, junior, John Durham, Alexander Cowen, Benja- 
min Rumsey. 

Bush, Lower Hundred, John Taylor, Gabriel Van- 
horn, WilHam Bond & Henry Wilson, Junr. 

Upon application of Mr. Robert Harris to raise a 
Comapny of minute men. Resolved that the Committee 
approve of and do appoint the said Robert Harris for 
that purpose. 

Committee adjourns to Monday come week at which 
said time the Committee for Licensing Suits set. 

At a meeting of the Committee of Harford County 
at Harford Town on 2nd of October 1775 present, Mr. 
Henry Wilson, Junr., Alexander Cowen, Doctr. John 


Archer, George Patterson, William Webb, Thomas 
Johnson, Edward Prall, and Amos Garret. 

Amos Garret Chairman. 

James Horner produces to the Committee the form 
of an Association signed by sundry persons of every 
Malignant tendency, ordered that summons issue for 
David Smith, Patrick Fowler, and that John Osbom, 
Michael Gilbert (son of Thomas), James Gilbert and 
Andrew Ferguson be also summoned to testify respect- 
ing the said paper and that they meet the committee 
at their next meeting. 

On motion Samuel Bayless is appointed to assist in 
Susquehanna Hundred to get the Association Paper 

Committee adjourns to 9th Instant. 

At a meeting of the Committee at Harford the 9th 
October 1775. Present Messrs. Aquila Hall, George 
Patterson, Francis Holland, William Webb, Alexan- 
der Cowen, Benedict Edward Hall, Amos Garret, 
Thomas Johnson, James Horner, and Benjamin Rum- 

On motion Mr. Aquila Hall in the Chair. 

On complaint of William Gale, that James Talbot 
of Joppa, Merch, had sold him Oznabrigia 2s.6d. p 
yard, it being thought that was an extraordinary price, 
ordered that a Summons issue for the said Talbot to 
meet the Committee on their next meeting to clear up 
that affair. 

The Enrollment of several Companies at this time, en- 
rolled in this County being Presented by their several 
lists are as follows : 

Capt. Josias Carvil Hall, and 10 on ft minute (to be 
noted the Special returns of each Company.) 

Capt. Abraham Jarrett Produces his pole of minute 
men. Barnett Bussey i Lieutenant, John Davidson 2d 
Lieutenant, Asail Hitchcock, Junr., Ensign Privates 
79, and returned to the Honle. the Committee of 
Safety at Annapolis. 


According to Summons, Appeared, David Smith, 
Patrick Fowler, John Osborn, John Steel, James Gil- 
bert, Michael Gilbert and Andrew Fergueson. 

And on Submission of John Osborn, John Steel, 
James Gilbert, Michael Gilbert and Andw. Furgueson 
they were admonished from the Chair and discharged. 

Patrick Fowler then examined and repremanded 
by the Chair and that he is to make an acknowledge- 
ment of his fault before Captain Charles Anderson's 
Company and promise of future amendment of Con- 
duct, and procure from Captain Anderson a certificate 
of such submission. 

On the letter of Mr. Richard DaUam to the Com- 
mittee Mr. Thomas Johnson as an assistant in Inlisting 
minute men is permitted. 

On motion of Mr. Samuel Bayless that he is ob- 
structed by Robert and Alexander Kelly from pro- 
curing signers to the Association, according to his 
Commission, ordered that Summons issue for Said 
Robert and Alexander Kelly, appearing before the 
next Committee to be held here the 17th day of this 

Adjourned to 17th Inst. 

Did not meet. 

On the 24th October 1775 mett in committee, Aquila 
Hall, George Patterson, Benjamin Rumsey, Edward 
Prall, Doctr. John Archer, Henry Wilson, Thomas 
Johnson, & Amos Garret. 

Amos Garret in the Chair. 

John Wilson Produces his accot. of powder and 
Lead, order is given him on Mr. Richard Dallam, 
Treasurer for Twenty-nine pounds eight shillings and 
six pence half penny the amount thereof. 

On application of Mr. Robert Harris who has raised 
a Company of Minute men and desire them to be re- 
viewed on Thursday the 2d day November next at 
Edentown in this County. Mr. Thomas Johnson, Mr. 
Edwd. Prall, Doctr. John Archer, Mr. Henry Wilson, 


junr., is appointed to view the said Company and make 
their return to this Committee. 

Committee adjourns to Tuesday 31st October 1775. 
On the 31st October 1775 met in Committee, Aquila 
Hall, William Webb, Francis Holland, Doctr. John 
Archer, Edward Prall, Amos Garret, Benjamin Rum- 
sey, John Beale Howard, and George Patterson. 

Aquila Hall in the Chair. 

On motion a summons issue for John Long to appear 
before the Committee on Monday the 6th November 

Committee adjourns to Monday 6th November, 1775. 

Met according to adjournment on the 6th Novem- 
ber 1775. Messr. Amos Garret, William Webb, Thos. 
Johnson, Samuel Ashmead, John Patrick, Edward 
Prall, Henry Wilson, George Patterson, John Love. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

Robert Clark appears before the Committee to 
answer to the Summons Issued for him, and on being 
accused with speaking Disrespectfully of the Conven- 
tion, if through any heat he might have spoke to fast 
he is sorry for it and his Consessions is satisfactory to 
this Committee. 

Committee adjourns to Monday 13th November 


Met according to adjournment on the 13th Novem- 
ber 1775. Messrs. Aquila Hall, Thomas Johnson, 
James Horner, Edward Prall, John Archer, Henry 
Wilson, Junr., & Alex. Cowen. 

Mr. Aquila Hall in the Chair. 

An application being made by Mr. Benjamin Brad- 
ford Norris to assist Messrs. Richard Dallam & 
Thomas Johnson to raise a minute Company its 

Committee adjourned to Monday 20th November 


Met according to adjournment on the 20th Novem- 
ber 1775. Messrs. Aquila Hall, Alex. Cowen, William 


Webb, John Archer, Amos Garret, Edward Prall, John 
Patrick, George Patterson, & Henry Wilson, Junr. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On motion Resolved that on information of Cap- 
tain Robert Harris That one Thomas Treadway, Junr., 
speaking Disrespectfully of the Continental! Congress, 
Provential Convention and Committee of this County 
that a summons issue for him to appear before this 
Committee and answer to the same, and in case he re- 
fuse to attend that Capt. Harris with a file of Musqui- 
teers shall bring him. 

Test : James McCleare, 

John Creaton. 
Adrew Mclmson. 

James Talbot having been summoned, having not 
appeared, Capt. A. B. Jarret is ordered to bring him 
before the Committee on Monday 27th inst. 

John Long having been summonsed and not appear'd 
ordered that Capt. Robert Harris bring him before the 
Committee on Monday 27th Instant. 

Notice received from the Clerk of the Council of 
Safety informing the Delegates of this County to at- 
tend the Convention held at Annapolis the 14th day of 
December next. 

On application of John Rogers oder'd that Messrs. 
Amos Garret, Francis Holland, Benedict Edward Hall, 
go on board said Rogers Brig, lying at Swan Creek, 
and examine the paper on board and make report to 
this Committee. 

Committee adjourned to Monday 27th Instant. 

Met according to adjournment on the 27th of No- 
vember 1775. Messrs. Amos Garret, Edward Prall, 
Alexander Cowen, Thomas Bond, William Webb, 
Aquila Hall, John Patrick, George Patterson, and 
Henry Wilson, Junr. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

Mr. James Talbot appeared and is discharged with 


a caution not to sell any goods contrary to the resolves 
of the Convention for the future. 

On application of Cuthbert Warner and Isaiah 
Boulderson for money to carry on the Business of Gun 
making they are recommended to the Honorable Con- 
vention, to receive one hundred Pounds common money 
for that purpose. 

Captain Robert Harris Produces his roll of Minute 
Men, William Cole ist Lieutenant, William Downs 
2nd Lieutenant, John Long, Junr., Ensign, Privates 
86, and returned to the Honorable Convention of 

Committee adjourns to Monday nth December 1775. 

Met in Committee as Pr adjournment : Messrs. Amos 
Garret, Benedict Edward Hall, Thomas Johnson, Fran- 
cis Holland, Doctr. John Archer, Edward Prall and 
George Patterson. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On motion, a letter with the return of the Associators 
and rolls of the Several Companies of said County sent 
to the Convention of Maryland. 

Committee adjourned to ist. day of January 1776. 

January 5th 1776. At a meeting of the Committee 
of Harford County this day Present Messrs. Amos 
Garret, Samuel Ashmead, James Homer, Henry Wil- 
son, Junr., George Patterson, Benedict Edward Hall, 
Thomas Johnson, William Webb, John Archer, and 
Edward Prall. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

A Summons is issued for Alexander Rigdon to take 
Edward Norris (son of Jos) to answer touching a 
Complaint exhibited against him, also to summons as 
evidences Andrew Mcempson and Walter Denney. 

The Committee proceeded to forming the Batalion 
as follows (see the back of the Enrolment) which was 
enclosed in a letter to our Representatives. 

Committee adjourns to Monday 15th Instant. 

January 22nd, 1776, Met in Committee Messrs. 


Amos Garret, Alexander Cowen, Francis Holland, Wil- 
liam Webb, Benedict Edward Hall, Doctr. John 
Archer, Edwd. Prall, George Patterson. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On motion ordered that Messrs. Thomas Bond, Wil- 
liam McComas, James Stewart, appear before this 
Committee on Monday the 29th Instant, and order 
accordingly given. 

On motion ordered that James Barret appear before 
this Committee, on Monday the 29th Instant and order 
Accordingly given. 

On motion of Alexander Rigdon's not making 
returns of Summon's committed to his care, he is 
wrote to, to make Return of them on the 29th of this 

On motion an order is given to Messrs. Bolderson 
and Warner on Mr. James Harris for the Quantity of 
two pounds of Powder for the use of this Committee. 

Committee adjourns to Monday the 29th on this in- 

January 29 1776, Met in Committee as pr adjourn- 
ment, Messrs. Aquila Hall, Senr., Amos Garret, George 
Patterson, John Patrick, James Horner, William Webb, 
Francis Holland & Doctr. John Archer. 

Mr. Aquila Hall in the Chair. 

Edward Norris (son of Joseph) appeared before this 
Committee and answered to the accusation against him 
and on giving him two weeks to make a return to this 
Committee on Monday the 13th of February next he is 
acquitted, and on failure of the same he is to appear 

On motion resolved that each Captain of every Com- 
pany of Militia examine every Musquet in his Company 
and such as are out of order said Captain make report 
of the same to this committee. 

Committee adjourns to Monday the 5th February 

Met according to adjournment in Committee the Sth 


February 1776. Messrs. Amos Garret, Samuel Ash- 
mead, Henry Wilson, Junr., John Patrick, William 
Webb, John Beale Howard, and Thomas Johnson. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On motion of Mr. Ignatius Wheeler, Junr., Order'd 
that William Coale, Junr., appear before this Commit- 
tee on Monday the 19th of this Instant and summons 
accordingly issued. 

James Barnett not appearing to the summons hereto- 
fore given he is accordingly again summon'd and order 
given to Ignatius Wheeler, Junior. 

Committe adjourns to Monday the 19th Instant 1776. 

Met in Committee according to adjournment. Pres- 
ent, Messrs. Amos Garret, Aquila Hall, William Webb, 
John Beale Howard, Alexander Cowen, Thomas John- 
son, and Henry Wilson, Junr. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

James Barnard appear'd according to a summons for 
that purpose and gave satisfaction to this Committee 
and is accordingly dismist. 

Committee adjourns to Monday 4th March 1776. 

Met according to adjournment in Committee the 4th 
day of March 1776. Present Messrs. Amos Garret, 
William Webb, Henry Wilson, Junr., George Patter- 
son, James Homer, Thomas Johnson, Aquila Hall, 
John Patrick, Samuel Ashmead, John Archer, John 
Love and Francis Holland. 

Mr. Aquila Hall in the Chair. 

On motion Mr. Ignatius Wheeler is unanimously 
chosen Committee man in place of Edward Prall and 
also said Wheeler is elected by Ballot one of the Com- 
mittee of Licence. 

The Committee agrees with Isaac Thomas & John 
Cunningham Gunsmiths for making a parcel of mus- 
quets which they oblige themselves to do agreeable 
to directions which they have and are to receive from 
the Committee, as may be divided by the Council of 
safety, at the price Musquetes are made for at Bal- 
timore to be completed with steel ramrod and Baonet, 


and they the said Smiths offer Henry Bennington for 
their security for the Performance, and as the said 
Isaac Thomas and John Cunningham have occasion 
of some money to enable them to proceed in their Busi- 
ness this Committee receives of Amos Garret, Ten 
Pounds ten shillings Publick money he has, and pays 
them, in part of said Musquets which they are to 
deliver by the first day of April next. 

The Committee agrees with Samuel Smith, Gun- 
smith for making a Parcell of Musquets which he 
obliges himself to do agreeable to directions which he 
has and is to receive from the Committee, as may be 
directed by the Council of Safety, at the price Mus- 
quets are made for at Baltimore, to be compleated with 
steel ramrods and Baonets and as the Said Samuel 
Smith has occasion of some money to enable him to 
proceed in his business this Committee receives of Amos 
Garret Ten Pounds Ten Shillings Public Money he 
has and pays him in part of said Musquets which he 
is to deliver by the first day of April next. 

William Coale being Accused of refusing to receive 
the Provincial Currency confess'd that he was guilty 
of the fact he stands accused of, having done so, this 
Committee unanimously resolves that he doing the 
same is a high breach of the Association and that he be 
Published as directed in the Resolves of the Conven- 
tion, and that the same be accordingly made out for 

On motion resolved that Mr. Richard Dallam be 
directed to write to Mr. William Paca now in Phila- 
delphia to send down the money sent by this County 
for the Poor of Boston. 

On motion a Letter is framed and sent to the Coun- 
cil of Safety to the following purport. Gent., as the 
Convention of this Province has ordered to disband 
the Companies of minute men and that the Committee 
of the Counties pay of the said Companies for which 
purpose money will be wanting as well as to comply 
with some Contract for arms that this Committee has 

History of harford county. 321 

requested but the amount has not yet been had for 
enabling of this Committee to comply with the above 
we would hope your Honors will furnish this Com- 
mittee with four hundred pounds by Mr. Thomas Hall 
for the purpose aforesaid, accounts of which, &c., for 
the faithfully laying out, the same shall be rendered 
to the next Convention of this Province. 

Signed by order. Aquila Hall, Chairman. 

Harford Town in Committee. 
4th March 1776. 

On motion ordered that Captain Alesjander Rigdon 
bring Edward Norris before this Committee on Mon- 
day the nth instant for not complying with the order 
of the Committee of observation. 

Cotnniittee adjourns to Monday nth instant 10 
o'clock, , 

Met ift Committee this i8th day March 1776. Pres- 
ent Messrs. Aquila Hall, William Webb, Ignatius 
Wheeler, Junr., George Patterson, Amos Garret, 
Henry Wilson, junr., Thomas Bond, Alexander 
Cowen, Samuel Asljpiead & John Patrick. 

Mr. Aquila Hall in the Chair. 

On appKcation of James Norris to make Cartouch 
boxes this Committee agrees to employ him should 
they want any. 

Capt. Samuel Griff eth is order 'd to bring James 
Oliver, Juni., with a file Musquets on Monday the 
twenty^fifth of.this Instant before the Committee, to 
answer gueh' things as shall be alledged against him 
and to siimmofls Samuel Dooley as^.an evidence against 

The Committee received per order to Thomas Hall 
from the Council of safety Four Hundred Pounds. 

Paid Captaiti Harris one hundred and Twenty-nine 
Pounds, Eighteen shillings. 

Paid Captain Bussey Fifty-nine pounds ten shillings 
per. Accot. and Receipt. 


Paid Mr. Amos Garret twenty-one pounds as lent the 
Gunsmiths. Ordered that Mr. Richard Dallam lay out 
the money transmitted to Philadelphia for the Poor of 
Boston in good arms for the use of this Committee. 

Mr. Richard Dallam is desired to enquire of the Con- 
gress rspecting the resolves about the use of tea. 

Also he is desired to apply to the Congress for some 
Powder and Lead for the use of this Committee as it 
will be necessary to guard our Shores by Companies 
to be constantly employed. 

The following persons are appointed to carry the 
Association about for signing Viz. For Bush River 
Lower Hundred, James McComas, Daniel Scott (son 
of Aquila), Samuel Durham and Wm. Jones. For 
Spesutia Upper John Love, Edmund Bull, Edward 
Prigg, Bennet Mathews. 

For Harford Upper, William Bradford, Junior, 
Richard Willmot, Junior, Michael Gilbert. 

For Spesutia Lower, Francis Holland, John Carlile. 

For Harford Lower, Edward Hall, William Hollis. 

For Deer Creek Upper, Alexander Rigdon, James 
Barnett, William Ashmore, Robert Morgan, Joseph 
Wilson (son of John). 

For Susquehanna, Captain John Dodgers, James 
Horner, Samuel Howell, William Bonar, Hugh Smith, 
Samuel Bailey. 

For Bush River Upper, James Scott and Thomas 

For Eden, Gabriel Vanhorn, Charles Baker and Jas. 

For Deer Creek Lower, John Patrick, William Mor- 
gan and John Dallam. 

For Gunpowder Lower, Alexander Cowen. 

For Gunpowder Upper, Maj. John Taylor, Capt. 
Samuel Calwell, and Captain Bennet Bussey. 

Mr. Richard Dallam received of Mr. Robert Christie 
Forty-eight pounds, twelve shillings and six pence in 
part of an order on him for one hundred pounds for 
Warner & Balderston. 


Committee adjourns to Monday the 25th instant. 

March 25, 1776. Committee met according to Ad- 
journment. Present Messrs. Amos Garret, Doctr. 
John Archer, James Horner, Alexander Cowen, John 
Patrick, William Webb, George Patterson & Col. Ben- 
jamin Rumsey. 

Doctr. John Archer in the Chair. 

Captain Samuel Griffith appears according to order 
with James Oliver, and on examination of said Oliver, 
this Committee is of opinion that he appear before 
Colonel Aquila Hall's Battalion, on the first Satur- 
day in April next, or the meeting said Battalion at 
William Hossons old field their to be tried according to 
the nature of the offence, and Archibald Johnson, 
Junior, undertake to bring said Oliver before said 
Battalion at their meeting, on pain of suffering the 
same punishment inflicted on Said Oliver, as may be 
the opinion of said Battalion. 

Test: Samuel Dooley. 

Ordered that a copy of the above minute be sent to 
Col. Hall. 

Whereas it has been proven upon oath before the 
Committee of Harford County that I have been so in- 
senseable to the Justice of the American Cause as to 
speak in Terms highly reflecting on the glorious oppo- 
sition carried on against the tyrannical and despotic 
design proceedings of the Ministry and Parliament of 
Great Brittain. A Conduct I am exceedingly sorry 
I have been guilty of, and am fully convinced that I 
have justly in so doing offended my Patriotic Country- 
men who are and have been engaged in so noble and 
glorious a struggle I do therefore (being fully con- 
vinced of the Iniquity of such Conduct) humbly beg 
Pardon of my offended Countrymen, promising in 
future by my conduct to regain their favour by a ready 
obedience to the Rules and orders of the Congress and 
Convention and to the Officers by them put in author- 
ity over me. James Oliver. 


Ordered, that Capt. John Patrick bring Samuel 
Smith before this Committee on Monday ist day of 
April next to answer such questions as shall be asked 
him, and also summons William Snodgrass. 

Committee adjourns to the ist day of April, 1776. 

Met in Committee April 8th 1776. Messrs. Amos 
Garret, Samuel Ashmead, Alexander Cowen, John 
Love, Benedict Edward Hall, Henry Wilson, Jun., & 
Ignatius Wheeler, Jun. 

Samuel Smith appeared before this Committee and 
acknowledged his fault and said he was sorry for the 
same, therefore he is dismist. Capt Greenberry Dor- 
sey is requested to bring before this Committee on 
Monday the 15th Instant George Mulheron to answer 
to a Complaint against him for forgery. 

Committee adjourns to Monday the 15th instant. 

Committee met according to Adjournment. Present 
Messrs. Aquila Hall, Amos Garret, John Beale How- 
ard, Thomas Johnson, George Patterson, James Hor- 
ner, William Webb, Samuel Ashmead, Henry Wilson, 
Jun., Benedict Edward Hall, John Archer, Francis 
Holland, and Ignatius Wheeler, Jun. 

Mr. Aquila Hall in the Chair. 

On motion resolved that after this day every member 
not appearing (without a reasonable excuse) by ten 
o'clock on days appointed shall pay one shilling to be 
applyed to the use of this Committee. 

On motion resolved that it is agreed that John Pat- 
terson be appointed to collect the Fines and Forfit- 
ness, in the Twenty-third Battalion agreeable to the 
Resolve of the late Convention. — Gabriel Vanhorn for 
the eight Battalion and William Whiteford for the 
North side of Deer Creek, including Captain Glens 
Company and the said persons are ordered to disarm 
the Non associators (agreeable to the Resolves of the 
late Convention) in their respective Districts. 

Committee adjourns to Monday the 22nd Instant at 
10 o'clock. 

Committee met according to adjournment. Present 


Messrs. John Archer, William Webb, Alexander 
Cowen, John Beale Howard, Benedict Edward Hall, 
Fras. Holland, Ignatius Wheeler, Jun., Henry Wilson, 
Jnn., George Patterson, and Aquila Hall. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

Capt. Bennet Bussey is wrote to, to render an 
accot. of the Public Arms in his Company. 

Capt. Samuel Smith has an order for one pound of 

A Letter is wrote to the Honorable Council of Safety 
of Maryland, informing them of three Companies being 
enrolle'd on the North side of Deer Creek Viz. William 
Webb, John Patrick, and John Jolleys. 

The Committee purchases of Doctr. Hall a draw 
bow Gun for £5.0.0. and an order given him on Mr. 
Aquila Hall for the same. 

Committee adjourns to Monday the 29th Instant. 

Committee met according to Adjournment. Present 
Messrs. Aquila Hall, Amos Garret, Thomas Johnson, 
Francis Holland, Alexander Cowen, William Webb, 
Benedict Edward Hall, Doctr. John Archer, John 
Beale Howard, and George Patterson. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On motion, a Letter falling into the hands of this 
Committee it being from a suspicious quarter, it was 
ordered to be opened and read, and finding nothing in it 
but what was innocent &c order'd to be Sealed and 
Directed to the Committee of Cumberland County in 
Pennsylvania for the speedy conveyance of it to the 
Person to whom it is directed. 

On motion ordered that Gabriel Vanhom, bring Jo- 
seph Presbury, Senr., before this Committee, on Mon- 
day the 6th of May, to show cause why he does not 
give up his fire arms & ct. 

Richard White brings 41 Cartouch boxes to this 
Committee for which they agree to pay him 7s.6d. 
each, and receives an order on Col. Aquila Hall for 
the same. 


Capt. Robert Harris is wrote to to produce his accot. 
to the Committee on Monday the 6th of May next. 

Committee Adjourns to Monday the 6th May next 

Committee met according to adjournment. Present 
Messrs. Amos Garret, Alexander Cowen, Francis Hol- 
land, William Webb, Henry Wilson, Junr., Thomas 
Johnson, George Patterson, Aquila Hall, and Benedict 
Edward Hall. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

In Compliance to the Instructions of the Council of 
safety the Committee has advertised to take what 
Blankets is produced to this Committee and give a 
reasonable price for the same. 

Capt. Griffith returns to this Committee three Fines, 
against Edward Ward Jun. 3s. gd. each, amounting to 
I IS. 3d., which Warrant is granted to John Patterson 
Levy the same. 

Capt. Harris returns his Acct. and pays the Balance, 
the sum paid him the i8th March is altered to the 
right sum. 

Captain Rumsey appears and informs the guns re- 
ceived for the minute company under his command is 
returned to Mr. Samuel Purviance all but three mus- 
quets which shall be returned by first opportunity. 

On application of Capt. Bussey, Capt. James Stewart 
is wrote to release a man in his Company called Ed- 
ward Cowen. 

Mr. William Smithson renders his Acct. against 
this Province for Wagonedge of Powder for which he 
is allowed i3.15s.od. and an order is given him on Col. 
Aquila Hall. 

On motion in Committee it is resolved that the Re'd 
Mr. West be requested during the time the present 
unhappy dispute Between Great Brittain and the Col- 
ony subsists to omit in the Morning and Evening 
Service, such part of the Prayers, where the King and 
Royal family of England are Perticularly named, and 
that Francis Holland and George Patterson wait on 


Mr. West with a copy of this Resolve and get his 

On motion of James Holms his disposition is filed, 
and warrant issued against Robert Burney Lendrum to 
appear before this Committee on Monday the Thir- 
teenth Instant and directed to Capt. Samuel Griffith. 

Committee Adjourns to Monday 13th May 1776. 

Committee met according to adjournment. Present 
Messrs. Amos Garret, William Webb, Samuel Ash- 
mead, Alexander Cowen, John Patrick, Ignatius 
Wheeler and Henry Wilson, Jun. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

The Reverend Mr. West being furnished with a copy 
of the Resolve made the last meeting, we are furnished 
with his reasons, together with his letter to Messrs. 
Plolland & Patterson, and to the Chairman the occa- 
sions . . . were put, and as the Sence of the Committee 
at the time of the Motion aforesaid and Resolve thereon 
was purely for the sake of Peace and good Order, in 
the district under the Rectorship of the Said Mr. West 
(there having been some uneasiness to us made 
known) on Occasion his useing the Prayers mentioned 
in the Resolve in the Service of the Church. This Com- 
mittee resolve that as several Members of the body are 
Absent, so that we cant give it as full a Consideration 
as the Nature of the Case may require, and as the 
Convention at this Time is setting that the matter with 
us Rest, and that the reasons offer'd by Mr. West 
together with his Letters aforesaid, and this our Reso- 
lution be transmitted to our Delegates as they may 
take the sense of the Convention thereon. 

An Account is Transmitted to the Honorable Con- 
vention of a Company being Inrolled by William Mor- 
gan requesting Commissions for the Officers of said 
Company, and likewise a Commission is requested for 
James Ford, first Leiutenant of Capt. John Rodgers 
Company, in the room of William Godgrace who has 


A Summons is issued for James Holms & wife, and 
Thomas Bond. 

A Permit is given for the Schooner Nancy navi- 
gated by two Hands to pass to Baltimore loaded with 
Forty-Two barrels of Flour and Six barrels of Shad. 

Isaac Thomas has brought four Guns and three 
Bayonets to the Committee. 

Captain Alexander Cowen is ordered to seize all the 
Fire Arms of Joseph Presbury. 

Committee Adjourns to Monday the 20th Instant. 

Met in Committee the 20th of May 1776 as pr. 
adjournment. Messrs. Amos Garret, William Webb, 
Benedict Edward Hall, John B. Howard, Ignatius 
Wheeler, Junr., Francis Holland & George Patterson. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On motion an order is given Capt. Samuel Smith on 
Mr. Thomas Hall in the absence of his father Col. 
Aquila Hall for the Sum of Sixty Pounds, for which 
said Smith has given his Receipt for the use of Carry- 
ing on Gunmaking. 

The Committee advances Seven Pounds to Isaac 
Thomas and John Cunningham, by the hands of Henry 
Benning, order given on Thomas Hall for the money. 

June loth 1776. Met in Committee Messrs. Amos 
Garret, John B. Howard, Alexander Cowen, Thomas 
Johnson, Benedict Edward Hall, Ignatius Wheeler, Jr., 
Francis Holland, George Patterson and John Archer. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

In Recess of the Committee granted Licence to the 
Schooner Luckey, James Shaw Master laden with fire- 
wood to Baltimore Town, also the Schooner Polly 
Stephen Johnson Master from Baltimore with four 
hands, with a load of plank, permitted to Land it and 

Ordered that Captain Glan bring Edward Norris 
(son of Joe) before this Committee on the i8th of this 
Instant and also to summons Vincent Bosley to appear 
at the same time. 

Resolved, that John Rodgers, Samuel Howell, Thos. 


Hope, Samuel Bailey, James Little, John Taylor & 
Samuel Caldwell to take in Associations be required 
to make their returns immediately to this Committee. 

Summons Thomas Strong, James Thomas, George 
Deboular, Joseph Lusby, James Little, and Elijah 
Blackstone, to appear before the Committee of this 
Coty. on Monday the i8th of this Instant to answer 
to such questions as may be asked them Respecting 
their refusing to deliver their firearms agreeable to the 
Resolutions of the Convention. 

William Down, Produces two Musquets for which 
the Committee agrees to give him Six pounds, and an 
order given him on Col. Aquila Hall. 

Committee adjourns to Monday the i8th Instant. 

The following Gentlemen met in Committee as pr. 
Adjournment, Messrs. Amos Garret, William Webb, 
John Love, Thomas Johnson, Ignatius Wheeler, Junr., 
J. B. Howard, Doctr. John Archer & George Patter- 

Major John Archer in the Chair. 

On motion Summons James Taylor, Jun., for behav- 
ing refractory to Capt. Greenberry Dorsey and his 
Company, and also summons James Dennason to ap- 
pear and attest against said Taylor, also James Mc- 
Crackin, James Gordon and Joseph Everest. 

Capt Cowen you are desired to Summon and bring 
before this Committee a certain James Debrular 
charged with speaking words tending to destroy the 
present opposition by Arms, summons also to Testify 
on the charge Doct. Annin and Michael Gilbert. 

On motion Mr. Thomas Johnson is appointed to call 
in Messrs. Capt. Samuel Smith & Cuthbert Warner to 
inspect and make a return of the repairs that are neces- 
sary to be made and a number of arms collected from 
non-enrollers and of such as were purchased from some 
of the Inhabitants, and make a report of the same. 

Mr. William Hall produces a Musquet for which the 
Committee agrees to give him twenty-five shillings and 
an order given him on Col. Aquila Hall. 


I . Gun — Nathan Horner lock and stock good. 

I . do. — Samuel Ruketts do. 

I . do do. 

I. do. — 25s 

I. do. — 25s. James Wilson to be repair 'd, stock & 

I. do. — 208. Benjamin Meads do. do. 

I. do. — 25s. Richard Monk do. do. 

I. do. — 25s. James White do. do. 

I. do. — 30s. Samuel Ruketts do. do. 

I. do. — 30s. Luke Swift do. do. 

I . do. — 30s. George York do. do. 

I . do. — 40s. James Butters do. do. 

I. do. — 25s. Nicholas Allender do. do. 

The above return made according to Order the 17th 
June 1776. On motion Mr. Gabriel Vanhorn's Prayer 
is to be considered on our next days meeting. 

Cuthbert Warner Produces thirteen Musquets to this 
Committee for which this Committee agrees to give 

Committee adjourns to Monday the 1st July 1776. 

Committee met according to Adjournment present 
Messrs. Amos Garret, John Beale Howard, Thomas 
Johnson, Samuel Ashmead, Henry Wilson, Jan., Geo. 
Patterson, Alexander Cowen, Benedict Edward Hall, 
John Archer & Ignatius Wheeler, Junior. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On motion Resolved that where any person has been 
fined and it is afterward remitted that he pays the 
Collector Seven and a half pr. C. on the Sum fined for 
his trouble. 

George Debrular, Joseph Lusby, James Little, and 
Elijah Blackstone appeared agreeable to summons and 
gave Satisfaction. 

Thomas Strong appeared and his Case is further put 
ofif to the first Monday in August next. 

Capt. Greenberry Dorsey is Commanded to bring 
James Taylor, Jun., before this Committee on Monday 


the 1st day of August next to answer to such Ques- 
tions as may be asked him. 

Capt. Samuel Griffith is commanded to Summons 
Stephen Crouch to answer to a Complaint for Mis- 
demeanor, and Summons John Hughes and John Chan- 
cey to testify against him on the first Monday in Au- 
gust next. 

Resolved that this Comittee allow four pounds five 
shillings for a Gun and Bayonet, and twenty shillings 
for a Gun Barrel, to Benedict Edward Hall, and an 
order is given him on the Treasurer for the same. 

Met in special Committee Thursday the nth July 
1776. Present Messrs. Aquila Hall, Amos Garret, 
Francis Holland, Doctr. John Archer, Alexander 
Cowen, Benedict Edward Hall, Thomas Johnson, John 
Beale Howard, John Love, Ignatius Wheeler, Jun., 
William Webb & George Patterson. 

On motion. Ordered that the Resolve of the Conven- 
tion respecting the appointment of the Officers of a rifle 
Company be raised in this County be Read, it was 
accordingly done when the following Gentlemen were 
by Ballot duly elected. To Wit : 

Alexander Smith Captain. 

James White Hall ist. Lieutenant. 

William Bradford 2d Lieutenant. 

Josias Hall 3d Lieutenant. 

On motion Resolved that Capt. Caldwell, Hugh 
Kirkpatrick, Major John Archer and Francis Holland 
be a Committee for Examination of Guns and there re- 
port of their Sufficiency be a Guide for this Committee 
to receive them by, and that their first meeting be on 
Monday the 15th of this Instant at the Cross Roads. 

Agreeable to a resolve of the late Convention im- 
powering the Committee of this County to appoint the 
Officers of a rifle Company to be raised within this 
County, we have chosen and do recommend the follow- 
ing Gentlemen as worth of Commissioners, to wit: 
Alexander Lawson Smith, Captain ; James White Hall, 


first Lieutenant ; William Bradford, Jun., Second Lieu- 
tenant; Josias Hall, third Lieutenant, whose Conduct 
we flatter ourselves will do honour to them, and Justifie 
the choice of this Committee. 

The Committee adjourns to the first Monday in 
August next. 

Met in Committee according to adjournment on 
Monday the 5th August 1776. Messrs. Amos Garret, 
Aquila Hall, William Webb, Thomas Johnson, Francis 
Holland, John Patrick, Ignatius Wheeler, Junr., and 
George Patterson. 

On Motion, Resolved that the Constable take the 
Number of the Whites and Blacks of both Sexes in 
this County agreeable to a Resolve of the Congress and 
Council of Safety of Maryland. The Schooner Sally 
and Polly, Capt. Stephen Johnson from Nanticoke is 
permitted to land her Load, consisting of Lumber and 
to return to Baltimore Town. 

On motion a letter is sent to Edward Mitchell, re- 
questing him to withdraw his distress now on George 
Rays effects for Rent. 

James Taylor, Jun., appears before this Committee 
and ackowledged that he had been refractory to Capt. 
Dorsey, and he is sorry for his past Conduct, and 
Promises to be Conformable in future. 

Mr. Robert Stokes presents a Fine for which this 
Committee agrees to give him four pounds ten shillings 
and delivered her to Mr. John Beale Hall, first Lieu- 
tenant of Capt. Paca's Company. 

Mr. Joseph Styles presents his Accot. for keeping a 
mare to forward Express for wch. this Committee 
agrees to allow him iSs.iod. 

Capt. John Rodgers Presents his Acct. for ferriage 
of four waggon load of Arms and Ammunition for 
which this Committee agrees to allow him 20s. payable 
to Mr. Amos Garret. 

Mr. James Mathers presented a Musquet for which 
this Committee agrees to give him four pounds. 


On motion an Advertisement is framed for Purchas- 
ing Blankets &c for the use of this Province. 

On Motion, Resolved that Mr. Richard Dallam pay 
into the hands of this Committee the Monies he re- 
ceived for the poor of Boston. 

On applycation of Capt. John Patrick Warrants is 
granted for the following Persons Viz. Joshua Staple- 
ton, John Scantlin, Job Barns for non Attendance. 

Committee adjourns to Monday the 13th Instant. 

Met in Committee the 19th day of August 1776, 
Messrs. Amos Garret, William Webb, Samuel Ash- 
mead, John Patrick, Benjamin Rumsey, Thomas Bond, 
Thomas Johnson, Alex. Cowen & George Patterson. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On motion, Edward Mitchell is wrote to, to attend 
this Committee on Monday the 2d day of September 
concerning a distress laid on George Ray. 

By Virtue of an order from the Council of Safety, 
sent 9 Musquets cherry tree stocks, two with bayonets, 
II Walnut stocks, 6 with Bayonets, i with Bayonet 
... of Benedict Edward Hall, i old from William 
Hall, I new from Mathers, with Bayonet, i draw bow 
from C. Hall, i old from Capt. Griffith, 2 old do. from 
William Downs, in all 27, to Col. Hyde at Baltimore 
Town, in the same Waggon, went 35 Guns and Bayo- 
nets made by Mr. Dallam, and 26 Cartouch boxes be- 
longing to the province and 41 bought by this Com- 
mittee for the Province, under the care of William 
Cooper, Serjant of Capt. Busseys Company. Bot. i 
Gun of Capt. Griffith for the use of the Province 
i1.2s.6d. Wrote to Col. Hyde with the above Guns 
& Cartouch boxes. 

Resolved that Mr. Samuel Ashmead be appointed to 
ride in Bush river Upper, Spesutia & Eden Hundreds, 
Bradford Norris in Bush lower, Gunpowder upper and 
lower Hundreds, Mr. William Jones in Harford Upper 
and Lower and Spesutia lower, William Webb, Esq., 
all the North side of Deer Creek, Mr. Francis Durbin, 


Susquehanna, and purchase guns and Blankets agree- 
able to the Request of the Council of Safety. 

Resolved that the above Collections be allowed los. 
pr. day. Wrote to the Council of Safety for £300 to 
buy Guns and Blankets. 

Committee adjourns to Tuesday 27th August. 

Met in Committee as pr. Adjournment Messrs Amos 
Garret, Col. Benjamin Rumsey, Col. Aquila Hall, Sam- 
uel Ashmead, James Horner, Alex. Cowen, Col. Thos. 
Bond, Francis Holland, William Webb, Ignatius 
Wheeler, Thomas Johnson, & George Patterson. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

Resolved that the Collectors in the several Hun- 
dreds in this County for purchasing Blankets and Guns 
shall return a true List of the Blankets and Guns to 
this Committee on oath, with a List of Persons of 
whom they purchased them of. 

This Committee has received of the Council of Safety 
of this Province pr. the hands of Benja. Bradford Nor- 
ris, The Sum of Three Hundred Pounds for which the 
Chairman gives a Receipt. 

Mr. John Wilson produces his Acct. to this Com- 
mittee of two Casks of Brimstone amot. i4.2s.od. for 
which this Committee gives an order on Col. Aquila 
Hall for the Same. 

Advanced to William Webb out of the Money Re- 
ceived the Sum of £65. Also to Samuel Ashmead £65. 
to William Jones £65. to Benjamin Bradford Norris 
£65. to Francis Durbin £40 for the purpose of buying 
Guns and Blankets. 

Committee adjourns to Monday the 2d of Septem- 
ber 1776. 

Met in Committee as pr. Adjournment Messrs. Amos 
Garret, Col. Benjamin Rumsey, Aquila Hall, Thomas 
Johnson, William Webb, Ignatius Wheeler, Junr. 
John Beale Howard, George Patterson and Alexander 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

James Brown presents a Gun to this Committee for 


which they agree to give him 45s. and an order given 
Mr. Aquila Hall for the same. Mr. William Webb 
presents a Musquet for which this Committee agrees 
to give him four pounds, and paid him the same. 

Mr. Amos Garrett presents a Musquet to this Com- 
mittee, for which they agree to give him Four pounds, 
and paid him the same. 

Brought in and delivered to this Committee by Capt. 
Griffiths Company Eleven Cartouch Boxes. 

Brought in and delivered to this Committee by John 
Hughes Lieutenant to Capt. Griffith Eight Cartouch 

Brought in and delivered to this Committee by Capt. 
Bradford, Ten Cartouch boxes. 

Brought in and delivered to this Committee by Capt. 
Darsey seven Cartouch Boxes. 

Sent to the Head of Elk in A. Andrews Waggon 166 
Blankets for Col. Halls Battalion &c. 

Committee adjourns to Wednesday nth Instant. 

Met in Committee as pr. Adjournment Messrs. Col. 
Benjamin Rumsey, Col. Aquila Hall, Amos Garret, 
William Webb, Samuel Ashmead, Ignatius Wheeler, 
Jun., Alexander Cowen, John Beale Howard, & George 

Mr. Amos Garret Chairman. 

Mr. William Webb presents a draw bow Gun with 
Bullet molds for which the Committee gives him Five 

Messrs. Giles & Smith produce their Acct. for Cart- 
ing Powder and Arms Four pounds five shillings, 
order'd to be paid by Col. Hall. 

Nevin Kerr produces a Musquet with Bayonet and 
steel Rammer ... by John Archer, Hugh Kirkpat- 
rick & Samuel Caldwell order'd to be paid by Col Hall, 

Col. Hall order'd to pay Mr. Prig for a gun, i3.0s.0d. 

do. .do. .to. .Benjamin Smith i Gun 3. 5s.od. 

do. .do. .to. .James Byard 2.ios.od. 

do. .do. .to. .Josias Hitchcock for taxes. . 3. ss.od. 


(Not paid) . .do. .to. .George Patterson for 

Nathan Baileys Gun 2. 5s.od. 

do. .do. .to. .Edwd Prig for taking Taxa- 


1776 September nth The following is a List of 
Blankets brought in by the several Collectors. 

William Webb 43 

Ignatius Wheeler, Jun 38 

Francis Durbin. 22 

Benjamin Bradford Norris 28 

William Jones 34 

do. — 5 smooth bores & 3 Rifles 166 

Benjamin Bradford Norris 2 Mur. i S. B 21 

Samuel Ashmead 36 

do 2 small Rugs 239 

Delivered Abraham Andrews 166 

do. Ensign Patterson 7 

do. Isaac Johnson I 

Ordered that an advertisement be set up, that this 
Committee is Desolved. 

The Time this Committee being elected for, being 
expired, they now Desolve themselves. 

At an election for Harford County held at Harford 
Town being postponed from the 25th to the 27th of 
Nov. 1776 the following Gentlemen were elected agree- 
able to the Resolve of the late Convention, a Committee 
of observation for the Said County Viz. Messrs. Thos. 
Johnson, George Patterson, Amos Garret, Saml. Ash- 
mead, William Webb, Col. Aquila Hall, Alex. Cowen, 
John Love, Benjamin Bradford Norris, James Mc- 
Comas, Henry Wilson, Jun., Abraham Whitaker, John 
Archer, Thomas Bond, Jun., William Smithson, Green- 
berry Dorsey, James Clendenning and Ignatius 
Wheeler, Jun., and by notice on Monday the 2d day of 
December the Committee met when the Members pres- 
ent Viz. Messrs. Amos Garret, Thomas Johnson, Ben- 
jamin Bradford Norris, James McComas, Henry Wil- 
son, Jun., James Clendenning, Saml. Ashmead, Alex. 
Rigdon, and Alexander Cowen. 


Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

The Committee proceed to Choose a Committee of 
Licence when the following Gentlemen were Elected 
by Ballot Viz. — Messrs. Amos Garret, George Patter- 
son, Thomas Johnson, James McComas, Saml. Ash- 
mead, William Smithson, and Benjamin Bradford Nor- 

On application of Elinor Higons \ 

She is Permitted to bring hir J . 

Action against Howard Van. / Committee of Ob- 

j A , , . J. Ti i \ servation till 

and on Applycation of Barnet \ ^^^ ^^^^ ^ 

Preston he is Permited to i j r -kj ^ 
Bring his Action against Jo- \ ^ ^ ' 

siah Radclief. / 

Met in Committee Messrs. Amos Garret, Thomas 
Johnson, Benja. Bradford Norris, James McComas, 
Capt. Alexander Cowen, Greenberry Dorsey, James 
Clendening, William Webb, Ignatius Wheeler, Jun., 
William Smithson. 

On applycation of Walter Tolley he is permitted to 
bring his action of a Plea of Trespass on the case 
against William Linton administrator of Isiah Linton 
and licence given the Clk. 

On applycation of Capt. William Smith he is per- 
mitted to bring his Action of a Plea of Trespass on the 
Case against Dan'l Nutterwell and licence given the 

On Applycation of Archibald McMurphy he is per- 
mitted to warrent James Taylor, Jun., and warrent 
given him. 

On applycation of William Prigdon he is Permitted 
to Warrent Daniel Price and Warrent given him. 

On applycation of Neamiah Barns he is permitted to 
to Warrent Daniel Price and Warrent given him. 

On Applycation of Thomas Pendergast he is permit- 
ted to warrant William Henderide and warrant given 


On applycation of Freeborn Brown in Behalf of Ed- 
ward Prall he is Permitted to bring his action of a 
Plea of Debt against Isaac Johnson and licence given 

Committee adjourns to Monday the 13th Inst. 

Jany. 27 1777 Committee met, Present Messrs. Amos 
Garret, William Webb, John Love, Thomas Johnson, 
Alexander Cowen, Benja. B. Norris, and James Mc- 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

Commissions is granted to William Allender to col- 
lect the fines imposed on the non-associators on the 
North Side of Deer Creek and to Edward Carvil Tol- 
ley in the room of John Pattison in Spesutia, Susque- 
hanna Lower and Harford Lower Hundreds. 

On Application of Joseph Scarbrou he is permitted 
to Warrent Isaac Johnson. 

On applycation of Hugh Jeffreys he is permitted to 
bring his action against. 

Ditto of do. he is Permitted to 

warrent John Smith Fuller. 

Isaac Johnson on Applycation of John Mahan he is 
permitted to bring his action against George Ree, on 
application of John McComas he is permitted to war- 
rent Isaac Daws, The Committee adjourns to Tuesday 
the 4 Feby next. 

Committee met agreeable to adjournment. Present 
Messrs. Amos Garret, Ignatius Wheeler, Benja. Brad- 
ford Norris, Col. Aquila Hall, Abraham Whitaker, 
James McComas, George Pattison, William Webb, and 
Alexander Cowan. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On Application of Mary Thompson she is permitted 
to warrant Jane Harne, on application of William 
Jones he is permitted to bring his action against Rob- 
ert Smith, on application of Daniel Nutterwell he is 
permitted to bring his action against John Rodgers. 
On application of Joshua Jones and wife they are per- 
mitted to bring their action against Isaac Johnson. On 


applycation of Philip Dunagan he is permitted to war- 
rant Utie Camdess. On appHcation of Morris Dixon 
he is permitted to warrant James McCarty. 

On AppHcation of Andrew Hall he is permitted to 
warrant George Closs. On application of Joseph Mor- 
rison he is permitted to warrant William Brown. On 
application of William Boarman he is permitted to 
bring his action of a plea of Tresspass on the Case 
Against Thomas Cowan and licence given, on appli- 
cation of Charles Whitlatch he is permitted to warrent 
James Norris. 

Resolv'd that this Committee Rite to Gen'l Buchan- 
nan Informing him of the Companys on the North 
side of Deer Creek not being form'd in Battalion &c. 

Committee adjourned to Monday the nth Inst. 

February 17th 1777 Committee met Present Mes. 
Amos Garret, Wm. Webb, Ignatius Wheeler, Abraham 
Whitaker, James McComas, Thomas Johnson, Benja- 
min Bradford Norris, James Clendinen, Samuel Ash- 
mead, Mr. Amos Garrett in the chair. Mr. Benja- 
min Bradford Norris Produces a Letter from the 
Council of Safety and brings to the Committee £150 
and requests a settlement of our accounts with them 
which money is put into the hands of Thomas John- 
son one of this Committee. 

Received of Captain Samuel Smith 13 Guns & Bayo- 
nets. Received of James May of Mr. Richard Dallams 
Factory Nineteen Guns and Bayonets. 

On applycation of Nathan Gallion he is permitted to 
bring his action against Garrett Garitson. On applyca- 
tion Mieaja Mitchale licences is granted him to war- 
rant Thomas Waningwain John Steele. 

On applycation of Ann Huggins Licence is granted 
to her to bring her Warrant against David Evina. On 
application of James Kennedy Licence is granted him 
to bring his warrant against John Demor and Hugh 
Jeff res. 

On application of Benjamin Bradford Norris Licence 
is granted him to prosecute his action against Joseph 


On application of James Anderson Licence is 
granted to him to Warrant Isaac Hichcock & Thos. 
Grimbrooks. On application of William Allender 
licence is granted him to Warrant William Shody. 

On application of Gabriel Vanhorn licence is Granted 
him to Warrant Joseph Lewes. 

Committee adjourns to Monday the 24th instant. 

March 3 1777 Committee Met. Present Messrs. 
Amos Garret, Wm. Webb, Thomas Johnson, Ignatius 
Wheeler, Junr., Henry Wilson, Junr., Aquila Hall, Jas. 
McComas, Benj. Bradford Norris & James Clenden- 

Mr. Amos Garret Chairman. 

On application of Helen Kinsey she is permitted to 
bring her Action against Tho. Strong & Lambert Wil- 
mer Administrators to the Estate of Benjamin Rickets 
Deceas'd and licence is given the Clk. 

On application of Edwd. Ward, Jun., he is permitted 
to Warrant John Ross and Warrant is accordingly 

On application of Daniel Price he is permitted to 
bring his Action agt. Joshua Jones and wife in a 
Tresspass on the Case. 

On application of John Mathers he is permitted to 
Bring his Action of a Tresspass on the Case against 
Thaders Jewett & License is given the Clk. 

On application of John Brown he is permitted to 
Warrant Saml. Grunlee & Warrant is accordingly 

On application of James Holmes he is permitted to 
Warrant Robert Mills & Warrant is accordingly given. 

On application of James Holmes he is permitted to 
warrant Stephen White & warant is accordingly given. 
Hall and Alexr. Cowan. 

On application of Nathan McClenner he is permitted 
to Warrant James Cherry and Warrant is accordingly 

The Committee appointed Messrs. Aquila Hall & 
Amos Garret to adjust the Donations of the Poor of 


Boston and to return the money to the Subscribers in 
proportion to their Donations. 

The Committee adjourns to Monday next. 

March loth 1777 Committee met. Present Messrs. 
Amos Garrett, Ignatius Wheeler, Wm. Webb, Thomas 
Johnson, Abraham Whitaker, James McComas, Aquila 
Hall and Alex. Cowan. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On application of Joshua Jones and wife they are 
permitted to warrant Samuel Jenkins, on application of 
Francis Curtis having giving to Prossecute the fol- 
lowing sutes in Court agains Robert Gordon & Grisel 
Poake and against Tudor Chalk & Elizabeth his wife 
Administrators of Robert. On application of Nath- 
aniel Gallion leave is granted Martha Gallion to bring 
her Action of a Plea of Debt against Garret Garret- 
son and Licence given Clk. 

On applycation of Thomas Bay he is permitted to 
Warrant Doct. David Benfield and Warrant Given. 

On applycation of Abraham Whitaker he is per- 
mitted to bring his Action of a plea of Tresspass on the 
Case against James Trew. 

On applycation of Hugh Kirkpatrick leave is granted 
James Montgomery to bring his Action of a plea of 
Debt against Walton & William Robinson. 

On application of Hugh Kirkpatrick he has leave to 
bring his action of a plea of Trespass on the case 
against the Execut. of David Thomas. 

On application of Jacob Wheeler he is permitted to 
Warrant Richard Coope. 

On application of Buchanan & Cowan they have 
leave to bring theire Action of a plea of Trespass on 
the Case against Jonathan Lyon. 

On applycation John Mahon has leave to Warrant 
Saml. Howel and warrant given. Leave is granted 
Abraham Jarretts Execut. to bring the following sutes 
against Thomas Blaney & Charles S. Fietz and Saml. 
Horing, John Blaney and Thos. Wavi, also against 
James & George Vogan of a plea of Debt. 


Committee adjourns to Monday the 15th Inst. 

Committee met according to adjournment. Were 
Present Messrs. Amos Garret, Ignatius Wheeler, Wil- 
Ham Webb, Thomas Johnson, James McComas, Benja- 
min Bradford Norris and Samuel Ashmead. 

On Applycation of Mr. Amos Garret leave is Granted 
him to Prosecute his suit against James Giles Spetial 
Bail for Benjamin Thompson. 

On application of Dallom and Carlile Licence is 
granted them to bring Plea their action In a Plea a 
Debt against Richard Johns. 

On application of Joshua Jones and wife licences is 
granted him to bring his action in a Plea of Debt 
against Joseph Wood. Summons issued to bring 
Robt. Erne Strong before the Committee on Tuesday, 
25th instant. — On application of Garretts, Exet., Li- 
cence is granted them to Prosecute their Suits against 
James Scott Son of James and David Davis, John 
Morgan & Robert Jackman. 

Warrant of Distress Issued against John Whiteford 
for 4is.od. Due to Captain Rigdons Company. 

Committee adjourns to Tuesday 25th Instant. 

Committee met according to adjournment. Present 
Messrs. Amos Garret, Alex. Cowan, James McComas, 
Thomas Johnson, Abm. Whitacre, Henry Wilson, Jun., 
James Clendening. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

Committee adjourns to Thursday next. 

Met in Committee Ap. the 7th 1777, Messrs. Amos 
Garret, Thomas Johnson, Benjamin Bradford Norris 
& George Patterson. 

Leave is granted John Beshorn to Warrant Negro 
Ben late the Property William Husband & Warrant 

Leave is granted Richard Monks to Prossecute his 
Action against Garret Garretson Administrator of 
Samuel Johnson. 


Leave is granted James Armstrong to bring his Ac- 
tion of a Plea of Debt against John Creighton and 
Licence given Clk. 

On applycation of Aquila Hall, Jun., Esq., William 
Young is permitted to bring his action of a Plea of 
Debt and also of a plea of Trespass on the Case against 
Elijah Blackstone & Licence given the Clk. 

Leave is granted Messrs. Hall Gilbert & Hall to 
bring their Actions of a Plea of Tresspass on the Case 
against John McBride, Jesse Mainly, Geo. McLauglin, 
Lawrence Clark, Archibald McMurphy, Thomas 
Jackson, John Wood, overseer, Samuel Dooley, Robt. 
Clark, Deer Creek, William Gale. 

Nathaniel Rigbie Administrator of Jeremiah Shere- 
dine Debon is Non, Joshua Lewis, Elijah Blackstone, 
Clotworthy Cunningham, Thomas Jackson & Sarah 
his wife, Nicholas Power. 

Leave is Granted Robert Trimble to bring his action 
of a plea of Tresspas on the Case against Grafton 

April 2ist, 1777 Committee mett. Present Messr. 
Amos Garret, Aquila Hall, Thomas Johnson, Saml. 
Ashmead, James Clendening, Wm. Webb, Ben. Brad- 
ford Norris, Henry Wilson, Jun. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On application of Mr. George Young who was ap- 
pointed to guard a Waggon to South Carolina he is lent 
two Musquets, Bayonets, Cartouch Boxes & Haver 
Sacks as pr. his Rect. 

The Committee appointed Messr. Amos Garret, 
Aquila Hall & Thomas Johnson or any two of them to 
prepare Accts. of the Committee to settle with the 
Board of Claims also to settle with the Collectors of 
the Fines & all other Accots. Relative to the Com- 

On application of Doctr. Philip Henderson he is per- 
mitted to bring his Action of Debt agst. Doctr. Thad- 
deus Jewett & John Prichard & Licence is given the 


A Summons is issued for James Price to appear be- 
fore this Committee On the First Monday in May 
next to show how he came by a Continental Gun Stopt 
in the hands of James Carroll, Jun. 

On application of Joseph Morrison he is permitted 
to Warrant James Preston. 

Committee adjourns to the first Monday in May 

Committee mett according to adjournment. Present 
Messr. Amos Garrett, Aquila Hall, Thomas Johnson, 
Wm. Webb, George Patterson, Ignatius Wheeler, Jun., 
& Henry Wilson, Jun. 

Mr. Amos Garret in the Chair. 

On application of Robert Trimble he is permitted to 
Warrant James Duncan. 

Summon is issued for Wm. Durham to attend the 
Committee the 20th Inst &c. 

Committee adjourns to Tuesday the 20th Inst. 

June nth 1777 This day settled with Mr. Thos. 
Johnson & he paid in the Balance of the £150 put in 
his hands which was £79. 12s. i id. 

A List of Non-Associators and Non-Enr oilers in Har- 
ford County to the loth September, 1775. 

£ s. d. 

John Thomas pd. 200 

George York, 50s pd. 3 00 

Samuel Ricketts pd. 300 

James Thrift pd. 200 

Richard Thrift pd. 200 

Richard Noleman 2 o o 

Thomas Mills pd. 200 

William Divers 2 o o 

John Wilson 2 o o 

George Debrular 40s., pd. 2100 

James Hill pd. 2100 

Thomas Hill pd. 2 10 o 

Thomas Strong pd. 6 10 o 

Benjamin Mead 2 o o 



John Gould Howard 2 

Edward Ricketts pd. 2 

Aaron Hill pd. 3 

Micajah Debrular 2 

Cornelius Cashworth 2 

William Savory 2 

James Debrular 2 

James Qare 2 

Joseph Poison 2 

William Thomas 2 

Robert Scott, Jun 2 

Luke Swift 2 

Thomas Presbury 2 

Joseph Presbury pd. 8 

Stephen Wauters pd. 7 

Nathan Homer pd. 4 

Thomas Downs 2 

William Wilson 2 

Stephen Whealand 2 

James Butters 3 

Joseph Presbury, Jun pd. 2 

John Wood 3 

James York 2 

John Howard 2 

Oliver York 2 

Thomas Howard 2 

James White 2 

Edward York (son John) 2 

John Presbury 2 

George Wilson 2 

James Connar 2 

Robert Waters pd. 2 

Thomas Stockdale 2 

Edward Connard pd. 3 

William Wakefield pd. 2 

John Allender 2 

Mathew Wakefield pd. 2 

Patrick Finnigan 2 







John Paul pd. 3 

John Corkerton 2 

John Hodges Taylor 2 

Thomas Durbin 2 

Edward Norris (son Joseph) pd. 10 

Josias Wm. Dallam pd. 10 

Henry Johns 2 

Griffith Jones 2 

John Duzan 2 

Isaac Collins 2 

Joseph Lusby pd. 2 

James Little 10 

Alexander Duzan 2 

John Garrettson 5 

Amos Cord 3 

Daniel Durbin 6 

Joshua Jones 2 

John Brown 10 

James Martain 2 

Freeborn Garrettson 4 

John Cox pd. 3 

John Murphey 2 

Joseph Putney pd. 2 

Aquila Putney 2 

Richard Garretson, Jun 2 

John Armstrong pd. 2 

John Bull ("Tho Run") pd. 5 

Frederick Traly pd. 2 

Michael Hamener pd. 2 

Bernard Preston, Sen pd. 5 

Bernard Preston, Jun pd. 2 

Henry Ruff pd. 5 

Henry Waters pd. 10 

James Lee, Jun pd. 5 

Mathew Kane pd. 2 

James Thompson pd. 2 

Hugh Murphy pd. 2 

Bernard Preston (son James) pd. 6 







£ S. d. 

James Wetheral 5 o o 

Samuel Forward (6 lb.) pd. 7 10 o 

John Forward, Jun 2 o o 

William Forwood pd. 200 

Henry Thomas, Jr pd. 2 o o 

James Wood 2 10 o 

Timothy Murphy 2 o o 

Richard Johns 5 o o 

Nat. Johns pd. 2 o o 

Benjamin Fleetwood 2 o o 

Philip Gover 6 o o 

Samuel Gallion 2 o o 

Benjamin Hanson, Jun 5 o q 

John Porter 2 o o 

William Williams 2 o 

William Cox, Jun 2 o o 

Walter Wauters 2 o o 

Henry Kidd 2 o o 

William Ensoer 2 10 o 

Isaac Webster 10 o o 

Samuel Litten 2 10 

Thomas Miller 5 o o 

Aquila Standiford pd. 2 10 o 

Samuel England 2 o o 

William Wilson, Jun pd. 500 

Josias Ratcliff 2 o o 

Benjamin Howard pd. 200 

John Hayes, Jun pd. 600 

Benjamin Shedwick 2 o o 

Thomas Sharp 2 o o 

William Sharp 2 o o 

Job Spencer 5 o o 

Thomas Sharp, Jun 2 o o 

Isaiah Jackson pd. 200 

Robert England 2 o o 

Joseph England. 2 o o 

George England 310 o 

Gedian Pervail 3 o o 




Joseph Husband lo 

William Hawkins pd. 2 

James Wood (Mason son) 3 

William Barnes (Eliza) 2 

Benjamin Herbert, Jun 2 

Richard Hargrove pd. 2 

Thomas West 2 

John Clark 2 

Ephraim Arnold 2 

William Wilson (son Jno.) 3 

John Mitchell pd. 3 

Isaac Omel 2 

William Sherwood 2 

Samuel Lee 10 

Gilbert Thompson 2 

William Logue, Jun 2 

Philip Gilbert 2 

Michael Denny 2 

Joshua Jervis 2 

Robert Hawkins 3 

John Willes (at I. Ellis') 2 

Thomas Smith (son Pat.) 2 

James Smith (son Pat.) 2 

Wm. Stevens (at I. Tomson) 2 

Henry Hagan (at Stintins) 2 

James Welch 2 

Jacob Giles, Jun 10 

Garret Hopkins pd. 6 

William Hopkins, Jun pd. 3 

Leven Hopkins 2 

John Morgan 2 

Wilham Ellis 2 

John Peacock pd. 7 

Phihp Coal pd. 4 

Skipwith Coal, Jun 2 

William Coal (son Wm.) 2 

Benjamin Wilson pd. 5 

Samuel Rodgers pd. 3 







£ S. d. 

Joseph Rodgers pd. 300 

James Crawford 2 o o 

Michael McBrady 2 o o 

John Hopkins 5 o o 

Stephen Jay pd. 500 

Skipwith Coale, Senr pd. 10 d o 

Thomas Ely, Jun pd. 200 

Hugh Ely pd. 3 o o 

Joseph Ely 2 o o 

Melen Ely 2 o o 

William Ely 2 o o 

Joseph Warner pd. 5 o o 

Crosdal Warner pd. 500 

Isaac Massey 2 o o 

John Worthington pd 710 o 

Cuthbert Warner 3 o o 

Easop Warner 2 o o 

Samuel Harris, Jun 2 o o 

Joseph Wiggins 2 o o 

James Rigbie, Jun 2 o o 

Jacob Bolderson pd. 2 10 o 

Isiah Bolderson pd. 2 10 o 

WilHam Smith (son Nat.) 2 o o 

Jeremiah Heaten 2 o o 

Joseph Miller pd. 300 

William Ashmore 10 o o 

Joseph Hare pd. 5 o o 

Abei Martain 300 

Joseph Gallion 2 o o 

Thomas Hawkins pd. 300 

Thomas Chew pd. 5 o o 

William Cole pd. 7 10 o 

Benjamin Wilson pd. 5 o 

Skipwith Johns 210 o 

Samuel Wilson pd. 500 

Benjamin Warner pd. 500 

Thomas Renshaw pd. 400 

Joseph Davis pd. 3 o 





Philip Tharle 2 

Joseph Stokes pd. 3 

James Fisher 2 

Samuel Coal 5 

John Wilson (son Joseph) 5 

William Wilson (son do.) 2 

William Ashmore, Jun 2 

John Wilson 10 

Peter Wilson pd. 2 

Michael Webster (son Samuel) 2 

James Quinlin, Senr 2 

James Charles James 2 

Godfrey Waters 3 

Thomas Bond (son John) 3 

Benjamin Lancaster pd. 2 

Jesse Lansaster 2 

Thomas Lacey, Jun 2 

William Lacey 2 

David Lacey 2 

Samuel Lacey 2 

James Hicks pd. 3 

John Wilson (Joyner) pd. 5 

John Miller 2 

Stephen Norton pd. 2 

David Molsberry pd. 2 

William Briggs 5 

Samuel Lee 2 

William Amos, Jun 3 

John Smith 3 

Isaac Daws 10 

Joseph Parsons 2 

Enoch Mitchell 2 

David Lee 3 

William Jenkins 3 

Jonathan Jenkins 2 

Robert Smith 3 

John Bond (son John) 5 

William Bond (do.) 2 





John Malsby pd. 2 o o 

Capt. Thomas Kell 2 o o 

William Bull pd. 500 

Enoch Spencer ..pd. 300 

John Meason 3 o o 

James Meaharst, Sen 3 o o 

James Meaharst, Jun 2 o o 

Joshua Smith (son John) pd. 2 o o 

John Smith, Jun pd. 200 

Joseph Lancaster 2 o o 

Tobias Stansbury 2 o o 

Benjamin Daws (son Isaac) 2 o o 

John Anderson 2 o o 

James Price 3 o o 

£814 IDS. od. 

A List of the Inhabitants of Harford County, 
taken in 1776. 


Spesutia Lower Hundred 790 650 

Spesutia Upper Hundred 767 340 

Harford Lower Hundred 415 352 

Harford Upper Hundred 548 194 

Susquehanna Hundred 1,300 281 

Bush River Lower Hundred 658 275 

Bush River Upper Hundred 623 yj 

Deer Creek Lower Hundred 460 374 

Deer Creek Upper Hundred 960 122 

Eden Hundred 1,008 108 

Broad Creek Hundred 318 24 

Gunpowder Lower Hundred 683 331 

Gunpowder Upper Hundred 893 214 

9.423 3.342 




N. B. — ^As David McSwain (alias Swiney) has Re- 
turned his List for Broad Creek Hundred, it is esti- 
mated to half the Whites and one-fourth of the Blacks 
that is in Deer Creek Lower Hundred, by A. G . 

N. B. — The List of David Sweeney of Broad Creek 
Hundred could not be obtained during the time of the 
setting of the Committee, when got was no Proved; 
could not ascertain the time he was taking the List, by 
agreed to take Twenty Shillings for his trouble which 
was paid by Amos Garret. 

The County's Representatives in the House of Dele- 
gates Since 1786. 
Benjamin B. Norris, 
James Bond, 

John Love, 
Ignatius Wheeler. 

Aquila Scott, 
Benjamin B. Norris, 
Ignatius Wheeler, 
John Love. 

Aquila Scott, 
Benjamin B. Norris, 
William Pinkney, 
John Lee Webster. 

Benjamin B. Norris, 
William Pinkney, 
John Lee Webster, 
John Love. 

William Pinkney, 
James McComas, 
Robert Amos, 
John Love. 

Edward Prall, 
.William Wilson, 
John Love, 
William Pinkney, 

Edward Prall, 
Abraham Jarrett, 
John Love, 
Robert Amos. 

James Bond, 
Edward Prall, 
John Montgomery, 
Abraham Jarrett. 

Abraham Jarrett, 
James Bond, 
N. D. McComas, 
John Montgomery. 

J. Bond of Joshua, 
Abraham Jarrett, 
John Montgomery, 
N. Day McComas. 




Abraham Jarrett, 
Edward Prall, 
John Montgomery, 
Jacob Norris. 

John Montgomery, 
Abraham Jarrett, 
N. Day McComas, 
James Bond. 

Abraham Jarrett, 
N. Day McComas, 
John Montgomery, 
William S. Dallam. 

John Streett, 
N. Day McComas, 
Thomas Ayres, 
James Bond. 

John Montgomery, 
John Forwood, 
Thomas Ayres, 
John Streett, 

John Streett, 
John Forwood, 
John C. Bond, 
Elijah Davis. 

John Forwood, 
John Streett, 
Thomas Ayres, 
Elijah Davis. 

John Forwood, 
John Street, 
John Sanders, 

Elijah Davis. 

John Sanders, 
John Forwood, 
John Streett, 
Henry Hall. 

John Sanders, 
J. Forwood of William, 
J. Forwood of Jacob, 
Joshua Bond. 

J. Forwood of William, 
J. Forwood of Jacob, 
Francis J. Dallam, 
Israel D. Maulsby. 

J. Forwood of WilHam, 
J. Forwood of Jacob, 
Francis J. Dallam, 
Samuel Bradford. 

Chas. S. Sewall, 
Samuel Bradford, 
Henry Hall, 
John Glenn. 

Samuel Bradford, 
Chas. S. Sewall, 
James Steel, 
Jas. G. Davis. 

Israel D. Maulsby, 
Alexander Norris, 
James Steel, 
George Henderson. 

Israel D. Maulsby. 
Alexander Norris, 



Henry Hall, 
John For wood. 

Israel D. Maulsby, 
William H. Allen, 
Abel Alderson, 
Alexander Norris. 

William H. Allen, 
John Forwood, 
Alexander Norris, 
William Whiteford. 

Alexander Norris, 
John Chauncey, 
William H. Allen, 
William Whiteford. 

William Whiteford, 
Chas. S. Sewall, 
Alexander Norris, 
James Steel. 

Thomas Hope, 
Alexander Norris, 
Abraham Jarrett, 
James Montgomery. 

James Montgomery, 
James W. Williams, 
Chas. S. Sewall, 
Henry Hall. 

Thomas Hope, 
Alexander Norris, 
Samuel Sutton, 
James Montgomery. 

Thomas Hope, 
James Montgomery, 

William Smithson, 
Samuel Sutton. 

Thomas Hope, 
Henry H. Johns, 
Samuel Sutton, 
William Smithson. 

Henry H. Johns, 
James Moores, 
Thomas Hope, 
Samuel Sutton. 

James Montgomery, 
James Moores, 
Frederick T. Amos, 
Stephen Watters. 

Henry H. Johns, 
James Moores, 
Frederick T. Amos, 
Samuel Sutton. 

Henry H. Johns, 
Samuel Sutton, 
Thomas Hope, 
John Forwood. 


Henry A. Johns, 
Samuel Sutton, 
James Moores, 
James Nelson. 

Henry H. Johns, 
Samuel Sutton, 
James Moores, 
James Nelson. 

Stephen Boyd, 
Samuel Sutton, 



Harry D. Gough, 
James Nelson. 

Israel D. Maulsby, 
James Nelson, 
Harry D. Gough, 
Stephen Boyd. 

James W. Williams, 
W. S. Forwood, 
James Nelson, 
Israel D. Maulsby. 

Thomas Hope, 
James W. Williams, 
Israel D. Maulsby, 
W. S. Forwood. 

Samuel Sutton, 
Thomas Hope, 
James W. Williams, 
John C. Polk. 

Samuel Sutton, 
Thomas Hope, 
C. W. Billingslea, 
William Whiteford. 

Samuel Sutton, 
Thomas Hope, 
Henry H. Johns, 
Chas D. Bouldin. 

Francis Butler, 
Coleman Yellott, 
Thos. C. Hopkins, 
Luther M. Jarrett. 

William Polk, 

Coleman Yellott, 
Thos. C. Hopkins, 
W. B. Stephenson, 

William Polk, 
Henry W. Archer, 
Frederick T. Amos, 
George Yellott. 

W. B. Stephenson, 
A. J. Streett, 
Henry H. Johns, 
Benedict H. Hanson. 

W. B. Stephenson, 
Luther M. Jarrett, 
Robert W. Holland, 
Abraham Cole. 

Henry D. Farnandis, 
Luther M. Jarrett, 
Hugh C. Whiteford, 
Abraham Cole. 

Henry D. Farnandis, 
John Hawkins, 
Hugh C. Whiteford, 
Abraham Cole. 

Wm. B. Stephenson, 
Alfred W. Bateman, 
Thomas Hope. 

Alfred W. Bateman, 
Thomas Hope, 
W. B. Stephenson. 

Alfred W. Bateman, 
Thomas Hope, 
W. B. Stephenson. 




Stevenson Archer, 
Geo. Stephenson, 
Wm. M. Elliott. 
Henry A. Silver, 
Robert E. Duvall, 
James H. Jarrett. 

Franklin Hanway, 
Thomas M. Bacon, 
John H. Baker. 

Joshua Wilson, 
Wm. F. Bayless, 
Richard B. McCoy. 

Elisha Lewis, 
Richard B. McCoy, 
Marmaduke Dove. 

Chas. B. Hitchcock, 
Thomas Archer, 
Richard B. McCoy. 

Isaac Cairnes, 
Henry A. Silver, 
Thos. C. Hopkins, 
Joshua Wilson. 

Nicholas H. Nelson, 
S. M. Whiteford, 
Joshua Wilson, 
Simeon Spicer. 

Benjamin Silver, 
Nicholas H. Nelson, 
R. R. Vandiver, 
John S. Brown, 

William M. Ady, 
William Baldwin, 
Jos. M. Streett, 
J. T. C. Hopkins. 

David Riley, 
WilHam Baldwin, 
Jos. M. Streett. 

Nathan Grafton, 
Otho S. Lee, 
David Riley. 

P. H. Rutledge, 
Andrew Boyle, 
Murray Vandiver. 

Silas Scarboro, 
Willliam G. Scott, 
Murray Vandiver. 

Willliam G. Scott, 
James B. Preston, 
Murray Vandiver. 

Silas Scarboro, 
James B. Preston, 
William B. Baker, 
David Wiley. 

Jacob H. Plowman, 
Benj. Silver, Jr., 
J. Martin McNabb, 
R. Harris Archer. 

Jacob H. Plowman, 
Benj. Silver, Jr., 
J. Martin McNabb, 
R. Harris Archer. 



Noble L. Mitchell, 
Walter W. Preston, 
Henry W. Archer, Jr., 
Wm. S. Bowman. 

Noble L. Mitchell, 
Walter W. Preston, 
Wm. B. Hopkins, 
Geo. W. Richardson. 

Samuel S. Bevard, 
Murray Vandiver, 
Dr. Thos. B. Hayward, 
John O. Stearns. 

Samuel S. Bevard, 
Dr. Thomas B. Hayward, 

John O. Stearns, 
Harold Scarboro. 

T. L. Hanway, 
John L. G. Lee, 
Wm. M. Whiteford, 
Robert Seneca. 

T. L. Hanway, 
Herman W. Hanson, 
Wm. M. Whiteford, 
Robert Seneca. 

Noble L. Mitchell, 
Willliam B. Hopkins, 
Howard Proctor, 
James W. Foster. 

Sheriffs of Harford County. 

1774, Thomas Miller. 1827, 

1778, John Taylor. 1828, 

1780, James Horner. 1831, 

1785, Robert Amos. 1834, 

1791, William Osbom. 1838, 

1793, Benj. Preston, 1839, 

1794, Thomas Gibson, 1840, 

1795, Robt. Amos. 1842, 
1800, Robert Amos, Jr. 1846, 
1802, John C. Bond. 1848, 
1804. John Guy ton. 1851, 
1807. Benjamin G. Jones. 1853, 
1809, John Kean. 1855. 
1812, Benjamin Guyton. 1857, 
1816, Jason Moore. 1859, 
1819, Joshua Guyton. 1861, 
1822, Samuel Bradford. 1863, 
1825, Henry H. Johns. 1865, 

John Carsins. 
John Kean. 
Joshua Guyton. 
Preston McComas. 
John Carsons. 
John W. Walker. 
James Kean. 
Henry Richardson, 
Wm. G. Burke. 
Robert McGaw. 
Robert H. Bussey. 
John S. Dallam. 
James A. Gover. 
Michael Whiteford. 
Joseph E. Bateman. 
Chas. D. Bouldin. 
Isaac Amos. 
Wm. Carsins. 



1867, Wm. Young. 

1869, Robt. E. Morgan. 

1871, W. Smithson For- 

1873, Wm. B. Jarrett. 

1875, G. Wm. Hanway. 

1877, Henry C. Johnson. 

1879, Wakeman H. Mor- 

1881, Wm. E. Whiteford. 

1883, Geo. F. Walker. 

1885, Robt. R. Carman. 

1886, Thos. B. Jarret (by 

appointment o f 

1887, W. Oliver Hughes. 
1889, Chas. A. McGaw. 

1 89 1, Jas. S. Calder. 
1893, W. Oliver Hughes. 
1895, Ambrose Cooley. 
1897, Wm. J. Forsythe. 
1899, Andrevir Kinhart. 

State's Attorneys. 

1774, George Chalmers. 1851, 

1793, John Montgomery. 1855, 

1797, D. David. 1859, 

1799, Thos. Kell. 1862, 
1805, J. Ward. 

1809, Stevenson Archer. 1867, 

1810, John Saunders. 1871, 

181 1, John Montgomery. 1879, 
18 16, John Montgomery. 1887, 
1823, Thos Kell. 1891, 
1829, Wm. B. Bond. 1900, 
1848, Wm. Galloway. 

Wm. H. Dallam. 
Wm. H. Dallam. 
Wm. H. Dallam. 
G. Y. Maynadier, 

P. H. Rutledge. 
J. T. C. Hopkins. 
G. Y. Maynadier. 
J. E. Webster. 
Walter W. Preston. 
James W. McNabb. 

Harford Representatives in Congress. 

William Pinkney, 1791-3. 

Gabriel Christie, 1793-7. 

Gabriel Christie, 1 799-1 801. 

Dr. John Archer, 1801-1807. 

Judge Stevenson Archer, 1811-1817. 

Judge Stevenson Archer, 1819-21. 

Charles S. Sewall, 1831-3. 

James W. Willliams, 1841-3. 

Dr. Jacob A. Preston, 1843-5. 

Edwin H. Webster, 1859-1865. 


Stevenson Archer, 1867-1875. 
Herman Stump, 1889-1893. 
William B. Baker, 1895-1901. 

Registers of Wills. 

J. Beale Howard, deputy register, designated 1774. 

John Geo. Bradford, 1780. 

Abraham Jarret, 1799. 

Samuel Richardson, 181 3. 

Thos. S. Bond, 1818. 

Charlton W. Billingslea, 1845. 

Benedict H. Hanson, 1857. 

Joseph R. Ely, 1867. 

Wm. S. Richardson, 1873. 

Dr. J. M. Magraw, 1885. 

Edwin H. Webster of J., 1889. 

G. Smith Norris, 1889. 

Clerks of Circuit Court. 

1774, Alexander Lawson. 
1777, John Lee Gibson. 
1801, Henry Dorsey. 
1845, Henry D. Gough, 
1 85 1, A. Lingan Jarret. 
1858, William Galloway, 
1863, William H. Dallam. 
1867, A. Lingan Jarret. 
1 89 1, William S. Forwood, Jr. 

Constitutional Conventions. 

The first Constitutional Convention of the State of 
Maryland met at Annapolis in 1776, and was presided 
over by Matthew Tilghman. 

The delegates from Harford county were : 
Jacob Bond, 
Henry Wilson, Jr., 
John Love, 
John Archer. 


The Maryland Convention of 1788, which ratified the 
Constitution of the United States, met at Annapolis, 
with George Plater as president. The members from 
Harford county in this convention were: 

Luther Martin, 
Willliam Paca, 
William Pinkney, 
John Love. 

The second Constitutional Convention of the State 
was held in 1851, over which John G. Chapman, of 
Charles county, presided. The Harford delegates in 
this convention were : 

John Sappington, 
William B. Stephenson, 
Ramsay McHenry, 
Samuel M. McGaw, 
James Nelson. 

The third Constitutional Convention of the State 
met at Annapolis in 1864, with H. H. Goldsborough, 

The Harford members were : 
John A. Hopper, 
William Galloway, 
George M. McComas, 
Thomas Russell. 

The last Constitutional Convention which met in 
the State and formed the present State Constitution, 
assembled at Annapolis in 1867, with Richard B. Car- 
michael as president. The representative from Har- 
ford county in this convention were: 

Henry D. Farnandis, 
Henry W. Archer, 
John Evans, 
Evans S. Rogers, 
Henry A. Silver. 


Abingdon 198, 204 

Alexander, Mathew no 

Alexander, Robt 63 

Allen, Edw. M 142 

Allen, Jas 126 

Allen, Rev. John 154, 156 

AUender, John 125 

Allender, Wm 83 

Allison, James 107 

Amos, Aquila 137 

Amos, Ensign Aquila 128 

Amos, Benj 190 

Amos, Benj. L 79, 247 

Amos, Fred. T 247 

Amos, Garret 196 

Amos, Jas 267 

Amos, James 78 

Amos, Joshua M 247 

Amoss, Joseph 122 

Amos, Robt 76, 86, 269 

Amos, Wm 247 

Amos, Wm., Sr 75 

Amos, Wm. of Thos 247 

Anderson, Chas 291, 102, 108 

Anderson, James 182 

Andrews, Jerediah 166 

An Old- Marriage Certificate, 1769 273 

Archer, Henry W 219 

Archer, John 76, 96, 102, 106, 200, 209, 222, 292 

Archer, Judge Stevenson 82, 202 

Archer, R. Harris 161, 182 

Archer, Dr. Robt 182, 24S, 246 

Archer, Thomas 181, 182 

Armstrong, Jas 17 

Asbury, Bishop 208 

Ashman, John 86 

Ashmead, Samuel 288 

Ashmore, John go 

Ash, Josh 246 

Ashton, Jas 75 

Ashton, John 272 

Baker, Charles 74. "9 

Baker, Nathan 83 

Barnes, Bennet 255 

Baldwin, William 120 

Baldwin, Jacob 195 

Barclay, John 78 

Baltimore Town 179 

Bartol, Barney 252 

Barren, Nath. M 160 

Bay, John ....;.... 272 

Bailey, Samuel 267 

Baldwin, Silas 228 

Barnes, William 114 

Bay, Andrew 180 

Barley, Samuel 266 

Bald Friar 166 

Bayless, John B 247 

Baylis, Samuel 122 

Baley, Nathaniel 80 

Barnet, James 80 

Baptist Church, Harford 188 

Barton, William 120 

Baldwin, Isaiah 195 

Bayles, Nathan 108 

Bayless, Samuel 182 

Bales, Benj 108, 181 

Bales, Jeremiah 180 

Bay, Hugh 75, 175 

Baltimore, Old 40, 47 

Bevard, Jas 122 

Bennington, Job 126 

Bethel 166 

Bedell, Edward 43 

Bel Air Academy 276 

Bel Air 67 

Biays, James, Col 219 

Billingslea, B. M 246 

Billingsley, Fras 152 

Billingslea, Wm 271 

Bisset, David 36 

Billopp, Rev. Thos. F ; 115 

Billingslea, Walter. 115 

Billingsley, Fras 76, ^^, 152 

Bishop, Robert 75 ■ 

Blaney, James 123 

Blearneys, Thomas 79 

Bond, Jacob 75, 93, 116, 199, 201, 206, 284 

Bond, Zaccheus 89, 223, 271 

Bond, Wm 96 

Bond, Peter 206 

Bond, Ralph 87 

Bond, John 208 

Bond, Thomas. 61, 79, 85, 87, 89, 93, 95, 96, 99, 127, 199, 206, 222 

Boise, Roger 159 

Bond, Daniel 88 

Bond, John Churchman 89 

Bond, John 33, 88, 206 

Bond, Dennis -j-j, 86, 209, 271 

Bosley, Ivin ■j'^ 

Bond, Samuel 84 

Bond, Buckler 38, 88, 206 

Bonar, Robert 74 

Bond, Wm 77 

Bond, James 125 

Boston 94 

Bonds, Manor 206 

Bond, Joshua 206 

Bohemia 161 

Bond, Fell 87 

Boyce, Barney 252 

Boarman, Rev. Sylvester 163 

Bond, Dr. Thos. E 31 

Bond, Judge Hugh L 206 

Bond, James of William 83 

Brownley, Jos 76 

Brackenridge, John 127 

Bradford, Gov. A. W I99, 216 

Brown, Samuel 225 

Brown, Garrett 247 

Bronwley, Jos 89 

Bradford, Geo 216, 296 

Brownley, Jos 76 

Bradford Wm...37, 80,. 102, 106, 119, 129, 136, 214, 215, 265 

Bradford, John 215 

Brerewood, Thomas 275 

Bradford, Samuel 90, 215, 265 

Bradford 65, 96 

Brown, Joshua 125 

Brand, Rev. W. F ISS 

Bryarly, Robt IS2 

Brice, Thos 102 

Brown, Freeborn ^, lOS, 278 

Bull, Wm 75 

Bush Declaration 201, 290 

Bush River Co 33 

Bull, Billingslea 87, 271 

Bull, Edmund 74. "6 

Buchanan, Archibald 158 

Butler, Clem. Capt 227 

Bussey, Bennet 87, 89, 126, 127, 137, 267, 268 

Bush or Willoughby River 21 

Bull, Jacob 116, 117, 293 

Bussy, Edward 116 

Bush 67 

Buchanan, Robert 63 

Butler, Jos 96 

Butler, Thomas 72 

Bynum's Run 29 

Calwell, Samuel , 81, 102, 113, 229, 266 

Carver, Henry 261 

Carter, Dr. John P 175 

Carlisle, John 71, 90, 106, 159 

Carter, Daniel 118 

Catholic Church 160 

Cain, Matthew 272 

Carlon, James 17S, 271 

Callahan, Edmund 121 

Carlisle, Rev. Hugh 156 

Carroll, James 78, 80, 90, 119 

Calwell, James 229 

Cecil County Organization 14 

Churchville Presbyterian Church 176 

Chase, Jeremiah Townly 63 

Chesney, Benj. Bergess 66 

Chalmers, George 63 

Chalmers, Thos 63 

Churchville 67, 200 

Childs, James 154 

Chancy, John 89, 108, 222 

Christie, Gabriel 69, 71, 106, 251, 2SS 

Clendenin, James 174 

Clendenin, John 27, 72, 89 

Clayborne, William 23, 249 

Clark, John 158, 171 

Clark, John 263 

Cord, Asbery 65 

Courtney, Hanson 247 

Cowan, Alex 96, no, 263, 267 

Coale, William 269 

Colfield, Thomas 252 

Cooley, John 76, 87, 269 

Courthouses, Old 39, 40, &c. 

Cokesbury 183 

Cook, John I^e 

Coale, William 77 

Coke, Dr. Thomas 184 

Coleman, H. E 246 

Courtney, Thomas 258, 261 

Cowan, John 157 

Coale, William 123, 258 

Coleman, Rev. John 212 

Cross, Rev. Andrew B 175 

Cranberry 156 

Crawford, A 131 

Cross Roads 67 

Crampton, Rev. S. W 155, 157 

Creaton, Patrick 75 

Creswell, Robert 122 

Craig, Rev. John 176 

Curtis, Francis 63 

Cunningham, George 89 

Curtis, Francis 83 

Curzon, Richard 66, 74, 75 

Dallam, John Winston 262 

Dallam, Elizabeth 217, 231 

Davis, Elijah 276 

Davis, Rev. Reuben H 180, 276 

Day, Samuel 64, 80, 83 

Dallam, Winstone 122, 267 

Dallam, Josias William 271 

Dallam, Richard... .93, 95, 97, 55, 102, 152, 159. 124, 184, 271, 

199, 222, 281 

Davidson, David 86 

Davis, Elder John 189 

Dairy Farm 30, 205 

Dallam, John Paca 157 

Dallam, William H 82, 158 

Deaver, Aquila 141 

Denbow, John 190 

Denbow, Thos 84 

Deaver, John 156 

Deer Creek 18 

DeWet, Dr 296 

DeBrular, William 66 

Dennison, Gibson 71 

Deaver, Richard 118 

Dillon, George 75 

Diderick, Rev. Bernard 163 

Dorsey, Jonathan 253 

Downes, William 74. 123, 267 

Dorsey, Stephen 125 

Dozens, Jacob 126 

Doughbridge, William 79 

Dorsey, Levin 127 

Dougherty, Michael 130 

Donovon, Jacob 81 

Dorsey, Col. Harry 86, 90, 220, 271, 276 

Doran, Philip 247 

Dorsey, Greenbery 78, 102, 114, 154, 159 

Dove, W. G 247 

Donohuy, John 102, 291 

Donahoo, Daniel 87 

Durben, Francis 74 

Duly, William 86 

Durham, Thomas 190 

Durham, Samuel 65, 75, ^^, 79, 117 

Duebery, Joseph 124 

Dublin 19s 

Durham, John 66, 102, 263 

Dutton, John 252 

Durham, Joshua 74 

Eden, Rev. Joseph 164 

Edmundson, Rev. Wm 154, 156 

Edy, Solomon 247 

Ely, Hugh 195 

Evans, Elijah 129 

Evans, D. D., Rev Evan 146, 156 

Ewing, Col. Thomas 125 

Fallston 195 

Fannigan, Mrs 78 

Farmer, Gregory 158 

Farmer, John 154 

Farnandis, Hon. Henry D 220 

Fell, Edward 208 

Fell, William 124 

Finney, Judge Walter 180 

Finney, Rev. Wm 168, 179, 180 

Fisher, Wm 64, 102, 121, 159, 224, 262, 263, 267 

Formation, Harford County 54 

Ford, Capt. Joseph 272 

Ford, John 271 

Forvjrood, Jacob 78, 108, 263 

Forwood, John 89, 222, 276 

Forwood, Wm 247 

Fowler, Rev. Francis 165 

Frederick, Lord Baltimore 53 

Frederick, Rev. T. A 165 

Friends in Harford 193 

Frisby, Peregrine 105, 158 

Fulford, Wm 159 

Fulton, James 182 

Fulton, John 77, 80 

Fussel, Bartholomew 197 

Gallion, Jas 181 

Gallion, John 158 

Gallen, Rev. Jos. A 165 

Garrett, Amos SS, 61, 96, 159, 278 

Garrison, Philip 84, 190 

Garrettson, Garrett 105 

Garrett, Abraham 159 

Garrettson, George 65, 80 

Garret, Bennet , 158 

Garrettson, John 158 

Gast, Thomas 80, 83 

Gilbert, Michael 79, 84, 105, 108, 126, 168, 181 

Gilbert, Jonas 121 

Gibson, John Lee 71, 75, 89, 90, 269 

Gibson, Miles 43 

Gilbert, Jarvis 158 

Gillette, Dr 24s 

Giles, Nathaniel 153 

Giles, James 66, y6, no 

Giles, Jacob 32, 33, 34, 159 

Giles, Thomas 106 

Glascow, James, M. D 180, 182 

Glenn, Robert 80 

Glenn, Wm 171 

Godsgrace, Wm no 

Gordon, Nathaniel 81 

Goldsborough, Rev. Robt. Lloyd 155 

Gouldsmith, Martha 203 

Gough, Harry 89 

Gover, Gideon 122 

Gover, Robert 271 

Grafton, Nathaniel 269 

Grafton, Rev. Wm 189 

Greme, Angus 142 

Green, John 79 

Green, Joshua 258, 271 

Griffith, Samuel 108, IS9, 222 

Guiton, Elizabeth 191 

Guyton, John 80, 221, 271 

Gunpowder 4I; 44 

Hall, Andrew IS7 

Hall, Aquila.SS, 30, 61, 63, 64, 75, 83, 85, 94, 95, 99, 108, 

158, 159, 205, 221, 223, 256, 279 

Hall, Benedict Edward. .. .55, 61, 81, 89, 93, 96, 105, 124, 

159, 250, 269 

Hall, Edward 65, IS4, i99, 250 

Hall, Maj. Henry I59 


Hall, Dr. Jacob 37. 187 

Hall, James White iS9, 223 

Hall, John.. 30, 36, 43, SS, 71, 88, 89, 156, 158, 202, 205, 221 

Hall, John B 126, 127 

Hall, John C. C IS9 

Hall, Jos. Carvel 79, 102, 105, 129, 137, 159, 222, 250 

Hall, John Sidney IS7 

Hall, Thos los 

Hall, Parker 158 

Hall, Walter T. L IS9 

Hall, Wm 6s, 106, 124, 157, 159 

Hammond, Larkin 106 

Handy, Rev. Wm IS4, 156 

Hanna, James ^^ 

Hanna, Alex 108, 182 

Harford, Henry S3 

Harford Furnace 98, 149 

Harford Town 67, 268 

Hargrove, Rev. John 187 

Harlan, Henry 82 

Harris, Robert 84, 123, 130, 134, 267 

Harris, James 102 

Harris, Thos 201, 264 

Harrod, Thos 127 

Harry, David 79, 80 

Hawthorn, John 74 

Haslet, Dr. Moses 297 

Hathway, John 43 

Hartley, Jas 75 

Hawkins, Richard 89 

Hawkins, John 181 

Hawkins, Matthew 276 

Havre de Grace 67, 241, 244, 249, 269 

Hays, Joseph 84 

Hays, Archer 32, 87, 107, 271, 272 

Hays, John 181 

Heath, Thos 44 

Henderson, Phil 32, 106 

Henderson, Geo 159 

Henry, John 171 

Herbert, John 247 

Hickory 99 

Hill, Stephen 74, ^^ 

Higbee, Rev. Edw. Y 155 

Hitchcock, Azail 75, 87, 128, 137, 267 

Homestead, The 31 

Halbrook, Rev. John 156 

Holland, Francis 86, 102, 106, 124, 154, 159, 284 

Holland, Wm 38 


Hollingsworth, T 83, 86 

Hollis, Amos 66 

Hollis, Wm 106, 182 

Hoopes, Darlington 197 

Hope, Richard 86 

Hope, Thomas 80, 89, 170, 269, 276 

Hopkins, John 223 

Horner, Hollis -j-j 

Horner, James 64, 263 

Horner, Nathan 65 

Howard, John Beale 61, 75, no, 267, 283 

Howard, Lemuel 78 

Howell, Samuel 158 

Huden, John 118 

Hughes, John Hall 75 

Hughes, Samuel 71, 81, 90, 159, 250, 251, 256 

Humphreys, Rev. John 156 

Husbands, Wm 159, 217 

Hutchins, Richard 87, 120 

Hutchinson, Thos 113, 266 

Ireland, Rev. John 154 

Jacobs, F. H 32 

Jackson, Rev. Wm 155, 157 

James, St. Clair 267 

Jameson, John 73 

James Sedwick 84, 122 

Jarrett, Jesse 71 

Jarrett, A. Lingan 82, 217 

Jarrett, Bennet 9° 

Jarret, Abraham 217 

Jay, Samuel 233, 254 

Jay, John IS7 

Jenkins & McAtee 225 

Jewett, John 196 

Jewett, Susanna 196 

Jenkins, Samuel 64 

Jeffreys, Hugh 64, yy 

Jennings, Sarah i99 

Jesuits 161 

Jewett, Hugh J 196 

Jewett, Thad 106 

Jeffery, Thomas 84, 86 

Jeffrey, Robt 75 

Johns, Richard 37 

Jones, Benjamin 87 

Jones, Reuben 142 

Jones, Wm 66, 118 

Johnson, Barnet 87, 89 

Johnson, M 247 

Johnson, Joseph i . is8 

Johnson, Thos 66, 71, 75, 77, 102, 116, 247 

Johnson, Edw 127 

Johnson, James 71. 85 

Jolly, John IS9> 267, 276 

Joppa 41. 44 

Johnson, Caleb 180 

Kean, John 74> 262 

Keen, Aquila D IS7 

Keen, Pollard 158 

Keen, Richard 152 

Kenly, Daniel 181 

Kennard, Isaac 272 

Kennedy, Robert 118 

Kell, Thos 232 

Kerr, James 247 

Key, Job 115 

Kiefifer, W. T. L 180 

Kimble, Zack 247 

Kindlemeyer, John 252 

Kirk, John 182 

Kirkpatrick, Hugh 119 

Kitely, Wm 66 

Knight, Thos 160 

Lafayette 138, 249 

Lancaster Forge 264 

Landon, Robt. B "jy 

Lambourne, Daniel 38 

Lawson, Alex 46, 61 99 

Leakin, James 1 18 

Lee, David 79 

Lee, James 107, 152, 223, 271 

Lee, Parker H 89, 271 

Lendrum, Rev. Andrew 156 

Lemmon, Robt 102, 292 

Lewis, Jas 66, 77, 266, 267 

Lighter, G. W 246 

Lynton, John 246 

Lindsey, Andrew 80 

Little Falls 31, 195 

Litton, Samuel yy 

Loney, John 126, 158 

Loney, Wm 106, 154, 269 

Long, John 62 

Love, John.. 75, 93, 95, 115, 152, 198, 199, 201, 209, 222, 260 

Luckey, Geo 17S 

Luckey, Wm 80 

Lvisson, Rev. Chas. Leander 164 

Lynch, Daniel 119 

Lytle, James 66, 87, 89, 291 

Mathews, James ge 74 

Matthews, Levin fie' a. 

Maple, Abel .'.'.'.'.■.".'.■.'.■. . .' 89 

Mather, Michael ; ] 77 

Maxwell, David ' ' . 152 

Magness, Wm 271 

Maynadier, Henry G 214 

Mathews, Roger 106^ 158 

Mathews, Barnett 278 

Massawomeks 18,19,20, 22 

Mathews, John 55, 96, 106 

Magness, B 247 

Maulsby, Israel D 245, 248 

Magraw, Dr. James M ; 143 

Magness, Moses go, 271 

Mahoney, Rev. Cornelius 164 

Maxwell, Col. James 45 

Maxwell, Wm 246 

Masonic Order and Union Ch 83 

Martin Luther 75, 198 

Matthews, Rev. Ignatius 163 

Marsh, Dr. Freeman 186 

Makennie, Rev. Francis 166 

Meyers, Benj 175 

Meath, Rev. M 186 

Miscellaneous 262 

Michael, Wm 37 

Miles, Joshua 126, 128, 137, 267 

Michael, Chas. W 40 

Miller, Thomas 62 

Michael, Jacob 247 

Mitchel, Richard 159 

Miles, Joshua 268 

Mitchell, Thos 79 

Morris, Jos 64 

More, William 121 

Morgan, Wm 102, 223, 224, 291 

Moores, John 84, 89, 276 

Morris, John 119 

Morris, Mary 205 

More, Benj. P 196 

Morgan, Robert 102, 106, 124, 224 

Moulton, T. W 157 

Morgan, Edward 123 

Montgomery, John 78, 83, 266, 267 

Morrison, Geo., Sr I75 

Moore, James 7T, 80 

McCoy, David G 196 

McAdo w, John i8i 

McGaw, John ii8 

McComas, Edward 119 

McComas, Alex 38, 89 

McCandley, Wm 75 

McComas, Aaron 38 

McComas, Daniel 38 

McComas, Wm zT, 78, 80, 262, 267 

McComas, M. G 246 

McCausland, Geo 246 

McCann, John 107 

McComas, John 38, 74, 75, 78 

McComas, Aquila 38 

McAtee, Hy 89 

McDermot, Archibald 173 

McComas, J. L 32 

McClung, Adam 172 

McCormick, James 82 

McPhail, Daniel no 

McComas, James 85, 102, 116, 209, 266, 267, 296 

McCloskey, Patrick 186 

McConnel, Samuel 197 

McCaskey, Wm 253 

Murphy, Abel 252 

My Lady's Manor 160, 274 

Nanticoke Indians 42 

Neale, Archibald Leonard 161 

Neale, Capt. James 161 

Newman, Esther 205 

Nelson, Jos 175 

Nevill, John 247 

Neill, Henry 106 

Neale, Rev. Bennet Nelson 272 

Nelson, Bennet 160 

Nelson, Wm 172 

Nicholson, Jos. Hopper 271 

Nielson & Nielson 157 

Nowland, Benj 246 

Norris, John 89, 210 

Norris, Benj. Bradford 102, 210 

Norris, Jacob 83, 89, 211 

Norris, G. S 31 

O'Brien, James 258 

Onion, Stephen 264 

Orr, John 124 

O'Neill, John 242, 244 

O'Connor, Rev. P. T 165 

Old Churches 144 

Onion, Corbin , 83 

Orr, James 17^ 

Osborn, Cyrus 114 

Osborne, James 41, 75, 158 

Osborne, Samuel Groome 75, 76, 267 

Osborn, William 41, 43, 83 

Osborne, Margaret '43 

Otter Point 67 

Patterson, James 246 

Patterson, William 59, 160 

Patterson, John 105, 79 

Patterson, Samuel 172 

Paca, William 94, 198, 184 

Partridge, Anne 208 

Patrick, John 265, 267, 122 

Patterson, George 89, 74, 102, 108, 159, 291 

Paca, John 55, 96, 102, 158, 199, 286 

Pasquet, Rev. William 164 

Palmer's Island 249, 23 

Patterson, Fred E 157 

Patterson, Wm. Alfred 157 

Paca, Martha 34 

Palmer, Edward 23 

Paca, Aquila 44, 75, 102, 126, 154, 215, 222, 291, 99 

Pannel, James 180, 182 

Paca, James 106, 124 

Perkins, Rachel 217 

Perryman, Samuel 153 

Pensions 262 

Perryman, Isaac 159, 271 

Perryman, George H 159 

Philipps, James 36, 75, 146, 156, 158 

Philips, Martha 42 

Philips, Philip 41 

Polk, William C 160 

Porter, Rev. John iS3, IS6 

Pool's Island 14 

Preston, Richard of Patuxent 209 

Prigg, Carvil H 245 

Preston, James 34. "5, iS8, 209 

Preston, Thomas 209 

Pinkney, William 83, 85, 86, 198 

Presbury, George 89, 106, 271 

Preston, Grafton iiS 

Pritchard, Obadiah 108, 167 

Preston, Barnett 65 

Presbury, Pycraft 220 

Preston, Dr. Jacob A IS7. I59, 160 

Preston, Martin 163, 209, 266, 267 

Preston, William 127 

Preston, Bernard 31, 78, 84, 87, 89, 209- 

Presbury, Joseph 79 

Pringle, Mark 255, 71 

Principio Iron Works 264 

Presbury, James 215 

Price, John H 217" 

Pritchard, Jesse 115 

Prigg, Edward 224, 271 

Preston, Daniel 75. 

Pritchard, Daniel 65 

Prall, Edward 85, 102, 107, 269 

Priestford 31, i60' 

Priest Neale's Mass House 161 

Purviance, Samuel 293. 

Push, Mingo 166 

Pugh, Hugh 116 

Ralston, W. W 180 

RawHngs, Col. Moses 13S, 136' 

Raine, Samuel 71 

Rampley, James 247 

Revolutionary Committees 278- 

Reese, George 197 

Reardon, John 221 

Reed, Hugh 173, 

Reynolds, Rev. J ISS 

Renshaw, James 83, 123, 268, 267 

Richardson, Samuel 89, 90' 

Richardson, Charles 173 

Rigdon, Stephen 86 

Rigdon, James 116 

Ritchie, Judge Albert 40 

Ridgely, Henry 269 

Richardson, Vincent no 

Rigdon, Alex 71, 77, 102, 118, 154, 159, 262- 

Ridgely, Charles 221 

Richardson, Benjamin 269' 

Richardson, Henry 71, 87 

Richardson, William 79, 246 

Richardson, Thomas L 30, 42, 90 247 

Rigby, Col. James 140 

Rigbie, Nathan 19S 

Richardson, J. L 40' 

Robinson, Thos 77, 191 

Robinson, Richard 7S, 77, 80 

Robinson, Joseph 221 

Robinson, Stephen 74 

Rogers, John 74. 81, no 

Rogers, Alex 251 

Rose, Joseph 119' 


Roberts, Billingsley . ............ g^ 

Robinson, Edward. 74 

Ruff, Daniel 78 

Rutledge, Jacob 271 

Rutledge, Joshua ... 225, 276 

Rumsey, John 81,96, 106^ 154 

Rutledge, Ignatius 225 

Rules of Harford Committee. . . . ; 281 

Rutledge, Thomas ; 120 

Rumsey, Alex 174 

Rutledge, John W 75,225,87, 79 

Ruff, Henry 117,181,249 

Ruff, Richard 32, 66, 74, 105 

Rutledge, Abraham 32 

Rumsey, Benjamin 63, 80, no 

Saunders, Edward. 247 

Saunders, William 126 

Scott, James 115 

Scott, Benjamin 74, 130 

Scott, Otho 228 

Scott, Elizabeth. 207 

Scott's Gazetteer 268 

Scarborough, Enclidus ..-.. 121 

Scott, Benjamin 74, 130 

Scott, Aquila 67, 75, 77, 116 

Scott, Daniel 34, 57, 67, 88, 90, 228, 271, 290, 291, 102 

Scott's Old Fields, Bel Air . . 77 

Scott, Elder Eli 189 

Sedgwick, James 78 

Sewall, Father 163 

Shea, Thomas 161 

Short, John 246 

Shepherd, Moses 196 

Shaw, Araminta. 74 

Shandy Hall 32 

Sheredine, Daniel.. .< 80 

Sheredine, Jeremiah 61,96, 99, 159, 222 

Silver, David 246 

Silver, William 108 

Silver, Benjamin ■.■77, 108, 180, 124 

Smithson, Thomas ; 65 

Smithson, John 247 

Smith," Andrew ■ < 246 

Smith, John 125 

Smith, Dr. John 89 

Smith, Rev. Charles H7 

Smith, Samuel. 107 

Smith, Robert 83 

Smith, Thos. S. C i75 

Smith, Samuel 83 

Smith, Thomas 74 

Smith's Falls 21 

Smith, Capt. John 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 

Smith, John 174 

Smith, Paca 256, 276 

Smith, William 69, 78, 96, 102, 159, 248, 276 

Smith, Alex. Lawson 106, 136, 129 

Smith, Winston 158,271 

Smith, Col. William 244, 246, 250, 251 

Smithson, Nathaniel 271 

Smith, Rev. Charles 156 

Smith, Rev. Roger 164 

Smithson, William 31, 75, TJ, 85, 87, 89, 90, 102, 219, 

220, 221, 269, 293 

Smith, Basil 73 

Smithson, Thomas 75 

Smithson, Daniel 78 

Spinks, Enoch 38 

Spesutia Island 26 

Spesutia Church 144, 153, 193, 205 

Stewart James 115 

Stevenson, John 157 

Stokes, Robert 106 

Stephens, Rev. Daniel 154 

Streett, Rev. Nicholas 226 

Stansbury, Tobias 20S 

Stump, Henry 217 

Stenhouse, Dr. Alexander 147 

Stull, W. C 17s 

St. John's Parish 44 

Stokes, Geo 36 

Stephens, Rev. Daniel 156 

Streett, Thomas 226, 227 

Stiles, James 73, 76 

Steel, James 89, 266, 267 

Streett, Col. John 84, 86, 89, 226, 227, 239, 276 

Stevenson, Dr. John 291 

Streett, David 276 

Stump, Henry 79 

Stump, Herman 217 

Stokes, Wm. P 159 

Stokes, Wm. B 256- 

Stokes, John 158 

Stump, John 34, 71, 89, 216, 218, 217, 264 

Stump, Frederick 217 

Steel, Joseph 124 

Stansbury, Dixon 190 

St. Ignatius Church 163 


Sutton, Samuel i6o 

Susquehannocks i8, 19, 20 

Sutton, Thomas 124 

Susquehanna 249 

Sweaney, Matthew 116 

Taylor, Robert 83 

Tate, Andrew 78 

Taylor, Thomas 74, 272 

Taylor, Charles 75J 79 

Taylor, James 64 

Taylor, John 102, 113, 291 

Tannehill, Adamson 129 

Talbott, James 115 

Tait, Charles 187 

Tent, Field 178 

Thorn, Elder Francis 189 

Thompson, Thomas A 

Thompson, Daniel 71 

Thomas, James 266, 267 

Thurston, Thomas 29 

Toy, Joseph 78 

Tolley, E. Carvil 74, 105 

Tolly, John 266 

Tollenger, George 107 

Tolley, Walter 221 

Tolley, Thomas 44 

Trapnell, James 80 

Trundle, Robert 74> 279 

Tredway, John 71 

Trapp Church iS3 

Turner, Thomas i74 

Turner, Andrew 83 

Turner, Wm. F i57. 160 

Turner, John 247 

Tyson, Nathan 196 

Underbill, Thos 70 

Upper Node Forest 166 

Utie, Col. Nathaniel 24 

Utie, John 24 

Vandiver, Robt. R i57 

Varney, James I57 

Vance, John ^72 

Vansickle, Hy 75, 90 

War of 1812 234 

Watkins, John I90 

Ware, John "S 

Warner, Jos ^95 

Waters, Charles '■ °4 

Wareham, John iS7 


'Warfield, Henry 75 

Walker, James 80 

Ward, Joshua ......: 246 

Wallace, Samuel 156 

Walters, Henry 65 

Wann, John 246 

Ward, Edward 102, 154 

Ward, Richard 122, 266, 267 

Watson's Island 23 

Watters, Godfrey 84, 271 

Walker, Geo 271 

Ward, Ben 261 

Wetherall, William G 230 

Wesley, John 186 

Wells, Wm ;. 74 

Webster, Isaac 33; 96, 152, 230 

Webster, M 153 

Webb, Wm. . . 61, 96, 97, 99, 102, 121, 222, 224, 265, 267, 282 

Wells, Richard 25 

Weston, John 71 

West, Jonathan 116 

West, Nathaniel 72, 73, 115 

Wetherall, James 83, 276 

Weyman, Rev. Robt 156 

Welch, T 246 

Wells, Col. George 43 

Webb, John, Jr 121 

West, Geo 171 

Webster, Richard 230 

Webb, Samuel 265, 267 

Webster, Capt. John A 234, 237 

Webster, Sam'l go, 230, 271 

Wetherel, Henry 66, 295 

Webster, J. Lee 33, 106, 152 

Webster, James 105 

West, Rev. William 95, 150, 154 

Webster, John 37, 231 

Whitaker, Wm. P. C 251 

White, Plains 137 

Whiteiield, Rev 177 

Wheeler, Frank 225 

Wheeler, Bennett 106 

Whiteford, Dr. Hugh 89, 121, 276 

White, Bishop Wm 205 

Wheeler, Ignatius 32, 75, 85, 97, 121, 224, 265, 267, 283 

Whitaker, Abraham 96, 102, 284 

Whitaker, Piatt .'259 

Whitaker, John 124 

Wheeler, Thomas 124 


Whiteford, Wm 72, "j-j 

Whitaker, James 116 

Wheeler, Josias 116 

White, Col. Thomas 33, 149, 158, 223, 264, 276 

White, Sophia 203 

Williams, James W 218 

Wilson, William 87, 189 

Wilgus, Jas 123 

Wilson, John 173 

Winter's Run 41 

Wilmott, Richard 37, 159 

Wilson, John 71, 281 

Wilson, James 71 

Wilson, Wm 31, 71, 263, 276 

Winder, Wm. H 237 

Wilmer, Lambert 267 

Wilson, Henry 75, 201, 209, 217, 263 

Wilson, James 266, 267 

Williams, Barrick 258 

Wilmer, Rev. James 156, IS4 

Wilkinson, Rev. Stephen 148, 156 

Williams, R. H 180 

Wilson, Archibald 122 

Wood, John 114 

Wood, James 260 

Worthington, John 152, 273 

Worthington, Chas 122 

Wysong, J. B 31 

Yellott, John 89, 214 

Yellott, George 214 

Young, William 96, 124, 105